click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Taif Agreement

The Taif Agreement was an agreement reached to provide "the basis for the ending of the civil war and the return to political normalcy in Lebanon". Negotiated in Ta'if, Saudi Arabia, it was designed to end the decades-long Lebanese Civil War, reassert Lebanese authority in Southern Lebanon, though the agreement set a time frame for Syrian withdrawal and stipulated that the Syrians withdraw in two years, it was signed on 22 October 1989 and ratified by the Lebanese parliament on 5 November 1989. The treaty was fathered by the Speaker of the Parliament Hussein El-Husseini and negotiated in Ta'if, Saudi Arabia, by the surviving members of Lebanon's 1972 parliament; the agreement came into effect with the active mediation of Saudi Arabia, discreet participation by the United States, behind-the-scenes influence from Syria. The agreement covered political reform, the ending of the Lebanese Civil War, the establishment of special relations between Lebanon and Syria, a framework for the beginning of complete Syrian withdrawal from Lebanon.

Since Rafik Hariri was a former Saudi diplomatic representative, he played a significant role in constructing the Taif Agreement. It is argued that the Taif Accord reoriented Lebanon toward the Arab world Syria. In other words, the Taif Accord positioned Lebanon as a country with "an Arab identity and belonging." The agreement was finalized and confirmed only after the development of an anti-Saddam Hussein international alliance. The alliance included Saudi Arabia, Syria and the United States. On the other hand, the agreement gained the blessing of Iran. Therefore, it internationally supported for Syria's guardianship over Lebanon; the agreement formed the principle of "mutual coexistence" between Lebanon's different sects and their "proper political representation" as the main objective of post-civil war parliamentary electoral laws. It restructured the National Pact political system in Lebanon by transferring some of the power away from the Maronite Christian community, given a privileged status in Lebanon under the period of French rule.

Prior to the agreement, the Sunni Muslim Prime Minister was appointed by and responsible to the Maronite President. After the Taif agreement the Prime Minister was responsible to the legislature, as in a traditional parliamentary system. Therefore, the agreement changed the power-sharing formula that had favoured the Christians to a 50:50 ratio and enhanced the powers of the Sunni Prime Minister over those of the Christian president. Prior to the Taif negotiations, a Maronite Christian, General Michel Aoun, had been appointed Prime Minister by President Amine Gemayel on 22 September 1988; this had caused a serious political crisis of a split premiership, as the post was reserved for a Sunni Muslim due to the National Pact of 1943, Omar Karami held this office. The Taif agreement helped to overcome this crisis by preparing the election of a new president; the agreement provided for the disarmament of all national and non national militias. Hezbollah was allowed to stay armed in its capacity as a "resistance force" rather than a militia, fighting Israel in the south, a privilege obtained – according to the Swedish academic Magnus Ranstorp – in part by using its leverage as holder of a number of Western hostages.

Although the Taif Agreement identified the abolition of political sectarianism as a national priority, it provided no timeframe for doing so. The Chamber of Deputies was increased in size to 128 members, shared between Christians and Muslims, rather than elected by universal suffrage that would have provided a Muslim majority. A cabinet was established divided between Christians and Muslims. According to As'ad AbuKhalil, the agreement diminished the power of the President to the benefit of the Council of Ministers, although there is ongoing debate about whether this power has shifted to the Council as a whole or the Prime Minister, he noted that the agreement extended the term of the Speaker of the Lebanese Parliament from one year to four years, although the position "remains without meaningful authority". The agreement was ratified on 5 November 1989; the Parliament met on the same day at the Kleyate air base in North Lebanon and elected President René Moawad, 409 days after Amine Gemayel vacated this position upon the expiration of his term in 1988.

Moawad was unable to occupy the Presidential Palace, still in use by General Michel Aoun. Moawad was assassinated seventeen days in a car bombing in Beirut on 22 November 1989 as his motorcade returned from Lebanese Independence Day ceremonies, he was succeeded by Elias Hrawi, who remained in office until 1998. History of Lebanon UN Security Council Resolution 1559 2017 Lebanon–Saudi Arabia dispute Confessionalism

Pioneer Square totem pole

The Pioneer Square totem pole referred to as the Seattle totem pole and as the Chief-of-All-Women pole, is a Tlingit totem pole located in Pioneer Square in downtown Seattle, Washington. The original totem pole was carved in 1790 and raised in the Tlingit village on Tongass Island, Alaska to honor the Tlingit woman Chief-of-All-Women; the totem pole was stolen by Seattle businessmen on an expedition to Alaska and subsequently gifted to the City of Seattle in 1899, where it was raised in Pioneer Square and became a source of civic pride. The totem pole was damaged by arson and a replica was commissioned and installed in its place in 1940, now designated a National Historic Landmark; the totem pole was carved around the year 1790 and belonged to the Kinninook family, a Tlingit clan of the Raven moiety. It was carved to honor Chief-of-All-Women, a Tlingit woman who drowned in the Nass River while traveling to visit an ill sister, her family hired a carver and gathered to tell him stories they wanted represented on her totem pole.

When the totem pole was complete, they organized a potlatch and raised the totem pole in her honor in the Tlingit village on Tongass Island. It was one of the few totem poles dedicated to a woman. In 1899, the Seattle Post-Intelligencer sponsored an expedition of "leading Seattle citizens" to the District of Alaska; the expedition was meant to be a "goodwill tour," with a mixture of business and pleasure, the goal of investigating increased trade and investment in Alaska. However as the Klondike Gold Rush came to an end, civic leaders wanted to solidify Seattle as the "Gateway to Alaska" and the Seattle Chamber of Commerce included a committee of prominent businessmen on the expedition. On August 17, 1899, the expedition set sail on the steamship City of Seattle with a total of 165 men and women; the expedition included stops at Vancouver, Mary Island, New Metlakahtla, Wrangel, the Treadwell Mines, Lake Bennett, Pyramid Harbor, Glacier Bay, Muir Glacier, Killisnoo and Victoria. On the morning of August 28, 1899, the City of Seattle stopped at the Tlingit village at Fort Tongass when members of the Chamber of Commerce committee spotted multiple totem poles.

The village appeared to be deserted and they decided to take a totem pole as a souvenir. Third mate R. D. McGillvery and other members of the expedition went ashore and McGillvery described the events as:The Indians were all away fishing, except for one who stayed in his house and looked scared to death. We picked out the best looking totem pole... I took a couple of sailors ashore and we chopped it down—just like you'd chop down a tree, it was too big to roll down the beach, so we sawed it in two. During the process, McGillvery and the other sailors broke the beak on the bottom figure, incorrectly reconstructed. A carving of a seal, about 8 feet in length, was taken from the Tlingit village. After the totem pole was floated back to the ship, the Chamber of Commerce committee collectively paid McGillvery $2.50 for his labor. The expedition returned to Seattle on August 30, 1899, the Chamber of Commerce committee subsequently presented the totem pole to the Seattle City Council as a gift to the city.

The totem pole was repaired and stored at the Denny Hotel in Denny Hill under watch of three members of the Chamber of Commerce committee. On October 18, 1899, the totem pole was raised in Pioneer Square in downtown Seattle and was "greeted by cheers of a multitude of people." At the ceremony, city officials praised the Chamber of Commerce committee for their gift and assured the gathered crowd that no one had owned the totem pole and that the expedition saved it from its certain destruction. The Tlingit however, with the exception of the elderly and small children, had been away for the fishing and cannery season when the City of Seattle arrived at Fort Tongass and they were shocked to discover the totem pole gone when they returned. David E. Kinninook, a descendant of Chief-of-All-Women, Tlingit witnesses of the theft contacted the governor of the District of Alaska John Green Brady and demanded legal action and $20,000 for the totem pole; the Kinninook family sent a delegation to Seattle in an unsuccessful attempt to retrieve the totem pole.

The demand for legal action led to a federal grand jury in Alaska indicting eight men on the Chamber of Commerce committee for theft of government property. Attorney William H. Thompson, on the expedition, defended the indicted men and stated that:The village has long since been deserted... Here the totem will voice the natives' deeds with surer speech than if lying prone on moss and fern on the shore of Tongass Island; the suit was dismissed after a U. S. District Court Judge stopped in Seattle on the way to his new Alaska posting and was entertained at the private Rainier Club; the City of Seattle was allowed to keep the totem pole and the Chamber of Commerce committee was charged a nominal fine of $500, which the Seattle Post-Intelligencer paid on their behalf. In the interim, the totem pole had become a source of civic pride for Seattle and was featured on post cards and brochures. In 1909, Seattle hosted the Alaska–Yukon–Pacific Exposition, which in part celebrated the transformation of Seattle from a small town to a booming city, the totem pole was featured on the official brochure.

The totem pole had lost all association with the Tlingit owners and a 1910 article described it as the "totem pole that made Seattle famous." In October 1938, the totem pole was damaged by an arsonist and was found to be too damaged by dry rot for repair. The United States Forest Service was directing a totem pole restoration

Permabooks

Permabooks was a paperback division of Doubleday, established by Doubleday in 1948. Although published by Doubleday's Garden City Publishing Company in Garden City, Long Island, the Permabooks editorial office was located at 14 West 49th Street in Manhattan. Promoted with the slogans Books of Permanent Value for Permanent Use and Books to Keep, the early Permabooks were priced at 35 cents, they did not feature the flexible covers associated with paperback books. Instead, as the name implies, the first Permabooks were designed in a more durable format with board covers; the interior looked like a paperback, but the exterior, measuring 4⅜" wide by 6½" deep, gave the impression of a reduced-size hardcover. The edges of the stiff, unflexible board cover extended 1/8" past the trim of the interior pages; the concept was heralded in a back cover blurb: Permabooks combine the virtues of handiness for the pocket and durability for the library shelf. They are selected with care to provide reliable books for recreation.

Each has been bound in boards with special wear-resistant finish. The initial format only lasted three years, with Doubleday switching to the standard paperback appearance in 1951, as indicated by Hyde Park Books' breakdown of the numbering sequence: The binding influenced editorial decisions. There was no sense publishing a durable book that no one had reason to keep, so the first titles were Best-Loved Poems, How to Write Letters, Best Quotations for All Occasions and other reference-style works; the numbering sequence: P1-P92, hardbacks. Plus, P5, P7, P25, P65, P89 were re-issued as paperback without being re-numbered. In 1954, the company was purchased by Pocket Books, which began numbering Permabooks with M1000, skipped to M1600, skipped for the third title to M2001, skipped yet again to M3002 for the fourth title, numbered sequentially until M5014, when it jumped to M7500; the Perma Star imprint began in 1952. Perma Special, which began that year, was a higher quality line selling for 50 cents.

These imprints included originals by Ed McBain. In 1954, Doubleday sold Permabooks to Pocket Books, which kept the Permabooks name as one of their imprints, issuing both originals and reprints. P1 Best Loved Poems edited by Richard Charlton MacKenzie, 1948 P2 How to Write Letters for All Occasions by Sheff and Ingalls P3 Best Quotations for All Occasions P4 Common Errors in English and How to Avoid Them by Alexander M. Witherspoon, PhD P5 The Standard Bartender's Guide by Patrick Gavin Duffy, 1948 P6 Sex and the Love Life by William J. Fielding, 1948 P7 Eat and Reduce! by Victor H. Lindlahr P8 The Stainless Steel Kimono by Elliott Chaze, 1948 - *P8 Best Jokes for All Occasions" edited by Moulton P9 Ida Bailey Allen's Cookbook" P10 The Conquest of Fear by Basil King, 1948 P11 How Shall I Tell My Child? A Parent's Guide to the Sex Education of Children by Belle S. Mooney, 1948 P13 Something to Live By by Dorothea Kopplin P14 Sight Without Glasses by Dr. Harold M. Peppard P15 Blackstone's Tricks Anyone Can Do by Harry Blackstone, 1948 P16 Fortune Telling for Fun and Popularity by Paul Showers P17 The Handy Encyclopedia of Useful Information by Lewis Copeland.

Research Editors: Robert Rahtz, Leonard D. Abbott, Paul Doring P19 Good English Made Easy by J. Milnor Dorey P20 Mathematics for Home and Business by William L. Schaaf, Ph. D. P21 Modern Sex Life by Edwin W. Hirsch, B. S. M. D. P25 Handy Legal Adviser for Home and Business by Samuel G. Kling P26 What Your Dreams Mean by Herbert Hespro P32 Photography as a Hobby by Fred B. Barton P33 Winning Poker by Oswald Jacoby P34 The Handy Book of Hobbies by Geoffrey Mott-Smith, 1949 P36 Astrology for Everyone by Evangeline Adams P37 Numerology by Morris C. Goodman P38 Three Famous French Novels Madame Bovary, Mlle. de Maupin, Sapho P39 Character Reading Made Easy by Meier P40 Stop Me If You've Heard This One by Lew Lehr, Cal Tinney, Roger Bower, 1949 P41 Best Short Stories of Jack London P42 The Art of Living by Norman Vincent Peale, D. D. P43 The Human Body and How it Works by Tokay P44 A Handy Illustrated Guide to Football P45 The Golden Book of Prayer edited by D. B. Aldrich P47 A Handy Illustrated Guide to Basketball P48 Better Speech for You by Daniel P. Eginton, PhD P50 Psychoanalysis and Love by Andre Tridon P52 A Handy Illustrated Guide to Bowling P53 A Handy Illustrated Guide to Boxing P54 Magic Explained by Walter B.

Gibson P55 The Handy Book of Indoor Games by Geoffrey Matt-Smith P57 Understanding Human Nature by Alfred Adler P58 Charles H. Goren's Bridge Quiz Book" P59 Reading Handwriting for Fun and Popularity by Dorothy Sara P60 Be Glad You're Neuroticby louis E. Bisch, PhD P61 Grammar Made Easy by Richard D. Mallery P62 Permabook of Art Masterpieces, Explanatory Text by Ray Brock P63 The Handy Book of Gardening by Wilkinson and Tiedjens P64 The Meaning of Psychoanalysis by Martin W. Peck P65 Know Your Real Abilities by C. V. and M. E. Broadley P66 Stories of Famous Operas by Harold V. Milligan P67 The Science Fiction Galaxy edited by Groff Conklin P68 How to Use Your Imagination to Make Money by C. B. Roth P69 Favorite Verse of Edgar A. Guest P70 Perma Handy World Atlas P71 Goren's Canasta Up-to-Date by Charles H. Goren P72 Meditations and My Daily Strength by Preston Bradley P73 Personality Pointers by Jill Edwards P74 South Sea Stories of W. Somerset Mougham P75 Manners for Millions by Sophie C.

Hadida P76 The Care and Handling of Dogs by Jack Baird P77 A Handy Illustrated Guide to Baseball P78 Buried Treasure by Ken Krippene P79 Everyday Speech by Bess Sondel P80 The New Standard Ready Reckoner P81 How to Read Palms by Litzka Raymond, 1950 P82 The Perma Week-End Companion edited by

Big Sandy River (Arizona)

The Big Sandy River is both an intermittent and perennial stream in Mohave and La Paz counties in northwestern Arizona in the United States. It begins where Cottonwood Wash and Trout Creek converge in the Hualapai Indian Reservation east of U. S. Route 93 flows past Wikieup south of Kingman; the Big Sandy River passes the Signal Ghost Town Site, meanders through the Arrastra Mountain Wilderness, joins the Santa Maria River in Southern Mohave County to form the Bill Williams River. The Bill Williams River empties into Alamo Lake State Park; the Big Sandy River is 55.7 miles long. The Big Sandy drainage basin covers 2,000 square miles in Mohave, La Paz, Yavapai counties; the Hualapai Mountains are west of the river, the Aquarius and Mohon Mountains lie to the east and southeast, the Juniper Mountains further east, the Peacock Mountains and Cottonwood Mountains to the north. Hualapai Peak at 8,417 feet is the highest point in the basin; the river flows through the Arrastra Mountain Wilderness. The Big Sandy River flows year-round south of the Signal Ghost Town site and intermittently above this site.

In the period of 2007-2016, the surface water flow of the Big Sandy at the USGS monitoring site at the Signal Ghost Town ranged from a minimum of 22 US gallons per second to a maximum output of nearly 524,000 US gallons per second during flooding in early 2010. Except for the northeastern part of the basin, aquifers supply a median well flow of 300 US gallons per minute and up to 2,000 US gallons per minute at Cane Springs, along Route 93 north of Wikieup; the largest spring in the Bill Williams River watershed is south of Cane Springs in the Big Sandy watershed. Much of the water pumped from the basin is used in mining operations in the Bill Williams area; the Big Sandy basin, as of 2000, had a population of 1,142 people. The Big Sandy River basin is home to numerous plants endemic to the region. An endangered bird, the southwestern willow flycatcher, resides in the basin, which has one of the few riparian areas remaining in Arizona. Wild Burros, a protected species, live in the river valley along with ring-tailed cats, mountain lions and elk.

Plant species include sycamores and cottonwoods. In 2001, the Line Siting Committee of the Arizona Corporation Commission voted 8–1 to deny a request to build a power plant in the basin, on grounds of environmental incompatibility; the proposed plant, fueled by natural gas, would have required 2,400 to 2,500 US gallons of water a minute to cool its steam turbines. In April 2015, the US Department of the Interior and Byner Cattle Co. a subsidiary of Freeport-McMoRan, proposed an agreement to transfer water rights from the Byner Cattle Co.'s Planet Ranch holdings on the Bill Williams River to the Big Sandy Basin pumping wells. According to the agreement, water will be pumped from Byner Cattle Co/Freeport wells to the mining town of Bagdad, Arizona in neighboring Yavapai County. Mohave County, which would lose water rights and tax revenue, filed an opposition to the agreement at the Arizona Department of Water Resources: "Mohave County, filed a letter of opposition with ADWR objecting to the Sever and Transfer Applications.

ADWR has not taken final action on the Sever and Transfer Applications or the Objections."The agreement allows Freeport to pump and divert an additional 10,055 acre-feet of water per year from the Big Sandy Basin. According to the Arizona Department of Water Resources, 96% of all pumped water from the Big Sandy Basin is used for mining purposes; the basin's average annual recharge is 22,000 acre-feet. The Hualapai Tribe, in exchange for their agreement to the water deal, received a $1 million donation for business development from Freeport. List of rivers of Arizona Department of Water Resources from the state of Arizona Power plant application from the state of Arizona Alamo Lake State Park from the state of Arizona

History of slavery in Vermont

Adult slavery was abolished in Vermont July 1777 by a provision in its Constitution that male slaves become free at the age of 21 and females at the age of 18. Chapter I of the Constitution, titled "A Declaration of the Rights of the Inhabitants of the State of Vermont" said:... no male person, born in this country, or brought from over sea, ought to be holden by law, to serve any person, as a servant, slave or apprentice, after he arrives to the age of twenty-one Years, nor female, in like manner, after she arrives to the age of eighteen years, unless they are bound by their own consent, after they arrive to such age, or bound by law, for the payment of debts, fines, costs, or the like. The state of Vermont was created in 1777 by settlers who had purchased their land from the colonial governor of New Hampshire and resisted subsequent attempts by New York's colonial government to exert jurisdiction over the area called the New Hampshire Grants; these settlers, who named the former New Hampshire Grants "Vermont", wished to create a popular government representing their interests, among them abolishing slavery.

After 1777, Vermont was denied admission to the Union and existed as a unrecognized state until it was admitted to the Union as the fourteenth state in 1791. Vermont's admission to the Union made the state subject to the Fugitive Slave Clause of the Constitution of the United States requiring fugitive slaves fleeing into a state whose laws forbid slavery to be returned; the state was subject to the Fugitive Slave Acts of 1793 and 1850, allowing slave owners to recover fugitive slaves who fled to Vermont. Harvey Amani Whitfield's book, The Problem of Slavery in Early Vermont, reports that among those violating the abolition of slavery were Vermont Supreme Court Judge Stephen Jacob and Levi Allen, brother of the military leader Ethan Allen. In 1858 the "Freedom Act" was ratified; the 1790 census of the United States did not reach Vermont until the following year, 1791, because the government of Vermont took the position that Vermont was not a part of the United States until its admission to the Union in 1791.

The 1790 census as published showed 16 slaves in all in Bennington County. This was due to a compilation error. A CURIOUS CENSUS ERROR REPORTED 17 SLAVES HELD IN VERMONT IN 1790 A clerical error in the office of the United States Census Bureau in its report of the first census taken in Vermont in 1790 makes that report say that there were 17 negro slaves in Vermont that year, as against the understood and repeated assertion that no person was held in bondage in this state. Vermont declared against slavery in 1777, that declaration has always been adhered to, it is true that the printed report of the United States census of 1790 gave sixteen slaves to Vermont, all of them in Bennington County. But it has long been known that that first census, as given to the public, contained numerous errors, that this assignment of slaves to Vermont was one of them; the facts are that in consequence of the discovery of many errors in the reports of previous censuses, Gen. Francis A. Walker, superintendent of the census of 1870, instituted a critical comparison of the printed reports of previous censuses with the manuscript returns of the same on file in the census bureau.

In the course of this examination Mr. George D. Harrington, chief clerk of the bureau, made the important discovery that in compiling the returns of Vermont the careless clerk or copyist who did the work transferred the footing of the column of "free colored persons to the foot of the adjoining column of "slaves." Gen. Walker, in his introduction to ninth census report, noted the discovery in the following words:— "A single result of these examinations into the earliest censuses has enough of curious and substantial interest to be noted here; the State of Vermont was, in the publication of the first census, that of 1790, put down as numbering among its inhabitants sixteen slaves. In subsequent publications this number was by a clerical or typographical error changed to seventeen; the reexamination of the original census roll of Vermont at the census of 1790, for the purpose of this republication, brought to light what had never before been suspected—that these sixteen persons appeared upon the return of the assistant marshal as "Free colored."

By a simple error of compilation they were introduced into a column for slaves. Under the corrected table for Vermont on a subsequent page of that volume will be found the following note: "An examination of the original manuscript returns shows that there were never any slaves in Vermont; the original error occurred in preparing the result for publication when sixteen persons returned as'free colored' were classified as'slaves.' " It is remarkable that this erroneous assignment of slaves to Vermont should have gone uncorrected for eighty years. It was not because Vermonters of that day did not know better, for the Vermont Gazette, printed at Bennington by Anthony Haswell, in its issue of Sept. 26, 1791, said, "The return of the marshal's assistant for the county of Bennington shows tha

Weekly Young Jump

Weekly Young Jump, launched in 1979, is a weekly Japanese magazine that publishes various seinen manga in each issue. It is published by Shueisha under the Jump line of magazines; the chapters of series that run in Weekly Young Jump are collected and published in tankōbon volumes under the "Young Jump Comics" imprint every four months. Many of the featured series are known to contain a fair amount of sexual content; the magazine is headquartered in Tokyo. Weekly Young Jump has a special issue, called Young Jump Gold, Young Jump Battle and Young Jump Love, and Weekly Young Jump has sister magazines called Ultra Jump, Grand Jump, Jump X. Weekly Young Jump was launched in 1979 as Young Jump and was designed to be a seinen alternative to their popular Weekly Shōnen Jump anthology that targets a younger male audience; the Young in Weekly Young Jump is a manga magazine cliché, the translation of "seinen" meaning "young" or "youth." In 2008 Rozen Maiden from Monthly Comic Birz was set to restart in the Weekly Young Jump magazine.

In 2008 an offshoot issue similar to Monthly Shōnen Jump was released called Monthly Young Jump. There are twenty-five manga titles being serialized in Weekly Young Jump. Out of twenty-five series, two series are serializing monthly and one series is in hiatus. 81 Diver Addicted to Curry All You Need Is Kill Arcana B Gata H Kei Blue Heaven Captain Tsubasa Road to 2002 Captain Tsubasa: Golden-23 Captain Tsubasa: Kaigai Gekito Hen in Calcio Captain Tsubasa: Kaigai Gekito Hen En La Liga Colorful Cyclops Shōjo Saipūū Demon Fighter Kocho Elfen Lied Gantz Girl Friend Gokukoku no Brynhildr Hamatora Hanappe Bazooka Hen Hibi Rock Himōto! Umaru-chan Hotman Innocent Inubaka: Crazy for Dogs Jiya Kamen Teacher Kamen Teacher Black Kappa no Kaikata Kirara Kokou no Hito Kōkō Tekken-den Tafu Liar Game Mad Bull 34 MazinSaga Me~teru no Kimochi Minamoto-kun Monogatari Minna Agechau My Dear Marie Neko Janai mon! Nozomi Witches Oku-sama wa Joshi Kōsei Papa no Iukoto o Kikinasai!〜Rojō Kansatsu Kenkyū Nisshi〜 Rozen Maiden Salaryman Kintaro Samurai Gun Skyhigh Skyhigh Karma Skyhigh shinjō Spirit Warrior Spirit Warrior: Taimaseiden Spirit Warrior: Magarigamiki Supinamarada!

Tokyo Ghoul Tokyo Ghoul:re Tough Usogui Yokokuhan -The Copycat- Zetman Young Jump Gold is a spin-off issue of Weekly Young Jump, first published on July, 2017. It includes Weekly Young Jump series' side stories. Shueisha launched a spin-off magazine called Young Jump Battle in October 2019, it focuses on manga from the battle manga genre. The first issue will have 5 one-shots from Young Jump mangaka. A spin-off focused on romance manga called Young Jump Love launched on winter 2020. Weekly Shonen Jump Ultra Jump Official website