click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

TBD (TV network)

TBD is an American digital broadcast television network, owned by the Sinclair Television Group subsidiary of the Sinclair Broadcast Group and operated by Jukin Media. Targeting millennial audiences, the network focuses on internet-based series and other digital content, along with some feature films; the development of TBD is traced to a visit by Sinclair Broadcast Group management to the Santa Monica, California headquarters of the Tennis Channel in early 2016. While touring Tennis Channel's main control room, company executives spotted a monitor carrying the foreign feed of The QYOU, a Dublin-based digital media company and online video service headed by co-founders Curt Marvis and Scott Ehrlich, which curates various online video content aggregated from various producers for European audiences. Seeing the QYOU feed sparked a conversation among the executives about developing a similar service for television viewers in the United States, which Sinclair proceeded to bring to concept; the company formally announced the planned launch of TBD on December 7, 2016.

TBD is the second of three digital broadcast networks that Sinclair has developed and launched during the 2010s: it launched the science fiction-focused network Comet in October 2015, around the time of the TBD announcement, it disclosed plans to launch action-adventure network Charge!, a joint venture with Comet partner MGM Television that debuted on February 28, 2017. To assemble programming and help provide creative support for TBD, Sinclair has retained the services of The QYOU, marking the first venture into advertiser-supported broadcast television for the company, which operates a pay television service in Europe. S. or ad-supported networks modeled after TBD in other countries. In its press release announcing TBD's launch, Sinclair expressed that the network would be "reinvigorating traditional television for today’s millennial audience," a demographic cohort that tends to enjoy video content via online sources other than traditional broadcast or cable television, although some within the demographic do supplement online content with over-the-air television.

The network's more contemporary programming and younger-skewing target audience makes TBD unique in comparison to many other digital multicast networks that feature classic television programs and movies aimed toward older audiences or niche audiences based on gender, ethnicity or genre interest. As part of that reach to millennials, TBD takes a "screen agnostic" approach to delivery, appearing not only on broadcast television, but through an online platform and through apps for smartphones and smart TV devices; the "TBD" name came in a sort of roundabout way for Sinclair: early in the network's conception, Scott Shapiro, Sinclair's vice president of corporate development, referred to it by the abbreviation for "to be determined." Realizing that Sinclair's 2014 acquisition of Allbritton Communications included ownership of the TBD.com domain name, the network was bestowed the TBD name and TBD.com domain as, according to Sinclair's press release announcing its launch, "TBD's entertainment promise is always'To Be Determined.'"

TBD commenced broadcasting as a "soft roll-out" on February 13, 2017 on the subchannels of two Sinclair stations: Fox affiliate WLUK-TV in Green Bay, Wisconsin and CBS affiliate WTVH in Syracuse, New York. On October 16, 2018, Sinclair signed an agreement with Jukin Media to assume operational responsibilities for TBD, effective immediately; the agreement will result in content supplied by Jukin being expanded on TBD’s programming lineup. TBD's schedule features various web-originated films and unscripted series, showcase programming, featurettes – featuring a wide range of topical and themed categories including but not limited to science, lifestyle, music, gaming, eSports, viral content – through deals with various online content producers and distributors which license their content for broadcast on TBD including: Canvas Media Studios, Jukin Media, Legendary Entertainment, Whistle Sports Network and Zoomin. TV. From the network's launch, through its partnership with The QYOU, TBD carried daily "preview" blocks of the service's daypart-based video compilation programs, which aired four times per day each weekday, including during the overnight and morning hours seven days a week and during the afternoon and early evening on weekdays.

(TBD did not carry sample blocks of The QYOU's weekend programming

Line 3 (Harbin Metro)

Line 3 of the Harbin Metro is a rapid transit line in Harbin, running from Harbinxizhan to Yidaeryuan. The line is 5.45 km long with 5 stations, all of which are underground, it commenced operations on 26 January 2017. The first phase of the line, from Harbinxizhan to Yidaeryuan, commenced operations on 26 January 2017. Harbindajie station opened as an infill station on June 16, 2017. Harbindajie station renamed to Kaishengyuanguangchang station on March 20, 2019. Services on the line are provided by six-car Type B trains, which have a total capacity of 1440; these trains are the same as those which run on Line 1. The 32 km second phase of the line, which extends it to the southeast and northwest, began construction in 2017, it consists of 30 stations, of which 19 are on the southeastern portion and the remaining 11 on the northwestern. The southeastern portion would commence operations in 2021, while the northwestern would do so in 2023; the line is planned to run in a circle around Harbin and would be 37 km long, with 34 stations

Lukas Hofmann

Lukas Hofmann is a curator, a casting director and an interdisciplinary artist whose work revolves around performance, installation art and fashion practice. In 2018, Hofmann won the Jindřich Chalupecký Award. Hofmann's recent works include Sospiri and Retrospective performances at the National Gallery in Prague, Phantom Limb performance at National Gallery of Denmark, big bag with Barbara Klawitter and Nico Arauner at Moderna Museet, l’eau des algues with Nils Lange at Cabaret Voltaire, for the closing of Manifesta 11, Enzyme at Galerie Frangulyan, classic arrangement of four white roses in collaboration with Dan Bodan at the Schinkel Pavillon, Dry Me a River at a 5000 sqm cleared out Bauhaus hobby market for Plato Ostrava and IKEA Made Fashion, hosted at Galerie AVU. Official website

Imperial Order Daughters of the Empire

The Imperial Order Daughters of the Empire is a women's charitable organization based in Canada. It provides scholarships, book prizes, awards, pursues other philanthropic and educational projects in various communities across Canada; the IODE's motto was "One Flag, One Throne, One Empire" and the IODE's magazine is called Echoes. In 1899 Margaret Polson Murray was in England and was swept up in the wave of patriotic support for the British Empire that followed the outbreak of the Second Boer War. On her return to Canada she started to organise a woman's support group which would "place themselves in the front rank of colonial patriotism" and give practical charitable aid to soldiers, if they were killed, support for their dependents, care for their graves. On 13 January 1900, she sent telegrams to the mayors of major Canadian cities asking for their support for her fledgling organization which she called "Daughters of the Empire" that would be "inviting the women of Australia and New Zealand to join with them in sending to the Queen an expression of our devotion to the Empire, an Emergency War Fund, to be expended as Her Majesty shall deem fit."

On 15 January 1900, the founding meeting of the first chapter was held in Fredericton. On the same day, Polson Murray publicized her initiative by issuing a press release and giving interviews in Montreal newspapers. On 13 February 1900, 25 women attended a meeting in Montreal and agreed to form a national organization called the "Federation of the Daughters of the Empire." Polson Murray was elected honorary secretary, for the rest of the year, she energetically took steps to expand the Federation. Soon there were branches all over Canada, some affiliated ones in the United States. One of Murray's initiatives was to contact the Department of Indian Affairs to encourage women of the First Nations to join the Federation; the Federation organized a huge welcome dinner for returning soldiers, contacted a sister organization Guild of Loyal Women in South Africa and the British War Office to arrange the care of war graves of fallen Canadian and Boer soldiers those in isolated places. In England in 1901, the Victoria League was established with similar aims to those of the Daughters of the Empire and the Guild of Loyal Women.

The senior members of the Victoria League were members of the British Establishment and were not willing to become members of an organization based in the colonies. After Polson Murray returned to Canada after a successful recruitment drive in England and Ireland, the League wrote to Polson Murray stating that they would not support the branches of the Daughters of the Empire in the United Kingdom because it would cause competition and confusion resulting in the weakening of the league and the support that both organizations could give their mutual causes; this was a genuine concern, recognized by the South African Guild of Loyal Women who realized that conflict was not in their immediate interests. With their pressing needs, the South Africans voluntarily agreed to their members in Britain joining the league, it masked an underlying snobbery of the London social elite who could not countenance being members of any organization that they did not control. On her return from Britain in October 1901 Polson Murray was fatigued and ill, so she asked the ladies of Ontario – the region with the most support for the Daughters of the Empire – to assume leadership.

The headquarters moved from Montreal to Toronto and the organization was renamed "Imperial Order Daughters of the Empire", with the motto became "One flag, one throne, one empire." Edith Nordheimer was elected the first national president. The Boer War had not ended and the aims and of the renamed organization did not change; the committee on war graves continued its partnership with the Guild of Loyal Women of South Africa. Over the next decade the relationship between the Victoria League and the IODE improved but was never cordial. In 1911 Nordheimer resigned and in 1912 Polson Murray was invited to resume her position as honorary secretary and was given honorary life membership. In 1917, the IODE was incorporated as a Canadian women's organization by a special act of the Parliament of Canada. During the Second World War the IODE had 50,000 members and participated in war effort relief drives, such as sock drives and scrap drives. During the early years of its existence, the IODE concentrated its efforts on the advancement of British imperialism—namely, promoting Britain and British institutions through education.

According to the IODE Constitution, the organization's primary objectives were to "promote in the Motherland and in the Colonies the study of the History of the Empire and of current Imperial questions" and to "stimulate, give expression to the sentiment of patriotism which binds the women and children of the Empire around the Throne." In addition to its explicitly imperialist mandate, the IODE aimed to foster an exclusionary sense of Canadian national identity grounded in racist assumptions current at the beginning of the twentieth century. As Katie Pickles notes, "It was during the early years of the twentieth century that the IODE formed and solidified its own racial ideology, its beliefs were steeped in powerful ideas of the time, such as the superiority of an Anglo-Celtic race, interpreted as being biological, and, demonstrable from imperial conquests such as the South Africa War." The discriminatory practices of the IODE were not, confined to its propagation of the belief in a distinct, superior "British race."

The IODE aimed to discourage the immigration of visible minorities and people of colour to Canada. The most infamous example of such hostility to non-white immigrants occurred in 1911, when the Edmon

Ido Nehoshtan

Aluf Ido Nehoshtan Nehushtan is a retired general in the Israel Defense Forces. He replaced Eliezer Shkedi on 4 April 2008 as Air Force Commander until he himself was replaced by Amir Eshel on 10 May 2012 upon his retirement from 37 years of service; the son of Ya'akov Nehoshtan, Nehoshtan's roots are from Macedonia. Nehoshtan was conscripted into the Israel Defense Forces in 1975 in the Combat Engineering branch and was selected for the IAF Pilots Course after a year of service; until 1979, he flew an A-4 Skyhawk, was re-trained for the F-4 Phantom in the No. 107 Squadron. During his career, Nehoshtan served as an instructor at the pilot school as the 253 Squadron deputy commander and commander of the No. 140 Squadron, among others. In 2000, he was promoted to the rank of brigadier general and commanded the Air Intelligence Group, from 2002 commanded the Air Squadron, from 2004 headed the Air Force Staff. On June 8, 2006, he was moved to the command of the Planning Directorate with the consent of the then-Defense Minister Amir Peretz, due to a request by then-Chief of Staff Dan Halutz to keep him in service.

On February 15, 2008, Defense Minister Ehud Barak and Chief of Staff Gabi Ashkenazi, approved Nehoshtan's appointment to command the Air Force as a major general. On April 4, 2008, he was replaced by Amir Eshel as the Planning Directorate head upon becoming Air Force Commander. Eshel himself succeeded Nehoshtan in the same position 4 years later. In April 2012, he was awarded the Legion of Merit by US Air Force Commander Gen. Norton Schwartz during a ceremony in Washington. Nehoshtan met with US pilots who have flown on the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter and flew himself in the aircraft's simulator, as well as on the V-22 Osprey tilt-rotor aircraft that the IAF has considered to acquire as a complementary platform for search and rescue and covert operations behind enemy lines. IDF profile

Jack Woodward

Jack Woodward is a Canadian lawyer. He specialises in Canadian Aboriginal law and is the author of Native Law, considered the leading Canadian publication on Aboriginal Law. Woodward has practiced law since 1979 in the areas of Aboriginal law and environmental law, he has represented more than a hundred First Nations groups and organisations in a wide variety of legal actions including the landmark case, Tsilhqot'in Nation v British Columbia, the first successful Aboriginal title claim in Canada. In 1980 he ran as a political candidate for the New Democratic Party in the Canadian Federal Election for the riding of North Vancouver—Burnaby. Woodward wrote the first draft of Section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982, which provides constitutional protection to the indigenous and treaty rights of indigenous peoples in Canada. Ian Waddell, in his book Take the Torch: A Political Memoir, states that Woodward drafted the clause in January 1981, during negotiations in Ottawa with Minister of Justice Jean Chrétien.

In 1988 he established the legal firm and Company. He was an adjunct professor of law at the University of Victoria for sixteen years, where he was instrumental in creating the University's first course in Aboriginal law. In December 2011 Woodward was instated as a Queen's Counsel for the Canadian province of British Columbia