CityRail was an Australian passenger train operator with services in and around Sydney and Wollongong, the three largest cities in New South Wales as well as some rail replacement bus services. It was established in January 1989 and abolished in June 2013 when it was superseded by Sydney Trains and NSW TrainLink. In June 2013, it operated 307 stations and over 2,060 kilometres of track, extending north to the upper Hunter Region, south to the Shoalhaven and Southern Highlands regions and west to Bathurst. In the year ended 30 June 2012, 306 million journeys were made on the network. CityRail was established pursuant to the Transport Administration Act, 1988. CityRail adopted a blue and yellow version of the State Rail Authority L7 logo, to fit into its new blue and yellow colour scheme; this iconic logo continued to be in use until 2010, when it was replaced by the new Waratah logo of the NSW Government. On 1 January 2004, RailCorp assumed all functions of the State Rail Authority, the functions of the Rail Infrastructure Corporation and Rail Access Corporation.
This resulted in CityRail becoming a subsidiary of RailCorp, along with CountryLink. CityRail became defunct on 1 July 2013, with Sydney Trains taking over suburban services and NSW TrainLink taking over Intercity services; when the CityRail brand was introduced the State Rail Authority was part way through taking delivery of 450 Tangara carriages. These would see the last single deck suburban sets withdrawn in 1992 and the last U set interurban sets in 1996. In February 1994 the first of 15 two-carriage Endeavour railcars was delivered; these replaced Class 900 railcars and locomotive hauled stock. In May 2000 the Airport & East Hills line opened. In July 2002 the first of 141 M set carriages entered service. In November 2006 the first of seven two-carriage Hunter railcars entered service. In December 2006 the first of 221 Oscar carriages entered service on the South Coast Line. In February 2009 the Epping to Chatswood railway line opened with shuttle services being integrated into the Northern line service in October 2009.
In July 2011 the first Waratah trains entered service with the plan being that these trains would replace the S sets, although it was revealed in 2013 that some S sets would stay. In October 2012 a new service from Bathurst to Sydney commenced. At the time of it cessation in June 2013, CityRail operated eight electric multiple unit classes for suburban and interurban working and two diesel multiple unit classes. All CityRail electric trains used 1500 V DC overhead electrification and travel on 1,435mm standard gauge tracks. Double deck rollingstock was first introduced in 1964 and after 1996, all electric multiple units were double deck; the CityRail network was divided based around three maintenance depots. EMU trainsets were identified by target plates, which are exhibited on the front lower nearside of driving carriages. Target designations and set numbers were used in identifying EMU trainsets; the composition and formations of trainsets, the target designations were subject to alteration.
All V sets which operated on the Newcastle and Blue Mountains lines, were serviced at Flemington Depot. All M and H sets, which had a green target plate, were serviced at Eveleigh Maintenance Centre; the following table consists of trains that were in the CItyRail fleet which were withdrawn prior to CityRail's demise: For most of the brand's life CityRail's ticketing system was the Automated Fare Collection System. Dating from 1992, it was based on magnetic stripe technology and was interoperable with the Sydney Buses and Sydney Ferries systems. In years the network was incorporated into the MyZone ticketing system, which retained the AFC technology but extended the validity of multi-modal tickets to private buses and light rail. Unlike the ticketing systems of other cities in Australia, most of CityRail's ticket prices were calculated on the distance travelled, were proven to be the most expensive tickets of any major city public transport system. According to the 2003 Parry Report, "The interaction of metropolitan, suburban and freight lines and services has resulted in an overly complex system.
This complexity has contributed in part to the organisation being criticised for poor reliability and safety. CityRail was enormously expensive. RailCorp required a government subsidy of close to $1.8 billion a year 5% of the state budget and more than three times what it collects in fares. "There is an overwhelming sense," the report concluded, "that CityRail does not promote a real commitment to quality, customer focus and a service culture." On-time running improved after new timetables were introduced in 2005 and 2006. The newly introduced timetable increased station journey times. In April 2008, 99.6% of all services ran, 92.6% of these services arrived within five minutes of their scheduled arrival time. However a 2007 report by Hong Kong's Mass Transit Railway Corporation found that Sydney's train system reliability levels lagged behind international benchmarks. In October 2012, a report published by PricewaterhouseCoopers found CityRail performed poorly compared to many metro services from 27 other major world cities.
Sydney was ranked as the fourth-worst public train system, beating only Los Angeles, São Paulo and Johannesburg for operation efficiency and coverage, while being proven to have the most expensive tickets of any major city public transport system. The following table lists patronage figures for the network during the cor
Airport & South Line
The Airport & South Line is a suburban commuter rail line in Sydney, Australia. It connects the Sydney central business district with the southwestern suburbs via Sydney Airport; the line is part of the Sydney Trains network. The line began operating on 26 November 2017, when the T2 Airport, Inner West & South Line was split in two. Sydney Trains' predecessor CityRail operated the Airport & East Hills line over an identical route between 2000 and 2013. T8 traverses several railway lines; the origins of the current train service can be traced back to the opening of the East Hills line in 1931. The East Hills line was extended to Glenfield in 1987; the Airport line opened in 2000. The East Hills line was opened in 1931. Electrification only extended as far as Kingsgrove. Services on the non-electrified section were by CPH railmotor, supplemented by through steam trains from Central in peak hours; the section between Kingsgrove and East Hills was opened for electric services on 17 December 1939. Services ran all stations from East Hills via Tempe and Sydenham, to the city.
Occasional services terminated at Riverwood and Padstow. Most trains use to stop at St Peters - now only served by the T3 line; when services on the Glenfield extension commenced, there were only limited services from Campbelltown via East Hills during peak hours only. Local services ran every 15 minutes from East Hills. Once the Airport line opened, the running patterns of trains changed; the "flying junctions" near Central Station were altered to give the Airport line its own platforms at Central. Local trains were timetabled to run from East Hills via the airport, peak hour express trains from Campbelltown run along the original route via Sydenham, taking newly built express tracks between Kingsgrove and Wolli Creek Junction; the Airport line stations are operated by a private company, the Airport Link Company, as part of a public private partnership. Under the deal, the private company would cover the costs of building four of the stations. In return, they would operate those stations for 30 years and have the right to impose a surcharge on fares for their use.
The company's involvement was predicated on passenger estimates and train reliability guarantees that proved to be optimistic. The NSW Government would fund Wolli Creek station; the Airport Link failed to meet patronage targets. In 2000, the Airport Link Company went into receivership, exposing the government to costs of around $800 million. State Rail blamed "lower than expected patronage" and stated it was working with the company to increase it. In October 2005, the government and the company signed a revised agreement on revenue and patronage, settling the latter's claims against the former; the stations were purchased by Westpac. In 2009 the business made a profit of A$5.8 million. In 2010 it increased to A$9.3 million. In March 2011 it was announced that the government would cover the cost of the station access fee at Green Square and Mascot stations, meaning that passengers no longer need to pay a surcharge to access these stations. A fee remains in place for International stations. Patronage on the link had been growing at 20% per year, but between March and June 2011 patronage increased by 70% as a result of the reduced fares.
The early 2010s saw a shift in. The state government created a new transport authority, Transport for NSW, in 2011. Sydney Trains replaced CityRail as the operator of Sydney's commuter rail services in 2013; these changes saw Transport for NSW take control of the branding of services. Transport for NSW introduced a new timetable in late 2013 that saw the Airport and East Hills Line replaced by the T2 Airport, Inner West & South Line; this new line was created by combining three of CityRail's lines. Operationally, the services between Macarthur and the city via the East Hills and Airport lines remained much the same as before; the 2017 timetable saw the 2013 branding changes wound back. The T2 line was split in two; the new T2 consists of services from Leppington to the city via Granville, with a branch to Parramatta being added. Services from Macarthur to the city via Sydney Airport or Sydenham were transferred to the new T8 line; the T8 inherited the Airport and East Hills Line. T5 services were modified to no longer travel to and from Campbelltown, instead starting and terminating at Leppington.
These changes mean the section of the network between Glenfield and Macarthur is served by services operating via the East Hills railway line for the first time. Apart from the Airport line's troubles, the line as a whole suffered a substantial loss in patronage when the M5 East Tunnel opened in 2001; the tunnel joined the Eastern Distributor and M5 South Western Motorway, shortening road travel times between the city and the south-west. The line was estimated to have lost 384,450 commuters over 12 months. Since that time, the line appears to have gained commuters again, with a reported 3.5% increase in patronage up to early 2006. The following table shows the patronage of Sydney Trains network for the year ending 30 June 2018
In rail transport, track gauge or track gage is the spacing of the rails on a railway track and is measured between the inner faces of the load-bearing rails. All vehicles on a rail network must have running gear, compatible with the track gauge, in the earliest days of railways the selection of a proposed railway's gauge was a key issue; as the dominant parameter determining interoperability, it is still used as a descriptor of a route or network. In some places there is a distinction between the nominal gauge and the actual gauge, due to divergence of track components from the nominal. Railway engineers use a device, like a caliper, to measure the actual gauge, this device is referred to as a track gauge; the terms structure gauge and loading gauge, both used, have little connection with track gauge. Both refer to two-dimensional cross-section profiles, surrounding the track and vehicles running on it; the structure gauge specifies the outline into which altered structures must not encroach.
The loading gauge is the corresponding envelope within which rail vehicles and their loads must be contained. If an exceptional load or a new type of vehicle is being assessed to run, it is required to conform to the route's loading gauge. Conformance ensures. In the earliest days of railways, single wagons were manhandled on timber rails always in connection with mineral extraction, within a mine or quarry leading from it. Guidance was not at first provided except by human muscle power, but a number of methods of guiding the wagons were employed; the spacing between the rails had to be compatible with that of the wagon wheels. The timber rails wore rapidly. In some localities, the plates were made L-shaped, with the vertical part of the L guiding the wheels; as the guidance of the wagons was improved, short strings of wagons could be connected and pulled by horses, the track could be extended from the immediate vicinity of the mine or quarry to a navigable waterway. The wagons were built to a consistent pattern and the track would be made to suit the wagons: the gauge was more critical.
The Penydarren Tramroad of 1802 in South Wales, a plateway, spaced these at 4 ft 4 in over the outside of the upstands. The Penydarren Tramroad carried the first journey by a locomotive, in 1804, it was successful for the locomotive, but unsuccessful for the track: the plates were not strong enough to carry its weight. A considerable progressive step was made. Edge rails required a close match between rail spacing and the configuration of the wheelsets, the importance of the gauge was reinforced. Railways were still seen as local concerns: there was no appreciation of a future connection to other lines, selection of the track gauge was still a pragmatic decision based on local requirements and prejudices, determined by existing local designs of vehicles. Thus, the Monkland and Kirkintilloch Railway in the West of Scotland used 4 ft 6 in; the Arbroath and Forfar Railway opened in 1838 with a gauge of 5 ft 6 in, the Ulster Railway of 1839 used 6 ft 2 in Locomotives were being developed in the first decades of the 19th century.
His designs were so successful that they became the standard, when the Stockton and Darlington Railway was opened in 1825, it used his locomotives, with the same gauge as the Killingworth line, 4 ft 8 in. The Stockton and Darlington line was immensely successful, when the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, the first intercity line, was built, it used the same gauge, it was hugely successful, the gauge, became the automatic choice: "standard gauge". The Liverpool and Manchester was followed by other trunk railways, with the Grand Junction Railway and the London and Birmingham Railway forming a huge critical mass of standard gauge; when Bristol promoters planned a line from London, they employed the innovative engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel. He decided on a wider gauge, to give greater stability, the Great Western Railway adopted a gauge of 7 ft eased to 7 ft 1⁄4 in; this became known as broad gauge. The Great Western Railway was successful and was expanded and through friendly associated companies, widening the scope of broad gauge.
At the same time, other parts of Britain built railways to standard gauge, British technology was exported to European countries and parts of North America using standard gauge. Britain polarised into two areas: those that used standard gauge. In this context, standard gauge was referred to as "narrow gauge" to indicate the contrast; some smaller concerns selected other non-standard gauges: the Eastern Counties Railway adopted 5 ft. Most of them converted to standard gauge at an early date, but the GWR's broad gauge continued to grow; the larger railway companies wished to expand geographically, large areas were considered to be under their control. When a new
New South Wales
New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, South Australia to the west, its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, Australia's most populous city. In September 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen; the Colony of New South Wales was founded as a penal colony in 1788. It comprised more than half of the Australian mainland with its western boundary set at 129th meridian east in 1825; the colony included the island territories of New Zealand, Van Diemen's Land, Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island. During the 19th century, most of the colony's area was detached to form separate British colonies that became New Zealand and the various states and territories of Australia.
However, the Swan River Colony has never been administered as part of New South Wales. Lord Howe Island remains part of New South Wales, while Norfolk Island has become a federal territory, as have the areas now known as the Australian Capital Territory and the Jervis Bay Territory; the prior inhabitants of New South Wales were the Aboriginal tribes who arrived in Australia about 40,000 to 60,000 years ago. Before European settlement there were an estimated 250,000 Aboriginal people in the region; the Wodi Wodi people are the original custodians of the Illawarra region of South Sydney. Speaking a variant of the Dharawal language, the Wodi Wodi people lived across a large stretch of land, surrounded by what is now known as Campbelltown, Shoalhaven River and Moss Vale; the Bundjalung people are the original custodians of parts of the northern coastal areas. The European discovery of New South Wales was made by Captain James Cook during his 1770 survey along the unmapped eastern coast of the Dutch-named continent of New Holland, now Australia.
In his original journal covering the survey, in triplicate to satisfy Admiralty Orders, Cook first named the land "New Wales", named after Wales. However, in the copy held by the Admiralty, he "revised the wording" to "New South Wales"; the first British settlement was made by. After years of chaos and anarchy after the overthrow of Governor William Bligh, a new governor, Lieutenant-Colonel Lachlan Macquarie, was sent from Britain to reform the settlement in 1809. During his time as governor, Macquarie commissioned the construction of roads, wharves and public buildings, sent explorers out from Sydney and employed a planner to design the street layout of Sydney. Macquarie's legacy is still evident today. During the 19th century, large areas were successively separated to form the British colonies of Tasmania, South Australia and Queensland. Responsible government was granted to the New South Wales colony in 1855. Following the Treaty of Waitangi, William Hobson declared British sovereignty over New Zealand in 1840.
In 1841 it was separated from the Colony of New South Wales to form the new Colony of New Zealand. Charles Darwin visited Australia in January 1836 and in The Voyage of the Beagle records his hesitations about and fascination with New South Wales, including his speculations about the geological origin and formation of the great valleys, the aboriginal population, the situation of the convicts, the future prospects of the country. At the end of the 19th century, the movement toward federation between the Australian colonies gathered momentum. Conventions and forums involving colony leaders were held on a regular basis. Proponents of New South Wales as a free trade state were in dispute with the other leading colony Victoria, which had a protectionist economy. At this time customs posts were common on borders on the Murray River. Travelling from New South Wales to Victoria in those days was difficult. Supporters of federation included the New South Wales premier Sir Henry Parkes whose 1889 Tenterfield Speech was pivotal in gathering support for New South Wales involvement.
Edmund Barton to become Australia's first Prime Minister, was another strong advocate for federation and a meeting held in Corowa in 1893 drafted an initial constitution. In 1898 popular referenda on the proposed federation were held in New South Wales, South Australia and Tasmania. All votes resulted in a majority in favour, but the New South Wales government under Premier George Reid had set a requirement for a higher "yes" vote than just a simple majority, not met. In 1899 further referenda were held in the same states as well as Queensland. All resulted in yes votes with majorities increased from the previous year. New South Wales met the conditions; as a compromise to the question on where the capital was to be located, an agreement was made that the site was to be within New South Wales but not closer than 100 miles from Sydney, while the provisional capital would be Melbourne. The area that now forms the Australian Capital Territory was ceded by New South Wales when Canberra was selected.
In the years after World War I, the high prices enjoyed durin
Granville, New South Wales
Granville is a suburb in western Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Granville is located 22 kilometres west of the Sydney central business district, split between the local government areas of Cumberland Council and the City of Parramatta. South Granville is a separate suburb with the distinguishing feature of a light industrial area. Lisgar, Redfern and Mona Streets form the approximate border between Granville and South Granville; the Duck River provides a boundary with Auburn, to the east. Granville was named in 1880, after the British Foreign Secretary, the Granville Leveson-Gower, 2nd Earl Granville; the area evolved after 1855, when it became the final stop of the first railway line of New South Wales. The Sydney-Parramatta Line ran from Sydney terminus, just south from today's Central railway station to the Granville area, known as'Parramatta Junction'; this led to the development of this area, which attracted some local industries. In the early days of European settlement, timber was harvested to fuel the steam engines in Sydney and Parramatta.
By the 1860s, the supply of timber was exhausted. The remainder was used by scavengers. Wattle bark found use with tanners and the bark from stringybark trees was used for roofing of huts. In 1862, a major estate, became subject to a mortgagee sale and subdivided for villa homes, small agricultures. At the end of the decade a Tweed Mill was established, steam powered using water from the Duck River. In 1878, the locality received its own post office, part of the stationmasters house. In 1880 Parramatta Junction was renamed to Granville, after the British Colonial Secretary, Granville Leveson-Gower, 2nd Earl Granville; the place had a population of 372, of which 176 were male and 196 female. In this era some German settlers, Joseph Klein and P W Merkell, tried to establish vineyards in the area, but found the land was not suited for this type of agriculture. More farmers discovered the limitations of the local soils and fruit growers complained about the damage from flying foxes. Thus, the only practical use for the grasslands, which replaced the original bushland, was for dairy cattle.
The Granville Municipality was formed in 1885 and the council carried on the local government of the area until 1948, when it became part of an enlarged City of Parramatta. On Anzac Day of 1974, Granville was severed by flooding of the Duck Creek stormwater channel due to torrential rain that fell over the area. 135 millimetres of rain fell between 11.30 pm and 12.30 pm at Guildford, with the ensuing flood doing major damage through Granville. The nearby RSL underwent damage and many of the club's old photographs and honour boards were destroyed. Granville is the location of the Granville railway disaster, which occurred on 18 January 1977 when a commuter train derailed just before the Bold Street overpass and hit the staunchion, causing the bridge to collapse. 83 people perished. Granville has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: 10 Carlton Street: Granville Town Hall 157 Blaxcell Street: Crest Theatre Granville has a mixture of residential and industrial developments; the commercial and residential developments are around Granville railway station and Parramatta Road.
Granville is dominated by freestanding weatherboard and unrendered brick buildings. The area is no longer "typical" quarter acre block territory, but 500 to 600 m2 blocks are reasonably common. Terraced houses are rare. Apartment blocks three to four storeys in height, are becoming more common in the vicinity of the railway station. Buildings that deserve some attention are: Granville Town Hall, built in 1888 The Royal Hotel corresponds with the architecture of the Town Hall about 200 m away The Brianna's function centre building just north of the railway station on Good Street St. Marks Anglican Church dates back to 1882 St. Aphanasius Church, a Ukrainian Autocephalic Orthodox with onion domes, adds some interest to William Street, it dates back to 1956. The White Palace in South Street has an exterior with Art Deco features; the building was gutted and redeveloped in 2007. The intersecting circles of Granville RSL Sub-Branch Building serves as an interesting example of modern architecture, it was designed by Frank Associates.
The Crest building on the corner of Blaxcell and Redfern Streets, was built by Hoyts in 1948 as a movie theatre and was used for screening films up until 1963. The structure of the building is of a Quonset hut design, while the facade and interior is of a post-Art Deco and post-Moderne eclectic style, influenced by the "Picture Palace" architecture popularly used for movie theatres, it is now used as a function hall. The Crest Theatre is now listed in the NSW State Heritage Register as being of "State significance", being one of the few cinemas built in Australia in the 1940s. Externally and internally the building remains intact, though the signage on the external decorative pier now reads "B-L-O-U-Z-A", rather than the original "H-O-Y-T-S". Granville railway station is a major station on the Inner West & Leppington Line and Western Line of the Sydney Trains network; the station is wheelchair accessible. Granville railway station is located on the Main Suburban line, it is served by Sydney Trains T1 Northern and Western Lines and T2 Inner West & Leppington Line services.
Granville's newly built bus interchange, as well as a car park, are located adjacent to its train station. Bike racks and lockers are located nearby. Taxi ranks can be found just south of the tr
Scarborough railway station, New South Wales
Scarborough railway station is a heritage-listed railway station on the Illawarra line in New South Wales, Australia. It serves the seaside village of Scarborough, it was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999. Scarborough was known as South Clifton. A hotel named the Scarborough Hotel opened in the area in 1887. Scarborough may be named after the seaside resort in England; the name Scarborough means "Fort on the Rock". The first subdivision of the area took place c. 1886-1887 and was advertised as "1st subdivision Town of Clifton, on Illawarra Line, 36 miles from Sydney". By the early 20th century, the Scarborough area, like Austinmer and Thirroul, had developed a reputation as a tourist resort; the railway station first opened on 21 June 1887 as Clifton, on a site south of the present station, changed its name to South Clifton on 3 October 1888 to Scarborough on 1 October 1903. When the station opened in 1887 it was the northern terminus on the isolated part of the Illawarra line which at that time extended to Wollongong.
With duplication of the line, new sites were found and both Clifton and Scarborough were relocated with the new Scarborough railway station site opening on 21 January 1916. The original 1887 timber platform building at Scarborough was relocated to Thirroul in 1915; the platform buildings constructed at Scarborough in 1915 were standard brick station buildings which form a matching pair opposite each other and on the "Down" platform there is a detached brick Out-of-room from the same date. The site had an overhead booking office and a signal box which have since been removed; the brick walled remains of an old carriage dock and a brick 1915 freight bank and remains of brick steps were noted on site but no longer appear to be extant. A yard existed south of the station for the South Clifton Colliery. Scarborough has two side platforms and is serviced by NSW TrainLink South Coast line services travelling between Waterfall and Port Kembla; some peak hour and late night services operate to Bondi Junction and Kiama.
The station complex consists of type 11-design station buildings on Platform 1 and 2 and an out of room on Platform 2, all dating from 1915, as well as modern pedestrian stairs on Platform 2. Scarborough Railway Station has two perimeter platforms, with Platform 1 on the west, Platform 2 on the east; the perimeters of the station are defined with dark green powder coated aluminium fencing. Platform 2 is accessed either via a driveway off First Street, or adjacent modern stairs, to the northeast of the First Street overbridge; the west platform is accessed via Railway Avenue to the west or by crossing the First Street overbridge. North of Scarborough the double line becomes single to pass through Coalcliff Tunnel. Platform 1 Building The Platform 1 building is a gabled face brick building with an awning on the east side, corrugated steel roofing and a skillion corrugated steel roof to platform awning; the building has no chimneys. Gable ends feature rectangular timber louvred vents. Walls feature sandstone reveals and sills to windows and sandstone door reveals, a sandstone corbel at door header height.
There is a corrugated steel screen added to the north end of the building. The building features timber framed double hung windows with 9-paned top sashes with coloured glass panes to most; the awning is cantilevered on steel brackets mounted on decorative sandstone brackets. Doors are timber flush with 6-paned fanlights with coloured glass panes; the interior contains a Station Master's office, waiting room and men's toilet. Platform 2 Building The Platform 2 building is a gabled brick building with a cantilevered platform awning, gabled corrugated steel roofing, skillion corrugated steel awning roof, a corrugated steel screen added to north end. There are no chimneys to the roof; the walls are painted to south and east elevations, with original face brick to west and north elevations. The walls feature sandstone reveals and sills to windows and sandstone door reveals, a sandstone corbel at door header height; the building features timber framed double hung windows, with 9-paned top sashes with coloured glass panes to most.
The awning is cantilevered on steel brackets mounted on decorative sandstone wall brackets. Doors are modern timber flush doors with original 6-paned fanlights with coloured glass panes; the building has timber exposed rafter ends. There are no vents to gable ends; the interior contains a Station Master's office, waiting room and men's toilet. Out of Room Located at the southern end of Platform 2, this is a small square face brick building with a gabled corrugated steel roof, a single door facing the platform, with a sandstone reveal around the fanlight; the fanlight is covered over. The roof ridge is parallel with the long axis of the platform. Pedestrian Stairs A set of modern concrete stairs accessing the south end of Platform 2 from the First Street overbridge. Platforms Two perimeter platforms with modern concrete platform edges. Landscape/Natural FeaturesScarborough Railway Station is located in a bushland setting with views of the Illawarra escarpment to the west. Station Master's ResidenceAdjacent to the heritage-listed complex is the former Station Master's residence.
The building is of low integrity having been altered and there are many better examples of this type of building along the Illawarra line. ConditionThe Platform 1 Building was reported to be in moderate condition as at 8 May 2013, due to some cracking evident to the northern end of the building, while the Platform 2 Building was assessed as in good and the Out of
Commonwealth Engineering was an Australian engineering company that designed and built railway locomotives, rolling stock and trams. Commonwealth Engineering was founded in 1921 as Smith & Waddington, in the Sydney suburb of Camperdown building bodies for motorcars and buses, it was moved to Granville. The Government of Australia took control of the company during World War II to produce materials in the Granville factory; the government purchased a controlling stake in the company in 1946 and changed the name to Commonwealth Engineering. In 1949 a factory was established in Queensland; this was followed in 1952 a plant in Bassendean, Western Australia and in 1954 by another in Dandenong, Victoria. In June 1957, the government sold its shares. In November 1982 Comeng was taken over by Australian National Industries; the Granville factory has been demolished. The site, which sat between the Great Western Highway and Main Western railway line west of Duck River, has been replaced with new developments that include high rise housing and light industry.
The Dandenong plant was sold in 1990 to ABB Transportation and is now operated by Bombardier Transportation while the Bassendean facility was sold to A Goninan & Co. The history of Comeng has been published by John Dunn: Volume 1, 1921 – 1955 published in 2006 Volume 2, 1955 – 1966 published in 2008 Volume 3, 1967 – 1977 published in 2010 Volume 4, 1977 – 1985 published in 2013 Volume 5, 1985 – 1990 published posthumously in November 2013 Commonwealth Engineering's products included: 60 Canberra Bus Service AEC Reliance 470s 30 Canberra Bus Service AEC Swift 505s 50 Leyland OPSU1/1s 50 AEC Regal IVs 50 AEC Regal IIIs Leyland OPSU1/1s 8 BHP Port Kembla D1 class diesel locomotives 6 442 class diesel locomotives 10 70 class diesel hydraulic locomotives 50 80 class diesel electric locomotives 15 XPT power cars 1 Mount Isa Mines 302 class diesel-hydraulic locomotive 1 Mount Isa Mines 305 class diesel-hydraulic locomotive 7 Queensland Railways DL class locomotives 1 MRWA E class locomotive 10 WAGR B class locomotives 11 Westrail N class diesel locomotives Alco 636 M636 diesel locomotives for Hamersley Iron 21 Alco 636 diesel locomotives for Mount Newman Mining 12 Alco 636 diesel locomotives for Robe River Mining 10 85 class electric locomotive 50 86 class electric locomotive 5 1100 class Budd railcars 24 1800 class railcars 2 1900 class railcars 40 2000 class railcars 30 2000 class Adelaide suburban diesel railcars 20 3000 class Adelaide suburban diesel railcars 10 West Australian ADK diesel multiple units 8 West Australian Prospector diesel railcars 5 West Australian Australind diesel railcars 6 Tasmanian Government Railways DP class railcars Diesel railcars for Indian Railways 80 Sputnik Sydney suburban carriages 80 U set Intercity carriages 359 S set Sydney suburban carriages 246 V set Intercity carriages 11 Skitube Alpine Railway electric carriages 570 Comeng Melbourne suburban carriages 24 carbon steel carriages 124 stainless steel carriages 10 C1 bilevel cars 35 N type carriages 67 RUB carriages 75 stainless steel carriages 47 XPT carriages 99 steel carriages 35 stainless steel carriages 100 R1 class Sydney trams 230 Z class Melbourne trams 70 A class Melbourne trams 132 B class Melbourne trams 70 MTR Phase I Light Rail Vehicles 1988 Media related to Commonwealth Engineering at Wikimedia Commons