The National Consumer Agency was a statutory body enforcing consumer protection in Ireland from 2007 to 2014, when it amalgamated with the Competition Authority to form the Competition and Consumer Protection Commission. The NCA was preceded by the office of Director of Consumer Affairs established by the Consumer Information Act 1978, a civil service office under the Minister for Industry and Energy; the NCA's origins can be traced to the setting up of the Consumer Strategy Group in March 2004. The Consumer Protection Act 2007 implemented many of the group's recommendations, including replacing the Director of Consumer Affairs with an independent agency; the CSG presented its report, “Making Consumers Count”, to the Minister for Enterprise and Employment, Micheál Martin, in April 2005. Among the report's key recommendations was the establishment of a new agency to champion consumer rights; the NCA was set up on an interim basis in May 2005, established on a statutory footing on 1 May 2007. Its first chief executive was Ann Fitzgerald, a former chief executive of the Irish Association of Investment Managers.
She chaired the Consumer Strategy Group. The Irish government announced in its 2009 Budget on 14 October 2008 that the NCA would be amalgamated with the Competition Authority, as part of a rationalisation programme that will reduce the number of state agencies in the country by 41; the NCA's campaigns included naming and shaming retailers who are caught breaking consumer law, preventing car dealers "clocking" second-hand cars, intervention in high-profile consumer disputes including ones with NTL Ireland, Aer Lingus and MCD Promoters These interventions resulted in speedy and satisfactory resolutions to the benefit of consumers. Http://www.irishtimes.com/news/health/consumer-agency-pulls-drug-price-survey-over-errors-1.1343496 The agency carried out a series of price comparison surveys between leading supermarket chains, cross-border comparisons of grocery items in stores' branches in the Republic and Northern Ireland. On 2 September 2008 the agency published draft guidelines for the retail sector about how they should advertise price reductions, related matters such as how long an item needs to be on sale at a higher price before advertising it with a reduced price comparison.
In December the same year there was a nationwide withdrawal of pigmeat from retail outlets after a dioxin contamination scare. The NCA campaigned for full compensation for consumers after initial reluctance by some supermarket chains to refund products that were not their own brands. On 18 June 2009, Minister for Finance, Brian Lenihan TD for the Irish Government established a single integrated regulatory institution, the Central Bank of Ireland; as part of this change, the Financial Regulator's consumer information and education role was reassigned to the National Consumer Agency. On 16 August 2010 the NCA published its response to the Department of Environment and Local Government's Review of the Retail Planning Guidelines Issues Paper. In late September 2008 the National Consumer Agency launched a guide and a dedicated website, ConsumerProperty.ie, for people living in or planning on buying multi-unit dwellings. The website and guide had information and tips on consumers' rights and responsibilities if living in apartments, gated communities and other multi-unit developments.
The guide, "Buying and Living in a Multi-Unit Development Property" in Ireland, was available in booklet format or as a download from the website. It contained information on legal terms, Property management companies and agents, service charges, sinking funds, the function of developers, identifying defects and fire safety. On 30 March 2010 the NCA launched the Economiser; this interactive tool advised consumers how much more or less they were spending than the average most relevant to them in Ireland, based on the profiling information they had provided. This unique tool addressed five key expenditure areas: Groceries Energy TV and telecoms Mobile phones Motoring – petrol and diesel costs In April 2010 the NCA launched an interactive game set in a virtual shopping centre called Shop Smart, it tested young consumers' knowledge of their consumer rights and consumer issues in Ireland. The game was aimed at Irish Junior Certificate and Leaving Certificate students who were studying Home Economics, Business Studies and Civic and Political Education.
In November 2008, the Government announced the amalgamation of the National Consumer Agency and the Competition Authority as part of a rationalisation of State agencies. On 31 March 2014 Consumer Protection Bill was published. On 31 July Richard Bruton, TD, Minister for Jobs and Innovation announced that the legislation would commence and the new Competition and Consumer Protection Commission would be established on 31 October 2014; the Competition and Consumer Protection Commission has a dual mandate to enforce competition and consumer law. Both organisations continued to perform their statutory functions until the merger was formed on 31 October 2014; the Competition and Consumer Protection Commission is governed by an executive Chair and Membership structure. The Competition and Consumer Protection Act, 2014 allows for a Chair and between two and six Members; the former Chair of the Competition Authority, Isolde Goggin, was appointed Chairperson of the Competition and Consumer Protection Commission on taking up her former role in 2011.
Ms Goggin is supported in her role by the Members of the new Commission which include two former Members of the Competition Authority, Fergal O'Leary and Patrick Kenny, the former Chief E
Sir Omar Faiek Shennib was Libyan Minister of Defence, Chief of the Royal Diwan, Vice President of the Libyan National Assembly under the reign of King Idris Al Senussi. Omar Faiek Shennib was the patriarch of the House of Shennib, one of Libya's most prominent noble families; the family has included notable public figures: heads of state, ministers and diplomats. Omar Faiek Shennib Avenue in Derna was named after Shennib posthumously. Sir Shennib served as President of the Cyrenaican delegation to the United Nations in the post-war period and was instrumental in the creation of a unified Libyan state in the years following World War II following the withdrawal of Axis forces from the North African coast. Together with Idris, Shennib was part of the 1941 delegation to the UN which put forth the case for the unification of the three traditional free standing regions, Cyrenaica and Fezzan into the single nation state of Libya. Following independence on 24 December 1951, he was appointed Chief of the Royal Diwans Omar Faiek Shennib is credited for the design of the independence Flag of Libya: this flag represented Libya from its independence until 1951 to 1969, and, re-adopted by the rebel movement during the 2011 Libyan Civil War.
According to the memoirs of Adrian Pelt, UN commissioner for Libya, “during deliberations of the Libyan National Constitutional Convention, a paper drawing of a proposed national flag was presented to the convention by Omar Faiek Shennib. The design was composed of three colors. Mr. Shennib informed the delegates that this design had met the approval of His Highness Emir of Cyrenaica, King Idris Al Senussi; the assembly subsequently approved that design.”. Shennib served as Vice President of the Libyan National Assembly until his death in 1953, was a signatory to the first Libyan Constitution
Lawrence Cleveland "Larry" Chambers was the first African American to command a U. S. Navy aircraft carrier and the first African-American graduate of the Naval Academy to reach flag rank. While in command of USS Midway during Operation Frequent Wind, Chambers gave the controversial order to push overboard millions of dollars' worth of UH-1 Huey helicopters so Republic of Vietnam Air Force Major Buang-Ly could land on the aircraft carrier in a Cessna O-1 Bird Dog with his wife and five children, thereby saving their lives. Born in Bedford, Virginia in 1929, Chambers was the third of five children raised by his mother, Charlotte Chambers. After Chambers' father died, his mother began working in the War Department to support the family. Chambers served in Junior ROTC while attending Dunbar High School in Washington, D. C. After graduating as class valedictorian and commander of the corps of cadets, Chambers considered using the college/university level ROTC program to pay for college. However, Wesley A. Brown, the first African American graduate of the U.
S. Naval Academy, encouraged him to apply there. Chambers did and became the second African American to graduate from the Naval Academy on June 6, 1952. Chambers had mixed feelings about his time at the Naval Academy, not returning to visit for twenty years, he would say, "While I had some good memories, I had some tough memories." In 1954, after 18 months of flight training, Chambers was designated as a Naval Aviator. His first fleet assignment was to an air-antisubmarine warfare squadron, VS-37, where he flew the Grumman AF Guardian. Transitioning to the light attack community, he flew the A-1 Skyraider with VA-215 and following postgraduate education, transitioned to jet light attack aircraft, flying the A-4 Skyhawk with VA-125 and VA-22, he established VA-67 as its first commanding officer, flying the A-7 Corsair II. From 1968 to 1971, Chambers flew combat missions over Vietnam from USS Oriskany. In 1972 he was promoted to captain and placed in command of the USS White Plains, a combat stores ship.
In January 1975, Chambers became the first African American to command an aircraft carrier, the USS Midway, serving as the ship's commanding officer until December 1976. After being promoted to Rear Admiral, Chambers served as commander of Carrier Strike Group Three and as interim commander of Carrier Strike Group Four, he finished his career as Vice Commander of the Naval Air Systems Command. In April 1975, while in command of the aircraft carrier USS Midway, Chambers was ordered to "make best speed" to the waters off South Vietnam as North Vietnam overran the country to take part in Operation Frequent Wind, the evacuation of U. S. and South Vietnamese personnel. At the time the carrier was in Subic Bay Naval Base with the engineering plant torn apart. Chambers has stated that he received no official order to start the operation, which began on April 29. Instead, when Nguyễn Cao Kỳ, the Vice President of South Vietnam, landed on the flight deck, Chambers figured the operation was going on. Soon the carrier's flight deck was full of helicopters carrying refugees from the fall of South Vietnam.
On that same day, South Vietnamese air force major Buang-Ly loaded his wife and five children into a two-seat Cessna O-1 Bird Dog and took off from Con Son Island. After evading enemy ground fire Major Buang spotted the Midway; the Midway's crew attempted to contact the aircraft on emergency frequencies but the pilot continued to circle overhead with his landing lights turned on. When a spotter reported that there were at least four people in the two-place aircraft, all thoughts of forcing the pilot to ditch alongside were abandoned—it was unlikely the passengers of the overloaded Bird Dog could survive the ditching and safely escape before the plane sank. After three tries, Major Buang managed to drop a note from a low pass over the deck: Can you move the helicopter to the other side, I can land on your runway, I can fly for one hour more, we have enough time to move. Please rescue me! Major Buang, wife and 5 child. After consultation with the USS Midway Carrier Task Force CO, Admiral William L. Harris, Chambers issued the order to allow the plane to land on the Midway's flight deck.
The arresting wires were removed, all helicopters that could not be safely or relocated were pushed over the side and into the sea. To get the job done he called for volunteers, soon every available sailor was on deck, regardless of rate or duty, to provide the manpower to get the job done. An estimated US$10 million worth of UH-1 Huey helicopters were pushed overboard into the South China Sea. With a 500-foot ceiling, five miles' visibility, light rain, 15 knots of surface wind, Chambers ordered the ship to make 25 knots into the wind. Warnings about the dangerous downdrafts created behind a steaming carrier were transmitted blind in both Vietnamese and English. To make matters worse, five additional UH-1s cluttered up the deck. Without hesitation, Chambers ordered. Captain Chambers recalled in an article in the Fall 1993 issue of the national Museum of Aviation History's Foundation magazine that: the aircraft cleared the ramp and touched down on center line at the normal touchdown point. Had he been equipped with a tailhook he could have bagged a number 3 wire.
He bounced once and came stop abeam of the island, amid a wildly cheering, arms-waving flight deck crew. Major Buang was escorted to the bridge where Chambers congratulated him on his outstanding piloting and his bravery in risking everything on a gamble beyond the point of no return without knowing for certain a carrier would be where he needed it. Th
Spreckels Organ Pavilion houses the open-air Spreckels Organ in Balboa Park, San Diego, California. The Spreckels Organ is the world's largest pipe organ in a outdoor venue. Constructed for the 1915 Panama-California Exposition, it is located at the corner of President's Way and Pan American Road East in the park. John D. Spreckels, son of sugar magnate Claus Spreckels, was one of the wealthiest residents in San Diego County, he supported the Panama-California Exposition, during its construction, he and his brother Adolph B. Spreckels gave the organ pavilion as a gift to "the people of San Diego" and "the people of all the world" on December 31, 1914, they donated $33,500 for $66,500 for the pavilion. After Spreckels' announcement, a local orchestra performed Jacques Offenbach's Orpheus in the Underworld, followed by a 250-person chorus that sang pieces from Joseph Haydn's oratorio, The Creation. On July 27, 1915, former president Theodore Roosevelt gave a speech at the organ pavilion in front of nearly 19,000 people.
He touched on topics about world peace and his desire for the United States to maintain a minimum of 200,000 military members. He requested that San Diegans permanently keep the temporary buildings set up for the exposition. Former president William Howard Taft spoke at the pavilion to over 7,000 people on September 16, 1915. Taft commended the city on the architecture used for the exposition buildings. John D. Spreckels donated the services of renowned organist Humphrey John Stewart for the two-year run of the exposition. After the exposition, Spreckels extended Stewart's contract; when Spreckels died in 1926, the pavilion was used for his memorial service. The U. S. Navy borrowed Balboa Park during World War II, no organ concerts were played during 1942–1948. During the 1970s and 1980s, the pavilion risked being demolished. Around $1.1 million was raised for repairs by the early 1980s from the city and a local non-profit. Bertram Goodhue's plans for Balboa Park for the Panama-California Exposition included a music pavilion that would be located north of Plaza de Panama.
After Brazil decided not to participate with a building in the exposition, the pavilion was built at its site instead. Spreckels chose Harrison Albright to design the organ pavilion. Albright was a self-taught Los Angeles architect, who designed the U. S. Grant Hotel in downtown San Diego; the semi-circular pavilion was built by the F. Wurster Construction Company in an ornate Italian-Renaissance design; the organ was built by Austin Organs, Inc. as their Opus #453. It faces north to protect the pipes from the sunlight; the audience therefore faces south. Commercial airplane landings at San Diego International Airport compete with the organ's sound. During the 1935 California Pacific International Exposition, the stage size was doubled and a fountain added; the fountain is modeled after one in Chapultepec Park in Mexico City. In 1981 the pavilion was restored, in 2002 the organ was expanded from 3,400 to 4,518 pipes. In 2015, the organ was expanded to 5,017 pipes. San Diego's Spreckels Organ is now the world's largest pipe organ in a outdoor venue, although western New York has the larger Massey Memorial Organ in an open-air auditorium with a roof.
Free organ concerts are given at 2:00 p.m. each Sunday afternoon, sponsored by San Diego Parks and Recreation Department, the Spreckels Organ Society and private donations. On Monday evenings in the summer, The Spreckels Summer International Organ Festival is presented by the Spreckels Organ Society. During the summer on Tuesdays and Thursdays, "Twilight in the Park" provides mixed popular concerts; the annual December Nights celebration is performed on the Spreckels stage. The San Diego Community Christmas Center displays nativity scenes in the Pavilion during the Christmas season. On August 31, 2014, Drive Like Jehu reunited for a performance at the pavilion, accompanied by Civic Organist Carol Williams; the collaboration was facilitated by the Spreckels Organ Society board of directors. The novelty of playing with the accompaniment of the organ was a key factor in bringing the band back together. Humphrey John Stewart 1914–1932 Royal Albert Brown 1932–1954 Charles Rollins Shatto 1954–1957 Douglas Ian Duncan 1957–1978 Jared Jacobsen 1978–1984 Robert Plimpton 1984–2001 Carol Williams 2001–2016 Raúl Prieto Ramírez 2018– Edward Crome 1914 Anton Rokos 1914–1916 Roy W. Tolchard 1916–1932 Edwin A.
Spencer 1932–1947 Leonard L. Dowling 1947–1974 Lyle Blackinton 1974–present Citations BibliographyAmero, Richard W.. Balboa Park and the 1915 Exposition. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press. ISBN 1-626193-45-2. Christman, Florence; the Romance of Balboa Park. San Diego: San Diego Historical Society. ISBN 0-91874-003-7. Pourade, Richard F.. Gold in the Sun. San Diego: The Union-Tribune Publishing Company. ISBN 0-913938-04-1. "Spreckels Organ Society" Contains concert schedule information "Spreckels Organ Pavilion" The Spreckels Pipe Organ specifications
Oulun Kärpät Naiset is the representative women's ice hockey team of the sports club Oulun Kärpät 46, based in Oulu, Finland. They play in the Naisten Liiga, the premier women's hockey league in Finland, where they have competed since the 1994–95 season. Ilves has won the Finnish Championship three times, in 2012, 2017, 2018. Updated 12 September 2019 Updated 25 July 2019 Naisten Liiga Aurora Borealis Cup: 2012, 2017, 2018 Naisten Liiga: 1996, 1998, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2006, 2007 Naisten Liiga: 2002, 2004, 2005, 2008, 2011, 2013, 2019 Bronze: 2013 Years active with Kärpät listed with players' names Finland women's national ice hockey team Women's ice hockey in Finland Oulun Kärpät Team information and statistics from Eliteprospects.com and Eurohockey.com and Hockeyarchives.info