Thurgoona, New South Wales
Thurgoona is an outer suburb of the regional city of Albury in southern New South Wales, Australia. The suburb is located in the City of Albury local government area. Thurgoona Post Office opened on 1 January 1874, closing in 1961; the first land release in Thurgoona was St Johns Hill in 1978, followed by St Jones Green in 1980, Corrys Wood in 1981, St Hilaire in 1985 and THurgoona Park in 1986. The 1980s were a time of massive development in Thurgoona. Thurgoona Drive and Elizabeth Mitchell Driver were completed by 1982, connecting Thurgoona to Albury via the Hume and Riverina Highways. Soon after the Thurgoona Golf Club opened its first 9 holes in 1983, followed by a further 9 holes in 1985. In 1986 the Albury-Wodonga Corporation moved its headquarters to Thurgoona. By 1989, a hotel had opened at the golf course, a new shopping centre was under construction, Thurgoona Public School opened and the Thurgoona Industrial Park opened near the Albury Airport. In March 2010 Thurgoona saw the opening of a new Thurgoona Plaza, with Woolworths, a Hume Bank branch and many other new shops.
New shops include a tandoori restaurant, hairdressing salon, pizza shop, butcher, two cafés and a takeaway store. In late 2015, a local resident took a photograph of a giant goanna scaling the wall of his house; the photograph was featured in national media Thurgoona's schools include Thurgoona Public School, Border Christian College and Trinity Anglican College. The NSW TAFE Environmental Centre is located in Thurgoona, it is one of TAFE's headquarters for specialist training in Civil Construction, Natural Resource Management, Spatial Information, Water Operations, Organic Farming, environmentally related studies and sustainable agriculture. Charles Sturt University purchased land at Thurgoona in 1993 from the Albury-Wodonga Development Corporation to the value of $6 million. In April 1997 construction began on the new Thurgoona campus, it was established as a secondary campus to the Albury campus, however by 2010 that campus closed and the Thurgoona campus had been developed into their sole Albury campus.
During late 2010, a new dentistry and oral health campus were completed behind the Thurgoona Plaza. The town has an Australian Rules football team competing in the Tallangatta & District Football League, a league based in Victoria. Thurgoona is located to the east of the Hume Freeway and to the north-east of the Albury CBD. Thurgoona is known for a large network of Box Gum Grassy Woodlands that used to cover most of the New South Wales Southern Slopes; the nature corridors within Thurgoona maintained and developed by the local community and the former Albury-Wodonga Development Corporation in the 1980s and 1990s, has allowed habitats to sustain local wildlife. While the area is home to over 100 species of birds, it is home to many threatened species; these include Sloane’s Froglet, Regent Honeyeater, the Squirrel Glider. Squirrel Gliders are listed as threatened in NSW and Thurgoona is home to a significant population of the arboreal mammal. At the 2016 Census, the population of Thurgoona was 8,656.
The most common religion was Catholic, followed by no religion, the average weekly household income was $1,618, above the Australian average of $1,438. The median age was 32 below the national average of 38
Albury is a major regional city in New South Wales, Australia. It is located on the northern side of the Murray River. Albury is the seat of local government for the council area which bears the city's name – the City of Albury. Albury has an urban population of 51,076 and is separated from its twin city in Victoria, Wodonga, by the Murray River. Together, the two cities form an urban area with a population of 92,218 at June 2017, it is 554 kilometres from the state capital Sydney and 326 kilometres from the Victorian capital Melbourne. Said to be named after a village in England, Albury developed as a major transport link between New South Wales and Victoria and was proclaimed a city in 1946; the Wiradjuri people were the first known humans to occupy the area, or Wirraayjuurray people are a group of Indigenous Australian Aboriginal people that were united by a common language, strong ties of kinship and survived as skilled hunter–fisher–gatherers in family groups or clans scattered throughout central New South Wales.
In the 21st century, major Wiradjuri groups live in Condobolin, Peak Hill and Griffith. There are significant populations at Wagga Wagga and Leeton and smaller groups at West Wyalong, Dubbo, Cootamundra and Young; the explorers Hume and Hovell arrived at what their maps called'Crossing Point', but is now known as the Murray River at Albury, on 16 November 1824. They named the river the Hume River, after Hume's father, the next day inscribed a tree by the river bank before continuing their journey south to Westernport in Victoria. In 1830, explorer Captain Charles Sturt discovered the Hume River downstream at its junction with the Murrumbidgee River. Not realising it was the same river, he named it the Murray River. Both names persisted for some time, Hume falling into disuse in favour of Murray; the Aboriginal name for the river was Millewa. A crossing place for the Murray became popular close to. In summer it was possible to cross the river by foot. Among the first squatters to follow in the steps of the explorers and settle in the district were William Wyse and Charles Ebden.
The first European buildings erected at the crossing place were a provisions store and some small huts. A survey for a town was commissioned in 1838 by Assistant Surveyor Thomas Townsend who mapped out Wodonga Place as the western boundary, Hume Street as the northern boundary, Kiewa Street to the east and Nurigong Street to the south, with Townsend Street being the only other north-south road, Ebden and Hovell sreets being the two other east-west roads. Townsend proposed the settlement be named'Bungambrewatha', the Aboriginal name for the area, but when his plan was approved and published in the Government Gazette on 13 April 1839 the name had been changed to Albury. Albury is said to be named after a village in Kent, England which it resembled. By 1847 the Albury settlement included two public houses and a handful of huts, a police barracks and a blacksmiths. A log punt established in 1844 serviced the crossing of the Murray River. Albury Post Office opened on 1 April 1843, closed in 1845 reopened in the township on 1 February 1847.
In 1851, with the separation of Victoria from New South Wales, the border falling on the Murray River, Albury found itself a frontier town. With an increase in commerce with Melbourne, the first bridge was built in 1860 to the design of surveyor William Snell Chauncy. Albury at this time became a Customs Post between the two colonies as New South Wales held a protectionist stance after gaining its constitution in 1856. Albury was at this time starting to grow with German speaking immigrants using the area to grow grapes for wine. By the 1870s a butter factory was established, flour mill and locally brewed cider and soft drinks were available; the railway line from Sydney arrived at Albury in 1881. A temporary wooden railway bridge joined the line to the Victorian network in 1883. New South Wales and Victoria had different track gauges until 1962, when the first train ran direct from Sydney to Melbourne; the two states could not agree which should be the transfer point so they had an expensive and attractive iron lattice bridge sent from Scotland which accommodated both gauges.
In 1888, Albury built its first school house. The city's first mayor, James Fallon, was an innovator of the Public School, funding a demonstration High School to be built on Kiewa Street. Albury High School opened in Kiewa Street in 1927; the Royal Commission on Sites for the Seat of Government of the Commonwealth report of 1903 recommended Albury as the preferred candidate for the national capital, though the proposal met staunch opposition from residents. At a public meeting, just one member of parliament voted in favour of Albury – Isaac Isaacs, member for Indi; the lack of support for other places led to the selection of Canberra as the preferred site. In 1934, a Douglas DC-2 airliner of KLM, a competitor in the MacRobertson Trophy Air Race, made an emergency night landing at the town's racecourse after becoming lost during severe thunderstorms. After signalling by Morse code A-L-B-U-R-Y to the lost aircrew by using the entire town's public lighting system, the "Uiver" was guided in to land safely.
The makeshift runway at the racecourse was illuminated by the headlights of cars belonging to local residents who had responded to a special news bulletin on ABC radio station 2CO. After refuelling the next day, many local volunteers h
The Australasian Post called the Aussie Post, was Australia's longest-running weekly picture magazine. Its origins are traceable to Saturday 3 January 1857; this is the date of the first issue of the publication Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle. The weekly publication was based on the format of Bell's Life in London and produced by Charles Frederic Somerton in Melbourne. A Sydney version had been published since 1845. In 1864, the weekly newspaper The Australasian was launched to an Australian and New Zealand audience in a similar format to Bell's Life papers but with much less sport content; as a result, the local papers Bell's Life in Victoria and Bell's Life in Sydney were phased out of publication. On Saturday 4 January 1868 the last Melbourne issue appeared; the Australasian adopted locally based editions during the transition. Frederick William Haddon 1865 to 1866 James Smith 1871 to 1872 Harry Gullett 1872 to 1885 David Watterston 1885 to 1903 The final edition of The Australasian appeared on 6 April 1946, published by the Argus and Australian Limited, 365 Elizabeth Street, with an announcement that "Next week this magazine becomes The Australasian Post in an new format, with modern enlarged content."The Australasian Post was read by millions at the height of its popularity in the 1960s and 1970s, featured a uniquely Australian mix of scandal, human interest stories, politics and entertainment.
It was the staple of barber shops across the country. One of its best features was its focus on Australiana, with pages of jokes and cartoons, including the Ettamogah Pub series by cartoonist Ken Maynard. In the late 1960s and 1970s, the magazine's covers and content included illustrations and stories focused on sex and nudity. In 1982 the Sun News-Pictorial features editor Feyne Weaver was appointed Australasian Post editor, he doubled the number of articles in the magazine and, while keeping the bikini-clad cover girl, got rid of all the "tit'n' bum" inside. The circulation rose to an all-time high, overtaking the market leader People. Weaver resigned in mid-1984 to move to the United States. Post's trademark bikini-clad cover girl became its downfall in the politically correct late 1980s and 1990s and it suffered a rapid decline in popularity; the execution was stayed momentarily when knockabout Herald Sun columnist Graeme "Jacko" Johnstone took the helm, took the bikini girl off the cover, focused on its knack for telling uniquely Australian stories.
The magazine was renamed Aussie Post in 1997. It was not enough and it closed its doors on 2 February 2002. At the time of its last edition, it was the longest-running continuously published magazine in Australia
Electorates of the Australian states and territories
A State Electoral District is an electorate within the Lower House or Legislative Assembly of Australian states and territories. Most state electoral districts send a single member to a state or territory's parliament using the preferential method of voting; the area of a state electoral district is dependent upon the Electoral Acts in the various states and vary in area between them. At present, there are 409 state electoral districts in Australia. State electoral districts do not apply to the Upper House, or Legislative Council, in those states that have one. In New South Wales and South Australia, MLCs represent the entire state, in Tasmania they represent single-member districts, in Victoria and Western Australia they represent a region formed by grouping electoral districts together. There are five electorates for the Legislative Assembly, each with five members each, making up 25 members in total. There are 93 electoral districts in New South Wales. There are 25 single-member electoral divisions in the Northern Territory, 17 former divisions.
There are 93 electoral districts in Queensland, for the Legislative Assembly of Queensland. Information about the QLD electoral districts for the 2006 elections can be obtained from the Electoral Commission of Queensland website. There are 47 single-member electoral districts in South Australia, for the South Australian House of Assembly. There are 15 electoral divisions in Tasmania for the upper house Legislative Council. In the lower house the five federal divisions are used, but electing 5 members each There are 88 electoral districts in Victoria, for the Victorian Legislative Assembly. There are 59 single-member electoral districts in Western Australia for the Western Australian Legislative Assembly. 42 are in the Perth metropolitan area and 17 are in the rest of the state. Divisions of the Australian House of Representatives Local government in Australia Parliaments of the Australian states and territories
Division of Farrer
The Division of Farrer is an Australian electoral division in the state of New South Wales. The division is named for William Farrer, an agricultural scientist; the division is located in the far south-western area of the state and includes Albury, Narrandera, Griffith, Hay and Wentworth. The sitting member, since the 2001 election, is Sussan Ley, a member of the Liberal Party of Australia, it has always been a safe non-Labor seat, alternating between the Liberal Party and the National Party. All four of its members have gone on to serve in cabinet, most notably Tim Fischer, leader of the National Party from 1990 to 1999 and Deputy Prime Minister from 1996 to 1999 during the first half of the Howard Government. Division of Farrer - Australian Electoral Commission
Lavington, New South Wales
Lavington is the largest suburb of the city of Albury, New South Wales, located north of the Albury Central Business District. At the 2016 census, Lavington had a population of 12,472. Lavington is a flat area near Nail Can Hill to the west, is bordered by Thurgoona to the east, Hamilton Valley to the west, Springdale Heights to the north, North Albury to the south. Lavington is residential, but has significant rural areas in the north-west and a commercial area. Features include Lavington Square Shopping Centre, Lavington Swim Centre, Jelbart Park and 5 schools. Lavington is the second major centre of the City of Albury, with its own commercial CBD. Before European settlement, Aboriginals who lived in the area were of the Wiradjuri tribe. On the 15 June 1909 Lavington was named, having been known as Black Range. Once a prune-growing and gold mining area, Lavington has changed to become a locality with many shops and parks. Where once the township was centered around the Lavington Hall and the Lavington Public School, near where Urana Road crosses the Bungambrawatha Creek, as it became a suburb of Albury the shopping and business areas have concentrated around the junction of Griffith and Urana Roads.
Lavington was part of the Greater Hume Shire but was added to the City of Albury during the 1950s, with the old boundary between the two local government areas being ascribed by Union Road. Much of Albury's subsequent residential and industrial expansion has occurred in the Lavington locality after the establishment of the Albury-Wodonga Development Corporation in the early 1970s. Springdale Heights, north of Lavington was built in the 1970s and Hamilton Valley and Norris Park were established in the 1990s. Lavington celebrated its 100th anniversary of being proclaimed a suburb on the weekend starting 13 July 2009, with community activities at Lavington Square Shopping Centre, Lavington Panthers Oval, Lavington Library and the Lavington Hall in Urana Road. Lavington is located in the flat floodplain of the Murray River, on an area crossed by the Bungambrawatha Creek, with Nail Can Hill to the west and the Black Range to the north. Lavington is bound by Union Road to the south, the railway/freeway line to the east, Kaitlers Road to the north, an extended Burrows Road, Reservoir Road and Urana Road to the west.
Lavington's retail and business are located around Griffith Road, Wagga Road, Urana Road. The area is served by the Lavington Square Shopping Centre formally called Centro Lavington. Woolworths and Big W is the major anchor tenants, with the Aldi relocating to the former WOW Sight and Sound building on Wagga Rd. Following the Hume Freeway Albury-Wodonga bypass, many of the business located on the former Hume Highway fell in to decline or failed; the section running through Lavington known as Wagga Road suffered the closure of many former car dealerships, petrol stations and cafes that relied on pass-through traffic. The local council has made efforts to beautify the area with new median strips and planting with the hopes of creating a renewal for the area. There are many sporting groups in Lavington including ones for soccer, Australian rules football, netball, water polo and tennis. There is a skate park; the Nail Can Hill Run is an annual fun run, going for around 30 years. The event is held in early May and covers a hilly cross-country course of 11.3 km starting at Lavington Panthers Club, following the ridge of hills west of Lavington and Albury finishing at riverside parkland in Albury.
There is a mountain bicycling race over the same course run on the same day. The Lavington Sports Ground, located in the suburb's west, is the Albury-Wodonga region's prominent sporting venue. In addition to being the home ground of the Lavington Panthers Australian rules football club who play in the Ovens & Murray Football League, it has hosted many AFL practice matches, the England v Zimbabwe fixture in the 1992 Cricket World Cup, New South Wales v England Tour Match in 1990, one Sheffield Shield match between NSW and Victoria in 1989, a couple of Australian Rugby League preseason grand finals during the mid-1990s, as well as other preseason games for the ARL and NRL competitions. Up until the 1980s, the Lavington Sports Carnival, incorporating the Lavington Gift, was staged at the ground; the John Woodman Memorial Cycling Classic finish each year in front of the Lavington Hall, Urana Road. At the 2016 Census, the population of Lavington was 12 472, a decrease from 14 274 in 1996; the most common religion was no religion, followed by Catholic, the average weekly household income was $933, below the Australian average of $1438.
The median age was 40. Media related to Lavington, New South Wales at Wikimedia Commons
East Albury, New South Wales
East Albury is a suburb of the city of Albury, New South Wales, located 3 kilometres east of the Albury Central Business District. At the 2006 census, East Albury had a population of 5686. East Albury lies on the eastern side of the railway/freeway line, it covers Eastern Hill and the flat land around it on the Murray River floodplain, is bordered by Albury to the west and Thurgoona to the north, Wirlinga to the east, Victoria to the south. East Albury is a residential & industrial area, due to the freeway it is set to boom in the next few years. Major commercial development has begun at the eastern fringe of the built-up part of the suburb. Features of the area include the Albury Base Hospital, Albury Airport, Albury Sports Stadium, Alexandra Park, Mungabareena Reserve and Eastern Hill. Development of the area dates from the 1830s, with growth in the 1850s and 1870s due to improvements in access and transport. Most growth has occurred in the post-war years, due to the formation of an Albury-Wodonga national growth centre under the Whitlam government.
East Albury is bound to the north by North Street and Fallon Street, to the east by Dallinger Road, to the south by the Murray River and to the west by the railway/freeway line. The built-up residential part of East Albury lies on the slopes of Eastern Hill. Flat cleared land to the north and east is used for the city's airport. Eastern Hill is a natural reserve, as is Mungabareena Reserve, a wetland area on the Murray River south of the airport and Eastern Hill. Mungabareena has significant Aboriginal importance. At the 2011 Census, the population of East Albury was 6,247; the most common religion was Catholic, followed by Anglican, the average household income was $1,141, below the Australian average of $1,234. The median age was 37