Yokohama is the second largest city in Japan by population and most populous municipality of Japan. It is the city of Kanagawa Prefecture. It lies on Tokyo Bay, south of Tokyo, in the Kantō region of the island of Honshu. It is a commercial hub of the Greater Tokyo Area. Yokohamas population of 3.7 million makes it Japans largest city after the Special Wards of Tokyo, Yokohama was a small fishing village up to the end of the feudal Edo period, when Japan held a policy of national seclusion, having little contact with foreigners. It was initially agreed that one of the ports to be opened to ships would be the bustling town of Kanagawa-juku on the Tōkaidō. However, the Tokugawa shogunate decided that Kanagawa-juku was too close to the Tōkaidō for comfort, the Port of Yokohama was officially opened on June 2,1859. Yokohama quickly became the base of trade in Japan. Kannai, the trade and commercial district, was surrounded by a moat. To protect British commercial and diplomatic interests in Yokohama a military garrison was established in 1862, with the growth in trade increasing numbers of Chinese came to settle in the city.
Recreational sports introduced to Japan by foreign residents in Yokohama included European style horse racing in 1862, cricket in 1863, after the Meiji Restoration of 1868, the port was developed for trading silk, the main trading partner being Great Britain. In 1887, a British merchant, Samuel Cocking, built the citys first power plant, at first for his own use, this coal-burning plant became the basis for the Yokohama Cooperative Electric Light Company. The city was incorporated on April 1,1889. The early 20th century was marked by growth of industry. Entrepreneurs built factories along reclaimed land to the north of the city toward Kawasaki, much of Yokohama was destroyed on September 1,1923 by the Great Kantō earthquake. The Yokohama police reported casualties at 30,771 dead and 47,908 injured, fuelled by rumours of rebellion and sabotage, vigilante mobs thereupon murdered many Koreans in the Kojiki-yato slum. Many people believed that Koreans used black magic to cause the earthquake, martial law was in place until November 19.
Rubble from the quake was used to land for parks
Sea of Japan
The Sea of Japan is a marginal sea between the Japanese archipelago and the Asian mainland. The Japanese archipelago separates the sea from the Pacific Ocean and it is bordered by Japan, North Korea and South Korea. Like the Mediterranean Sea, it has almost no tides due to its nearly complete enclosure from the Pacific Ocean and this isolation reflects in the fauna species and in the water salinity, which is lower than in the ocean. The sea has no islands, bays or capes. Its water balance is determined by the inflow and outflow through the straits connecting it to the neighboring seas. Few rivers discharge into the sea and their contribution to the water exchange is within 1%. The seawater has a concentration of dissolved oxygen that results in high biological productivity. Therefore, fishing is the dominant economic activity in the region, the intensity of shipments across the sea has been moderate owing to political issues, but it is steadily increasing as a result of the growth of East Asian economies.
The sea is called Rìběn hǎi or originally Jīng hǎi in China, Yaponskoye more in Russia, Chosŏn Tonghae in North Korea, a naming dispute exists about the sea name, with South and North Korea promoting the English translation of its native name East Sea. In Europe, the sea is called Mer du Japon in French, Japanisches Meer in German, Mar del Giappone in Italian, in Southeast Asia, the sea is called Laut Jepun in Malay, Laut Jepang in Indonesian, and Dagat Hapon in Filipino. The International Hydrographic Organization defines the limits of the Japan Sea as follows, the Northeastern limit of the Eastern China Sea and the Western limit of the Inland Sea. A line running from Nagoya Saki in Kyûsyû through the islands of Uma Sima, from the extremity of Siriya Saki to the extremity of Esan Saki. A line joining Sôni Misaki and Nishi Notoro Misaki, from Cape Tuik to Cape Sushcheva. The Sea of Japan was once a landlocked sea when the bridge of East Asia existed. The onset of formation of the Japan Arc was in Early Miocene, the Early Miocene period corresponds to incipient opening of the Japan Sea, and the northern and southern parts of the Japanese archipelago that were separated from each other.
During the Miocene, there was expansion of Sea of Japan, the northern part of the Japanese archipelago was further fragmented at periods until the orogenesis of the northeastern Japanese archipelago began in the Late Miocene. The southern part of the Japanese archipelago remained as a large landmass. The land area had expanded northward in the Late Miocene, the orogenesis of high mountain ranges in the northeastern Japan started in Late Miocene and it lasts in Pliocene also
The Shinkansen is a network of high-speed railway lines in Japan operated by five Japan Railways Group companies. The nickname bullet train is used in English for these high-speed trains. The maximum operating speed is 320 km/h, test runs have reached 443 km/h for conventional rail in 1996, and up to a world record 603 km/h for maglev trains in April 2015. Shinkansen literally means new trunk line, referring to the rail line network. The name Superexpress, initially used for Hikari trains, was retired in 1972 but is used in English-language announcements. The original Tōkaidō Shinkansen, connecting the largest cities of Tokyo, carrying 151 million passengers per year, and at over 5 billion total passengers it has transported more passengers than any other high-speed line in the world. The service on the line operates much larger trains and at higher frequency than most other high speed lines in the world. At peak times, the line carries up to thirteen trains per hour in direction with sixteen cars each with a minimum headway of three minutes between trains.
While the Shinkansen network has been expanding, Japans declining population is expected to cause ridership to decline over time, the recent expansion in tourism has boosted ridership marginally. Japan was the first country to build dedicated railway lines for high-speed travel, because of the mountainous terrain, the existing network consisted of 1,067 mm narrow-gauge lines, which generally took indirect routes and could not be adapted to higher speeds. Consequently, Japan had a greater need for new high-speed lines than countries where the standard gauge or broad gauge rail system had more upgrade potential. Other significant people responsible for its development were Tadanao Miki, Tadashi Matsudaira. They were responsible for much of the development of the first line. All three had worked on aircraft design during World War II, the popular English name bullet train is a literal translation of the Japanese term dangan ressha, a nickname given to the project while it was initially being discussed in the 1930s.
The name stuck because of the original 0 Series Shinkansens resemblance to a bullet and these plans were abandoned in 1943 as Japans position in World War II worsened. However, some construction did commence on the line, several tunnels on the present-day Shinkansen date to the war-era project, by the mid-1950s the Tōkaidō Line was operating at full capacity, and the Ministry of Railways decided to revisit the Shinkansen project. In 1957, Odakyu Electric Railway introduced its 3000 series SE Romancecar train and this train gave designers the confidence that they could safely build an even faster standard gauge train. Thus the first Shinkansen, the 0 series, was built on the success of the Romancecar, in the 1950s, the Japanese national attitude was that railways would soon be outdated and replaced by air travel and highways as in America and many countries in Europe
Ibaraki Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan, located in the Kantō region on the main island of Honshu. Ibaraki Prefecture was previously known as Hitachi Province, in 1871, the name of the province became Ibaraki. It has a border on the southwest with Saitama Prefecture, the northernmost part of the prefecture is mountainous, but most of the prefecture is a flat plain with many lakes. As of 1 April 2012, 15% of the land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely Suigo-Tsukuba Quasi-National Park. The Hitachi company was founded in the Ibaraki city of the same name, as of March 2011, the prefecture produced 25% of Japans bell peppers and Chinese cabbage. Ibarakis population is increasing modestly as the Greater Tokyo region spreads out, Ibaraki is known for nattō, or fermented soybeans, in Mito, watermelons in Kyōwa, and chestnuts in the Nishiibaraki region. Ibaraki is famous for the art of Aikido founded by Ueshiba Morihei. Ueshiba spent the part of his life in the town of Iwama, now part of Kasama.
There are castle ruins in many cities, including Mito, Kasama is famous for Shinto, art culture and pottery. The capital Mito is home to Kairakuen, one of Japans three most celebrated gardens, and famous for its over 3,000 Japanese plum trees of over 100 varieties, the correct pronunciation is Ibaraki. According to the author of Not Ibaragi, this is most likely due to a mishearing of the softening of the k sound in Ibaraki dialect. Official Ibaraki Prefecture homepage The E-Ibaraki Report and commentary of foreigners living in Ibaraki, produced by the International Affairs Division, Ibaraki Prefecture Ibaraki Japan
Mito is the capital city of Ibaraki Prefecture, in the northern Kantō region of Japan. As of September 2015, the city has an population of 270,953. Its total area is 217.32 km², the Yamato people settled in Mito around the 4th century CE. Around the end of the Heian period, Baba Sukemoto, a warlord of the Heike clan, moved to Mito and built a castle there. Ieyasus son Tokugawa Yorifusa was given Mito Castle, becoming head of one of the three branches of the clan qualified to provide a new shogun should the main family line fail. The Kōdōkan was the largest of the han schools, the capital of Edo was directly connected to Mito by the Mito Kaidō. The Tokugawa ruled Mito until the Meiji restoration, the modern city of Mito was formed on April 1,1889 with the establishment of the municipalities system. It was one of the first 31 cities in Japan, with a population of 25,000, it was designated as the prefectural capital. By 1900, the Joban Line connected Mito to Tokyo, and by 1910, more than three-quarters of the city was burned to the ground during the Mito air raid of August 2,1945, just before the end of World War II.
The borders of Mito expanded in 1955-1958 through the annexation of the villages of Kamiono, Yoshida, Kawawada, Yanagawa and Iitomi. The village of Tsunezumi was annexed in 1992, in 2001, Mito was designated a special city with increased local autonomy. The neighboring town of Uchihara was annexed in 2005, the city suffered from severe damage in the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami with 25,982 houses completely or partially destroyed, there were only two fatalities. Mito is located in central Ibaraki Prefecture, Ibaraki Prefecture Hitachinaka Kasama Naka Ibaraki Ōarai Shirosato Mito has a humid subtropical climate with hot summers and cool winters. Precipitation is significant throughout the year, but the months are somewhat drier. Mito is primarily a commercial center and administrative city as most industry in Ibaraki is concentrated around the nearby cities of Tsukuba or Hitachi. Mito has a modest but thriving industry, centered on the Kairaku-en gardens. Ibaraki Korean Primary and High School, a North Korean school, is in the city, constructed by Tokugawa Nariaki in 1842, the park is known nationwide for its ume trees.
Many people come to the park in spring to view the blossoms, in summer, Mito holds the Mito Koumon Festival
Kawasaki is a city in Kanagawa Prefecture, located between Tokyo and Yokohama. It is the 9th most populated city in Japan and one of the main cities forming the Greater Tokyo Area, Kawasaki is governed by mayor Norihiko Fukuda, an independent elected on 27 October 2013. The city assembly has 63 elected members, Kawasaki mayoral election,2005 Kawasaki Stadium, Located in Kawasaki-ku. Opened in 1952, and was used as a field for professional baseball teams from 1954 to 1991. The stands were taken down in 2001, and is used for American football games. Kawasaki Todoroki Baseball Stadium, Located in Nakahara-ku, used for preliminary rounds of high school baseball and American football games. Todoroki Arena, Seating capacity for 6,500 spectators, Home playing ground of the Toshiba Brave Thunders Kanagawa, Todoroki Athletics Stadium, Located in Nakahara-ku. Opened in 1964, the stadium underwent several renovations before becoming the field for the Kawasaki Frontale. Also used frequently for track & field competitions, Kawasaki Prefectural Gymnasium, Located in Kawasaki-ku.
Opened in 1956, and is used for Puroresu matches,20 minutes walking distance from Kawasaki Stations east entrance. Kawasaki Todoroki Arena, Located in Nakahara-ku, international field athletics and volleyball matches are held here, in addition to various musical concerts. Velodrome, Kawasaki Velodrome Kawasaki Keiba Fujitsus Main Branch is located in Nakahara-ku, Kawasaki has several factories and development bases of the companies of heavy industry and high technology. In 1997 it became the first municipality to allow non-Japanese nationals to take civil service employment, Todoroki Ryokuchi, athletic park Fujiko F. Fujio Museum, known as Doraemon museum, opened on September 3,2011, in Tama-ku Ward. Kawasaki is twinned with the cities in Japan and worldwide
Mie Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan, which is part of the Kansai region on the main Honshu island. The capital is the city of Tsu, until the Meiji Restoration, the area that is now Mie Prefecture was made up of Ise Province, Shima Province, Iga Province and part of Kii Province. Evidence of human habitation in Mie dates back more than 10,000 years, during the Jōmon and Yayoi periods, agricultural communities began to form along the river and coastal areas of the region. During the Edo period, the now known as Mie Prefecture consisted of several feudal domains. Transport networks, including the Tokaido and Ise Roads, were built, port towns such as Ohminato, Kuwana and Anōtsu, posting stations and castle towns flourished. Pilgrimages to Ise Shrine became very popular, after the Meiji Restoration, the former provinces of Ise and Iga as well as a portion of eastern Kii, were organized and reorganized repeatedly. In 1871 the area from the Kiso Three Rivers in the north to present-day Tsu became Anōtsu Prefecture, in 1872, the Anōtsu prefectural seat moved from Tsu to Yokkaichi, and the prefecture itself was renamed Mie.
The name Mie supposedly was taken from a comment about the region made by Yamato Takeru on his way back from conquering the eastern regions. In 1959 many lives were lost as parts of Mie were devastated by the Ise-wan Typhoon, crops were destroyed, sea walls ruined and railways damaged and a substantial number of people were injured or left homeless. In May 2016, the city of Shima hosted the 42nd G7 summit, Mie Prefecture forms the eastern part of the Kii Peninsula, and borders on Aichi, Shiga, Kyoto and Wakayama. Traditionally, the Iga region of Mie is considered to have always been a part of Kansai. Mie has a coastline that stretches 1,094.9 km and, as of 2000, Mies 5,776.44 km2 landmass is 64. 8% forest,11. 5% agriculture, 6% residential area,3. 8% roads, and 3. 6% rivers. The remaining 10. 3% are not classified, the Ise Plain has a relatively moderate climate, averaging 14 to 15 degrees Celsius for the year. The Iga Basin has more daily temperature variance and averages temperatures 1 to 2 degrees cooler than the Ise Plain, southern Mie, south of the Shima Peninsula, has a warmer Pacific marine climate, with Owase Region having one of the heaviest rainfall figures for all of Japan.
Traditional handicrafts such as Iga Braid, Yokkaichi Banko Pottery, Suzuka Ink, Iga Pottery, with 65% of the prefecture consisting of forests and with over 1,000 km of coastline, Mie has a long been associated with forestry and seafood industries. Mie produces tea, cultured pearls and fruit, food production companies include Azuma Foods. Northern Mie is home to a number of manufacturing industries, mainly transport machinery manufacturing, as well as this, Mie Prefecture is expanding into more advanced industries including the manufacture of semiconductors and liquid crystal displays. In Suzuka, the Honda Motor Company maintains a factory established in 1960 that built the Honda Civic as well as other vehicles, kumano Kodō - World Heritage Site
A megalopolis is typically defined as a chain of roughly adjacent metropolitan areas. S. Extending from Boston, through New York City, Baltimore, the latter is sometimes called the BosWash megalopolis. Megalopolis is a Western deformation of the Greek word that derived from Greek, μέγας - great and Greek, πόλις - city and this term is closer in meaning to megacity. Because in Greek, πόλις is feminine, the term is megalopolis. A megalopolis, known as a megaregion, is a network of cities. Gottmann defined its population as 25 million, doxiadis defined a small megalopolis a similar cluster with a population of about 10 million. America 2050, a program of the Regional Plan Association, lists 11 megaregions in the United States, megalopolis in Greek means a city of exaggerated size where the prefix megalo- represents a quantity of exaggerated size. Megapolitan areas were explored in a July 2005 report by Robert E. Lang, a 2007 article by Lang and Nelson uses 20 megapolitan areas grouped into 10 megaregions.
The concept is based on the original Megalopolis model, modern interlinked ground transportation corridors, such as rail and highway, often aid in the development of megalopolises. Using these commuter passageways to travel throughout the megalopolis is informally called megaloping and this term was coined by Davide Gadren and Stefan Berteau. Cairo–Giza–Qalyubia–Helwan–6th of October City, Egypt The area around the Nile is densely populated. Nile River Delta Governorates have a population of 41,045,135. The total area of these Governorates is 18,199 square miles making the population density 2,255.4 per square mile, the Nairobi Metropolitan Region consisting of the counties of in Kenya, which have a combined population of 8 million people. Pearl River Delta Megalopolis, if Shantou/Quanzhou added 70,000,000, within 150 km from its center Shenyang, it has Fushun, Anshan City, Liaoyang, Yingkou and Tieling, with a total population of 23 million. And it can be extended to Dalian and Dandong. This area used to be the most industrialized region in China and it declined during 1980s-1990s, but in recent years, it has rapidly revived.
Taiheiyō Belt – Ibaraki, Chiba, Kanagawa, Aichi, Mie, Osaka, Hyōgo, Okayama, Yamaguchi, the total population is 24 million according to the 2011 estimate. Kathmandu valley, which consists of 5 municipalities namely Kathmandu, Bhaktapur and Madhyapur Thimi, along with the cities of Banepa, Panauti