Giovanni "Ninetto" Davoli is an Italian actor who became known through his roles in several of Pier Paolo Pasolini's films. Davoli was born in San Pietro a Calabria, he was discovered by poet and film director Pier Paolo Pasolini, who had begun a relationship with Davoli a 15-year-old boy, in 1963. Pasolini considered him to be "the great love of his life", he cast him in his 1966 film Uccellacci e uccellini, co-starred with celebrated comic Totò, Pasolini became the youth's mentor and friend. "Even though their sexual relations lasted only a few years, Ninetto continued to live with Pasolini and was his constant companion, as well as appearing in six more of his films."First cast in a non-speaking role in the film Il vangelo secondo Matteo, Davoli played comical-naïve roles in several more of Pasolini's films, the last of, Il fiore delle Mille e una Notte. After Pasolini's death in 1975, Davoli turned to television productions. In May 2015 Davoli was announced as recipient of a special Nastro d'Argento Career Award.
Il vangelo secondo Matteo Uccellacci e uccellini Requiescant Le streghe Capriccio all'Italiana Edipo re Caprice Italian Style Teorema Porcile Amore e rabbia Ostia Il Decameron Er Più – storia d'amore e di coltello Storia di fifa e di coltello - er seguito del più Il maschio ruspante I Racconti di Canterbury La Tosca Storie scellerate Il lumacone Appassionata Amore mio, non farmi male Unbelievable Adventures of Italians in Russia Il fiore delle Mille e una Notte Pasqualino Cammarata... capitano di fregata Frankenstein all'italiana Qui comincia l'avventura Il vizio ha le calze nere Prendimi, straziami che brucio di passione L'agnese va a morire Amore all'arrabbiata Spogliamoci, così senza pudor Death Hunt Casotto Malabestia La liceale seduce i professori Good News Maschio.. Femmina... fiore... frutto Il cappotto di Astrakan The Tyrant's Heart Il minestrone Il conte Tacchia Marie Ward Occhei, occhei Momo Animali metropolitani Le rose blu La ragazza del metrò L'anno prossimo vado a letto alle dieci I magi randagi Cinématon #1824 Una vita non violenta Uno su due Pasolini Le avventure di Calandrino e Buffalmaco Addavenì quel giorno e quella notte Sogni e bisogni - Er Caramella La romana L'altro enigma - Il barbone Il vigile urbano L'avvocato porta - Remondino La banda Vite a prendere - Enrico Feroci Siciliano, Enzo.
Pasolini: A Biography. New York: Random House. P. 167. Ninetto Davoli on IMDb
The Independent is a British online newspaper. Established in 1986 as a politically independent national morning newspaper published in London, it was controlled by Tony O'Reilly's Independent News & Media from 1997 until it was sold to Russian oligarch Alexander Lebedev in 2010; the last printed edition of The Independent was published on Saturday 26 March 2016, leaving only its digital editions. Nicknamed the Indy, it began as a broadsheet, but changed to tabloid format in 2003; until September 2011, the paper described itself on the banner at the top of every newspaper as "free from party political bias, free from proprietorial influence". It tends to take a pro-market stance on economic issues; the daily edition was named National Newspaper of the Year at the 2004 British Press Awards. In June 2015, it had an average daily circulation of just below 58,000, 85 per cent down from its 1990 peak, while the Sunday edition had a circulation of just over 97,000. Launched in 1986, the first issue of The Independent was published on 7 October in broadsheet format.
It was produced by Newspaper Publishing plc and created by Andreas Whittam Smith, Stephen Glover and Matthew Symonds. All three partners were former journalists at The Daily Telegraph who had left the paper towards the end of Lord Hartwell's ownership. Marcus Sieff was the first chairman of Newspaper Publishing, Whittam Smith took control of the paper; the paper was created at a time of a fundamental change in British newspaper publishing. Rupert Murdoch was challenging long-accepted practices of the print unions and defeated them in the Wapping dispute. Production costs could be reduced which, it was said at the time, created openings for more competition; as a result of controversy around Murdoch's move to Wapping, the plant was having to function under siege from sacked print workers picketing outside. The Independent attracted some of the staff from the two Murdoch broadsheets who had chosen not to move to his company's new headquarters. Launched with the advertising slogan "It is. Are you?", challenging both The Guardian for centre-left readers and The Times as the newspaper of record, The Independent reached a circulation of over 400,000 by 1989.
Competing in a moribund market, The Independent sparked a general freshening of newspaper design as well as, within a few years, a price war in the market sector. When The Independent launched The Independent on Sunday in 1990, sales were less than anticipated due to the launch of the Sunday Correspondent four months prior, although this direct rival closed at the end of November 1990; some aspects of production merged with the main paper, although the Sunday paper retained a distinct editorial staff. In the 1990s, The Independent was faced with price cutting by the Murdoch titles, started an advertising campaign accusing The Times and The Daily Telegraph of reflecting the views of their proprietors, Rupert Murdoch and Conrad Black, it featured spoofs of the other papers' mastheads with the words The Rupert Murdoch or The Conrad Black, with The Independent below the main title. Newspaper Publishing had financial problems. A number of other media companies were interested in the paper. Tony O'Reilly's media group and Mirror Group Newspapers had bought a stake of about a third each by mid-1994.
In March 1995, Newspaper Publishing was restructured with a rights issue, splitting the shareholding into O'Reilly's Independent News & Media, MGN, Prisa. In April 1996, there was another refinancing, in March 1998, O'Reilly bought the other shares of the company for £30 million, assumed the company's debt. Brendan Hopkins headed Independent News, Andrew Marr was appointed editor of The Independent, Rosie Boycott became editor of The Independent on Sunday. Marr introduced a dramatic if short-lived redesign which won critical favour but was a commercial failure as a result of a limited promotional budget. Marr admitted his changes had been a mistake in My Trade. Boycott left in April 1998 to join the Daily Express, Marr left in May 1998 becoming the BBC's political editor. Simon Kelner was appointed as the editor. By this time the circulation had fallen below 200,000. Independent News spent to increase circulation, the paper went through several redesigns. While circulation increased, it did not approach the level, achieved in 1989, or restore profitability.
Job cuts and financial controls reduced the quality of the product. Ivan Fallon, on the board since 1995 and a key figure at The Sunday Times, replaced Hopkins as head of Independent News & Media in July 2002. By mid-2004, the newspaper was losing £5 million per year. A gradual improvement meant. In November 2008, following further staff cuts, production was moved to Northcliffe House, in Kensington High Street, the headquarters of Associated Newspapers; the two newspaper groups' editorial and commercial operations remained separate, but they shared services including security, information technology and payroll. On 25 March 2010, Independent News & Media sold the newspaper to Russian oligarch Alexander Lebedev for a nominal £1 fee and £9.25m over the next 10 months, choosing this option over closing The Independent and The Independent on Sunday, which would have cost £28m and £40m due to long-term contracts. In 2009, Lebedev had bought a controlling stake in the London Evening Standard. Two weeks editor Roger Alton resigned.
In July 2011, The Independent's columnist Johann Hari was stripped of the Orwell Prize he had won in 2008 after claims, to which Hari admitted, of plagiarism and inaccuracy. In January 2012, Chris Blackhurst
Foulath Mohammed Hadid was an Iraqi writer, expert on Arab affairs. Born in Baghdad in 1937, the son of the Marxist Iraqi economist, cabinet minister and democracy advocate Mohammed Hadid and the brother of Haytham Hadid and the noted architect Zaha Hadid, his mother Wajiha al-Sabunji was an artist from Mosul, his father being a founding member of the Iraqi National Democratic Party, Foulath Hadid was influenced by his father's political views as he grew up in a household where other leading members of the Party were regular visitors. He attended Victoria College in Alexandria in Egypt from 1947 to 1956 before studying Law at Christ's College, Cambridge, he went on to study Business at Harvard University and became a Fellow of the Institute of Chartered Accountants. He opened an office for the accountancy firm Arthur Young in Beirut and became a Partner in Peat and Mitchell, he met his wife Lalla Kenza Alaoui while both were working in Washington, DC. Their daughter Tala Hadid is a painter and award-winning film-maker].
The family divided their time between North America and the Middle East. A keen sportsman, Hadid was a regular visitor in the Royal Box at Wimbledon. On his retirement Hadid was introduced to St Antony's College by his friend Patrick Seale and was elected to a Senior Associate Membership to enable him to edit and publish Mudhakkarati in 2006, the memoirs of his father Mohammed Hadid; the book was hailed as one of the most important Arab political memoirs of recent years. Years before the Arab Spring it was Hadid's belief that one day the Arab people would rise up and demand political freedom. "He condemned European imperialism, American hegemony, autocratic Arab governments in denying the Arab people their legitimate aspirations." Having been accepted to read for a Doctor of Philosophy degree at Oxford he began working on his thesis, a history of Iraq's democracy movement in the 1940s and 1950s. However, instead he finished the work as his next book, Iraq's Democratic Moment, published posthumously in 2012.
He received an advance copy at his hospital bed. During his 12 years involvement at St Antony's Hadid raised funds to establish an annual award to support doctoral students in Middle Eastern studies, the Hadid Scholarship. At his suggestion his sister Zaha Hadid designed a major new building for the Middle East Centre. In addition, he aided Warden Margaret MacMillan in securing the funding which allowed the College to begin a transforming building complex, completed in 2013. For his services to the College Hadid was elected to an Honorary Fellowship in 2004, the Hadid Room, the College's meeting room, was named in his honour. Foulath Hadid died in September 2012 after a short illness and was survived by his wife, his daughter Tala, his son Nik Williams, his elder brother Haytham Hadid and his sister Zaha Hadid, the latter having subsequently died in 2016, he is buried with his father and sister in Brookwood Cemetery
Morocco the Kingdom of Morocco, is a country located in the Maghreb region of North West Africa with an area of 710,850 km2. Its capital is the largest city Casablanca, it overlooks the Mediterranean Sea to the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Morocco claims the areas of Ceuta, Melilla and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera, all of them under Spanish jurisdiction. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid and Almohad dynasties, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa; the Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, allowing Morocco to remain the only northwest African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, which rules to this day, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, it regained its independence in 1956, has since remained comparatively stable and prosperous by regional standards.
Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco occupies two thirds of the territory, peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock; the unitary sovereign state of Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors; the king can issue decrees called dahirs. He can dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court.
Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, its official languages are Arabic and Berber. E; the Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, French are widely spoken. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Sephardi Jews, West African and European influences. Morocco is a member of the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union, it has the fifth largest economy of Africa. The full Arabic name al-Mamlakah al-Maghribiyyah translates to "Kingdom of the West". For historical references, medieval Arab historians and geographers sometimes referred to Morocco as al-Maghrib al-Aqṣá to distinguish it from neighbouring historical regions called al-Maghrib al-Awsaṭ and al-Maghrib al-Adná; the basis of Morocco's English name is Marrakesh, its capital under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad Caliphate. The origin of the name Marrakesh is disputed, but is most from the Berber words amur akush or "Land of God"; the modern Berber name for Marrakesh is Mṛṛakc. In Turkish, Morocco is known as a name derived from its ancient capital of Fes.
However, this was not the case in other parts of the Islamic world: until the middle of the 20th century, the common name of Morocco in Egyptian and Middle Eastern Arabic literature was Marrakesh. The English name Morocco is an anglicisation of the Spanish "Marruecos", from which derives the Tuscan "Morrocco", the origin of the Italian "Marocco"; the area of present-day Morocco has been inhabited since Paleolithic times, sometime between 190,000 and 90,000 BC. A recent publication may demonstrate an earlier habitation period, as Homo sapiens fossils discovered in the late 2000s near the Atlantic coast in Jebel Irhoud were dated to 315,000 years before present. During the Upper Paleolithic, the Maghreb was more fertile than it is today, resembling a savanna more than today's arid landscape. Twenty-two thousand years ago, the Aterian was succeeded by the Iberomaurusian culture, which shared similarities with Iberian cultures. Skeletal similarities have been suggested between the Iberomaurusian "Mechta-Afalou" burials and European Cro-Magnon remains.
The Iberomaurusian was succeeded by the Beaker culture in Morocco. Mitochondrial DNA studies have discovered the Saami of Scandinavia; this supports theories that the Franco-Cantabrian refuge area of southwestern Europe was the source of late-glacial expansions of hunter-gatherers who repopulated northern Europe after the last ice age. Northwest Africa and Morocco were drawn into the wider emerging Mediterranean world by the Phoenicians, who established trading colonies and settlements in the early Classical period. Substantial Phoenician settlements were at Chellah and Mogador. Mogador was a Phoenician colony as early as the early 6th century BC. Morocco became a realm of the Northwest African civilisation of ancie
The Romani, colloquially known as Gypsies or Roma, are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group, traditionally itinerant, living in Europe and the Americas and originating from the northern Indian subcontinent, from the Rajasthan and Punjab regions of modern-day India. Genetic findings appear to confirm that the Romani "came from a single group that left northwestern India about 1,500 years ago." Genetic research published in the European Journal of Human Genetics "revealed that over 70% of males belong to a single lineage that appears unique to the Roma." They are a dispersed people, but their most concentrated populations are located in Europe Central and Southern Europe. The Romani originated in northern India and arrived in Mid-West Asia and Europe around 1,000 years ago, they have been associated with another Indo-Aryan group, the Dom people: the two groups have been said to have separated from each other or, at least, to share a similar history. The ancestors of both the Romani and the Dom left North India sometime between the 6th and 11th century.
The Romani are known among English-speaking people by the exonym Gypsies, which some people consider pejorative due to its connotations of illegality and irregularity. Since the 19th century, some Romani have migrated to the Americas. There are an estimated one million Roma in the United States. Brazil includes a notable Romani community descended from people deported by the Portuguese Empire during the Portuguese Inquisition. In migrations since the late 19th century, Romani have moved to other countries in South America and to Canada. In February 2016, during the International Roma Conference, the Indian Minister of External Affairs stated that the people of the Roma community were children of India; the conference ended with a recommendation to the Government of India to recognize the Roma community spread across 30 countries as a part of the Indian diaspora. The Romani language is divided into several dialects which together have an estimated number of speakers of more than two million; the total number of Romani people is at least twice as high.
Many Romani are native speakers of the dominant language in their country of residence or of mixed languages combining the dominant language with a dialect of Romani. French bohème, bohémien, from the Kingdom of Bohemia, where they were incorrectly believed to have come from, carrying writs of protection from King Sigismund of Bohemia. French gitan, English gypsy, Spanish gitano, Catalan gitano, Italian gitano, Portuguese cigano, Turkish kipti, all from Greek Αἰγύπτιος Aigýptios "Egyptian", Hungarian fáreónépe from Greek φαραώ pharaó "pharaoh" – referring to their Egyptian provenance. Usage of "gypsy" and derived words differs between groups as some Roma groups use this word as a self-identifier while others consider this word a racial slur. English tzigane, Spanish zíngaro, cíngaro, French tzigane, Old High German zigeuner, German Zigeuner, Dutch zigeuner, Danish sigøjner, Swedish zigenare, Norwegian sigøynere Old Church Slavic ациганинъ atsyganin, Italian zingaro, Romanian țigan, Hungarian cigány, Serbo-Croatian cigan, Albanian cigan, Polish cygan, Czech cikán, Portuguese cigano, Turkish çigan, Azerbaijani çıqan, Slovak cigán or cigáň, Venetian singano, Russian цыгане tsygane, Ukrainian цигани tsyhany, Lithuanian čigonai, Latvian čigāni, Georgian ციგანი.
Due to the negative connotations of referring to an ethnic group as "untouchable" words derived from this source are considered derogatory and outdated by modern Roma peoples. Albanian Jevg, gabel, Magjup Azerbaijani qaraçı Arabic Nawar and Zott. Egyptian Arabic ghager Rom means husband in the Romani language, it has the variants dom and lom, related with the Sanskrit words dam-pati, lom, loman, romaça. Another possible origin is from Sanskrit डोम doma. In the Romani language, Rom is a masculine noun, meaning'man of the Roma ethnic group' or'man, husband', with the plural Roma; the feminine of Rom in the Romani language is Romni. However, in most cases, in other languages Rom is now used for people of both genders. Romani is the feminine adjective; some Romanies use Rom or Roma as an ethnic name, while others do not use this term as a self-ascription for the entire ethnic group. Sometimes and romani are spelled with a double r, i.e. rrom and rromani. In this case rr is used to represent the phoneme /ʀ/, which in some Romani dialects has remained different from the one written with a single r.
The rr spelling is common in certain institutions, or used in certain countries, e.g. Romania, to distinguish from the endonym/homonym for Romanians. In the English language, Rom is a noun and an adje
Tala Hadid is an award-winning film director and producer. She is a photographer, her work has shown at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City, The Walker Arts Center in Minneapolis, The Smithsonian National Museum, The National Museum of Women in the Arts in Washington D. C. L'Institut du Monde Arabe in Paris and other locations. Hadid was born to a Moroccan mother Kenza Alaoui while her father was Foulath Hadid, an Iraqi writer, expert on Middle East affairs, her paternal grandfather, the Marxist economist Mohammed Hadid was imprisoned under Saddam Hussein. Her aunt was the noted architect. Hadid co-produced and directed her first full-length film while she was studying as an undergraduate at Brown University; the film, Sacred Poet, focuses the lens on the Italian poet and filmmaker Pier Paolo Pasolini with rare interviews with Laura Betti, Bernardo Bertolucci, Sergio Citti and Ninetto Davoli. The author of several short films, in 2000 while she was working on a project on the Macedonian Roma community in Naples, she was awarded a fellowship to study film at the graduate film department at Columbia University in New York City.
In 2001 she directed Windsleepers, a film set in St Petersburg, with poets Genya Turovskaya and Vladimir Kucheriavkin. In 2005 Hadid completed Tes Cheveux Noirs Ihsan; the film, shot in Northern Morocco and in the Rif Mountains, was awarded the 2005 Cinecolor/Kodak Prize and in June 2005 received a Student Academy Award. It has screened at numerous Film Festivals including the New York Film Festival at the Lincoln Center, the Sundance Film Festival, the Rotterdam Film Festival, the Fajr Film Festival in Tehran, the Kiev International Film Festival, the Sydney Film Festival, the International Film Festival Oberhausen and L'Institut du Monde Arabe in Paris; the film went on to win numerous awards including the Global Lens Prize, A BAFTA special mention and a Special Jury Prize and best Actress Award at the Tangiers International Film Festival. In February 2006 the film won the Panorama Best short Film Award at the Berlin Film Festival. Hadid's work has been shown at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City, the Walker Art Center in Minneapolis, the Smithsonian National Museum, the National Museum of Women in the Arts in Washington D.
C, L'Institut du Monde Arabe in Paris, the Goteberg Kunsthalle in Sweden, the Goethe Institute, the Seville Biennale in Spain, the Jonathon Schorr Gallery NYC, the Los Angeles County Museum, the Cinémathèque Française in Paris, as well as the Photographer's Gallery in London and the Cinémathèque de Tanger. In 2010/2011 Hadid worked on an independent project entitled Heterotopia, a series of photographs documenting life in a New York City brothel. In 2012 she was awarded the Peter S Reed Foundation Arts grant in support of her documentary film work in Morocco. In the autumn of 2013 a small volume of a selection of her photographs was published by Stern Fotografie Portfolio series of emerging photographers. In 2014 Hadid completed work on Itarr el Layl, a feature film about a man in search of his missing brother; the main character Zacharia, played by Khalid Abdalla, journeys through Morocco to Turkey and to Iraq during the second Iraq War. The film premiered at the Toronto film Festival and went on to screen at various film festivals and venues, including the Elinor Bunin Munroe Film Center at the Lincoln Center in New York, the Rome Film Festival, London Film Festival and the Walker Arts Center among other places.
The film stars Fedwa Boujouane, Hocine Choutri and Hindi Zahra. In early 2015 the film won best film and critics prize at the Tangier National film festival, Jury Prize at Pleins les Yeux in the Netherlands, Credit Agricole Prize in Nice and the audience award for Best Narrative feature at the Mizna Film Festival in Minneapolis. In September 2015, Hadid's project House in the Fields was selected to screen as a work-in-progress at the 72nd Venice Biennale International Film Festival where it was awarded two prizes. In February 2017, the film premiered at the Berlin Film Festival where it was nominated for the Glashütte Original Documentary Award; the film was the recipient of the Commune di Milano Prize for Best Feature Film at the FCAAL Milano Film Festival 2017, the Firebird Award for best Documentary at the Hong Kong International Film Festival 2017, the Fiction/Non Fiction Best Film Award at the Millennium Docs against Gravity International Film Festival in Warsaw 2017, the 2M Grand Prize at FIDADOC 2017, the 2017 John Marshall Award in the US, the Special Jury Prize at the 2018 National Film Festival in Tangiers, the Grand Prize of the city at the 2018 International Mediterranean Film Festival of Tetouan.
Hadid’s work is part of the Ruben Bentsov Moving Image Collection at the Walker Museum in the US. Senses of Cinema interview 2017 BKB Weekly profile 2017 Berlin Film Journal review 2017 Glashutte Award nomination 2017 Walker Art Center: the Year according to Tala Hadid https://ilmanifesto.it/la-ragazzina-che-vuole-essere-avvocato-tra-i-monti-dellatlante/ La Repubblica profile 2017 Mumbai Film Festival 2016 Jury profile E-taqafa.ma Reorientmag.com Whatson.bfi.org.uk Blogs.indiewire.com Filmdooworld.com Ft.com Frameworknow.com Telegraph 21 interview
Virtual International Authority File
The Virtual International Authority File is an international authority file. It is a joint project of several national libraries and operated by the Online Computer Library Center. Discussion about having a common international authority started in the late 1990s. After a series of failed attempts to come up with a unique common authority file, the new idea was to link existing national authorities; this would present all the benefits of a common file without requiring a large investment of time and expense in the process. The project was initiated by the US Library of Congress, the German National Library and the OCLC on August 6, 2003; the Bibliothèque nationale de France joined the project on October 5, 2007. The project transitioned to being a service of the OCLC on April 4, 2012; the aim is to link the national authority files to a single virtual authority file. In this file, identical records from the different data sets are linked together. A VIAF record receives a standard data number, contains the primary "see" and "see also" records from the original records, refers to the original authority records.
The data are available for research and data exchange and sharing. Reciprocal updating uses the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting protocol; the file numbers are being added to Wikipedia biographical articles and are incorporated into Wikidata. VIAF's clustering algorithm is run every month; as more data are added from participating libraries, clusters of authority records may coalesce or split, leading to some fluctuation in the VIAF identifier of certain authority records. Authority control Faceted Application of Subject Terminology Integrated Authority File International Standard Authority Data Number International Standard Name Identifier Wikipedia's authority control template for articles Official website VIAF at OCLC