T2 Trainspotting is a 2017 British black comedy drama film, set in and around Edinburgh, Scotland. The film was directed by Danny Boyle and written by John Hodge, based on characters created by Irvine Welsh in his novel Trainspotting and its follow-up Porno. T2 was released in the United Kingdom on 27 January 2017, worldwide throughout February and March 2017. A sequel to Boyle's 1996 film Trainspotting, T2 stars the original ensemble cast, including leads Ewan McGregor, Ewen Bremner, Jonny Lee Miller, Robert Carlyle, with Shirley Henderson, James Cosmo, Kelly Macdonald. T2 features a new character, played by Anjela Nedyalkova. T2 includes film clips and archive sound from the first film. Twenty years after stealing £16,000 in drug money from his friends and making a new life in Amsterdam, 46-year old Mark Renton returns to Edinburgh after suffering a heart attack in a gym. Though clean from heroin, he is on the verge of job redundancy. Daniel "Spud" Murphy has returned to heroin addiction after losing everything, including his wife and visitation with his teenage son, whom he fathered shortly after Renton left.
Simon "Sick Boy" Williamson abuses cocaine, runs a failing pub, engages in blackmail schemes with his Bulgarian girlfriend, Veronika. Francis "Franco" Begbie is serving a 25-year prison sentence following the drug deal, attacks his lawyer after being denied parole. Renton visits Spud just in time to save him from a suicide attempt, offers to help him overcome his addiction. Renton visits Sick Boy at his pub, but reunion goes sour and they get into a fight. Afterward, Renton pays Sick Boy back his original share of the money. Sick Boy informs Veronika that he is going to make him pay for his betrayal. Begbie escapes from prison, returns to his girlfriend's flat, where he meets his college-bound son, Frank Jr. whom he forces to join him in burgling houses. Begbie visits Sick Boy, who pretends to have heard of Renton living in Amsterdam and promises to provide Begbie with a false passport so he can travel to The Netherlands to exact his revenge. Renton, Sick Boy and Veronika fraudulently apply for a £100,000 European Union business development grant to turn the upper floor of the pub into a brothel.
Veronika and Renton begin an affair, while Spud joins in the renovation and befriends Veronika, who inspires him to write his memoirs. One of Sick Boy's blackmail targets reports him to the police, Renton seeks legal advice from his ex-girlfriend, now a successful solicitor; the proceeds of their crimes are used up in Sick Boy's cocaine addiction. Renton manages to escape from Begbie after a chance encounter at a nightclub, but not before Begbie slashes him with a knife. Renton and Sick Boy are kidnapped by Mr. Doyle, owner of a rival brothel, who drives them to the countryside and intimidates them into abandoning their scheme, leaving them to walk back to Edinburgh naked. Begbie visits Spud, in reading his memoirs, discovers that Renton left Spud his share of the money. Veronika arrives and Begbie steals her phone, which he uses to text Renton and Sick Boy to come to the pub at midnight. Veronika takes Spud to her apartment and asks him to leave with her, promising him half of the £100,000. Spud is afraid he will spend it on heroin again, so she offers to give his share to Gail and Fergus.
He helps transfer the money to Veronika's account by forging Sick Boy's signatures. After reading another excerpt of Spud's writings about their encounter with Begbie's alcoholic father in the derelict Leith Central railway station, Begbie visits his girlfriend's flat for the last time, apologising to Frank Jr. for his abuse and telling him to be a better man than he or his father were. At the pub, Spud arrives too late to warn Sick Boy of Begbie's trap. Begbie chases Renton across the upstairs floor, he throws Renton through the floor. Begbie pulls out a sawn-off shotgun and tries to kill them both, but Spud knocks him out with a toilet bowl, they leave Begbie in the boot of Sick Boy's car outside the prison. Veronika returns to her son in Bulgaria. Spud puts together a book of memoirs and mends his relationship with Fergus and Gail, who suggests a title. Renton and Sick Boy resume their old friendship. Renton moves back into his father's home and embraces him in reconciliation, before going to his bedroom and dancing to a remix of "Lust for Life".
Footage included McGregor, Bremner and Carlyle from the original Trainspotting film. The author of Trainspotting, Irvine Welsh, appears near the middle of the film as Mikey Forrester, reprising his role from the first film. Carlyle plays Begbie's father, the seen wino in the Leith train station. In January 2009, Danny Boyle declared his wish to make a sequel to his 1996 film Trainspotting which would take place nine years after the original film, based on Irvine Welsh's sequel, Porno, he was waiting until the original actors themselves aged visibly enough to portray the same characters, ravaged by time. Having expressed doubts about a sequel, Ewan McGregor stated in a 2013 interview that he would return for a sequel, saying, "I'm up for it. I'd be so chuffed to be back on set with everybody and I think it would be an extraordinary experience."In March 2013, Boyle said he wanted to make a sequel that would be loosely based on Porno which he had described as "not a great book in the way that Trainspotting, the original novel, is genuinely a maste
The Times is a British daily national newspaper based in London. It began in 1785 under the title The Daily Universal Register, adopting its current name on 1 January 1788; the Times and its sister paper The Sunday Times are published by Times Newspapers, since 1981 a subsidiary of News UK, itself wholly owned by News Corp. The Times and The Sunday Times do not share editorial staff, were founded independently, have only had common ownership since 1967. In 1959, the historian of journalism Allan Nevins analysed the importance of The Times in shaping the views of events of London's elite: For much more than a century The Times has been an integral and important part of the political structure of Great Britain, its news and its editorial comment have in general been coordinated, have at most times been handled with an earnest sense of responsibility. While the paper has admitted some trivia to its columns, its whole emphasis has been on important public affairs treated with an eye to the best interests of Britain.
To guide this treatment, the editors have for long periods been in close touch with 10 Downing Street. The Times is the first newspaper to have borne that name, lending it to numerous other papers around the world, such as The Times of India and The New York Times. In countries where these other titles are popular, the newspaper is referred to as The London Times or The Times of London, although the newspaper is of national scope and distribution; the Times is the originator of the used Times Roman typeface developed by Stanley Morison of The Times in collaboration with the Monotype Corporation for its legibility in low-tech printing. In November 2006 The Times began printing headlines in Times Modern; the Times was printed in broadsheet format for 219 years, but switched to compact size in 2004 in an attempt to appeal more to younger readers and commuters using public transport. The Sunday Times remains a broadsheet; the Times had an average daily circulation of 417,298 in January 2019. An American edition of The Times has been published since 6 June 2006.
It has been used by scholars and researchers because of its widespread availability in libraries and its detailed index. A complete historical file of the digitised paper, up to 2010, is online from Gale Cengage Learning; the Times was founded by publisher John Walter on 1 January 1785 as The Daily Universal Register, with Walter in the role of editor. Walter had lost his job by the end of 1784 after the insurance company where he worked went bankrupt due to losses from a Jamaican hurricane. Unemployed, Walter began a new business venture. Henry Johnson had invented the logography, a new typography, reputedly faster and more precise. Walter bought the logography's patent and with it opened a printing house to produce a daily advertising sheet; the first publication of the newspaper The Daily Universal Register in Great Britain was 1 January 1785. Unhappy because the word Universal was omitted from the name, Walter changed the title after 940 editions on 1 January 1788 to The Times. In 1803, Walter handed editorship to his son of the same name.
In spite of Walter Sr's sixteen-month stay in Newgate Prison for libel printed in The Times, his pioneering efforts to obtain Continental news from France, helped build the paper's reputation among policy makers and financiers. The Times used contributions from significant figures in the fields of politics, science and the arts to build its reputation. For much of its early life, the profits of The Times were large and the competition minimal, so it could pay far better than its rivals for information or writers. Beginning in 1814, the paper was printed on the new steam-driven cylinder press developed by Friedrich Koenig. In 1815, The Times had a circulation of 5,000. Thomas Barnes was appointed general editor in 1817. In the same year, the paper's printer James Lawson and passed the business onto his son John Joseph Lawson. Under the editorship of Barnes and his successor in 1841, John Thadeus Delane, the influence of The Times rose to great heights in politics and amongst the City of London.
Peter Fraser and Edward Sterling were two noted journalists, gained for The Times the pompous/satirical nickname'The Thunderer'. The increased circulation and influence of the paper was based in part to its early adoption of the steam-driven rotary printing press. Distribution via steam trains to growing concentrations of urban populations helped ensure the profitability of the paper and its growing influence; the Times was the first newspaper to send war correspondents to cover particular conflicts. W. H. Russell, the paper's correspondent with the army in the Crimean War, was immensely influential with his dispatches back to England. In other events of the nineteenth century, The Times opposed the repeal of the Corn Laws until the number of demonstrations convinced the editorial board otherwise, only reluctantly supported aid to victims of the Irish Potato Famine, it enthusiastically supported the Great Reform Bill of 1832, which reduced corruption and increased the electorate from 400,000 people to 800,000 people.
During the American Civil War, The Times represented the view of the wealthy classes, favouring the secessionists, but it was not a supporter of slavery. The third John Walter, the founder's grandson, succeeded his father in 1847; the paper continued as more or less independent, but from t
The T-carrier is a member of the series of carrier systems developed by AT&T Bell Laboratories for digital transmission of multiplexed telephone calls. The first version, the Transmission System 1, was introduced in 1962 in the Bell System, could transmit up to 24 telephone calls over a single transmission line of copper wire. Subsequent specifications carried multiples of the basic T1 data rates, such as T2 with 96 channels, T3 with 672 channels, others; the T-carrier is a hardware specification for carrying multiple time-division multiplexed telecommunications channels over a single four-wire transmission circuit. It was developed by AT&T at Bell Laboratories ca. 1957 and first employed by 1962 for long-haul pulse-code modulation digital voice transmission with the D1 channel bank. The T-carriers are used for trunking between switching centers in a telephone network, including to private branch exchange interconnect points, it uses the same twisted pair copper wire that analog trunks used, employing one pair for transmitting, another pair for receiving.
Signal repeaters may be used for extended distance requirements. Before the digital T-carrier system, carrier wave systems such as 12-channel carrier systems worked by frequency division multiplexing. A T1 trunk could transmit 24 telephone calls at a time, because it used a digital carrier signal called Digital Signal 1. DS-1 is a communications protocol for multiplexing the bitstreams of up to 24 telephone calls, along with two special bits: a framing bit and a maintenance-signaling bit. T1's maximum data transmission rate is 1.544 megabits per second. Europe and most of the rest of the world, except Japan, have standardized the E-carrier system, a similar transmission system with higher capacity, not directly compatible with the T-carrier. Existing frequency-division multiplexing carrier systems worked well for connections between distant cities, but required expensive modulators and filters for every voice channel. For connections within metropolitan areas, Bell Labs in the late 1950s sought cheaper terminal equipment.
Pulse-code modulation allowed sharing a coder and decoder among several voice trunks, so this method was chosen for the T1 system introduced into local use in 1961. In decades, the cost of digital electronics declined to the point that an individual codec per voice channel became commonplace, but by the other advantages of digital transmission had become entrenched; the most common legacy of this system is the line rate speeds. "T1" now means any data circuit line rate. The T1 format carried 24 pulse-code modulated, time-division multiplexed speech signals each encoded in 64 kbit/s streams, leaving 8 kbit/s of framing information which facilitates the synchronization and demultiplexing at the receiver; the T2 and T3 circuit channels carry multiple T1 channels multiplexed, resulting in transmission rates of 6.312 and 44.736 Mbit/s, respectively. A T3 line comprises each operating at total signaling rate of 1.544 Mbit/s. It is possible to get a fractional T3 line, meaning a T3 line with some of the 28 lines turned off, resulting in a slower transfer rate but at reduced cost.
The 1.544 Mbit/s rate was chosen because tests done by AT&T Long Lines in Chicago were conducted underground. The test site was typical of Bell System outside plant of the time in that, to accommodate loading coils, cable vault manholes were physically 2,000 meters apart, which determined the repeater spacing; the optimum bit rate was chosen empirically—the capacity was increased until the failure rate was unacceptable reduced to leave a margin. Companding allowed acceptable audio performance with only seven bits per PCM sample in this original T1/D1 system; the D3 and D4 channel banks had an extended frame format, allowing eight bits per sample, reduced to seven every sixth sample or frame when one bit was "robbed" for signaling the state of the channel. The standard does not allow an all zero sample which would produce a long string of binary zeros and cause the repeaters to lose bit sync. However, when carrying data there could be long strings of zeros, so one bit per sample is set to "1" leaving 7 bits × 8,000 frames per second for data.
A more detailed understanding of how the rate of 1.544 Mbit/s was divided into channels is as follows. Given that the telephone system nominal voiceband is 4,000 Hz, the required digital sampling rate is 8,000 Hz. Since each T1 frame contains 1 byte of voice data for each of the 24 channels, that system needs 8,000 frames per second to maintain those 24 simultaneous voice channels; because each frame of a T1 is 193 bits in length, 8,000 frames per second is multiplied by 193 bits to yield a transfer rate of 1.544 Mbit/s. T1 used Alternate Mark Inversion to reduce frequency bandwidth and eliminate the DC component of the signal. B8ZS became common practice. For AMI, each mark pulse had the opposite polarity of the previous one and each space was at a level of zero, resulting in a three level signal which however only carried binary data. Similar British 23 channel systems at 1.536 megabaud in the 1970s were equipped with ternary signal repeaters, in anticipation of using a 3B2T or 4B3T code to increase the number of voice channels in future, but in the 1980s the systems were replaced with European standard ones.
T1000 and T1300 were two rapid transit train classes used on Oslo Metro in Oslo, Norway. The 197 cars were built by Strømmens Verksted, Norsk Elektrisk & Brown Boveri and AEG between 1960 and 1981, they were the first metro trains used in Oslo, had remained in active use until being replaced by OS MX3000 trains in 2007. Each car is equipped with a driver's cab at one or both ends and four motors, each with 98 kilowatts; the cars are 3.2 meters wide and 3.65 meters tall. The trains use 750 V current, are capable of 70 kilometres per hour. Signaling is provided through automatic train protection. In 1960, two less powerful T single-car units were built, designed to be prototypes used on the Oslo Tramway. After a one-year trial, they were put into scheduled traffic to the Kolsås Line, where they remained in regular service until 1983; the production series is somewhat different in performance. T1000 is both used to refer to the class as a whole, or the first 162 cars, that are only equipped with third-rail shoes.
They have four slight variations, which have been given the designations T1–T4. The T1300 is a series of 33 new and sixteen rebuilt T4 trains equipped with pantographs which allowed them operate on the western part of the network, prior to it being upgraded to third-rail metro standards; the newer units were designated T5 and T6, while the rebuilt units were designated T7 and T8. In 1954, the Oslo City Council decided to build a four-line metro to the new suburbs to the east of the city center; the plans would lead to the system opening in 1966, after the conversion of the Østensjø and the Lambertseter Line of the Oslo Tramway to metro standard, supplemented with the new Furuset and Grorud Line. The system would feature higher and longer platforms, allowing step-free access to six-car trains, automatic train protection and third rail power supply; this would make the metro incompatible with the existing tramways. The first two single-car trains were delivered in 1959 and given the designation T.
They were delivered by Strømmens Værksted and NEBB as prototypes, without compensation from the planning office. They were tested on the Østensjø and Lambertseter Lines until 1 December 1960, when they were transferred to Bærumsbanen, who used them on the Kolsås Line. During their service they were prone to technical problems, were more in the depot than in service. However, they gave valuable knowledge for the serial production; the trains were painted silver with a dark-blue cheatline and numbered 1 and 2. About 1970, they were repainted dark blue with a silver cheatline, in 1971 given the numbers 451 and 452; the latter remained in service until 1977, when it was put aside, scrapped in 1987. The former remained in service until it was put aside as defect, although it had been used since 1982, it was fixed up and made operational again 1993, but was withdrawn the same year and scrapped the following year. Serial production started in 1964, with the bodies built at Strømmens Værksted, the motors built by NEBB and the electrical equipment by AEG.
By 1978, 162 cars had been delivered to Oslo Sporveier. These were manufactured in four series, named T1 with varying specifications. T1 was manufactured in 90 units from 1964 to 1966 for the opening of the Grorud Line and the conversion of the Lambertseter Line; the first 30 have driver's cabs in both directions. In 1967, 15 T2s were built for the conversion of the Østensjø Line. Although given a new designation, they are in all ways identical to the T1-1s. From 1969 to 1972, 30 T3s were built for the Furuset Line. Further expansions of the lines resulted in 37 T4s being built from 1976 to 1978; the T1000s are numbered 1001–1162. The need for new rolling stock on the western suburban tramways prompted Oslo Sporveier to order a modified version to the T1000; this was because they had plans to connect the eastern and western networks, convert the western lines to metro standard. The T1300 units were built with the same specifications as the T1000, but were equipped with pantographs so they could operate on the light rail lines.
They had a different front. The initial order was for 33 units, which were designated T5 and T6; the former 18 units had a cab in one end, while the latter 15 had a cab in both ends, allowing Oslo Sporveier to operate single-car trains. The new units were put into service on the Røa and Sognsvann Lines, were used on the Kolsås Line outside rush-hour. To replace the aging Class C trains, from 1985 to 1987, ten T4s were converted to T1300, they were equipped with a pantograph, received a new front and the doors were moved. Six additional T4s were converted in 1989, given the designation T8; these only kept the same front and door arrangement. With the introduction of the T1300, the western lines could remove the conductor and have single-manned trains with the motorman selling tickets; the T1300-units have had better regularity than the older models. However, because they are designed for a closed system with automatic train protection, the braking systems are not sufficiently dimensioned for when the drivers use line of sight to regulate the speed and distances between trains.
The 1300 units were numbered 1301–1349. After the conversions, Oslo Sporveier operated 146 T1000-cars; the trains were painted red with a beige cheatline. The Sognsvann Line was finished upgraded to metro standard on 7 January 1993, allowing the first T1000 trains to operate through the Common Tunnel into the western network, converting parts of the Oslo Tramway to metro; the Røa Line was finished on 19 November 1995, allow
Take-Two Interactive Software, Inc. is an American video game holding company based in New York City. The company owns two major publishing labels, Rockstar Games, 2K, itself composed of two divisions: 2K Games and 2K Sports, all of which own and operate various game development studios. Take-Two's portfolio includes numerous successful video game series across personal computer and video game consoles, including BioShock, Civilization, Grand Theft Auto, NBA 2K, Red Dead, XCOM; as of March 2018, it is the third-largest publicly traded game company in the Americas and Europe after Activision Blizzard and Electronic Arts, with an estimated market cap of US$13 billion. Take-Two was founded by Ryan Brant in September 1993, looking to become a major publisher in the video game area; the company went public in April 1997, acquired the publisher and developer behind Grand Theft Auto, through which it formed Rockstar Games and Rockstar North and leading to their long-standing "label" structure. From 2003 to 2005, the company fell under investigation by the Security and Exchange Commission related to corporate and personal financial fraud after going public that led to Brant resigning by 2006 alongside the departures of other former executives and board members.
As a result of this mismanagement, the company's majority shareholders led a takeover of Take-Two in March 2007, replacing them with Strauss Zelnick as the new Chairman and CEO. Take-Two subsequently rejected a US$1.9 billion buy-out from Electronic Arts in 2008. Since the company has continued to grow through acquisitions and creation of new studios. More Take-Two created the label Private Division to support publishing from independent developers, acquired the developer Social Point to establish itself in the mobile game market; the company owns 50% of professional esports organization NBA 2K League. Take-Two Interactive was founded on September 30, 1993, by Ryan Brant, the son of Interview co-owner Peter Brant. While Brant had worked for his father on business matters for Interview, he wanted to forge his own path, deciding to create a video game publishing company. Brant stated "I wanted to get into a business. In technology people expect you to be a younger person." An initial US$1.5 million in funding was established from family and private investors to launch the company.
Take-Two found its first major success within games that included full motion video with well-known live actors performing the parts, following the success that Mechadeus had with The Daedalus Encounter which featured Tia Carrere. Take-Two hired Dennis Hopper, among others, to star in parts for Hell: A Cyberpunk Thriller, which sold over 300,000 copies over the following year and established profit for the company; this was followed by Ripper, of which US$625,000 of its US$2.5 million budget was used to hire actors such as Christopher Walken, Karen Allen, Burgess Meredith. The success of both these games, as well as earlier titles, led to a publishing agreement between Take-Two and Acclaim Entertainment to publish Take-Two's titles, as well as obtaining overseas distribution. Take-Two secured a license with Sony Computer Entertainment to publish on the PlayStation line of consoles. Around 1996, the company was making about US$10 million, but Brant wanted to further expand the company, made its first acquisition of Mission Studios and publishing its JetFighter III game in 1996.
Brant decided to secure additional funds for acquisition by taking the company public. The company completed its initial public offering on April 15, 1997, being listed under the ticker symbol TTWO on the NASDAQ stock exchange. From the IPO, the company gained about US$6.5 million along with US$4 million on venture fund promissory notes. The additional funds allowed Take-Two to acquire GameTek's European operations, their interal Alternative Reality Technology studio, which included GameTek Canada, the distribution rights to GameTek's Dark Colony, Jeopardy! and Wheel of Fortune games. Additionally, the company acquired Inventory Management Systems, Creative Alliance Group, Alliance Inventory Management, three video game distribution companies that would help extend Take-Two's reach into the retail market. In March 1998, Take-Two acquired BMG Interactive, the dormant video game publishing division of BMG Entertainment, for 1.85 million shares, worth about US$14.2 million. In the previous year, the United Kingdom-based DMA Design and BMG Entertainment had just released Grand Theft Auto, while it financially performed well but was not a critical success in Europe, it had sparked controversy over the use of violence in video games, with United States Senator Joe Lieberman speaking out against it.
Seeing the opportunity to capture attention on the game, Brant had initiated the acquisition of BMG as to acquire the Grand Theft Auto property, at the same time, contacted BMG's Sam and Dan Houser, Terry Donovan, Jamie King to found a new label within Take-Two, called Rockstar Games for which to develop more titles like it. Electronic Arts' 2008 CEO, John Riccitiello, stated that, with the establishing of Rockstar, Take-Two invented the "label" corporate structure, which EA would follow into in 2008. With the rights to Grand Theft Auto, Take-Two expanded its publication into North America, the game became Take-Two's first finanicial success with over 1.5 million copies sold. Take-Two began taking on distribution capabilities, acquiring various distribution firms such as DirectSoft Australia for the Oceania market. Notably, in August 1998, Take-Two acquired Jack of All Games, an Am
T2 is a para-cycling classification. The class is for cyclists with more moderate loss of stability and function compared to T1, it includes people with a variety of different types of disabilities including cerebral palsy. This class uses tricycles and competes at the Paralympic Games in road events only and is governed by the by Union Cycliste Internationale. PBS defined this classification as "T2 is for athletes with more moderate loss of stability and function. " In 1997, this classification was defined by Alison Gray in Against the odds: New Zealand Paralympians as: "partial mobility in arms and trunk". Gray noted; the Telegraph defined this classification in 2011 as "T 1-2: Athletes on tricycles, who have severe locomotive dysfunctions and limited ability to pedal" The UCI recommends this be coded as MT2 or WT2. CP5 and CP6 competitors may compete in the T2 class. Cyclists opting to compete in the T2 class do so as a result of balance issues, which make riding a standard bicycle or handcycle difficult.
Tricyclists are not eligible to compete in track events, only in road events. Cycling first became a Paralympic sport at the 1988 Summer Paralympics. In September 2006, governance for para-cycling, including the responsibility for classification, passed from the International Paralympic Committee's International Cycling Committee to UCI. Classification is handled by Union Cycliste Internationale. Classification for the UCI Para-Cycling World Championships is completed by at least two classification panels. Members of the classification panel must not have a relationship with the cyclist and must not be involved in the World Championships in any other role than as classifier. In national competitions, the classification is handled by the national cycling federation. Classification has three components: physical and observation assessment. Competitors in this classification include David Stone from Great Britain, Australia's Carol Cooke; this classification has UCI rankings for elite competitors.
At the 2012 Summer Paralympics, events for this classification include T 1-2 Road Race and Mixed T 1-2 Time Trial. Para-cycling classification Cycling at the Summer Paralympics
The Fokker F. IV was an airliner designed in the Netherlands in the early 1920s, with only two made, both for the United States Army Air Service; the Fokker F. IV was constructed in typical Fokker style, as a high-wing cantilever monoplane with fixed tailskid undercarriage; the pilot sat in an open cockpit alongside the engine in the manner of the Fokker F. III, while a cabin inside the fuselage could seat 12 passengers. Before the aircraft had been built, the United States Army Air Service had bought two examples during a promotional visit to the country by Anthony Fokker. Built at Fokker's factory at Veere and flight-tested by Anthony Fokker himself, the two aircraft were crated and shipped to the United States where they were assembled at McCook Field and given the designation T-2. Despite Fokker's hopes that increasing airline passenger numbers would create interest in aircraft of larger seating capacity, the F. IV was too large for the needs of contemporary airlines, no further aircraft were sold.
One of the T-2s was used for a number of long-distance flights over the next few years, culminating in the first nonstop transcontinental flight across the United States, an idea that originated with Lt Oakley G. Kelly, one of the T-2's test pilots; the Army agreed to let Kelly have the aircraft specially modified to carry more fuel, to install a connecting doorway between the cabin and cockpit so that he and fellow test-pilot Lieutenant John A. Macready could take turns flying and resting. An extra set of controls was installed to facilitate the handover from one pilot to the other; as modified, the T-2 would take off with 2,350 L of fuel on board, making it 1,110 kg over its prescribed maximum takeoff weight. In late 1922, Kelly and Macready made two attempts at the transcontinental flight; the first was made on 5 October 1922, departing San Diego, California for New York City. After 35 hours 18 minutes in the air, they were forced to land due to fog; this would have been a world duration record, but without a barograph on board, it could not be recognized by the FAI.
Kelly and Macready tried again on 3 November, but this time engine trouble forced an emergency landing near Indianapolis after 25 hours 30 minutes. The following year, they made a long-duration flight over a closed circuit over Dayton, remaining aloft for 36 hours, 14 minutes 8 seconds between 16 and 17 April; this established a new world duration record, but a new distance record, weight record, eight various airspeed records. On 2 May, they set out from New York to attempt the transcontinental flight again, this time traveling in the opposite direction. 26 hours 50 minutes they landed in San Diego, having covered 4,034 km. Their aircraft is preserved in the National Space Museum; the other T-2 was converted into an air ambulance and given the designation A-2. General characteristics Crew: One pilot Capacity: 12 passengers Length: 15.00 m Wingspan: 24.80 m Height: 3.34 m Wing area: 34.6 m2 Empty weight: 2,250 kg Gross weight: 3,460 kg Powerplant: 1 × Packard-built Liberty L12 piston engine, 298 kW Performance Maximum speed: 150 km/h Range: 4,100 km Service ceiling: 3,200 m Armament