Kokonoe stable is a stable of sumo wrestlers, one of the Takasago group of stables. It was formed in 1967 and is located in Ishiwara, Tokyo; as of January 2019 it had 18 sumo wrestlers, five of whom were of sekitori rank. It is the most successful stable in terms of total yūshō won by its wrestlers, with 52. Former yokozuna Chiyonoyama of Dewanoumi stable had wanted to succeed to the Dewanoumi name, but the Dewanoumi stablemaster had decided to pass the name to former yokozuna Sadanoyama. Accordingly, in January 1967, he set up his own stable, taking with him, amongst others ōzeki Kitanofui and attaching the new stable to the Takasago group of stables. After Chiyonoyama died in 1977, who had revived Izutsu stable, became the 11th Kokonoe-oyakata, he raised Chiyonofuji a makuuchi wrestler, to the great yokozuna he became. He saw Hokutoumi become a yokozuna. Takanofuji and Fujinoshin reached the top division. In 1992, the year after Chiyonofuji retired from the ring, Kitanofuji handed over the stable to him.
Chiyonofuji and Kitanofuji swapped names, Chiyonofuji becoming Kokonoe-oyakata and gaining control of the stable, whilst Kitanofuji became Jinmaku-oyakata, attached to Hakkaku stable, set up by the former Hokutoumi in 1993. In the early 1990s Kokonoe stable was one of the largest in sumo but had only one sekitori, Tomoefuji. Kokonoe produced Chiyotenzan a komusubi in 1999, long serving ōzeki Chiyotaikai, his most successful wrestler. Following the retirements of Chiyotaikai in January 2010 and Chiyohakuhō in April 2011, the stable had no sekitori for a short time, but Chiyonokuni reached jūryō in July 2011 and the top division in January 2012. Chiyotairyū followed afterwards and reached makuuchi in May 2012. By March 2014, Kokonoe stable was one of the most successful stables in sumo, with three men in the top division and two in jūryō. In January 2016 the stable moved up to six sekitori with the promotion of Chiyoshōma, the most of any stable. Chiyonofuji died in July 2016. Sanoyama-oyakata succeeded him as the Kokonoe stablemaster.
Traditionally many wrestlers at this stable on reaching the sandanme division, take ring names or shikona that begin with the characters 千代, meaning "a thousand generations", in deference to the founder and his successor Chiyonofuji. As of March 2018, all wrestlers at the stable, including those in the bottom two divisions, have this prefix. 2016–present: 14th Kokonoe 1992-2016: 13th Kokonoe 1977-1992: 12th Kokonoe 1967-1977: 11th Kokonoe Chiyomaru Chiyonokuni Chiyonoō Chiyoōtori Chiyotairyū Chiyoshōma Tanigawa Hideki Kitanofuji Chiyonofuji Hokutoumi Chiyotaikai Kitaseumi Chiyotenzan Takanofuji 3rd Kimura Yōdō Kimura Kōnosuke Shigeo Shigetarō Kaito Tokotake Tokokyū Tokyo, Sumida Ward, Ishihara 4-22-4 15 minute walk from Ryōgoku Station on Sōbu Line Kokonoe-oyakata List of active sumo wrestlers List of past sumo wrestlers Glossary of sumo terms List of sumo stables Official site Japan Sumo Association profile Article on Kokonoe stable
Makuuchi or makunouchi, is the top division of the six divisions of professional sumo. Its size is fixed at 42 wrestlers, ordered into five ranks according to their ability as defined by their performance in previous tournaments; this is the only division, featured on NHK's standard live coverage of sumo tournaments. The lower divisions are shown on their satellite coverage, with only the makuuchi broadcast having bilingual English commentary. Makuuchi means "inside the curtain", a reference to the early period of professional sumo, when there was a curtained-off area reserved for the top ranked wrestlers, to sit before appearing for their bouts. Wrestlers are considered for promotion or demotion in rank before each grand tournament according to their performance in the one previous. A greater number of wins than losses results in a promotion, the reverse results in demotion. There are stricter criteria for promotion to the top two ranks, which are privileged when considered for demotion. At the top fixed positions of the division are the, "titleholder" or san'yaku ranks of yokozuna, ōzeki and komusubi.
There are 8–12 san'yaku wrestlers, with the remainder, called maegashira, ranked in numerical order from 1 downwards. San'yaku means "the three ranks" though it comprises four ranks; the discrepancy arose because the yokozuna was traditionally regarded as an ōzeki with a special license to wear a particular rope around his waist and perform a distinctive ring entry ceremony. In modern use san'yaku has a somewhat flexible definition; this is because the top two ranks of yokozuna and ōzeki have distinctive differences from the lower two ranks and from each other. Therefore, a reference to san'yaku can sometimes mean only the bottom three ranks, or in other cases only sekiwake and komusubi. There must be at least one sekiwake and komusubi on each side of the banzuke two total, but there may be more. Although there is a yokozuna there is no requirement for one, it has sometimes happened that no active yokozuna or no ōzeki were listed in the ranks. If there is more than one yokozuna but only one ōzeki, the lower rank will be filled out by designating one of the yokozuna as yokozuna-ōzeki.
There is no recorded instance of there being ōzeki in total. There are a number of responsibilities associated with the san ` yaku ranks. Any wrestler who reaches one of them is entitled to purchase one of the membership shares in the Japan Sumo Association, regardless of the total number of tournaments they have spent in the top makuuchi division, they may be called on to represent all sumo wrestlers on certain occasions. For example, when the president of the Sumo Association makes a formal speech on the opening and closing days of a tournament, he is flanked by all the san'yaku wrestlers in their mawashi, they may be called to assist in welcoming a VIP, such as the Emperor, to the arena. The san'yaku can be split into two groups: The senior yokozuna and ōzeki, junior sekiwake and komusubi; the former group have special promotion criteria and higher salaries, have additional perks such as a higher number of junior wrestlers to assist them, an entitlement to park in the Sumo Association compound and voting rights in the election for Association directors.
Senior yokozuna and ōzeki have added responsibilities. They are expected to represent wrestler views to the Association, assist in advertising events and meet event sponsors; the latter group and komusubi, have lesser responsibilities and are still eligible for one of the three special prizes, or sanshō that are awarded for exceptional performance at the end of each tournament. Yokozuna is the highest rank in sumo; the name means "horizontal rope" and comes from the most visible symbol of their rank, the rope worn around the waist. The rope is similar to the shimenawa used to mark off sacred areas in Shinto, like the shimenawa it serves to purify and mark off its content; the rope, which may weigh up to 20 kilograms, is not used during the matches themselves, but is worn during the yokozuna's dohyo-iri ring entrance ceremony. As the sport's biggest stars, yokozuna are in many ways the public face of sumo and the way they conduct themselves is scrutinized, as it is seen as reflecting on the image of sumo as a whole.
As of January 2017, a total of 72 sumo wrestlers have earned the rank of yokozuna. The birth of the rank of yokozuna is unclear, there are two competing legends. According to one, a 9th-century wrestler named Hajikami tied a shimenawa around his waist as a handicap and dared any to touch it, creating sumo as it is now known in the process. According to the other, legendary wrestler Akashi Shiganosuke tied the shimenawa around his waist in 1630 as a sign of respect when visiting the Emperor, was posthumously awarded the title for the first time. There is little supporting evidence for either theory—in fact, it is not certain that Akashi existed—but it is known that by November 1789, yokozuna starting from the fourth yokozuna Tanikaze Kajinosuke and the fifth yokozuna Onogawa Kisaburō were depicted in ukiyo-e prints as wearing the shimenawa; these two wrestlers were both awarded yokozuna licences by the prominent Yoshida family. Before the Meiji Era, the title yokozuna was conferred on ōzeki who performed sumo in front of the shōgun.
This privilege was more determined by a wrestler's patron having sufficient influence rather than purely on the ability and dignity of the wrestler. Thus there are a number of early wrestlers. In these early days yokozuna was not re
Shinya Hashimoto was a Japanese professional wrestler and actor. Along with Masahiro Chono and Keiji Mutoh, Hashimoto was dubbed one of the "Three Musketeers" that began competing in New Japan Pro Wrestling in the mid-1980s and dominated the promotion in the 1990s, he is one of three wrestlers that have held the NWA World Heavyweight Championship, the Triple Crown Heavyweight Championship and the IWGP Heavyweight Championship. He is compared to All Japan Pro Wrestling's Toshiaki Kawada, as both are known for their stiff kicks and violent matches. Hashimoto grew up in Toki City in Gifu, began training in judo and karate in his late teens, his training helped him in his transition to professional wrestling, as he joined the NJPW Dojo in April 1984. He made his debut for NJPW in September 1984 at the age of 19. Hashimoto worked on becoming a skilled wrestler over the next few years, travelling whenever necessary to gain more seasoning, such as over in the United States and Puerto Rico, it was in Puerto Rico in 1988 that Hashimoto formed The Three Musketeers with Masahiro Chono and Keiji Mutoh.
Upon Hashimoto's return to New Japan in July 1988, he started to climb his way up the NJPW ladder. By this time, he introduced a martial artist gimmick based on his own background, which he represented by wearing a hachimaki during his ring entrances and utilizing a wrestling style based on shoot kicks, karate strikes and submission holds. In April 1989, he took part in the IWGP Heavyweight Championship tournament at New Japan's first show in the Tokyo Dome. In September 1989, Hashimoto teamed with Masa Saito to win his first gold, the IWGP Tag Team Championship, beating Choshu and Takayuki Iizuka; the two held the belts until the next year, losing in April 1990 to two other up-and-comers: Masahiro Chono and Keiji Mutoh. In August 1991, Hashimoto and Mutoh cemented their status as the aces of NJPW during the G1 Climax, surpassing longtime aces Antonio Inoki, Tatsumi Fujinami, Riki Choshu. In July 1992, he replaced an injured Akira Nogami to team with Hiroshi Hase to participate in the NWA World Tag Team Championship tournament held by World Championship Wrestling.
Hashimoto hit the big time in 1993, as he won the IWGP Heavyweight Championship from the Great Muta in September. Hashimoto held the biggest belt in NJPW for the next seven months before being taken down by the legendary Tatsumi Fujinami. Hashimoto regained the gold only a month in May 1994. For the next year, Hashimoto stayed a dominating force in New Japan, defeating challenger after challenger. In fact, Hashimoto reigned as the IWGP Heavyweight Champion for over a year, losing the belt to Mutoh only two days after celebrating the milestone. A few months after losing the gold, Hashimoto teamed up with Junji Hirata in July 1995 to face and defeat Scott Norton and Mike Enos to win the vacated IWGP Tag Team Championship, making Hashimoto a two-time champion in both divisions. Soon, Hashimoto enjoyed another lengthy championship run, as he and Hirata remained the champions for another year. Hashimoto became a double champion, as he defeated Nobuhiko Takada to regain the IWGP Heavyweight Title on April 29, 1996.
Hashimoto and Hirata lost the tag title in June 1996, when they fell to Takashi Iizuka and Kazuo Yamazaki. Hashimoto soldiered on to focus on the singles gold, as he worked on another lengthy run. In 1997, he was presented with a new championship belt. On August 31, 1997, Hashimoto lost the title to Kensuke Sasaki, after reigning as champion for a record-breaking 489 days. Hashimoto continued to work for NJPW for the next few years, earning another great honor by winning the G1 Climax in 1998. Hashimoto launched into a brutal rivalry against Judo champion Naoya Ogawa in 1997, leading to Hashimoto vowing to retire from NJPW if he lost again, which happened in April 2000, he stayed at New Japan for the New Japan/All Japan "Do Judge!" Card on October 9, where he defeated Tatsumi Fujinami by submission, appeared at the Great Voyage 2000 event for Pro Wrestling Noah on December 23, where he defeated Takao Omori, but he left NJPW as promised. Between 1990 and 1998, Hashimoto took part in various worked mixed martial arts-like bouts in NJPW, called "Different Style Fights", where he defeated the likes of Tony Halme, Ramzin Shibiev and Dennis Lane.
Most of the bouts lasted from 3 to 14 minutes and ended via submission or knockout. Hashimoto registered the Pro Wrestling Zero-One name on November 13, 2000, after being fired from New Japan Pro Wrestling, the promotion had its first show on March 2, 2001. Hashimoto challenged Steve Corino for the NWA World Heavyweight Championship in October 2001; the match ended in controversy. In December 2001, Hashimoto faced off against Corino and Gary Steele in a Triple Threat Match, winning the vacated NWA World Heavyweight Title. Hashimoto's NWA World Title reign would come to an end in March 2002 through duplicitous means, as a crooked referee gave a fast count, allowing Dan Severn to win the title. Hashimoto went back to concentrating on Zero-One, where he was an active competitor. In October 2002, Hashimoto teamed with his old rival, Naoya Ogawa, to win the NWA Intercontinental Tag-Team Title (whi
Chiyonofuji Mitsugu, born Mitsugu Akimoto, was a Japanese champion sumo wrestler and the 58th yokozuna of the sport. Following his retirement as a wrestler, he was the stable master of Kokonoe stable until the time of his death. Chiyonofuji was considered one of the greatest yokozuna of recent times, winning 31 yūshō or tournament championships, second at the time only to Taihō, he was remarkable for his longevity in sumo's top rank, which he held for a period of ten years from 1981 to 1991. Promoted at the age of twenty-six after winning his second championship, his performance improved with age, winning more tournaments in his thirties than any other wrestler and dominating the sport in the second half of the 1980s, he retired in May 1991, just short of his thirty-sixth birthday. This is in contrast to most recent yokozuna who have tended to retire around 30. During his 21-year professional career Chiyonofuji set records for most career victories and most wins in the top makuuchi division, earning an entry in the Guinness World Records.
Both of these records were broken by Kaiō. He won the Kyushu tournament, one of the six annual honbasho, a record eight consecutive years from 1981 until 1988, set the record for the longest postwar run of consecutive wins; that record stood for 22 years until Hakuhō broke it with his 54th straight win in September 2010. In a sport where weight is regarded as vital, Chiyonofuji was quite light at around 120 kg, he relied on superior muscle to defeat opponents. He was the lightest yokozuna since Tochinoumi in the 1960s. Upon his retirement he became an elder of the Japan Sumo Association and became the Kokonoe-oyakata the following year, he was born in a town in the Matsumae District of Hokkaidō, northern Japan. He was a son of a fisherman. At school he excelled in athletics events running, he was scouted at the age of 15 by the Kokonoe stable's head Chiyonoyama, who had served as the 41st yokozuna and was from the same Fukushima town. Chiyonoyama promised him a trip to Tokyo in an airplane, which excited the young Akimoto as he had never flown before.
At the time of his debut he weighed just 71 kg. Chiyonoyama died in 1977, at which time Kitanofuji, the 52nd yokozuna and a Hokkaidō native, took over the stable, his shikona 千代の富士 was formed from those of the two previous yokozuna from his stable and Kitanofuji. 千代 is a word used to mean forever. 富士 is the same as that in 富士山. His nickname was "The Wolf" due to masculine facial features. Chiyonofuji began his career in September 1970, he reached the second highest jūryō division in November 1974, was promoted to the top makuuchi division in September 1975. However, he lasted for only one tournament before being demoted again, recurring shoulder dislocation injuries led to him falling back to the unsalaried ranks, he won promotion back to the top division in January 1978. After he got a fighting spirit prize in May, he reached komusubi for the first time. During his early top division career he was compared with another lightweight wrestler, popular with sumo fans, Takanohana I. Takanohana had first come across Chiyonofuji whilst on a regional tour and encouraged him to give sumo a try.
He advised Chiyonofuji to give up smoking, which helped him put on some extra weight. In 1979, due to his shoulder trouble, Chiyonofuji fell to the second division, but he soon came back to the top division. Encouraged by his stablemaster, he began to rely not only on throwing techniques, which increased the risk of reinjuring his shoulders, but on gaining ground and forcing out his opponents. Showing much more consistency, he earned three kinboshi in total in March and July 1980 tournaments, where he got technique prizes, he fought again as a komusubi in May and September tournaments, in the latter of which he won 10 matches in the top division for the first time. He reached sekiwake, stayed at this rank for only two tournament; as a sekiwake, he scored 11–4 in November, in January 1981 he scored 14–1, losing only one regular match to dominating yokozuna Kitanoumi, defeated him in the subsequent playoff to win a top makuuchi division title for the first time. This earned him promotion to ōzeki, the second-highest rank.
While making these speedy rises, he got technique prizes in three consecutive tournaments to that in January, where he received an outstanding performance prize. As an ōzeki he scored well in the following three tournaments to July 1981, where he again defeated Kitanoumi and won his second title. After this victory, he was promoted to the 58th in sumo history. Chiyonofuji had to pull out of his first tournament as a Yokozuna with an injury, but he returned to win the championship in November, defeating Asashio in a playoff, he said that this victory was the foundation upon which he built his subsequent success as a yokozuna. He was to win the Kyushu tournament eight consecutive years from 1981 to 1988, a record dominance of any of the six honbasho; as his rival Kitanoumi went into a long slump, Chiyonofuji dominated sumo in 1982, winning four of the six tournaments. However, over the next two years, another yokozuna Takanosato, emerged to challenge him, he suffered a number of injury problems.
He was restricted to just one championship in the nine tournaments held from May 1983 to September 1984. But Kitanoumi retired in January 1985, with the aging Takanos
The G1 Climax is a professional wrestling tournament held each August by the New Japan Pro-Wrestling promotion. Though it has sometimes been held as a single-elimination tournament, it is held as a round-robin, with winners from two blocks wrestling in the final to decide that year's winner. In its current format, the tournament lasts four weeks; the winner of each block is determined by a points system. NJPW had an annual tournament since 1974 under various names: the World League. Most of these tournaments were dominated by NJPW's founding top star Antonio Inoki. Although the 1983 winner, Hulk Hogan, was awarded a championship belt, this is not the beginning of the IWGP Heavyweight Championship, but an its early version, defended annually against the winner of the IWGP League of the year; the current IWGP Heavyweight Championship arrived only in 1987. In 1989, there was a World Cup Tournament. No tournament was held in 1990. With Inoki's dominance over NJPW gone, the promotion established the G1 Climax tournament in 1991 as a platform to showcase the company's top heavyweights and have them compete in round-robin matches where the winners of the two divisions would square off in the tournament finals.
NJPW's president Seiji Sakaguchi named the tournament after the G1 horse race. Though considered a continuation of the previous tournaments NJPW does not recognize the earlier tournaments as part of the G1 Climax lineage; the first G1 was held from August 7 to August 1991, at Tokyo's Ryōgoku Kokugikan. The winner of the tournament, assuming they are not the champion, has traditionally earned a shot at the IWGP Heavyweight Championship. Since 2012, the winner has earned the "Tokyo Dome IWGP Heavyweight Championship challenge rights certificate", a contract for a title shot at NJPW's largest event, Wrestle Kingdom in Tokyo Dome, held annually on January 4. Much like WWE's Money in the Bank contract, the certificate is kept in a briefcase that the wrestler has to defend until the end of the year. Since its inception, the contract has never changed hands in these matches. In 2015, the tournament format was changed with NJPW reducing the number of G1 Climax matches per show, giving the participating wrestlers more time to rest between matches.
This increased the tournament's length to four weeks. In 2016, Kenny Omega became the first gaijin wrestler to win the tournament; the G1 Climax tournament has been used as a platform for NJPW to push their rising stars. Wins by young up-and-comers over Japanese legends would take their respective careers to new heights; the first tournament was created to make stars out of Keiji Mutoh, Masahiro Chono and Shinya Hashimoto, three NJPW wrestlers who had just returned to the promotion from their overseas learning excursions. Past winners include Mutoh, Hashimoto, Yuji Nagata, Hiroshi Tanahashi, others who have gone on to become wrestling superstars. Unlike the New Japan Cup, the G1 Climax features the then-reigning IWGP Heavyweight Champion as one of the participants, except in 1992, 2001, 2004 and 2008, when then-champions Riki Choshu, Kazuyuki Fujita, Keiji Mutoh did not compete in the tournament. Being labeled as a favorite to win the tournament, the IWGP Heavyweight Champion has reached the final five times, the first one being in 1995 when Keiji Mutoh won the tournament.
Mutoh would lose the final to Manabu Nakanishi. Other then-reigning champions to reach the final include Kensuke Sasaki in 2000, Kazuyuki Fujita in 2005 and Yuji Nagata in 2007. Mutoh and Sasaki are the only two wrestlers to have won the G1 Climax while holding the IWGP Heavyweight Championship. Overall, Antonio Inoki holds the record for most tournament wins with ten, while Masahiro Chono with his five wins holds the record for most tournament wins under its G1 Climax name. Hiroyoshi Tenzan has taken part in the G1 Climax tournament a record 21 times; the opening night of the 2019 G1 Climax will take place on July 6 at the American Airlines Center in Dallas, marking the first time any G1 Climax show has taken place outside Japan. The 1974 World League ran from April 5 to May 8, 1974; the tournament began with 16 wrestlers, eight Japanese and eight Internationals, placed into groups accordingly. All first round matches featured the Japanese against the International; the top four finishers from both groups advanced to a second round of round-robin competition.
The 1975 World League ran from April 4 to May 16, 1975. The tournament featured 16 wrestlers; the top five finishers advanced to a knockout round, with the top finisher receiving a bye to the final. The 1976 World League ran from April 2 to May 11, 1976; the tournament featured 14 wrestlers. The top finisher advanced to the final match of the tournament, to face the winner of a three-wrestler round-robin semifinal round; the 1977 World League ran from April 21 to May 30, 1977. The tournament featured 11 wrestlers; the 1978 MSG League ran from April 21 to May 30, 1978. The tournament featured nine wrestlers; the 1979 MSG League ran from April 27 to June 7, 1979. The tournament featured 10 wrestlers; the 1980 MSG League ran from April 25 to June 5, 1980. The tournament featured 10 wrestlers; the 1981 MSG League ran from May 8 to June 4, 1981
Shibuya is a special ward in Tokyo, Japan. A major commercial and business center, it houses the two busiest railway stations in the world, Shinjuku Station and Shibuya Station; as of May 1, 2016, it has an estimated population of 221,801 and a population density of 14,679.09 people per km2. The total area is 15.11 km2. The name "Shibuya" is used to refer to the shopping district which surrounds Shibuya Station, one of Tokyo's busiest railway stations; this area is known as one of the fashion centers of Japan for young people, as a major nightlife area. Shibuya was the site of a castle in which the Shibuya family resided from the 11th century through the Edo period. Following the opening of the Yamanote Line in 1885, Shibuya began to emerge as a railway terminal for southwestern Tokyo and as a major commercial and entertainment center; the village of Shibuya was incorporated in 1889 by the merger of the villages of Kami-Shibuya, Naka-Shibuya and Shimo-Shibuya within Minami-Toshima County. The village covered the territory of modern-day Shibuya Station area as well as the Hiroo, Daikanyama and Ebisu areas.
Shibuya became a town in 1909. The town of Shibuya merged with the neighboring towns of Sendagaya and Yokohama to form Shibuya suburban ward of Tokyo-fu in 1932. Tokyo-fu became Tokyo Metropolis in 1943, the present-day Shibuya-ku was established as an urban special ward on March 15, 1947; the Tokyu Toyoko Line opened in 1932, making Shibuya a key terminal between Tokyo and Yokohama, was joined by the forerunner of the Keio Inokashira Line in 1933 and the forerunner of the Tokyo Metro Ginza Line in 1938. One of the best-known stories concerning Shibuya is the story of Hachikō, a dog who waited on his late master at Shibuya Station every day from 1923 to 1935 becoming a national celebrity for his loyalty. A statue of Hachikō was built adjacent to the station, the surrounding Hachikō Square is now the most popular meeting point in the area. During the occupation of Japan, Yoyogi Park was used as a housing compound for U. S. personnel known as "Washington Heights." The U. S. military left in 1964, much of the park was repurposed as venues for the 1964 Summer Olympics.
The ward itself served as part of the athletics 50 km walk and marathon course during the 1964 games. Shibuya has achieved great popularity among young people since the early 1980s. There are several famous fashion department stores in Shibuya. Shibuya 109 is a major shopping center near Shibuya Station famous as the origin of the kogal subculture. Called "Ichi-Maru-kyū," which translates as 1–0–9 in Japanese, the name is a pun on that of the corporation that owns it — Tōkyū; the contemporary fashion scene in Shibuya extends northward from Shibuya Station to Harajuku, where youth culture reigns. During the late 1990s, Shibuya became known as the center of the IT industry in Japan, it was called "Bit Valley" in English, a pun on both "Bitter Valley", the literal translation of "Shibuya", as well as bit, the computer term for binary digits. During the early morning of January 1, 2019, a 21-year-old man named Kazuhiro Kusakabe drove his minicar into the crowd of pedestrians celebrating New Year's Day on Takeshita Street.
The man claimed his actions were a terrorist attack, stated that his intention was to retaliate against the usage of the death penalty. The man was soon apprehended by authorities in a nearby park. Shibuya includes many well-known commercial and residential districts such as Daikanyama, Harajuku, Higashi, Omotesandō, Yoyogi. Hatagaya Sasazuka, Honmachi Yoyogi Uehara, Ōyamachō, Hatsudai, Motoyoyogichō, Yoyogikamizonochō Sendagaya Sendagaya, Jingūmae Ebisu-Ōmukai Kamiyamachō, Udagawachō, Shōtō, Shinsenchō, Maruyamachō, Dōgenzaka, Nanpeidaichō, Sakuragaokachō, Hachiyamachō, Uguisudanichō, Sarugakuchō, Daikan'yamachō, Ebisuminami Hikawa-Shimbashi Shibuya, Ebisu, Hiroo Shibuya is run by a city assembly of 34 elected members; the mayor is an independent backed by the Liberal Democratic Party and Komeito. Shibuya mayoral election, 2003 In 2015, as the council passed "Ordinance for Promoting Respect of Gender Equality and Diversity in the Ward", Shibuya Ward became the first Japanese municipality that issues same-sex partnership certificates According to this ordinance, same-sex couples who live in Shibuya are allowed "to rent apartments together, have gained hospital visitation rights as family members".
Shimizu expects the ordinance to bring three benefits to same-sex couples: " rental housing within the ward, medical institutions within the ward, employment conditions within the ward". In order to apply for the certificate, couples must be 20-years-old or older residents of Shibuya Ward and have to state that "their relationship is based on love and mutual trust" in a notarized document. Koyuki Higashi and Hiroko Masuhara, a lesbian couple, were the first to receive this certification. Since the Shibuya Ward passed the ordinanc
Hiroyoshi Yamamoto is a Japanese professional wrestler who works for New Japan Pro-Wrestling, is better known by his ring name Hiroyoshi Tenzan. With Satoshi Kojima, in 2008, they won the World's Strongest Tag Determination League in All Japan Pro Wrestling and the G1 Tag League in NJPW, becoming the only tag team which has done both, he is a record 12-time IWGP Tag Team Champion. He is a former National Wrestling Alliance World Heavyweight Champion. Hiroyoshi Yamamoto first worked for New Japan Pro-Wrestling, he debuted in January 1991. In 1993, after winning the Young Lions Cup, NJPW sent Yamamoto on a European excursion. A few weeks he lost the title to Storm. Three months he would regain and lose the title back to Storm. After spending nearly two years in Europe, Yamamoto would make his return to NJPW on January 4, 1995, at the Tokyo Dome, this time under a new name, Hiroyoshi Tenzan; the name was given to him by Tokyo Joe. A month he received his first shot at the IWGP Heavyweight Championship in a losing effort against Shinya Hashimoto.
Tenzan began teaming with Masahiro Chono as Team Wolf. In June 1995, Tenzan and Chono won the IWGP Tag Team Championship in a tournament, which they held for a month until the title was vacated due to Chono missing a match when his father died. Tenzan had a brief tenure in World Championship Wrestling, most notably being defeated by "Macho Man" Randy Savage at Starrcade'95: World Cup of Wrestling. In July 1996, Tenzan and Chono won the IWGP Tag Team Title again, this time beating Kazuo Yamazaki and Takashi Iizuka, they held the titles for over 5 months before losing to Tatsumi Fujinami and Kengo Kimura in January 1997. A few weeks Tenzan became a founding member of NWO Japan, as Chono joined the nWo in December 1996. For the rest of 1997, Tenzan and the rest of nWo Japan continued the nWo tradition of attacking their various enemies. Tenzan got his third chance for the IWGP Tag Team Titles in July 1998, after Chono's former tag-team partner Keiji Mutoh was injured. Tenzan and Chono went on to win the belts.
A month they were defeated by Genichiro Tenryu and Shiro Koshinaka. Tenzan continued to feud with Tenryu and Koshinaka getting a new partner in Satoshi Kojima, thanks to Mutoh's leadership in nWo Japan; the two teams fought at the Tokyo Dome in January 1999, with Tenzan and Kojima coming through, defeating Koshinaka and Tenryu to get the IWGP Tag-Team belts. A few months Koshinaka retook the titles from Tenzan and Kojima, with his partner Kensuke Sasaki. For the next year, Tenzan continued to wrestle in NJPW, feuding with Koshinaka, Masahiro Chono, Manabu Nakanishi, others, he defeated Wild Pegasus at the Tokyo Dome in January 2000. In July 2000, still teamed with Kojima, got the IWGP Tag Team Titles for the 5th time, winning over Manabu Nakanishi and Yuji Nagata. Tenzan and Kojima feuded with Nakanishi and Nagata for the next few months, with Tenzan and Kojima coming out on top. On February 24, 2002, Tenzan made a brief appearance at WWA The Revolution pay-per-view from Las Vegas, Nevada where he choked Disco Inferno.
Scott Steiner attacked Disco in the ring. Tenzan could be seen sitting right behind the announcer's table, he can be seen leaving the arena following Steiner's attack on Disco. Tenzan won the IWGP Tag Team Titles in March 2002 with Masahiro Chono, again in December 2003 with Osamu Nishimura. After he and Chono lost the IWGP Tag Team titles to Hiroshi Tanahashi and Yutaka Yoshie, Tenzan went on a brief excursion to Canada in the summer of 2003, training with Tokyo Joe Daigo; when he returned for the G1 Climax, he transformed his wrestling style from a buffalo to an anaconda. The excursion worked. In November 2003, Tenzan won the IWGP Heavyweight Championship from Yoshihiro Takayama, he would go on to drop the title less than a month to unlikely victor Shinsuke Nakamura, who, at the young age of 23, became the youngest world champion in company history. Tenzan proceeded to win it three other times, he lost the championship to AJPW Triple Crown Heavyweight Champion Kojima in a cross-promotional champion vs. champion match.
The match had a unique finish designed to fool fans in attendance. The idea was to make it look. However, with just seconds before the match would be declared a time limit draw, known to have a legitimate back injury, could not continue, resulting in Kojima being declared the winner and becoming the new IWGP Heavyweight Champion. NJPW officials had come up with the finish, designed to look like a "mistake", having agreed with AJPW that it would be better if Kojima won the match, but not wanting the match to end in a standard pinfall or submission. Tenzan defeated Kojima in a rematch three months bringing the championship back to NJPW, he lost the championship to Kazuyuki Fujita on July 18, 2005. Tenzan competed in the 2005 G1 Tournament, and