Hollywood Records, Inc. is an American record label of the Disney Music Group. The label focuses in pop, alternative, hip hop, country genres, as well as specializing in mature recordings not suitable for the flagship Walt Disney Records label. Founded in 1989, its current roster includes artists such as Jordan Fisher, Zella Day, Demi Lovato, Zendaya, Ocean Park Standoff, Bea Miller, Martina Stoessel, Breaking Benjamin, Jorge Blanco, Sabrina Carpenter, R5, Olivia Holt, Sofia Carson, Forever in Your Mind, New Hope Club, Maddie Poppe and In Real Life; the label releases Marvel Studios's soundtrack and compilation albums in conjunction with Marvel Music. Hollywood Records was founded in 1989 by Michael Eisner CEO of The Walt Disney Company as a way of expanding the company's music operations by looking to develop and promote the careers of a wide variety of artists in various genres. At the time, the company was limited to the release of soundtracks from Touchstone, Hollywood Pictures films. Lawyer Peter Paterno was the first president of the label, until his resignation in 1993 because of the division's lackluster sales.
After failing to sign new artists such as Nirvana, Smashing Pumpkins, Naughty By Nature, Cypress Hill and Dr. Dre, the label experienced its first major success in February 1990, when it acquired the North American distribution rights to Queen's entire catalog for $10 million; the following year, the first Queen album under Hollywood, was released. The deal's outlook as an important economic opportunity was affected by the premature death of the band's lead singer Freddie Mercury, although the band's catalog sales managed to generate nearly $94 million in revenue for Disney from 1991 to 1995. Bob Pfeifer was named President of the label in March 1995 after a whole year without a President, but problems continued to the label and Pfeifer was fired in 1997, after the label revealed that he had lost over 150 million dollars since 1989. In 1997, Disney acquired Mammoth Records, in order to get an already-established record label that could succeed. However, the acquisition of Mammoth was a failure and the label was closed and integrated to Hollywood in 2003.
Additionally, during this time, they had signed Duran Duran to a three-album contract, subsequently released Pop Trash, only to terminate their contract after disappointing album sales. In 1998, the company decided to form Buena Vista Music Group, integrating the operations of Walt Disney Records along with Hollywood, Lyric Street and Walt Disney Music Publishing. Bob Cavallo, former manager of Earth, Wind & Fire and Prince was appointed as chairman of the group, president of Hollywood Records; this movement looked to organize the music operations of the company under a more integrated direction. After some years of development, Hollywood Records had its first major success in 2003, when Metamorphosis, Hilary Duff's first non-holiday album, was released and became a success to the label, selling over three million copies in the United States; the launch of Duff's career represents a new business model for the record, utilising the synergies around the company, including important outlets like Disney Channel, Radio Disney, ABC Family & ABC.
Duff's albums released under Hollywood proved to be successful including 2004's Hilary Duff and 2005's Most Wanted. A similar business model was utilized in subsequent Hollywood's artists like Demi Lovato, Miley Cyrus, Bridgit Mendler and Selena Gomez with several productions that gained Platinum or Gold certifications, their musical careers proved. At the same time, the label continued to develop the careers of artists with a less mainstream profile like Grace Potter & the Nocturnals, Breaking Benjamin or Plain White T's, but, successful in its own terms; the label continued to release soundtracks from films and TV shows those derived from Marvel Studios productions. In 2010, Hollywood absorbed the remaining operations of country music label Lyric Street Records, which became an imprint for the catalog of the defunct-label managed by Hollywood. In 2011, Queen left EMI for Universal-owned Island Records, with Hollywood continuing to remain the group's North American music distributor. In January 2012, after 14 years of a successful tenure, Bob Cavallo retired as chairman of the Group and Ken Bunt was appointed as president of the group.
Several changes have been done under his tenure, including the retirement of long-time executives from the Cavallo's era like Abbey Konowitch, Justin Fontaine and Jhon Linda and the appointment of new A&R's like Mio Vukovic and Mike Daly. In March 2013, Disney Music Group and Universal Music Group announced the expansion of their relationship with a new commercial and creative agreement that enable Hollywood Records' artists to collaborate with the roster of producers and songwriters that are part of Universal. Since 2013, Hollywood Records uses the brand name DMG Nashville to specialize in country music; the genre label was founded to provide music licensing for Bigger Picture Music Group. After Bigger Picture's closure in 2014, DMG Nashville released its first studio album. Hollywood Basic was Hollywood’s short-lived hip-hop subsidiary, run by Dave Funkenklein, which existed from 1990 to 1995, it did not survive the distribution transition its parent made to PolyGram Records, all of its recordings were deleted, save for those by Organized Konfusion, which were repressed under the new deal.
It was the first label to record DJ Shadow, releasing his "Lesson 4" as the B-side of a 1991 single by Lifers Group, a hip hop group composed of prisoners at East Jersey State
Sonic Jihad (Snake River Conspiracy album)
Sonic Jihad is Snake River Conspiracy's only full-length album, released in 2000. It includes three cover songs: T-Ride's "You and Your Friend", The Cure's "Lovesong" and The Smiths' "How Soon Is Now." The album garnered positive reviews from critics, who praised the album's lyrics and singer Tobey Torres's vocals. The album spawned three singles: "Vulcan," "How Soon is Now," and "Breed." The latter two charted in the US. The album has a Parental Advisory for obscenity and mature themes. "Breed" is featured in the 2001 film Valentine during the end credits. The "Prince Quick Mix's Cracker Beat Pass Mix" of "How Soon Is Now" was included on the American Eagle Outfitters compilation "Summer 9ine." The album received mixed to positive reviews from music critics. Allmusic's William Ruhlmann likened Snake River Conspiracy to the rock group Garbage and Nine Inch Nails, but felt that their "sound may be too hard for pop fans and too soft for rock fans," giving the album 3 out of 5 stars. Eden Miller, writing for PopMatters, was more positive, stating that "anger has never been so much fun or so approachable," and praising the group's "strong personality."
Drowned In Sound's review, written by Kate Price, was similarly-positive, awarding the album 9 out of 10 and stating that the album "is a journey and musically, through human emotions and represents... the triumph of passion over technology." Breed Casualty You and Your Friend Lovesong Act Your Age More Than Love Strangled Oh Well Somebody Hates You Vulcan How Soon is Now? Note Although the 3:56 version of "Lovesong" is included on the album, a full-length version exists as well. Although the album itself was unsuccessful, it spawned three singles, two of which charted; the first single, "Vulcan," failed to reach any chart. The next single, however, "How Soon Is Now," performed well in the United States, where it reached #38 on the Alternative chart and #15 on the Dance Club Songs chart; the third single, "Breed," reached #37 on the Dance Club Songs chart
Baywatch is an American action drama series about the Los Angeles County lifeguards who patrol the beaches of Los Angeles County, starring David Hasselhoff. The show was cancelled after its first season on NBC, but survived through syndication and became one of the most-watched television shows in the world; the show ran in its original title and format from 1989 to 1999. From 1999 to 2001, with a setting change and large cast overhaul, it was known as Baywatch: Hawaii. Baywatch premiered on NBC in 1989, but was cancelled after only one season, when it placed 73rd out of 103 shows in the seasonal ratings, because the studio, GTG, went out of business. Due to high production costs, GTG was unable to finance the series any further. Feeling the series still had potential, David Hasselhoff, one of the principal actors, along with creators and executive producers Michael Berk, Douglas Schwartz, Gregory J. Bonann, revived it for the first-run syndication market in 1991. Hasselhoff was given the title of executive producer for his work on bringing the show back.
The series was hugely successful internationally. The show led to a spin-off, Baywatch Nights, three direct-to-video films: Baywatch the Movie: Forbidden Paradise, Baywatch: White Thunder at Glacier Bay, Baywatch: Hawaiian Wedding. Babewatch is a satirical term sometimes used in connection with the series, used by Mad, by commentators, as the title for a series of adult films with crossover characters which ran between 1994 and 1999 in 13 parts. In 1999, with production costs rising in Los Angeles, the syndication market shrinking, the plan was to move the show to Australia and launch Baywatch Down Under. A pilot was filmed, but the series was stopped when residents of Avalon put forth strong objections, including potential damage to a fragile ecosystem. Pittwater Council permanently barred all future filming; as an alternative to Australia, Hawaii offered the producers large financial incentives to move the show to the islands, in season 10, Baywatch: Hawaii was launched. Baywatch filmed for two seasons in Hawaii, from 1999 until 2001.
The proposal to relocate Baywatch to Hawaii rather than Australia was initiated by April Masini in a telephone call to executive producer Greg Bonann. The deal to provide the incentives necessary to secure the series was presented to Governor Ben Cayetano by Al Masini and April Masini, Tony Vericella, president of the Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau, Cayetano's executive assistant, Joe Blanco; the agreement required the production to change its name from Baywatch to Baywatch: Hawaii, hire local leads, film in the state for at least two years, guaranteeing 44 episodes, each at a cost of about US$870,000, 60% of, to be spent in Hawaii. Baywatch revolved around the work of a team of lifeguards and their interpersonal relationships, with plots centering on dangers related to the beach and other activities pertinent to the California beach lifestyle. Topics from earthquakes and shark attacks to serial killers served as plot conflicts on the show. Saving people from drowning was one of the most typical situations used in the shows.
The original NBC theme was "Save Me", performed by Peter Cetera, with Bonnie Raitt on guitar and Richard Sterban, bass singer for The Oak Ridge Boys, as one of the background vocalists. The song is from Cetera's 1988 album One More Story. On some DVD releases of the first series "Save Me" was replaced with "Above the Waterline" by Kim Carnes. For the syndicated series, the new theme "I'm Always Here" replaced "Save Me". An instrumental version of "I'm Always Here" was used as the ending theme of seasons 6 to 9. A different instrumental version was used as the theme for season 10; some parts of the lyrics of "I'm Always Here" are written on Jimi's grave. When the NBC episodes were added to the Baywatch syndication package, the opening theme was changed to a shorter version of "I'm Always Here", with some images of the original NBC opening retained. David Hasselhoff sang the Kevin Savigar–Todd Cerney tune "Current of Love" as the ending theme of Seasons 2–4. Together with Laura Branigan he sang "I Believe" as the ending theme of Season 5.
On the DVD edition of the second season, the original main title theme is replaced by the song "Strong Enough", performed by Evan Olson. The theme for season 11 was called "Let Me Be the One" written and performed by Carlos Villalobos, Glenn Medeiros and sung by Fiji; the spin-off series, Baywatch Nights theme song was performed by saxophonist Alfonzo Blackwell. "The Nights Will Never Be the Same" was featured on his 1996 sophomore CD release. Alfonzo Blackwell was featured with David Hasselhoff each week in the ending credits of the TV series. Other versions of "I'm Always Here" include: An instrumental version of the song appears in the episode "Battles" of the UK television programme Spaced; the Swedish electronic musical group Sunblock released it as a single. A soundalike version was used in the Hey Arnold! Episode "Summer Love" over the end credits. Swedish group Konditorns recorded the theme with Swedish lyrics for their album K2, titled "Jag är alltid här", a direct translation of the phrase "I'm always here".
The film adaptation is a comedy and directed by Jeremy Garelick. Garelick's previous successes include the rewrite of The Hangover. In September 2012, it was announced that Reno 911! co-creator and star Robert Ben
Encino Man is a 1992 American comedy film directed by Les Mayfield and starring Brendan Fraser, Sean Astin and Pauly Shore. The plot revolves around two geeky teenagers from Encino, Los Angeles, played by Astin and Shore, who discover a caveman in Astin's backyard frozen in a block of ice; the caveman, played by Fraser, has to learn to live in the 20th century. Along the way, he teaches them about life. During the first ice age, a caveman attempts to make fire with his girlfriend. An earthquake causes a cave-in; this segues into a present day Los Angeles earthquake. He, along with his best friend Stoney, strives to attain popularity in high school, but comes off more as a reject and an outcast. Dave is in love with Robyn Sweeney, a sweet and attractive girl, his best friend since grade school, until she reached adolescence, had been rejected by Dave on several occasions, her boyfriend, Matt Wilson, is a stereotypical jock and school bully, responsible for making both Dave and Stoney the objects of ridicule by humiliating them in various ways directly due to Dave's growing affections toward Robyn.
One day, as Dave is digging a pool in his backyard, he comes across a chunk of ice that has the body of a man in it following an earthquake. They leave the ice block unattended in the garage and space heaters left on cause the ice to melt, releasing the caveman from the opening of the film; the caveman encounters a garbage truck, which he misinterprets as a mammoth from his time, television, which he discovers upon entering Dave's house. When the boys return home, they find the house is in disarray. Investigating a beeping smoke alarm, they discover the caveman in Dave's bedroom, attempting to start a fire "Indian-style" by rotating a stick in the center of a pile of kindling. At first, the caveman panics at the sight of them, but Stoney calms him by using the flame of a lighter to mesmerize him after he panics from the phone ringing. After bathing him and trimming him to look like an average teenager, Dave names him "Link" as in the missing link, they manage to fool Dave's family into thinking he is an Estonian exchange student sent to live with them, enroll him in school where Link's bizarre behavior and supreme athletic skills shoot Dave and Stoney to popularity by association, allowing Dave to get closer to Robyn, to Matt's chagrin.
It soon becomes apparent that Stoney's bizarre attitude is having an effect on Link's actions and speech, which causes a rift between Dave and Stoney and after a fight with Matt at a skating rink, as well as an attraction developing between Robyn and Link. During a school field trip to a natural history museum, Link gets upset realizing that the cavepeople he knew are all dead and the gravity of his situation, but Stoney and Dave console Link that he is not without friends in this time, causing the trio to make a pact. Dave tries to send Link away. Stoney and Dave make up. On prom night, Link is a hit at the party with Robyn as his date while Dave stays in for the evening. Matt breaks into Dave's steals photographic evidence that Link is a caveman; as Dave and Stoney go after Matt and his friends, another earthquake happens. At the prom, Matt's plan to uncover the "freak" backfires as the information instead makes Link more popular. Dave and Robyn make up, the three boys lead the entire prom in an impromptu caveman-like dance.
After the prom, the students attend Dave's house for a pool party where Robyn kiss. Meanwhile and Link follow clues similar to when they found him ranging from breast prints on the slider and paint covering the walls, they follow the muddy footprints to the bathroom and discover a beautiful cavewoman in the bathtub who turns out to be Link's girlfriend from the beginning of the film. He joins her in the bathtub as Stoney cheers them on and embraces her as she is made to look like a modern human. Sean Astin as David "Dave" Morgan, a good-natured and neurotic teenager, in love with Robyn, despite losing his chance with her in grade school, because he thought she was not attractive yet, he dreams of popularity more than his friends and is the most worried about being labeled as a freak if Link's secret got out. He is labeled as a geek in the school. Brendan Fraser as Linkovich "Link" Chomovsky, a caveman found in the 20th century when Dave and Stoney dig up a block of ice in which he is frozen, he is friendly, despite being fierce and aggressive in his mannerisms.
He is friends with Stoney. Pauly Shore as Stanley "Stoney" Brown, a loud, obnoxious hippie/new wave teenager, a fan of the game show Jeopardy!. His outlook on life is profound and deeper, he is compassionate and quick-thinking, able to soothe Link's primal instincts by showing him how to harness fire. He becomes Link's best friend and role model causing Link to imitate him. Megan Ward as Robyn Sweeney, a kind, compassionate girl going out with the jock bully Matt Wilson, she attempts to maintain friendships with Dave and Stoney, but is put off by their childish mannerisms. She is showing signs of growing tired of Matt's snobby and egotistical ways, she realizes the depth of her friendship with Dave and breaks up with Matt after he starts bullying him. Robin Tunney as Ella, a vain, self centered girl and Robyn's best friend, she attempts to gain Link's attention by flaunting her breasts at him. She is rebuffed, learns that Link had a former love, he has no interest in anyone else
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. With 39.6 million residents, California is the most populous U. S. the third-largest by area. The state capital is Sacramento; the Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second and fifth most populous urban regions, with 18.7 million and 9.7 million residents respectively. Los Angeles is California's most populous city, the country's second most populous, after New York City. California has the nation's most populous county, Los Angeles County, its largest county by area, San Bernardino County; the City and County of San Francisco is both the country's second-most densely populated major city after New York City and the fifth-most densely populated county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs. California's $3.0 trillion economy is larger than that of any other state, larger than those of Texas and Florida combined, the largest sub-national economy in the world. If it were a country, California would be the 5th largest economy in the world, the 36th most populous as of 2017.
The Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second- and third-largest urban economies, after the New York metropolitan area. The San Francisco Bay Area PSA had the nation's highest GDP per capita in 2017 among large PSAs, is home to three of the world's ten largest companies by market capitalization and four of the world's ten richest people. California is considered a global trendsetter in popular culture, innovation and politics, it is considered the origin of the American film industry, the hippie counterculture, fast food, the Internet, the personal computer, among others. The San Francisco Bay Area and the Greater Los Angeles Area are seen as global centers of the technology and entertainment industries, respectively. California has a diverse economy: 58% of the state's economy is centered on finance, real estate services and professional, scientific and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5% of the state's economy, California's agriculture industry has the highest output of any U.
S. state. California is bordered by Oregon to the north and Arizona to the east, the Mexican state of Baja California to the south; the state's diverse geography ranges from the Pacific Coast in the west to the Sierra Nevada mountain range in the east, from the redwood–Douglas fir forests in the northwest to the Mojave Desert in the southeast. The Central Valley, a major agricultural area, dominates the state's center. Although California is well-known for its warm Mediterranean climate, the large size of the state results in climates that vary from moist temperate rainforest in the north to arid desert in the interior, as well as snowy alpine in the mountains. Over time and wildfires have become more pervasive features. What is now California was first settled by various Native Californian tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries; the Spanish Empire claimed it as part of Alta California in their New Spain colony. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its successful war for independence but was ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Mexican–American War.
The western portion of Alta California was organized and admitted as the 31st state on September 9, 1850. The California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom; the word California referred to the Baja California Peninsula of Mexico. The name derived from the mythical island California in the fictional story of Queen Calafia, as recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián by Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo; this work was the fifth in a popular Spanish chivalric romance series that began with Amadis de Gaula. Queen Calafia's kingdom was said to be a remote land rich in gold and pearls, inhabited by beautiful black women who wore gold armor and lived like Amazons, as well as griffins and other strange beasts. In the fictional paradise, the ruler Queen Calafia fought alongside Muslims and her name may have been chosen to echo the title of a Muslim leader, the Caliph. It's possible.
Know ye that at the right hand of the Indies there is an island called California close to that part of the Terrestrial Paradise, inhabited by black women without a single man among them, they lived in the manner of Amazons. They were robust of body with great virtue; the island itself is one of the wildest in the world on account of the craggy rocks. Shortened forms of the state's name include CA, Cal. Calif. and US-CA. Settled by successive waves of arrivals during the last 10,000 years, California was one of the most culturally and linguistically diverse areas in pre-Columbian North America. Various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000; the Indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. California groups were diverse in their political organization with bands, villages, on the resource-rich coasts, large chiefdoms, such as the Chumash and Salinan.
Trade, intermarriage a
T-Ride was an influential San Francisco-based heavy metal band, noted for its wildly complex instrument and vocal arrangements. Their eponymous debut album was released in 1992. Songs from the album were used in various motion pictures and television shows including "Luxury Cruiser" in the soundtrack of 1992's Encino Man, "Zombies from Hell" in the movie Captain Ron and "Bone Down" in an episode of Baywatch, "Forbidden Paradise-part 2". Drummer/producer Eric Valentine went on to become a multi-platinum selling producer, producing acts like Smash Mouth, Queens of the Stone Age, Third Eye Blind, LostProphets, Good Charlotte, Nickel Creek, John Fogerty, All American Rejects and more. Dan Arlie Eric Valentine Geoff Tyson, credited as Jeff Tyson in album cover Steve Ouimette, uncredited T-Ride No. 60993 Produced by Eric Valentine http://www.myspace.com/trideofficialsite Entry at allmusic.com
Heavy metal music
Heavy metal is a genre of rock music that developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s in the United Kingdom. With roots in blues rock, psychedelic rock, acid rock, the bands that created heavy metal developed a thick, massive sound, characterized by amplified distortion, extended guitar solos, emphatic beats, overall loudness; the genre's lyrics and performance styles are sometimes associated with machismo. In 1968, three of the genre's most famous pioneers, Led Zeppelin, Black Sabbath and Deep Purple were founded. Though they came to attract wide audiences, they were derided by critics. During the mid-1970s, Judas Priest helped spur the genre's evolution by discarding much of its blues influence. Beginning in the late 1970s, bands in the new wave of British heavy metal such as Iron Maiden and Def Leppard followed in a similar vein. Before the end of the decade, heavy metal fans became known as "metalheads" or "headbangers". During the 1980s, glam metal became popular with groups such as Mötley Crüe.
Underground scenes produced an array of more aggressive styles: thrash metal broke into the mainstream with bands such as Metallica, Slayer and Anthrax, while other extreme subgenres of heavy metal such as death metal and black metal remain subcultural phenomena. Since the mid-1990s popular styles have further expanded the definition of the genre; these include groove metal and nu metal, the latter of which incorporates elements of grunge and hip hop. Heavy metal is traditionally characterized by loud distorted guitars, emphatic rhythms, dense bass-and-drum sound, vigorous vocals. Heavy metal subgenres variously alter, or omit one or more of these attributes; the New York Times critic Jon Pareles writes, "In the taxonomy of popular music, heavy metal is a major subspecies of hard-rock—the breed with less syncopation, less blues, more showmanship and more brute force." The typical band lineup includes a drummer, a bassist, a rhythm guitarist, a lead guitarist, a singer, who may or may not be an instrumentalist.
Keyboard instruments are sometimes used to enhance the fullness of the sound. Deep Purple's Jon Lord played an overdriven Hammond organ. In 1970, John Paul Jones used a Moog synthesizer on Led Zeppelin III; the electric guitar and the sonic power that it projects through amplification has been the key element in heavy metal. The heavy metal guitar sound comes from a combined use of heavy distortion. For classic heavy metal guitar tone, guitarists maintain moderate levels gain at moderate levels, without excessive preamp or pedal distortion, to retain open spaces and air in the music. Thrash metal guitar tone has scooped mid-frequencies and compressed sound with lots of bass frequencies. Guitar solos are "an essential element of the heavy metal code... that underscores the significance of the guitar" to the genre. Most heavy metal songs "feature at least one guitar solo", "a primary means through which the heavy metal performer expresses virtuosity"; some exceptions are nu grindcore bands, which tend to omit guitar solos.
With rhythm guitar parts, the "heavy crunch sound in heavy metal... palm muting" the strings with the picking hand and using distortion. Palm muting creates a tighter, more precise sound and it emphasizes the low end; the lead role of the guitar in heavy metal collides with the traditional "frontman" or bandleader role of the vocalist, creating a musical tension as the two "contend for dominance" in a spirit of "affectionate rivalry". Heavy metal "demands the subordination of the voice" to the overall sound of the band. Reflecting metal's roots in the 1960s counterculture, an "explicit display of emotion" is required from the vocals as a sign of authenticity. Critic Simon Frith claims; the prominent role of the bass is key to the metal sound, the interplay of bass and guitar is a central element. The bass guitar provides the low-end sound crucial to making the music "heavy"; the bass plays a "more important role in heavy metal than in any other genre of rock". Metal basslines vary in complexity, from holding down a low pedal point as a foundation to doubling complex riffs and licks along with the lead or rhythm guitars.
Some bands feature the bass as a lead instrument, an approach popularized by Metallica's Cliff Burton with his heavy emphasis on bass guitar solos and use of chords while playing bass in the early 1980s. Lemmy of Motörhead played overdriven power chords in his bass lines; the essence of heavy metal drumming is creating a loud, constant beat for the band using the "trifecta of speed and precision". Heavy metal drumming "requires an exceptional amount of endurance", drummers have to develop "considerable speed and dexterity... to play the intricate patterns" used in heavy metal. A characteristic metal drumming technique is the cymbal choke, which consists of striking a cymbal and immediately silencing it by grabbing it with the other hand, producing a burst of sound; the metal drum setup is much larger than those employed in other forms of rock music. Black metal, death metal and some "mainstream metal" bands "all depend upon double-kicks and blast beats". In live performance, loudness—an "onslaught of sound", in sociologist Deena Weinstein's description—is considered vital.
In his book Metalheads, psychologist Jeffrey Arnett refers to heavy me