click links in text for more info

Mobile Home Construction and Safety Standards Act of 1974

Mobile Home Construction and Safety Standards Act of 1974 or National Mobile Home Construction and Safety Standards Act is a United States federal law establishing design and development safety standards for manufactured housing or prefabricated homes. The codified law authorized stipulations whereas any proposed safety standard shall be equitable for a particular type of mobile home with consideration of additional cost liabilities for the future homeownership; the Act of Congress endorsed violative civil penalties and judicial review of Federal mobile home construction and safety standards developed by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development. The Act mandated the establishment of the National Mobile Home Advisory Council and National Mobile Home Administration; the S. 2538 legislation appended the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 on February 27, 1974. The Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 was a significant congressional amendment to the Housing Act of 1937.

The United States housing authorization bill was passed by the United States 93rd Congressional session and enacted into law by the 38th President of the United States Gerald Ford on August 22, 1974. Congressional amendments to the Mobile Home Construction and Safety Standards Act. Construction trailer Manufactured Housing Institute Modular home Travel Trailer Truck camper Personick, Martin E.. "Profiles in Safety and Health: Work Hazards of Mobile Homes". Monthly Labor Review. U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Olsen, John G.. "Productivity Trends in the Mobile Homes Industry". Monthly Labor Review. U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. "40 Years Ago: Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards Act Passed". NLIHC Resource Library. National Low Income Housing Coalition. June 27, 2014. "Manufactured Home Builder Histories". Mobile Home Manufacturers. "Manufactured Housing and Standards". Manufactured Housing Programs. United States Department of Housing and Urban Development

1940 VFL season

The 1940 Victorian Football League season was the 44th season of the elite Australian rules football competition. In 1940, the VFL competition consisted of twelve teams of 18 on-the-field players each, plus one substitute player, known as the 19th man. A player could be substituted for any reason. Teams played each other in a home-and-away season of 18 rounds. Once the 18 round home-and-away season had finished, the 1940 VFL Premiers were determined by the specific format and conventions of the Page-McIntyre System. Melbourne defeated Richmond 15.17 to 10.8, in front of a crowd of 69,061 people.. The 1940 VFL Premiership team was Melbourne; the VFL's leading goalkicker was Jack "Skinny" Titus of Richmond with 92 goals. The joint winners of the 1940 Brownlow Medal were Herbie Matthews of South Melbourne and Des Fothergill of Collingwood with 32 votes each; the rules of the award stated. A count-back revealed that each had the same number of 3, 2, 1 votes; the VFL announced the tied result and neither player received a medallion, but as a consequence of its 1981 decision to change its rules relating to tied Brownlow Medal contests, the AFL awarded retrospective medals to Matthews and Fothergill in 1989.

North Melbourne took the "wooden spoon" in 1940. The seconds premiership was won by Collingwood. Collingwood 6.16 defeated Carlton 3.12 in the Grand Final, played as a curtain-raiser to the seniors Grand Final on Saturday 28 September at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. In April 1940, Essendon adopted the nickname The Bombers. In Round 7, Melbourne set a new record for most behinds in a match, kicking 34 behinds in a score of 12.34. This record stood until 1977; the Round 10 match between Melbourne and Geelong produced an aggregate score of 46.29. It was the first VFL match to see an aggregate of more than 300 points scored; the VFL suspended its round 15 matches and conducted a one-day lightning carnival, known as the Patriotic Premiership, at the Melbourne Cricket Ground on Saturday 3 August 1940 to raise money for the war effort. Each match was played over a single twenty-minute period without time-on. St Kilda 4.2 defeated Richmond 0.2 in the final. The carnival raised £3,000 for the war effort.

The ANFC decided to cancel the 1940 Interstate Carnival, scheduled to have been held in Hobart, because of the war. In one of the most rugged seasons 47 players were reported to the VFL Tribunal. In the last quarter of the Grand Final, Jack Titus scored a goal with his last kick, bringing his season's total to 100 goals. Hogan, P; the Tigers Of Old, The Richmond Football Club, 1996. ISBN 0-646-18748-1 Maplestone, M. Flying Higher: History of the Essendon Football Club 1872-1996, Essendon Football Club, 1996. ISBN 0-9591740-2-8 Rogers, S. & Brown, A. Every Game Ever Played: VFL/AFL Results 1897-1997, Viking Books, 1998. ISBN 0-670-90809-6 Ross, J. 100 Years of Australian Football 1897-1996: The Complete Story of the AFL, All the Big Stories, All the Great Pictures, All the Champions, Every AFL Season Reported, Viking, 1996. ISBN 0-670-86814-0 1940 Season - AFL Tables 1940 Patriotic Cup - BoylesFootballPhotos


Comentiolus was a prominent Eastern Roman general at the close of the 6th century during the reign of Emperor Maurice. He played a major role in Maurice's Balkan campaigns, fought in the East against the Sassanid Persians. Comentiolus was executed in 602 after the Byzantine army rebelled against Maurice and Emperor Phocas usurped the throne. Nothing is known of Comentiolus's early life, he first appears in 583, as an officer in the Excubitores, the imperial bodyguard, when he accompanied a Byzantine embassy to Bayan I, the khagan of the Avars. According to the historian Theophylact Simocatta, he enraged the khagan with an outspoken statement, was imprisoned, it is that the close trust he shared with Maurice dates from the latter's time as commander of the Excubitores, before his ascension to the throne. Throughout his career, Comentiolus would be loyal to Maurice, the Emperor would watch over his protégé's career; the next year, after a truce with the Avars had been arranged, he was appointed in charge of a regiment operating against the Slavic tribes that raided Thrace and had penetrated as far as the Long Walls of Anastasius, Constantinople's outer defensive system.

Comentiolus defeated them near the Long Walls. As a reward for this success, he was appointed magister militum praesentalis in 585. On this occasion, or a bit Comentiolus was raised to the supreme title of patricius. In the summer of 585, he defeated again a large force of Slavs, in 586 he was placed in charge of the war against the Avars, after they broke the treaty. In 587, Comentiolus assembled a 10,000 strong army at Anchialus, he prepared an ambush for the Avar khagan in the Haemus mountains. By 589, Comentiolus appears to have served as magister militum in the province of Spania: an inscription bearing his name has been found in Carthago Nova, but it may have been erected by a namesake. At any rate, by the autumn of 589 he was back in the East, replacing Philippicus in command of the eastern army in the ongoing war against the Sassanid Persians, his army defeated the Persians at the Battle of Sisauranon in the same year and unsuccessfully tried to recapture Martyropolis. In the spring of 590, while at his headquarters at Hierapolis, he received an unexpected guest: the legitimate Persian king, Khosrau II, who had fled to Byzantine territory to seek support against the usurper Bahram VI Chobin.

Emperor Maurice decided to support the exiled monarch, assembled an army to restore Khosrau to his throne. Comentiolus was slated to lead this force, but after Khosrau complained of Comentiolus being disrespectful towards him, he was replaced as commander of the expedition by Narses. Comentiolus still took part in the subsequent campaign as commander of the army's right wing; the restored Persian king repaid Roman assistance with a treaty which put an end to the war that had lasted 20 years, ceded back all cities lost in Mesopotamia, as well as most of Armenia, to the Romans. This favourable peace meant that Byzantium's forces could now be concentrated against the Avar and Slav incursions in the Balkans. In 598, Comentiolus was sent back into action against the Avars with the position of magister militum per Thracias. After a heavy defeat caused by his neglect to properly array his forces for battle, his army was scattered and he himself fled to Constantinople, where he faced charges of treason.

These were dropped at the Emperor's request, Comentiolus was reconfirmed as general for Thrace. His subsequent record is not distinguished, but according to Michael Whitby this may be more due to the negative bias of Simocatta, the main primary source for the period, towards him and his co-general Peter, rather than because of inability or inaction on his part. At any rate, when the army rebelled against Maurice in 602, Comentiolus was entrusted with the defence of the Walls of Constantinople; when Phocas took the city, he was one of the first adherents of the old regime to be executed. Martindale, John R. ed.. The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire: Volume III, AD 527–641. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-20160-8. Whitby, Michael; the Emperor Maurice and his Historian – Theophylact Simocatta on Persian and Balkan Warfare. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-822945-3

Bolivia–Brazil border

The Bolivia–Brazil border is the international border between the territories of Bolivia and Brazil. It extends from Corumbá, Mato Grosso do Sul, to Assis Brasil, in Acre; the boundary line crosses a variety of terrains, going from large urban areas by inhospitable deserts and forests. It ends in the Amazon rainforest; the length of the border is 3,423 km. The first treaty of limits between Brazil and Bolivia was signed in 1867, without properly knowing the geographical location of rivers in the Amazon Basin. In 1898, it was found that according to the 1867 Treaty, the Acre region belonged to Bolivia, but that region had a sizeable population of Brazilian origin; this caused many clashes, since the population did not want to submit to the Bolivian government, which by the way tried to lease the land to the Anglo-Americans. Several riots emerged, the situation of noncompliance lasted until 1903, when Brazil militarily occupied the territory until it decided the issues. Acre was pacified, a fine was paid to the Anglo-American tenants, who declared the withdrawal.

In the same year, 1903, the negotiations reopened after Brazil's suggestion of an agreement on the basis of a fair exchange of territory, as was the interest of Brazil to keep under its control a population, Brazilian, despite the territory was, according to the Treaty of 1867, belonging to Bolivia. The talks began and after series of proposals and counter-proposals, the Treaty of Petropolis was signed, agreed that getting through territorial compensations elsewhere in the border, the construction due to the Brazil of a railway, freedom of transit by rail and by river to the Atlantic Ocean and a two million pounds compensation, Bolivia would give Acre; this time, according to Rio Branco, a real territorial expansion was going on. Acre Mato Grosso Mato Grosso do Sul Rondônia Beni Pando Santa Cruz Dionisio Foianini Triangle Information on Brazil's border with Bolivia Treaty of Ayacucho


As Saqlāwīyah is a city in Al Anbar Governorate, in central Iraq. It is located 5 miles northwest of the city of Fallujah. Saqlawiyah is a rural city in between Fallujah that sits on the major freeway; the City was named after an Arabian Mare of the Saqlawiyah strain of the Shammar Zawba clan. Due to the canal network that runs through the area, agriculture is an import identity to Saqlawiyans. Due to its proximity to the major freeway, there are many shops along the road that cater to the transient crowds. Saqlawiyah came under ISIL control in September 2014 during the Siege of Saqlawiyah, as several hundred Iraqi soldiers were killed. In 2016, during the Siege of Fallujah and Operation Breaking Terrorism, there was intense fighting in the area between the Iraqi army and ISIL militants. On 29 May, Iraqi troops seized a key bridge between nearby village of Zaghareed and Saqlawiyah in order to facilitate the entry of the security forces from the international highway road into the center of Saqlawiyah.

On 4 June, Iraqi forces captured the town of Saqlawiyah, conducting searches for numerous IEDs left by ISIL. All ISIL militants on board of a raft were killed. 2016 Saqlawiyah massacre