A municipality is a single administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and regional laws to which it is subordinate. It is to be distinguished from the county, which may encompass rural territory or numerous small communities such as towns and hamlets; the term municipality may mean the governing or ruling body of a given municipality. A municipality is a general-purpose administrative subdivision, as opposed to a special-purpose district; the term is derived from French Latin municipalis. The English word municipality derives from the Latin social contract municipium, referring to the Latin communities that supplied Rome with troops in exchange for their own incorporation into the Roman state while permitting the communities to retain their own local governments. A municipality can be any political jurisdiction from a sovereign state, such as the Principality of Monaco, to a small village, such as West Hampton Dunes, New York.
The territory over which a municipality has jurisdiction may encompass only one populated place such as a city, town, or village several of such places only parts of such places, sometimes boroughs of a city such as the 34 municipalities of Santiago, Chile. Powers of municipalities range from virtual autonomy to complete subordination to the state. Municipalities may have the right to tax individuals and corporations with income tax, property tax, corporate income tax, but may receive substantial funding from the state. In various countries, municipalities are referred to as "communes", notably in Romance languages such as French commune, Italian comune, Romanian comună, Spanish comuna, in Germanic languages such as German Kommune, Swedish kommun, Faroese kommuna, Norwegian, Danish kommune. However, in Moldova and Romania exist both municipalities and communes, a commune may be part of a municipality. Similar terms include Spanish ayuntamiento called municipalidad, Polish gmina, Dutch/Flemish Gemeente and Luxembourgish Gemeng.
In Australia, the term local government area is used in place of the generic municipality. Here, the "LGA Structure covers only incorporated areas of Australia. Incorporated areas are designated parts of states and territories over which incorporated local governing bodies have responsibility." In Canada, municipalities are local governments established through provincial and territorial legislation within general municipal statutes. Types of municipalities within Canada include cities, district municipalities, municipal districts, parishes, rural municipalities, townships and villes among others; the Province of Ontario has different tiers of municipalities, including lower and single tiers. Types of upper tier municipalities in Ontario include regional municipalities. Nova Scotia has regional municipalities, which include cities, districts, or towns as municipal units. In India, a Municipality or Nagar Palika is an urban local body that administers a city of population 100,000 or more. However, there are exceptions to that, as Municipality were constituted in urban centers with population over 20,000, so all the urban bodies which were classified as Municipality were reclassified as Municipality if their population was under 100,000.
Under the Panchayati Raj system, it interacts directly with the state government, though it is administratively part of the district it is located in. Smaller district cities and bigger towns have a Municipality. Municipality are a form of local self-government entrusted with some duties and responsibilities, as enshrined in the Constitutional Act,1992. In the United Kingdom, the term was used until the 1972 Local Government Act came into effect in 1974 in England and Wales, until 1975 in Scotland and 1976 in Northern Ireland, "both for a city or town, organized for self-government under a municipal corporation, for the governing body itself; such a corporation in Great Britain consists of a head as a mayor or provost, of superior members, as aldermen and councillors". Since local government reorganisation, the unit in England, Northern Ireland and Wales is known as a district, in Scotland as a council area. A district can retain its district title. In Jersey, a municipality refers to the honorary officials elected to run each of the 12 parishes into which it is subdivided.
This is the highest level of regional government in this jurisdiction. In Trinidad and Tobago, "municipality" is understood as a city, town, or other local government unit, formed by municipal charter from the state as a municipal corporation. A town may be awarded borough status and on may be upgraded to city status. Chaguanas, San Fernando, Port of Spain and Point Fortin are the 5 current municipalities in Trinidad and Tobago. In the United States, "municipality" is understood as a city, village, or other local government unit, formed by municipal charter from the state as a municipal corporation. In a state law contex
Nahuatl, known as Aztec, is a language or group of languages of the Uto-Aztecan language family. Varieties of Nahuatl are spoken by about 1.7 million Nahua peoples, most of whom live in central Mexico. Nahuatl has been spoken in central Mexico since at least the seventh century CE, it was the language of the Aztecs, who dominated what is now central Mexico during the Late Postclassic period of Mesoamerican history. During the centuries preceding the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire, the Aztecs had expanded to incorporate a large part of central Mexico, their influence caused the variety of Nahuatl spoken by the residents of Tenochtitlan to become a prestige language in Mesoamerica. At the conquest, with the introduction of the Latin alphabet, Nahuatl became a literary language, many chronicles, works of poetry, administrative documents and codices were written in it during the 16th and 17th centuries; this early literary language based on the Tenochtitlan variety has been labeled Classical Nahuatl, is among the most studied and best-documented languages of the Americas.
Today, Nahuan languages are spoken in scattered communities in rural areas throughout central Mexico and along the coastline. There are considerable differences among varieties, some are not mutually intelligible. Huasteca Nahuatl, with over one million speakers, is the most-spoken variety. All varieties have been subject to varying degrees of influence from Spanish. No modern Nahuan languages are identical to Classical Nahuatl, but those spoken in and around the Valley of Mexico are more related to it than those on the periphery. Under Mexico's General Law of Linguistic Rights of the Indigenous Peoples promulgated in 2003, Nahuatl and the other 63 indigenous languages of Mexico are recognized as lenguas nacionales in the regions where they are spoken, enjoying the same status as Spanish within their regions. Nahuan languages exhibit a complex morphology characterized by polysynthesis and agglutination. Through a long period of coexistence with the other indigenous Mesoamerican languages, they have absorbed many influences, coming to form part of the Mesoamerican language area.
Many words from Nahuatl have been borrowed into Spanish and, from there, were diffused into hundreds of other languages. Most of these loanwords denote things indigenous to central Mexico which the Spanish heard mentioned for the first time by their Nahuatl names. English words of Nahuatl origin include "avocado", "chayote", "chili", "chocolate", "atlatl", "coyote", "peyote", "axolotl" and "tomato"; as a language label, the term "Nahuatl" encompasses a group of related languages or divergent dialects within the Nahuan branch of the Uto-Aztecan language family. The Mexican Instituto Nacional de Lenguas Indígenas recognizes 30 individual varieties within the "language group" labeled Nahuatl; the Ethnologue recognizes 28 varieties with separate ISO codes. Sometimes the label is used to include the Pipil language of El Salvador. Regardless of whether "Nahuatl" is considered to label a dialect continuum or a group of separate languages, the varieties form a single branch within the Uto-Aztecan family, descended from a single Proto-Nahuan language.
Within Mexico, the question of whether to consider individual varieties to be languages or dialects of a single language is political. This article focuses on describing the general history of the group and on giving an overview of the diversity it encompasses. For details on individual varieties or subgroups, see the individual articles. In the past, the branch of Uto-Aztecan to which Nahuatl belongs has been called "Aztecan". From the 1990s onward, the alternative designation "Nahuan" has been used as a replacement in Spanish-language publications; the Nahuan branch of Uto-Aztecan is accepted as having two divisions: "General Aztec" and Pochutec. General Aztec encompasses the Pipil languages. Pochutec is a scantily attested language, which became extinct in the 20th century, which Campbell and Langacker classify as being outside of general Aztec. Other researchers have argued that Pochutec should be considered a divergent variant of the western periphery."Nahuatl" denotes at least Classical Nahuatl together with related modern languages spoken in Mexico.
The inclusion of Pipil into the group is debated. Lyle Campbell classified Pipil as separate from the Nahuatl branch within general Aztecan, whereas dialectologists like Una Canger, Karen Dakin, Yolanda Lastra and Terrence Kaufman have preferred to include Pipil within the General Aztecan branch, citing close historical ties with the eastern peripheral dialects of General Aztec. Current subclassification of Nahuatl rests on research by Canger and Lastra de Suárez. Canger introduced the scheme of a Central grouping and two Peripheral groups, Lastra confirmed this notion, differing in some details. Canger & Dakin demonstrated a basic split between Eastern and Western branches of Nahuan, considered to reflect the oldest division of the proto-Nahuan speech community. Canger considered the central dialect area to be an innovative subarea within the Western branch, but in 2011, she suggested that it arose as an urban koiné language with features from both Western and Eastern dialect areas. Canger tentatively included dialects of La Huasteca in the Central group, while Lastra de Suárez places them in the Eastern Periphery, followed by Kaufman.
The terminology used to describe varieties of spoken Nahuatl is inconsistently applied. Many terms are used with multiple denotations, or a single dialect grou
Turín is a municipality in the Ahuachapán department of El Salvador. The town is located 4 km west of Atiquizaya, 10 km east of the department capital, it is crossed by the Santa Ana-Ahuachapán railway line. Lilian Mercedes Letona and revolutionary, member of the FMLN Media related to Turín at Wikimedia Commons
Concepción de Ataco
Concepción de Ataco is a municipality and city within the Ahuachapán Department, El Salvador. It has a population of 18,101 inhabitants; the municipality administration is divided into 11 cantons, which are: El Arco, El Limo, El Naranjito, El Tronconal, La Ceiba, La Joya de los Apante, La Planxa, San Jose, Shucutitán and Texusín Chirizo. Atacos's population has pre-Columbian origin and was founded by Yaqui Indians or pipiles in central Apaneca Mountain Range. In Nahuatl, Ataco means "high place of springs.” Concepción de Ataco's "sister city" is Elk Grove, California. Archbishop Pedro Cortes y Larraz, Ataco in 1770 belonged to the parish and its people Ahuachapán was represented by 303 families with 784 indigenous people who spoke the Nahuatl of the Pipil turn these people spoke and understood Castilian. In the colonial period Ataco belonged to the administration of the province or municipality over Izalco Sonsonate; as of June 12, 1824 belonged to the municipality of great department of Sonsonate.
Because the law of July 4, 1832 this population was made part of the jurisdiction of the judicial district of Ahuachapán. By legislative decree of February 8, 1855 the town was incorporated in the department of Santa Ana. According to a municipal report dated 20 April 1858, Ataco had a population of 972 inhabitants. During the year 1866 the municipalities of Ataco asked the authorities, that this population be divided and separated from the department of Santa Ana and Sonsonate department add for convenience of local interests; this application did not succeed. By Legislative Decree dated 26 February 1869 Ataco joined the department of Ahuachapán. In the year 1890 the city had 2.860 inhabitants. In Concepcion de Ataco you can find stores that sell a wide variety of crafts including sculptures, weavings, candles, key chains and coffee. Ataco's native population still retains many of the customs and traditions of their grandparents—these go from generation to generation through oral tradition, preserving, so far, a bit of our culture and language.
The small town, has the basic services. The town has 4 branches of the agricultural sector, all benefits of coffee, so it follows that the municipality is agricultural. There are 4 foundations or organizations concerned with agriculture and community development: FUNDATACO Foundation, ADECOA FUNADIC and Romero Association; the city’s economy has been influenced by tourism starting in 2004 and, the reason why the city has grown prosperous. Many investors—both local and international—are opening businesses like hotels, bars, etc. Ataco has started its tourism business in the late 2004. Prior to that the most visited colonial village was a village 20 minutes away from Ataco. After people realized Ataco has more opportunities and that it's a cheerful village, people starting investing in Ataco. Though Ataco did not win first place in the Pueblos Vivos contest it is still preferred by many local and international tourists. Leaver looms were reintroduced to the area and can see and appreciate the art of fabric making in some local craft shops.
You can visit the cafes to enjoy the excellent coffees from this area and visit the restaurants where you can enjoy typical Salvadoran food and gourmet food. Ataco has many restaurants that are national and international and they serve a variety of foods: Chilean, Italian, Mexican, Spanish, Central American, Salvadoran. One can enjoy the gastronomic festival in the central plaza. Among the main restaurants in Ataco are: Portland Grill and Bar Cafe Boton El Habanero El Brasero La Esquina de Ataco KOI Sushi Bar Casa Guimera The House of Coffee Jardin de Celesta Diconte y Axul Piccolo One of the most famous handicraft shops that has treadle looms is Diconte & Axul; this is a colorful and striking corner which gives life to the people of Ataco, for it is out of the ordinary and traditional. Its facade shows the lines and figures of the handcrafts that are inside; the shop's charismatic owners, Alvaro Orellana and Cristina Pineda Fagioli, paint each piece and, as such, they should be considered unique, a characteristics which gives them higher value.
One of the first businesses to gain recognition in the Route of the Flowers was Diconte & Axul, a variety store crafts, textile art and has become the reference of the people to attack from more than 7 years. Established in an old house, dating from 1910, near the center of town, Diconte & Axul offers tourists the best opportunity to buy crafts from all over El Salvador, Guatemala and other countries. Here you may see the famous "Cats" and other crafts, painted with the colorful style introduced by the artists, Cristina Pineda Fagioli, Alvaro Orellana, who attend the place. You can see how local artisans make colorful fabrics using treadle looms, a tradition, disappearing throughout Latin America. In Diconte & Axul you can purchase these unique fabrics from $6 to $8 a yard. Ataco has many hostels and hotels with a cozy arrangements, large rooms with great spaces and low prices; some hotels and hostels in the area: Balcon de Ataco: Visit this restaurant and hotel for the excellent panoramic view of the town alone.
Down to earth decorations. Serving beef, chicken and breakfast options. Hotel Alicante Mont
Departments of El Salvador
El Salvador is divided into 14 departments for administrative purposes, subdivided into 262 municipalities. The country is a unitary state; the departments are grouped into three regions for geographic purposes. Western Region Ahuachapán Santa Ana SonsonateCentral Region Cabañas Chalatenango Cuscatlán La Libertad La Paz San Salvador San VicenteEastern Region La Unión Morazán San Miguel Usulután El Salvador List of cities in El Salvador Municipalities of El Salvador Geography of El Salvador Ranked list of Salvadoran departments List of Salvadoran departmental capitals Salvadoran Departments by HDI Department Municipality ISO 3166-2:SV
Ahuachapán is a city and municipality and the capital of the Ahuachapán Department in western El Salvador. The municipality including the city covers an area of 244.84 km² and as of 2007 has a population of 110,511 people. Situated near the Guatemalan border, it is the westernmost city in the country and is the center of an agricultural region producing coffee. Ahuachapán is the site of a hydroelectric station; the local geothermal activity produces many steam vents, visible throughout the surrounding mountains. Among other things, Ahuachapan is the birthplace of notable Salvadoran poet Alfredo Espino and is about an hour's drive from the national wildlife park El Imposible. Ahuachapán was founded by Mayan Indians of the Pokomanes tribe in the 5th century and invaded in the 15th century by the Izalcos, it gained city status on 11 February, 1862 and became the departmental capital on February 9, 1869. The municipality of Ahuachapán is located 100 km from the capital city San Salvador. To the north it borders the Republic of Guatemala.
It is surrounded by San Lorenzo and Turín. The climate of the municipality is warm with the temperatures oscillating between 22°C and 27°C; the principal river is the Río Paz. There are other tributaries but the Río Paz forms a natural border between El Salvador and Guatemala. Near the Iglesia La Asunción, the Francisco Menéndez Park has a monument to honor General Francisco Menéndez, president of the republic. There is a bronze plate indicating the house. One of the main attractions is the Central Plaza, which contains: the Central Park, known as Parque Concordia, surrounded by City Hall, the town's main church, Iglesia de La Asunción, over 100 years old, the Pasaje Concordia known as "the new place in town,", restored in the early twenty first century and is a pedestrian-only street, it was called Huitziapan or "Laguna de las Espinas" and is four kilometers to the north-west of the city of Ahuachapan, along the international highway to Guatemala. Between this body of water and the city of Ahuachapán, the first battle in the history of independent Central America took place.
Other attractions include the Lagoon Morán, Atehuecillas and Malacatiupán. Close to Las Chinamas is "Los Encuentros" where the "El Pulula" river merge. "La Poza de la Yerba Buena" of the Pueblo Viejo river in the Cantón Santa Cruz is nearby. El Arco Durán, situated in the perimeter of the city of Ahuachapán, is a replica of a famous French arch, with all kinds of delicious and typical Salvadorean "Pupusas" nearby; the municipality is divided into 29 cantones. These are: Ashapuco, Chipilapa, Cuyanausul, El Anonal, Cantón Platanares, El Roble, El Tigre, El Barro, Guayaltepec, La Coyotera, La Danta, La Montañita, Las Chinamas, Llano de Doña María, Llano de La Laguna o El Espino, Loma de La Gloria, Los Huatales, Los Magueyes, Los Toles, Palo Pique, Río Frío, San Lázaro, San Ramón, Santa Cruz, Santa Rosa Acacalco, Suntecumat y Tacubita; the most important industries are geothermal energy, coffee and construction materials. The most important tradition is the Día de los Farolitos, held every year on September 07, where a parade and celebration is conducted to honor the birth of the Virgin Mary Alfredo Espino Ricardo Trigueros Deleón Humberto Escapini Roberto Galicia Miguel Ángel Espino Santiago José Celis Mauricio Linares Aguilar Francisco Menéndez Alvaro Magaña Borja Timoteo Menéndez Mario Benjamín Castro The Once Municipal is the local professional association football club of the Department of Ahuachapán.
The home stadium of Once Municipal is Estadio Simeón Magaña. Concepción de Ataco Apaneca Sonsonate San Salvador this article incorporates text translated from Spanish Wikipedia Media related to Ahuachapán at Wikimedia Commons
Guaymango is a municipality in the Ahuachapán department of El Salvador. Media related to Guaymango at Wikimedia Commons