"The Contest" is the 51st episode of the NBC sitcom Seinfeld. The 10th episode of the fourth season, it aired on November 18, 1992. In the episode, George and Kramer hold a contest to determine who can go for the longest time without masturbating; as NBC thought that masturbation was not a topic suitable for prime time television, the word "masturbation" is never used in the episode. Instead, it is described using a series of euphemisms, such as the term "master of my domain" for someone who has resisted the urge to masturbate, which has since become a catchphrase in popular culture; the writer of the episode, Larry David, won the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Individual Achievement in Writing in a Comedy Series for his work. The episode was ranked number 1 on TV Guide's 2009 list of "100 Greatest Episodes of All-Time". At Monk's Café, George tells Jerry and Kramer that his mother caught him masturbating, resulting in her falling over in shock and going to the hospital. George resolves never to masturbate again.
When the others express skepticism, they make a bet over who can go the longest without masturbating. The men put up $100, while Elaine puts up $150. Kramer fails immediately after seeing a naked woman in a neighboring apartment; the others meet various temptations: George is distracted while visiting his mother in the hospital by an attractive nurse giving another attractive woman a sponge bath. Jerry sedates his urges by watching children's cartoons; the remaining contestants suffer insomnia. Elaine shares a cab ride with Kennedy, tells him that she lives Uptown near Jerry to extend the ride, he arranges to see her again. The pressure becomes too much for her and she drops out of the contest. While making out on the couch, Marla asks Jerry if they can have sex. However, Jerry mentions the contest. Elaine believes that Kennedy has stood her up, but George reveals that Kennedy missed her and went with Marla, they see Kramer having sex with the naked woman across the street. That night, everyone sleeps well.
Marla is in bed with Kennedy, having lost her virginity to him. "The Contest" was written by Larry David. Kenny Kramer claimed that there was a contest in which David and some friends of his took part, although he did not want to take part because he thought he could not win it. David won the contest; when David came up with using the idea for an episode of Seinfeld, he did not talk about it with Jerry Seinfeld for a considerable time, because he thought the episode was impossible for him to pitch. However, Seinfeld thought; the original script was not revealed until the night before the cast read-through. The first version written by David was not as clean as the one broadcast; the note from the censor claimed that David should not use the word "masturbate". Julia Louis-Dreyfus thought. Seinfeld decided it would be better to remove any references to what George did. Seinfeld claimed, he claimed that it would have been possible to have used the word "masturbation" in the episode although it would have ended up not being as funny.
Part of the opening scene of the episode contains some of the script written for "The Seinfeld Chronicles", the pilot episode."The Contest" is the first episode to feature Estelle Costanza, George's mother, as an on-screen character. Estelle Harris, who played the character, had not seen Seinfeld; the cast and crew commented positively on the similarity in appearance between Harris and Jason Alexander, as it made it more believable that their characters could be related. Alexander's real-life mother looks similar to Harris. Rachel Sweet has a cameo role in this episode as George's cousin Shelly, she appears in his mother in the hospital. There are two deleted scenes in "The Contest". One features Joyce—the teacher of Elaine's fitness class—in the opening scene talking to Elaine and Kramer; the second features George and Estelle Costanza in the hospital, where the female patient has been moved to the room next door after Estelle complained about her nakedness. "The Contest" is considered one of the best Seinfeld episodes, winning several awards and positive reviews from the critics.
David won a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Individual Achievement in Writing in a Comedy Series for the episode. He won a Writers Guild of America Award for his work on the episode. Director Tom Cherones won a Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Comedy Series for this episode, he was nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Individual Achievement in Directing. TV Guide ranked the episode #1 on its list of "TV's Top 100 Episodes of All Time"."The Contest" received a Nielsen rating of 13/19, meaning that the episode was watched by an average of 13% of households and 19% of all televisions were tuned to the episode when it was broadcast. 18.5 million people watched the episode then. The first repeat of the episode gave Seinfeld its highest ratings up till that point, with a 20.1/30 Nielsen Rating. It received only 31 complaints from viewers, despite the subject matter. There were worries from advertisers who did not want to advertise during the episode due to the topics
"Thanksgiving Orphans" is the ninth episode of the fifth season of the American television sitcom Cheers, co-written by Cheri Eichen and Bill Steinkeller and directed by James Burrows. It aired on November 27, 1986, on NBC; the characters do not have families or friends to spend time with, some of their plans backfire. They gather for a Thanksgiving feast. Burrows filmed the food-fight scene twice; the episode had a positive reception. TV Guide ranked it number seven on its 100 Greatest Episodes of All Time list while The Huffington Post included the food fight sequence in a list of the 10 Most Awkward Thanksgiving Scenes of All Time from movies and television. At Thanksgiving, Sam has plans with his girlfriend Wendy. Frasier is lonely, wants some company. Cliff's mother volunteers to feed the homeless, but Cliff —who has done this during the past year—is unwilling to do so. Norm does not want to go to his mother-in-law's overheated house where there is no beer or television. Woody is not visiting his family in Indiana.
Carla's children are with Nick. At Diane's insistence, Carla invites the gang for a Thanksgiving potluck. However, Diane has been invited to her American literature professor's annual Thanksgiving party where she hopes to meet William Styron. At Carla's new house, Norm arrives with a raw turkey and puts it in Carla's oven while he explains that Vera went to her mother's house alone. Sam arrives without Wendy. Diane arrives, dressed as a pilgrim. At the professor's party she discovered that she had been invited to be domestic help, left in tears; the gang decides to allow her to stay for dinner. At the dining room, Diane orders them to wait for dinner until the turkey is ready; as suppertime is passing, the turkey is still undercooked and the trimmings have gone cold. Carla and Norm start blaming each other for the turkey's slow cooking. Norm throws some of Carla's peas at her, she throws carrots back at him. Cliff throws mashed yams at Frasier, who accidentally throws gravy skin back at Woody, intended for Cliff.
The whole gang is poised to start a food fight until Diane tells them loudly to stop. When she is close to scolding them, Sam throws cranberry sauce at her, so the food fight resumes. By the time the food fight ends, the turkey is cooked; the gang decides to eat what they can. Diane comes out of the kitchen and throws a pumpkin pie to spite Sam for throwing cranberry sauce at her; the pie accidentally hits Vera as she enters. Vera tells Norm to fetch his coat, Norm says, "Yes, dear." Cheri Eichen and Bill Steinkellner wrote the episode and it was directed by James Burrows. Burrows shot the food fight scene twice, with the scene unchoreographed after the point where the character Sam Malone throws cranberry sauce at Diane Chambers' face; the extended takes resulted in a strong food odor around the set. In one of the food fight takes, the floor was covered with a "plastic tarp" in order to prevent vital materials from being broken while the cast was slipping on the floor during the scene. However, the attempt was ineffective.
After the episode aired, the production crew received a few angry letters disapproving of the food fight scene "at a time when world hunger was a political cause du jour." According to Burrows, food not used for the scene was donated to charity. Bernadette Birkett, whose husband George Wendt portrays Norm Peterson, has voiced as Norm's wife Vera in this episode and other episodes, Vera's physical appearance is portrayed by Rebecca Soladay, but Vera's face is never visible to the audience because she is struck by a pumpkin pie thrown by Diane. Neither Birkett nor Soladay is not credited for the role. Birkett had appeared in a 1984 episode, "Fairy Tales Can Come True", as Sharon O'Hare, who dressed as Tinker Bell on Halloween; the episode aired on NBC on Thanksgiving Day, November 27, 1986. For the week ending November 30, it had the sixth highest Nielsen rating with a 38 share. Leigh Weingus of The Huffington Post included the food fight sequence in a list of the 10 Most Awkward Thanksgiving Scenes of All Time from movies and television.
TV Guide ranked it number seven on its 100 Greatest Episodes of All Time list. IGN called it the fourth best Cheers episode, highlighting the witty dialogue and the bonding between characters. An A. V. Club retrospective group review praised the episode for the food fight; the reviewers highlighted the effective short reference and a toast by the characters to their past colleague and friend, the late Coach Ernie Pantusso, the setting of much of the episode at Carla's house rather than at the bar. Molly Eichel, one of the reviewers, was interested in moments other than the food fight, such as the "childishness" of the characters, Diane's motherliness toward the gang, Eichel's "favorite part", Vera's long-awaited appearance though her face was covered with pumpkin pie. Bjorklund, Dennis A. Cheers TV Show: A Comprehensive Reference. Praetorian Publishing – via Google Play. "Thanksgiving Orphans" on IMDb "Thanksgiving Orphans" at TV.com
The Honeymooners is a classic American television sitcom created by and starring Jackie Gleason, based on a recurring comedy sketch of the same name, part of his variety show. It followed the day to day life of New York City bus driver Ralph Kramden, his wife Alice, his best friend Ed Norton as they get involved with various scenarios in their day to day living. Most episodes revolved around Ralph's poor choices in absurd dilemmas which showed his quick-to-judge attitude in a comedic tone, but have revolved around more serious issues such as women's rights and social impressions; the sketches aired on the DuMont network's variety series Cavalcade of Stars, which Gleason hosted, subsequently on the CBS network's The Jackie Gleason Show, broadcast live in front of a theater audience. The popularity of the sketches led Gleason to rework The Honeymooners as a filmed half-hour series, which debuted October 1, 1955, on CBS, in place of the variety series, it was a ratings success as the #2 show in the United States during its first season, facing stiff competition from The Perry Como Show on NBC.
The show dropped to #19, ending its production after only 39 episodes. The final episode of The Honeymooners aired on September 22, 1956, although Gleason revived the characters sporadically until 1978; the Honeymooners was one of the first U. S. television shows to portray working-class married couples in a non-idyllic manner. The program is popular internationally in Canada, Poland and Sweden; the majority of The Honeymooners episodes focused on its four principal characters, used fixed sets within their Brooklyn apartment building. Although various secondary characters made multiple appearances and occasional exterior shots were incorporated during editing all action and dialogue was "on stage" inside the normal backdrop. Played by Jackie Gleason—a bus driver for the fictional Gotham Bus Company based in New York City, he never is seen driving a bus, but sometimes is shown at the bus depot. Ralph is frustrated by his lack of success, develops get-rich-quick schemes, he is short tempered resorting to bellowing and making hollow threats.
Well-hidden beneath the many layers of bluster, however, is a softhearted man who loves his wife and is devoted to his best pal, Ed Norton. Ralph enjoys—and is proficient at—bowling and playing pool, is an enthusiastic member of the fictitious Loyal Order of Raccoons. Ralph's mother is mentioned, although she does appear in one episode. Ralph's father is only mentioned in one episode as having given Ralph a cornet he learned to play as a boy, insists on keeping when Alice suggests it be thrown away; the Ralph character was given honorary membership in the union for real New York City bus drivers during the run of the show, a Brooklyn bus depot was named in Gleason's honor after his death. Ralph Kramden was the inspiration for the animated character Fred Flintstone. Ralph Kramden Statue. An eight-foot-tall bronze statue of a jolly Jackie Gleason stands in front of Manhattan's midtown Port Authority Bus Terminal. Alice, played in the first nine skits, starting in 1951, ending in January 1952 by Pert Kelton, by Audrey Meadows for all remaining episodes, is Ralph's patient but sharp-tongued wife of 12 years.
She finds herself bearing the brunt of Ralph's insults, which she returns with biting sarcasm. She is levelheaded, in contrast to Ralph's pattern of inventing various schemes to enhance his wealth or his pride. In each case, she sees the current one's un-workability, but he becomes angry and ignores her advice, she has grown accustomed to his empty threats—such as "One of these days, POW!!! Right in the kisser!", "BANG, ZOOM!" or "You're going to the moon!"—to which she replies, "Ahhh, shaddap!" Alice studied to be a secretary before her marriage and works in that capacity when Ralph is laid off. Wilma Flintstone is based on Alice Kramden. Another foil for Ralph is Alice's mother, sharper-tongued than her daughter, she despises Ralph as a bad provider. Alice's father is mentioned but never seen. Alice's sister, appeared in one episode. Ralph and Alice lived with her mother for six years after getting married before they got their own apartment. In a 1967 revival, Ralph refers to Alice as being one of 12 children with her father never working.
The Honeymooners appeared as a sketch on the DuMont Network's Cavalcade of Stars, with the role of Alice played by Pert Kelton. When his contract with DuMont expired, Gleason moved to the CBS network where he had The Jackie Gleason Show, the Alice role went to Audrey Meadows because Kelton had been blacklisted during the infamous McCarthy hearings investigating alleged Communist activities in the entertainment world. Played by Art Carney, he is more good-natured than Ralph, but nonetheless trades insults with him on a regular basis. Ed (typically called "Norton" by Ralph and som
Television in the United States
Television is one of the major mass media of the United States. As of 2011, household ownership of television sets in the country is 96.7%, with 114,200,000 American households owning at least one television set as of August 2013. The majority of households have more than one set; the peak ownership percentage of households with at least one television set occurred during the 1996–97 season, with 98.4% ownership. As a whole, the television networks that broadcast in the United States are the largest and most distributed in the world, programs produced for U. S.-based networks are the most syndicated internationally. Due to a recent surge in the number and popularity of critically acclaimed television series during the 2000s and the 2010s to date, many critics have said that American television is undergoing a modern golden age. In the United States, television is available via broadcast – the earliest method of receiving television programming, which requires an antenna and an equipped internal or external tuner capable of picking up channels that transmit on the two principal broadcast bands high frequency and ultra high frequency, in order to receive the signal – and four conventional types of multichannel subscription television: cable, unencrypted satellite, direct-broadcast satellite television and IPTV.
There are competing video services on the World Wide Web, which have become an popular mode of television viewing since the late 2000s with younger audiences as an alternative or a supplement to the aforementioned traditional forms of viewing television content. Individual broadcast television stations in the U. S. transmit on either VHF channels 2 through 13 or UHF channels 14 through 51. During the era of analog television, broadcast stations transmitted on a single universal channel; the UHF band spanned from channels 14 to 83, though the Federal Communications Commission has twice rescinded the high-end portions of the band from television broadcasting use for emergency and other telecommunications purposes in 1983 and 2009. As in other countries, television stations require a license to broadcast and must comply with certain requirements in order to retain it. Free-to-air and subscription television networks, are not required to file for a license to operate. Over-the-air and free-to-air television do not necessitate any monthly payments, while cable, direct broadcast satellite, IPTV and virtual MVPD services require monthly payments that vary depending on the number of channels that a subscriber chooses to pay for in a particular package.
Channels are sold in groups, rather than singularly. Most conventional subscription television services offer a limited basic tier, a minimum base package that includes only broadcast stations within the television market where the service is located, public and government access cable channels. Elevated programming tiers start with an expanded basic package, offering a selection of subscription channels intended for wide distribution. A la carte subscription services in the U. S. are limited to pay television channels that are offered as add-ons to any programming package that a customer of a multichannel video programming distributor can subscribe to for an additional monthly fee. The United States has a "decentralized", market-oriented television system in regard to broadcast television; the nation has a national publi
Nick at Nite
Nick at Nite is an American programming block that broadcasts nightly over the channel space of Nickelodeon. It broadcasts from 9:00 p.m. to 7:00 a.m on weekdays, Saturdays from 9:30 p.m. to 7:00 a.m. and Sundays from 8:00 p.m. to 7:00 a.m.. Its programming start time varies with special programming among the two networks. Although it shares channel space with its parent channel, Nick at Nite is counted as a separate channel from Nickelodeon for ratings purposes. Both services are sometimes collectively referred to as "Nickelodeon/Nick at Nite," due to their common association as two individual channels sharing the same channel space. Nick at Nite appeals to adult and adolescent audiences with a lineup of live-action sitcom reruns and a limited amount of original programming. However, because it shares channel space with Nickelodeon, some of Nick at Nite's programming – programs that lead off the lineup each night – is aimed at preteens and adolescents between 8 and 16 years of age; the content on Nick at Nite is not as raunchy or violent as content on other primetime networks, encouraging a crossover audience between it and Nickelodeon viewers.
Due to its reliance on sitcom reruns whose cable syndication rights are limited to a certain part of the day owing to contracts with studios and/or distributors, Nick at Nite has no video on demand service. As of January 2016, Nick at Nite, is available in 92.0 million households in North America. After the Hearst Corporation, NBC and ABC announced in the summer of 1984 that they would spin off A&E into a separate 24-hour cable channel and cease transmitting its programming over Nickelodeon's channel space to take better advantage of valuable satellite time, MTV Networks President Bob Pittman asked Nickelodeon general manager Geraldine Laybourne to develop programming for the time period. After futile attempts at original program development, Laybourne asked programming and branding consultants Alan Goodman and Fred Seibert of Fred/Alan Inc. to come up with programming ideas. After being presented with over 200 episodes of The Donna Reed Show and Seibert conceived the idea of the "first oldies TV network."
They modeled the new evening and overnight programming block on the successful oldies radio format, "The Greatest Hits of All Time," and branded the block with their next evolution of MTV- and Nickelodeon-style imagery and bumpers. Head programmer Debby Beece led the team to the name "Nick at Nite" for the new block. Fred/Alan developed the original logo with Tom Corey and Scott Nash of Boston advertising firm Corey McPherson Nash, creators of the well-recognized Nickelodeon orange logo. Nick at Nite debuted at 8:00 p.m. Eastern Time on July 1985, as a block on Nickelodeon, its initial programming was a mix of sitcoms and one drama series, led by Dennis the Menace, accompanied by The Donna Reed Show, the offbeat comedy Turkey Television, Route 66. A nightly film presentation, branded as the Nick at Nite Movie, aired at 9:00 p.m. Eastern Time through the end of the decade, included such classic films as the 1947 film The Red House and the 1937 film A Star Is Born; the same five-hour block of programs repeated from 1:00 a.m. and ran until Nickelodeon began its broadcast day at 6:00 a.m.
Eastern Time. As Nick at Nite grew, it would add to its library of shows – branching out to rerun sketch comedy, such as episodes from the early seasons of Saturday Night Live as well as the Canadian series SCTV, it briefly reran the 1970s mock local talk show Fernwood 2 Night. As the years went by, the channel's sitcom library swelled to over a hundred shows. For the channel's 20th birthday celebration in June 2005, TV Land aired an episode from every series that had appeared on Nick at Nite. By the early 1990s, Nick at Nite began running a full schedule of programming, with overnight hours filled by a mix of secondary runs of shows airing on its evening schedule and series that were no longer shown on the evening lineup. In 1995, Nick at Nite celebrated its 10th Anniversary with a week-long event, in which the channel aired "hand picked episodes" of every series that had aired on Nick at Nite since its July 1985 debut; each episode was introduced with its history, episode number, references to the individual program's original run on Nick at Nite.
The Sopranos is an American crime drama television series created by David Chase. The story revolves around Tony Soprano, a New Jersey-based Italian-American mobster, portrays the difficulties that he faces as he tries to balance his family life with his role as the leader of a criminal organization; these are explored during his therapy sessions with psychiatrist Jennifer Melfi. The series features Tony's family members, mafia colleagues, rivals in prominent roles—most notably his wife and his protégé/distant cousin, Christopher Moltisanti; the pilot was ordered in 1997, the show premiered on HBO on January 10, 1999. It ran for six seasons totalling 86 episodes until June 10, 2007. Broadcast syndication followed in the U. S. and internationally. The Sopranos was produced by HBO, Chase Films, Brad Grey Television, it was filmed at Silvercup Studios in New York City, on location in New Jersey. The executive producers throughout the show's run were David Chase, Brad Grey, Robin Green, Mitchell Burgess, Ilene S. Landress, Terence Winter, Matthew Weiner.
The Sopranos is regarded as one of the greatest television series of all time. The series won a multitude of awards, including Peabody Awards for its first two seasons, 21 Primetime Emmy Awards, five Golden Globe Awards, it has been the subject of critical analysis and parody, has spawned books, a video game, soundtrack albums, assorted merchandise. Several members of the show's cast and crew were unknown to the public but have since had successful careers. In 2013, the Writers Guild of America named The Sopranos the best-written TV series of all time, while TV Guide ranked it the best television series of all time. In 2016, the series ranked first in Rolling Stone's list of the 100 greatest TV shows of all time. In March 2018, New Line Cinema announced that they have purchased a film detailing the Sopranos background story, set in the 1960s during the Newark riots. Titled The Many Saints of Newark, it is written by David Chase and Lawrence Konner and will be directed by Alan Taylor. David Chase had worked as a television producer for more than 20 years before creating The Sopranos.
He had been employed as a staff writer or producer for several television series, including Kolchak: The Night Stalker, The Rockford Files, I'll Fly Away, Northern Exposure. He had co-created the short-lived original series Almost Grown in 1988, he made his television directorial debut in 1986 with the "Enough Rope for Two" episode of Alfred Hitchcock Presents. He directed episodes of Almost Grown and I'll Fly Away in 1988 and 1992, respectively. In 1996, he directed the television film The Rockford Files: Punishment and Crime, he served as showrunner for I'll Fly Northern Exposure in the 1990s. Chase won his first Emmy Award in 1978 for his work on The Rockford Files and his second for writing the 1980 television film Off the Minnesota Strip. By 1996, he was a coveted showrunner; the story of The Sopranos was conceived as a feature film about "a mobster in therapy having problems with his mother." Chase decided to adapt it into a television series. He signed a development deal in 1995 with production company Brillstein-Grey and wrote the original pilot script.
He drew from his personal life and his experiences growing up in New Jersey, has stated that he tried to "apply family dynamic to mobsters." For instance, the tumultuous relationship between series protagonist Tony Soprano and his mother Livia is based on Chase's relationship with his own mother. He was in psychotherapy at the time and modeled the character of Dr. Jennifer Melfi after his own psychiatrist. Chase had been fascinated by organized crime and the mafia from an early age, witnessing such people growing up, he was raised on classic gangster films, such as The Public Enemy, the crime series The Untouchables. The series is inspired by the Boiardo family, a prominent New Jersey organized crime family when Chase was growing up, on New Jersey's DeCavalcante family, he has mentioned American playwrights Arthur Miller and Tennessee Williams as influences on the show's writing, Italian director Federico Fellini as an important influence on the show's cinematic style. The series was named after high school friends of his.
Chase and producer Brad Grey pitched The Sopranos to several networks. They pitched the show to Chris Albrecht, president of HBO Original Programming, who decided to finance a pilot episode, shot in 1997. Chase directed it himself, they finished the pilot and showed it to HBO executives, but the show was put on hold for several months. During this time, Chase considered asking HBO for additional funding to shoot 45 more minutes of footage and release The Sopranos as a feature film. In December 1997, HBO decided to produce the series and ordered 12 more episodes for a 13-episode season; the show premiered on HBO on January 1999 with the pilot episode. The Sopranos was the second hour-long television drama series produced by HBO, the first being the prison drama Oz. North Jersey prosecutor and municipal judge Robert Baer filed a breach of contract lawsuit against Chase in Trenton, New Jersey federal court, alleging that he helped to create the show. Baer lost the suit, but he won a ruling that a jury should decide how much he should be paid for services as a location scout and story consultant.
Baer argued that he had introduced Chase to Tony Spirito and Thomas Koczur (a hom
Nickelodeon is an American pay television network, launched on December 1, 1977 as the first cable channel for children. It is owned by Viacom through its Viacom Media Networks division's Nickelodeon Group unit and is based in New York City, it broadcasts from 7:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. on weekdays, Saturdays from 7:00 a.m. to 9:30 p.m. and Sundays from 7:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m.. It is aimed at children and adolescents aged 2–17; the channel was first tested as Pinwheel on December 1, 1977. Pinwheel was at the time only available on QUBE, the first two-way major market interactive cable television system, owned by Warner Cable. Pinwheel relaunched as Nickelodeon on April 1, 1979, expanded to other cable providers nationwide, it was commercial-free and remained without advertising until 1984. Warner sold Nickelodeon, along with its sister networks MTV and VH1, to Viacom in 1986; as of January 2016, the channel is available to about 92.056 million households in the United States. The channel's name comes from the first five cent movie theaters called nickelodeons.
Its history dates back to December 1, 1977, when Warner Cable Communications launched the first two-way interactive cable system, QUBE, in Columbus, Ohio. Under the name Pinwheel Network, the C-3 cable channel carried Pinwheel daily from 7:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. Eastern Time. Nickelodeon launched on April 1, 1979 distributed to Warner Cable systems via satellite on the RCA Satcom-1 transponder. Commercial-free, advertising was introduced in January 1984. Nickelodeon's schedule consists of original series aimed at children, pre-teens and young teenagers, including animated series, to live-action comedy and action series, as well as series aimed at preschoolers, it airs reruns of select original series that have ended their runs, as well as occasional original made-for-TV movies. It aired bi-monthly special editions of Nick News with Linda Ellerbee, a newsmagazine series aimed at children that debuted in 1992 as a weekly series which ended in 2015. Nicktoons is the branding for Nickelodeon's original animated television series.
Until 1991, the animated series that aired on Nickelodeon were imported from foreign countries, some original animated specials were featured on the channel up to that point. Original animated series continue to make up a substantial portion of Nickelodeon's lineup, with 6 to 7 hours of these programs airing on the weekday schedule and around nine hours on weekends, including a five-hour weekend morning animation block. Since the late 2000s, after the channel struck a deal with DreamWorks Animation in 2006 to develop the studio's animated films into weekly series, the network has begun to incorporate Nicktoons that use three-dimensional computer animation in addition to those that are produced through traditional or digital ink and paint. Nickelodeon does not air direct-to-video movies on a regular basis; the channel airs feature films produced by the network's Nickelodeon Movies film production division. Although the film division bears the Nickelodeon brand name, the channel does not have access to most of the movies produced by its film unit.
Nickelodeon does have broadcast rights to most feature films based on or that served as the basis for original series produced by it. Nickelodeon advertises hour-long episodes of its original series as movies. Nickelodeon periodically acquires theatrically released feature films for broadcast on the channel including Universal's Barbie: A Fashion Fairytale, several Monster High films, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles Forever, with the Barbie and Monster High films aired under a brokered format in which Mattel purchases the time in order to promote the release of their films on DVD within a few days of the Nickelodeon premiere, an arrangement possible as Nickelodeon does not have to meet the Federal Communications Commission rules which disallow th