Trent River (Ontario)
The Trent River is a river in southeastern Ontario which flows from Rice Lake to empty into the Bay of Quinte on Lake Ontario. This river is part of the Trent-Severn Waterway; the river is 90 kilometres long. The Trent drains a large portion of south-central Ontario, including most of the Kawartha Lakes and their supplying watersheds; the Trent River was known to the Mississauga as Sangichiwigewonk, or'fast flowing.' It was named after the River Trent in England. The river is host to numerous species of birds and fish; some species of fish in the river are: Smallmouth bass, Largemouth bass, Walleye, Freshwater drums, Crappie as well as other smaller fish such as Sunfish, Rock Bass and Bluegill. Tributaries of this river include the Crowe River and the Otonabee River, which runs through the city of Peterborough, Ontario. Trent University, located in Peterborough, is named after the region, looked to provide university education to the area. In 2008 water soldier plant was reported found along the shore line.
The plant is imported from Europe. It is a common pond plant, purchased in garden stores, it has sharp leaves and is a possible concern as the plant spreads using asexual reproduction. List of Ontario rivers Mephisto Lake Trent watershed maps Lower Trent Conservation Trent River, Geographical Name Search Service, Geographical Names Board of Canada
Eastern Ontario is a secondary region of Southern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario which lies in a wedge-shaped area between the Ottawa River and St. Lawrence River, it shares water boundaries with Quebec to the north and New York State to the east and south, as well as a small land boundary with the Vaudreuil-Soulanges region of Quebec to the east. It includes the census divisions of the following: the counties of Prescott and Russell, Stormont and Glengarry, Renfrew and Grenville, Frontenac and Lennox and Addington; some sources may include Hastings, Prince Edward, sometimes Northumberland in the definition of Eastern Ontario, but others classify them as Central Ontario. The region may be referred to as Southeastern Ontario to differentiate it from the Northern Ontario secondary region of Northeastern Ontario. French explorers and fur traders were the first recorded Europeans to pass through this region. Samuel de Champlain, traversed the Ottawa River in 1615 on his way westward to the Great Lakes.
The largest city in the region is the city of Ottawa, capital of Canada, which accounts for 60% of Eastern Ontario's population. Kingston, itself once capital of the Province of Canada, is the other major city in the region outside of the National Capital Region. Much of the remainder of the region relies on tourism. Heavier reliance on recreation and tourism exists in the more rugged Renfrew county in the northwest of Eastern Ontario. Of all Ontario's regions, parts of Eastern Ontario are the most influenced by the United Empire Loyalists, American settlers who moved to Upper Canada out of loyalty to the British Crown during and after the American Revolutionary War; the Loyalist influence has a presence in the counties of Lennox and Addington and Grenville, Lanark and Prince Edward. In Ottawa and Russell, Stormont and Glengarry, Renfrew, Eastern Ontario is home to the largest Franco-Ontarian community within Ontario. Extensive immigration by Scottish Highlanders from the Highland land clearances took place around the time of the United Empire Loyalist migration.
After the Loyalist period, more waves of Highland emigration came from Inverness-shire, Scotland to seek a better quality of life. The majority of these Scottish immigrants settled in the specific Highland community Glengarry County. Large numbers of Irish Catholics from Cork and surrounding counties settled in the area in the decades following the War of 1812, the majority of them in or near present-day Ottawa. Many arrived through government backed immigration schemes to settle unoccupied lands and fill labour shortages. Along with the Franco-Ontarians in particular, they made up the majority of canal builders on the large Rideau Canal project and were employed in the area's extensive lumber industry. Through the last century, newer immigrant groups have added to the cultural mix in Ottawa itself. There are still a large number of Francophones in Eastern Ontario in Prescott and Russell United Counties; the climate of Eastern Ontario is humid continental with large seasonal variation. Snow and ice are dominant during the winter season.
Ottawa receives close to 250 cm of snowfall over an average winter and snow remains on the ground for a couple of months, at minimum. Winters are celebrated in Eastern Ontario; the average temperature in January is −6 °C. In recent years, there seems to be a trend towards snow free periods in mid-winter. However, in the winter months of 2008, there were records levels of snow fall. Ice storms are relatively common on lower terrain if compared with other parts of the country. One such large storm caused vast power outages and affected the local economy, known as the 1998 Ice Storm. Winters are more severe and longer along the Ottawa River in higher terrain of Renfrew County than further south along the Upper St. Lawrence River shoreline. Summers are warm and humid in the Ottawa and St. Lawrence valleys lasting a little longer than winter does in duration; the average July maximum temperature is 27 °C. Temperatures exceed 35 °C, during periods of hot weather, high humidity is an aggravating factor, pushing the temperature into the 40's with the humidex.
Thunderstorms are on occasion severe, causing property damage. Spring and fall are changeable seasons, prone to extremes in temperature and unpredictable swings in conditions. Average annual precipitation is around 950 mm; the eastern section of Eastern Ontario, east and southeast of Ottawa, including the towns of Cornwall and Hawkesbury is a flat plain, dotted with some extensive woodlots and boggy marshes, but is farmland. Certain sections here are prone to low-lying flooding and spring ice jams on the banks of the South Nation River; the Laurentian Highlands, which form a small section of the extensive Canadian Shield, cuts through the western section from the Upper Ottawa River valley southeast toward to the St. Lawrence River around Gananoque. Here sedimentary rock can be found folding over the Shield; this is the portion where the greatest concentration of inland lakes are found. In Renfrew County, this higher terrain is called the'Madawaska Highlands' after a major river that bisects these hills.
Some highland peaks are over 400 m higher than the Ottawa River. The picturesque area of the St. Lawrence River bordering New York State is known as the Thousand Islands region reflected by its numerous small islands; the bu
In hydrology, the inflow of a body of water is the source of the water in the body of water. It can refer to the average volume of incoming water in unit time, it is contrasted with outflow. All bodies of water have multiple inflows, but one inflow may predominate and be the largest source of water. However, in many cases, no single inflow will predominate and there will be multiple primary inflows. For a lake, the inflow may be a river or stream that flows into the lake. Inflow may be speaking, not flows, but rather precipitation, like rain. Inflow can be used to refer to groundwater recharge; the dictionary definition of inflow at Wiktionary
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada. It is Canada's most populous province accounting for 38.3 percent of the country's population, is the second-largest province in total area. Ontario is fourth-largest jurisdiction in total area when the territories of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut are included, it is home to the nation's capital city and the nation's most populous city, Ontario's provincial capital. Ontario is bordered by the province of Manitoba to the west, Hudson Bay and James Bay to the north, Quebec to the east and northeast, to the south by the U. S. states of Minnesota, Ohio and New York. All of Ontario's 2,700 km border with the United States follows inland waterways: from the west at Lake of the Woods, eastward along the major rivers and lakes of the Great Lakes/Saint Lawrence River drainage system; these are the Rainy River, the Pigeon River, Lake Superior, the St. Marys River, Lake Huron, the St. Clair River, Lake St. Clair, the Detroit River, Lake Erie, the Niagara River, Lake Ontario and along the St. Lawrence River from Kingston, Ontario, to the Quebec boundary just east of Cornwall, Ontario.
There is only about 1 km of land border made up of portages including Height of Land Portage on the Minnesota border. Ontario is sometimes conceptually divided into Northern Ontario and Southern Ontario; the great majority of Ontario's population and arable land is in the south. In contrast, the larger, northern part of Ontario is sparsely populated with cold winters and heavy forestation; the province is named after Lake Ontario, a term thought to be derived from Ontarí:io, a Huron word meaning "great lake", or skanadario, which means "beautiful water" in the Iroquoian languages. Ontario has about 250,000 freshwater lakes; the province consists of three main geographical regions: The thinly populated Canadian Shield in the northwestern and central portions, which comprises over half the land area of Ontario. Although this area does not support agriculture, it is rich in minerals and in part covered by the Central and Midwestern Canadian Shield forests, studded with lakes and rivers. Northern Ontario is subdivided into two sub-regions: Northeastern Ontario.
The unpopulated Hudson Bay Lowlands in the extreme north and northeast swampy and sparsely forested. Southern Ontario, further sub-divided into four regions. Despite the absence of any mountainous terrain in the province, there are large areas of uplands within the Canadian Shield which traverses the province from northwest to southeast and above the Niagara Escarpment which crosses the south; the highest point is Ishpatina Ridge at 693 metres above sea level in Temagami, Northeastern Ontario. In the south, elevations of over 500 m are surpassed near Collingwood, above the Blue Mountains in the Dundalk Highlands and in hilltops near the Madawaska River in Renfrew County; the Carolinian forest zone covers most of the southwestern region of the province. The temperate and fertile Great Lakes-Saint Lawrence Valley in the south is part of the Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests ecoregion where the forest has now been replaced by agriculture and urban development. A well-known geographic feature is part of the Niagara Escarpment.
The Saint Lawrence Seaway allows navigation to and from the Atlantic Ocean as far inland as Thunder Bay in Northwestern Ontario. Northern Ontario occupies 87 percent of the surface area of the province. Point Pelee is a peninsula of Lake Erie in southwestern Ontario, the southernmost extent of Canada's mainland. Pelee Island and Middle Island in Lake Erie extend farther. All are south of 42°N – farther south than the northern border of California; the climate of Ontario varies by location. It is affected by three air sources: cold, arctic air from the north; the effects of these major air masses on temperature and precipitation depend on latitude, proximity to major bodies of water and to a small extent, terrain relief. In general, most of Ontario's climate is classified as humid continental. Ontario has three main climatic regions; the surrounding Great Lakes influence the climatic region of southern Ontario. During the fall and winter months, heat stored from the lakes is released, moderating the climate near the shores of the lakes.
This gives some parts of southern Ontario milder winters than mid-continental areas at lower latitudes. Parts of Southwestern Ontario have a moderate humid continental climate, similar to that of the inland Mid-Atlantic states and the Great Lakes portion of the Midwestern United States; the region has warm to cold winters. Annual precipitation is well distributed throughout the year. Most of this region lies in the lee of the Great Lakes. In December 2010, the snowbelt set a new record when it was h
The Crowe River is a river in the counties of Haliburton, Hastings and Peterborough in southern Ontario, Canada. It is a tributary of the Trent River; the river begins at Paudash Lake and exits southeast out of the lake under Ontario Highway 28 and over Paudash Lake Dam at the settlement of Paudash in Faraday township, Hastings County. It turns southwest and heads through the southeast corner of the township of Highlands East in Haliburton County south into the township of North Kawartha in Peterborough County; the Crowe River heads south-southeast back into Hastings County at the township of Wollaston, passes through a 230-metre -long, 30-metre -high and 5-to-10-metre -wide gorge at The Gut Conservation Area, takes in the left tributary Green River, reaches Tangamong Lake. The river continues south out of the lake over a falls, takes in the left tributary Copeway Creek, passes into the township of Marmora and Lake at Mud Turtle Lake east of the settlement of Vansickle, heads back into Peterborough County at the township of Havelock-Belmont-Methuen, flows through Cordova Lake and out over Cordova Lake Dam, reaches Belmont Lake where it takes in the major right tributary North River.
It exits the lake from Crowe River Bay to the east over Belmont Dam to Crowe Lake, where it once again enters Marmora and Lake township, takes in the major left tributary Beaver Creek, reaches the community of Marmora on Ontario Highway 7. There, the Crowe River passes over Marmora Dam, heads southwest into the township of Stirling-Rawdon, passes over two one-metre -high and 40-to-60-metre -wide falls at Callaghan's Rapids Conservation Area, enters the municipality of Trent Hills in Northumberland County, flows over Allan Mills dam, passes over several falls at Crow Bridge Conservation Area, reaches its mouth at Crowe Bay on the Trent River, just upstream of the Trent–Severn Waterway Crowe Bay lock and dam; the Trent River flows to the Bay of Quinte on Lake Ontario at Trenton. The northern part of the watershed is sparsely inhabited Canadian Shield terrain. At Marmora, the watershed enters Paleozoic limestone-plain country, with unusual outcroppings of Canadian Shield through the limestone at Allan Mills and just above Crowe Bridge.
The river drains an area of about 2,000 square kilometres. At one time, the river was used to transport logs down to sawmills at Marmora; the river powers several small hydroelectric generating stations. The limestone-step falls at Callaghans Rapids Conservation Area and Crowe Bridge Conservation Area are popular sites for springtime kayakers and summertime swimmers. Beaver Creek North River Copeway Creek Green River Marmora List of rivers of Ontario Crowe Valley Conservation Authority
The City of Kawartha Lakes is a unitary municipality in Central Ontario, Canada. It is a municipality structured as a single-tier city, it is the second largest single-tier municipality in Ontario by land area. The main population centres are the communities of Bobcaygeon, Fenelon Falls, Lindsay and Woodville; the city's name is from the Kawartha Lakes. Kawartha is an anglicization of Ka-wa-tha, coined in 1895 by the aboriginal Martha Whetung of the Curve Lake First Nations, it meant "land of reflections" according to Whetung. The word was changed by tourism promoters to Kawartha, meaning "bright waters and happy lands."Prior to its restructuring as a city, the area was known as Victoria County. The city was created in 2001, during the ruling provincial Progressive Conservative party's "Common Sense Revolution". Through provincial legislation, the former Victoria County and its constituent municipalities were amalgamated into one entity named the City of Kawartha Lakes; this act was implemented by the Victoria County Restructuring Commission, led by commissioner Harry Kitchen.
Despite a general opposition from residents of the area, the provincial government pushed forward with the amalgamation, which came into effect on January 1, 2001. By a narrow margin, the citizens of Kawartha Lakes voted to de-amalgamate in a November 2003 local plebiscite, but the provincial and municipal governments have not taken any steps since the vote to initiate de-amalgamation. In the 2016 census, the population of the Lindsay urban area was 20,713, up from 20,291 in 2011. National rank in terms of population: 73Provincial rank in terms of population: 33 Only ethnic groups that comprise greater than 1% of the population are included. Note that a person can report more than one group Kawartha Lakes is governed by a City Council consisting of the Mayor and one councillor from each of the City's wards. From 2001 to the 2018 election, there were 16 wards and councillors, but this was changed to 8 wards for the 2018 election; the mayor and councillors are elected for four-year terms, as mandated by the Government of Ontario for all municipalities in the province.
The mayor of Kawartha Lakes is Andy Letham. For purposes of electing representatives both provincially and federally, the city is within the riding of Haliburton—Kawartha Lakes—Brock, its Member of Provincial Parliament is Laurie Scott of the Progressive Conservative Party, elected in 2018. Its federal Member of Parliament is Jamie Schmale of the Conservative Party, elected in 2015; the following is a list of all the former incorporated villages, unincorporated hamlets and communities, rural post offices, rural post offices abandoned after the start of rural mail delivery. Note: * ghost town** abandoned community The Kawartha Lakes are has a humid continental climate with warm, sometimes humid summers and cold snowy winters; the snowier areas are the ones closer to large lakes, snow ranges from 150 cm to 200 cm in a year in most areas. Prior to 2001, Victoria County consisted of 13 separate townships and 6 incorporated villages with their own local governments: Population centres: Bexley Carden Dalton Eldon Emily Fenelon Laxton and Longford Longford Manvers Mariposa Ops Somerville Verulam The township of Laxton and Longford is an amalgamation of the once individual townships of Digby and Laxton, half of the original Longford Township.
The separate township of Longford is uninhabited. In 2000, just prior to amalgamation into the city of Kawartha Lakes, the township of Verulam and the village of Bobcaygeon were amalgamated into the Municipality of Bobcaygeon/Verulam. Town of Lindsay Village of Bobcaygeon Village of Fenelon Falls Village of Omemee Village of Sturgeon Point Village of Woodville Kawartha Lakes Municipal Airport, a Transport Canada certified airport, has 24-hour radio operated lighting and provides access to key points throughout Ontario. Kawartha Lakes Municipal Airport is located one nautical mile west north west of Lindsay, it can be used by both private and commercial airplanes. Towns and villages in City of Kawartha Lakes are interconnected by rivers and streams that can be best navigated May to October; the Trent-Severn Waterway, which extends from Bay of Quinte on Lake Ontario to Georgian Bay in the north, is part of the waterways in City of Kawartha Lakes. Five locks, Bobcaygeon 32, Lindsay 33, Fenelon Falls 34, Rosedale 35, Kirkfield 36 are part of the Trent-Severn National HistoricSsite and operated by Parks Canada.
Coboconk is noted as being Canada's fresh water summit with waters flowing two different directions. It is the highest navigable point in Canada. There are no water taxis operating in City of Kawartha Lakes. Boat and houseboat rentals are available; the following King's Highways pass through the city: Highway 7, part of the Trans-Canada Highway Highway 7A Highway 35 Highway 115 Highway 7B exists within the city, following the length of Kent Street through Lindsay, cosigning with Highway 35 for 800 m. The following multi-use trails pass through the city: Lindsay-Peterborough rail line
Lake Ontario is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. It is surrounded on the north and southwest by the Canadian province of Ontario, on the south and east by the American state of New York, whose water boundaries meet in the middle of the lake. Ontario, Canada's most populous province, was named for the lake. Many of Ontario's most populous cities, including Toronto, Canada's most populous city, Hamilton, are on the lake's northern or western shores. In the Huron language, the name Ontarí'io means "Lake of Shining Waters", its primary inlet is the Niagara River from Lake Erie. The last in the Great Lakes chain, Lake Ontario serves as the outlet to the Atlantic Ocean via the Saint Lawrence River, it is the only Great Lake not to border the state of Michigan. Lake Ontario is the easternmost of the Great Lakes and the smallest in surface area, although it exceeds Lake Erie in volume, it is the 13th largest lake in the world. When its islands are included, the lake's shoreline is 712 miles long.
As the last lake in the Great Lakes' hydrologic chain, Lake Ontario has the lowest mean surface elevation of the lakes at 243 feet above sea level. Its maximum length is 193 statute miles and its maximum width is 53 statute miles; the lake's average depth is 47 fathoms 1 foot, with a maximum depth of 133 fathoms 4 feet. The lake's primary source is the Niagara River, draining Lake Erie, with the St. Lawrence River serving as the outlet; the drainage basin covers 24,720 square miles. As with all the Great Lakes, water levels change both among years; these water level fluctuations are an integral part of lake ecology, produce and maintain extensive wetlands. The lake has an important freshwater fishery, although it has been negatively affected by factors including over-fishing, water pollution and invasive species. Baymouth bars built by prevailing winds and currents have created a significant number of lagoons and sheltered harbors near Prince Edward County and the easternmost shores; the best-known example is Toronto Bay, chosen as the site of the Upper Canada capital for its strategic harbour.
Other prominent examples include Hamilton Harbour, Irondequoit Bay, Presqu'ile Bay, Sodus Bay. The bars themselves are the sites of long beaches, such as Sandbanks Provincial Park and Sandy Island Beach State Park; these sand bars are associated with large wetlands, which support large numbers of plant and animal species, as well as providing important rest areas for migratory birds. Presqu'ile, on the north shore of Lake Ontario, is significant in this regard. One unique feature of the lake is the Z-shaped Bay of Quinte which separates Prince Edward County from the Ontario mainland, save for a 2-mile isthmus near Trenton. Major rivers draining into Lake Ontario include the Niagara River, Don River, Humber River, Trent River, Cataraqui River, Genesee River, Oswego River, Black River, Little Salmon River, the Salmon River; the lake basin was carved out of soft, weak Silurian-age rocks by the Wisconsin ice sheet during the last ice age. The action of the ice occurred along the pre-glacial Ontarian River valley which had the same orientation as today's basin.
Material, pushed southward by the ice sheet left landforms such as drumlins and moraines, both on the modern land surface and the lake bottom, reorganizing the region's entire drainage system. As the ice sheet retreated toward the north, it still dammed the St. Lawrence valley outlet, so the lake surface was at a higher level; this stage is known as Lake Iroquois. During that time the lake drained through present-day Syracuse, New York into the Mohawk River, thence to the Hudson River and the Atlantic; the shoreline created during this stage can be recognized by the beaches and wave-cut hills 10 to 25 miles from the present shoreline. When the ice receded from the St. Lawrence valley, the outlet was below sea level, for a short time the lake became a bay of the Atlantic Ocean, in association with the Champlain Sea; the land rebounded from the release of the weight of about 6,500 feet of ice, stacked on it. It is still rebounding about 12 inches per century in the St. Lawrence area. Since the ice receded from the area last, the most rapid rebound still occurs there.
This means the lake bed is tilting southward, inundating the south shore and turning river valleys into bays. Both north and south shores experience shoreline erosion, but the tilting amplifies this effect on the south shore, causing loss to property owners; the name Ontario is derived from the Huron word Ontarí'io, which means "great lake". The lake was a border between the Huron people and the Iroquois Confederacy in the pre-Columbian era. In the 1600s, the Iroquois drove out the Huron from southern Ontario and settled the northern shores of Lake Ontario; when the Iroquois withdrew and the Anishnabeg / Ojibwa / Mississaugas moved in from the north to southern Ontario, they retained the Iroquois name. It is believed the first European to reach the lake was Étienne Brûlé in 1615; as was their practice, the French explorers introduced other names for the lake. In 1632 and 1656, the lake was referred to as Lac de St. Louis or Lake St. Louis by Samuel de Champlain and cartographer Nicolas Sanson In