Jacona de Plancarte is a city, the county seat of Jacona in the state of Michoacán. Located in the northwest of the state, on the northern slope of the Sierra de Patamban, part of the Volcanic Belt, at 1,600 meters altitude, it was founded by Fray Sebastián de Trasierra in 1555, although they are located buildings and paintings of more than 3000 years old. Jacona was the symbolism of life and death, the symbol of humanity, was one of the first pre-Hispanic peoples entrusted to the Spanish. Jacona is word with origin in the tecuexes. Just as the Spanish transformed the writing of words such as Mexico to Mejico, Xalisco to Jalisco or Xallapan to Jalapa, the word was written Xacona, it derives from the original word Xucunan, which tecuexes meant "place of flowers and vegetables." Xacona was established in a region chichimeca. This explains; the main hill against Jacona, for example, is called Curutaran. Curutaran is a Purepecha word formed by the words: "ku" together, "rhu" projection, tip, "tarha", play ball, "an", gods.
Means then: "Place where the gods gather to play ball". This ball game was not a common game, but the "celestial ball game." Jacona in 1990 recorded a population of 12 years and over by employment status by sex of her 27 000 076, 44.5% were employed, 0.7% were registered as unemployed, 50.4% were economically inactive population and the remaining 4.4% listed as unspecified. Note that economic activity and income depend on the 44.5% of the total population. Official figures indicate that the percentage of the unemployed population is small, however people representative of the municipality and municipal authorities consider that unemployment is a major economic problems of the municipality; the economically active population is overwhelmingly concentrated in people aged 15 to 44 years, the age group with the highest number is 15–19 years. In 1990 Jacona economic structure was the following: employment in the primary sector accounted for 38.2%, secondary industry 26.2%, the tertiary sector 31.1% and was recorded as unspecified 4, 5%.
If we consider that in the town the population employed in primary and secondary sectors was higher than in the state and employed in the tertiary sector was less than the same, one can conclude that the relative economic backwardness of the area is greater than in the state. According to the National Centre for Municipal Studies, agriculture is the main economic activity taking place in the town, cultivated strawberry, wheat and vegetables, fruits and flowers; this ratify municipal authorities considering that agriculture is the main economic activity of the municipality. In 1990 Jacona had 4 ejidos and agrarian communities, which covered an area of 3 000 425 hectares, of which 1 000 were 556 parcels, 1 000 869 parcels not, the working surface was of 987 ha, of which 115 were irrigation and 872 seasonal and irrigation. Only 4 units in technology employed work surface, 3 units with work surface used facilities. In the 411 rural production units, with an area of 6 000 375 hectares, the land use is classified as follows: 307 ha are under agricultural use and forestry, irrigation 1 000 825, 982 in temporary grass 3 000 548 natural rangeland, forest or jungle, 20, 20 forest with natural grass rangeland and 1 without vegetation.
Predominant rangeland. The land is classified as follows: 1 000 925 hectares are communal land and 4 000 450 are private; the use of technology as set out below: 35 units of rural production uses livestock and poultry facilities, units that use technology are 68 cattle, 15 pigs, 46 birds and 289 farm units used 263 animals shooting or tractors and 253 yoke in 235 units are used agricultural equipment and facilities and 2 are used forestry equipment and facilities. Of the 4 ejidos and agrarian communities in Jacona recorded in 1991, the 4 were principally engaged in agriculture. In 1991 the rural production units of the municipality amounted to 0.18% in relation to the state. Available 6 000 375 ha in total area 2 000 807 in labor, 3 000 548 in rangeland, 20 in forest or jungle and 1 without vegetation, it is clear the increased participation in rangeland area. In the 1996/1997 crop year in the municipality of Jacona total fertilized area was 3 000 223 ha, 3 000 198 were planted with improved seeds, 1 000 800 has benefited from technical assistance, 1 000 221 with plant health service and 1 000 341 has been machined.
In 1996 the applicant producers in the municipality were 198, all of which were ratified and benefited. The amount paid for PROCAMPO was 250.8 thousand pesos. According to the ECMS, in the municipality are raised cattle, goats and horses, as well as birds and bees. In 1991 the rural production units and raising farm animals in relation to the state accounted for 0.13%, 0.06% in poultry, equines 0.17%, 0.08% and 0 cattle, 13% in pigs. In absolute numbers of production units were 203, 64 in poultry, 174 equines, 69 cattle and 16 goats; the livestock population of the town was as follows: 28 000 poultry, 3 000 521 2 000 564 cattle and pigs. As shown the population of poultry and cattle is the most important in the municipality. Livestock production in her municipality according to its value, this activity is small when compared with the state, because it represents less than 1%, within the municipal livestock production include the bovine and porcine, with 74.5% and 14.9% respectively. In Jacona the number of sacrifices was as follows: 28 000 birds, 461 cattle, 510 goats and far below is followed by sheep and pigs.
The production of beef carcasses in the t
Lago de Camécuaro National Park
Lago de Camécuaro National Park is located east of the city of Zamora de Hidalgo in the municipality of Tangancícuaro in the state of Michoacán. The Park consists of 9.65 hectares of protected area including Camécuaro Lake, supplied by a series of natural springs. The lake is popular due to the beautiful vegetation that surrounds the lake. Though the lake is small, many photographers from all over Mexico come to take professional photographs that capture the parks picturesque views. Camécuaro derives from the native language purépecha or tarasca which means "Place of Bathing" Lago de Camécuaro National Park is located 14 km east of the city of Zamora de Hidalgo, Michoacán on Federal Highway 15 heading towards Morelia, Michoacán; the lake itself has a surface area of 1.6 hectares and has a maximum depth of 6 metres. The lake is supplied with water from numerous springs to the south of the lake. Camécuaro Lake empties at a slow rate into the Duero River, an important tributary to the Lerma River.
The park is part of a large alluvial plain surrounded by mountains with a northeast-southeast orientation. The topography of the park is flat with no slopes greater than 5%; the park is found at 1,700 m above sea level. During the Cenozoic the area was a flood plain of the Duero River which deposited large amounts of basalt, calcareous tuff, tuff and rhyolite; the dominant basalt rock found in the area give the soil a rich source of: calcium, iron and sodium. The soils in the park and surrounding areas are rich and fertile making the region perfect for agriculture; the soil in the area is classified as pellic vertisol with significant amounts of chromate. The park was declared a national park by President Lázaro Cárdenas del Río on July 18, 1940 in efforts to conserve the flora and fauna found there; the presidential decree was signed into law on December 8, 1941. The park has a humid subtropical climate with average annual temperature of 18.5°C. The warmest month is May with an average temperature of 23.3°C, the coldest month is December with an average temperature of 14.7°C.
The park has an average annual precipitation of about 900.6 mm falling during the summer
Aporo is a small town and municipality in the far eastern part of the state of Michoacán, Mexico. Most of the municipality is forested and considered to be part of Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve, where millions of monarch butterflies arrive to stay five months each winter; the town and municipality have adobe structures with tile roofs and the main architectural site is the San Lucas Evangelista Church, built in the 20th century. The town of Aporo is a small rural community of less than 3,000 people, accounting for about seventy percent of the municipal population, it is located in the mountains at an altitude of 2,280 meters above sea level at the eastern edge of the state. The center of the town is the parish church of San Lucas Evangelista; this church is the most important architectural structure in both the municipality. The building of the church was the work of Eleuterio Raya Zavala, the parish priest of the area for thirty six years in the early and mid-20th century, he had the Chapel of San Francisco built as well.
This church hosts the annual feast day of the patron saint, with music, amusement rides, fireworks mounted on structures called “castillos” and “toritos” which brings visitors from surrounding communities. During this and other festival typical dishes of the area include corundas, barbacoa and “guenches”, a larva found on strawberry trees. Aporo is by far the largest community in the municipality, with about sixty nine percent of the total population of 2,705. Other communities include Arroyo Seco, Ojo de Agua and Juan Perez; the town is the local government of an area of over 55km2. The municipality is bordered by the municipalities of Senguio, Ocampo and Irimbo, its geography includes the Sierra de Anguangeo and other peaks such as Don Felix, Colorado and Seco. The entire area is part of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt; the two principal rivers are the Zarco and the El Grande, supplemented by a number of fresh water springs such as the San Luis and the Ojo de Agua de Martinillos. It has a cold climate with rains in the summer, with average temperatures ranging from 7.8C to 23.4C.
Ecosystems are forests of conifers such as oyamel and juniper with some cedar. Wildlife includes cacomixtle, weasels and various birds; the major economic activity of the municipally is forestry the cutting of pines for wood, along with the processing of these trees/furniture making, accounting for 45% of the local economy. One other craft is the making of wooden staffs and canes which are sold in various parts of the country. In second place is the cultivation of beans and wheat. In third is the raising of cattle, pigs and domestic fowl. Commerce is limited to local needs. Most of the municipality is considered to be part of Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve, where millions of monarch butterflies arrive to stay five months each winter, it participates in the annual Festival Cultural de la Mariposa Monarca each year. The municipality has sites such as La Peña Redonda, which has archeological remains and a dam area called La Presa del Ejido. However, tourism is not part of the municipality’s economy.
The municipality only has education from pre school to middle school within its borders. Middle school classes are given through distance education. Schools in the municipality include Escuela Telesecundario Estv16 723, General Franicisco Villa, Heroinas de la Independencia, Ignacio Lopez Rayon, Ignacio Zaragoza, Jardin de Niños, Jose Maria Morelos y Pavon, Modulo I, Robert Owen and Valentin Gomez Farias. All are public institutions; the municipality has a growth rate of one percent. Its population has grown from 2,613 inhabitants in 1995 to 2,705 in 2005. Most residents are Catholic with some belonging to Evangelical churches. In 2005, INEGI counted only seven people in the municipality as speaking an indigenous language, all men; the languages were Tzetal. The area is rural with 558 housing units adobe houses with tile roofs, with some of cinderblock. Basic services such as potable water and garbage collection is available to between 70 and 90 percent of residents, it contains one sports facility with baseball field and two basketball courts.
The municipality is located near the major highway between Morelia. It is connected to Ciudad Hidalgo and Maravatío on State Highway 122. Another road links it with Angangueo, it is served by second class inter-city busses. The name comes from hapur which means place of ashes; the municipality has its own coat of arms, divided into five parts, one of, in the center. These panels include images of Saint Luke, the patron saint, corn and maguey; the last three refer to the area’s basic economic staples from the pre Hispanic period to the present. At the bottom the words “Lugar de Cenizas”, the translation of the Chichimeca name in Spanish; the municipal seat traces its origins to the pre Hispanic period. It was inhabited by the Otomi, but it was conquered by the Purépecha Empire. Soon after the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire, the Spanish soon took over Purépecha lands. Aporo became part of an encomienda headed by González de Salazar called Taximaroa; the Spanish settlement was founded in 1540 by decree of the Spanish king with the name of San Lucas Aporo.
This recognition was for the help of the local Otomi in the Conquest. The Spanish founders are named as two friars, Francisco Motolina and Lino M
Coeneo de la Libertad
Coeneo de la Libertad is a town, the seat of the Coeneo municipality, located in the north central area of the Mexican state of Michoacán. The name Coeneo means "place of birds". In the year 1530 Friar Martín de la Coruña was the first to come into contact with the natives of the lands that now make up the present day Coeneo, he gained trust and respect, convinced the natives to convert to the Catholic faith. However, the Spanish conquistador Nuño de Guzmán attempted to rob the natives of their possessions and abuse them for refusing to comply; this caused a period where the natives went back into the mountains and to destroy the progress that Martín de la Coruña had made. It was until the Friar Jacob Dacian succeeded de la Coruña. An arrangement was made in 1542 for a few families to reallocate to the location now known as Coeneo due to a scarcity of water around the region. Once the new community was established plans were drafted to construct the town's church, a town square, a patron was given "La Virgen del Rosario."
As of the census of 2005, there were 3616 people residing in the town. Coeneo enjoys a diverse set of both private schools. Two pre-elementary schools A public elementary school A private elementary school - Institucion Educativa y Cultural Coeneo A public middle school - Escuela secundaria tecnica #61 A COBAM A center for adult education The area around Coeneo is centered on agriculture where lentils and corn are the main crops cultivated. Non-agricultural industries are related to construction materials, financial institutions, small family-operated businesses. Coeneo de la Libertad Santiago Azajo Pretoria El Rodeo Tunguitiro San Isidro Cotiro Matugeo Colonia Benito Juarez El Transvaal Zipiajo El Cobrero Colonia Primo Tapia La Cañada Laredo Quencio San Pedro Tacaro Bellas Fuentes La Cofradia Emiliano Zapata Comanja Aguas Caliente Chahueto La Constitución Coeneo de la Libertad at GEOnet Names Server
Purépero de Echaíz
Purépero de Echaíz is a town in the northwest of the state of Michoacán in Mexico and head of the municipality of Purépero. Purépero is located in the middle of the Tarascan Plateau. Purépero is 113 km from the state capital of Morelia and is bordered to the north by Tlazazalca, to the east by Zacapu, to the south by Chilchota, to the west by Tangancícuaro; the name Purépero has several proposed meanings. The first proposed meaning is "place of commoners". Another possible meaning is derived from the phrase "those who are visiting". "place of the indigenous people" has been suggested as a possibility. Under the Köppen climate classification, Purépero de Echaíz has a Subtropical highland climate classified as Cwb
Churintzio is a municipality in the Mexican state of Michoacán, located 104 kilometres northwest of the state capital of Morelia. The municipality of Churintzio is located in northern Michoacán at an altitude between 1,700 and 2,500 metres, it borders the municipalities of Ecuandureo to the west, La Piedad to the north, Zináparo to the northeast, Penjamillo to the southeast, Tlazazalca to the south. The municipality comprises 0.4 % of the state's area. Churintzio is located in the highlands of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt, it is watered by cold springs in the Lerma River basin. Churintzio's climate is temperate with rain in the summer. Average temperatures in the municipality range between 16 and 20 °C, average annual precipitation ranges between 800 and 1,000 millimetres. Churintzio was founded in 1543; the place name may derive from the Purépecha words achuri, "night", or chureni, "to grow dark". It became a municipality on 1 March 1904; the municipal government comprises a president, a councillor, seven trustees, four elected by relative majority and three by proportional representation.
The current president of the municipality is Juan Luis Contreras Calderón. In the 2010 Mexican Census, the municipality of Churintzio recorded a population of 5564 inhabitants living in 1654 households; the 2015 Intercensal Survey estimated a population of 5016 inhabitants in Churintzio. There are 19 localities in the municipality, of which only the municipal seat known as Churintzio, is classified as urban, it recorded a population of 2592 inhabitants in the 2010 Census. The main economic activities in Churintzio are livestock production. A maquiladora manufactures clothes in the municipal seat. Federal Highway 15D traverses the municipality from east to west