Tanna is an island in Tafea Province of Vanuatu. It is 19 kilometres wide, with a total area of 550 square kilometres, its highest point is the 1,084-metre summit of Mount Tukosmera in the south of the island. Siwi Lake was located in the east, northeast of the peak, close to the coast until mid April 2000 when following unusually heavy rain, the lake burst down the valley into Sulphur Bay, destroying the village with no loss of life. Mount Yasur is an accessible active volcano, located on the southeast coast. Tanna was first settled about 400 BC by Melanesians from the surrounding islands; the glowing light of Mount Yasur attracted James Cook, the first European to visit the island, in August 1774, where he landed in an inlet on the southeastern tip of the island that he named Port Resolution after his ship HMS Resolution. He gave the island the name of Tanna from the local name for earth, tana in the Kwamera language. In the 19th century and missionaries arrived; the Tannese stuck to their traditions more than other islands.
Whaling vessels were some of the first regular visitors to the island in the nineteenth century. The first on record was the Rose in February 1804; the last known such visit was by the Sea Ranger in September 1871. Tanna was not a principal site of World War II, but about 1,000 people from Tanna were recruited to work on the American military base on Éfaté. Exposure to First World living standards may have led to the development of cargo cults. Many have died out, but the John Frum cult remains strong on Tanna today at Sulphur Bay in the south east and Green Point in the South West of the Island; the documentary Waiting for John by Jessica Sherry provides a history and overview of the current scene regarding these beliefs. A secessionist movement began in the 1970s, the Nation of Tanna was proclaimed on 24 March 1974. While the British were more open to allowing its holdings in Vanuatu to achieve independence, it was opposed by the French colonists and suppressed by the Anglo-French Condominium authorities on 29 June 1974.
In 1980, there was another attempt to secede, declaring the Tafea Nation on 1 January 1980, its name coming from the initials of the five islands that were to be part of the nation. British forces intervened on 26 May 1980, allowing the island to become part of the newly independent nation of Vanuatu on 30 July 1980. Tanna and nearby Erromango were devastated by cyclone Pam in mid-March 2015, with reports of an unknown number of deaths, complete destruction of the island’s infrastructure and permanent shelters, no drinking water. Following this, an El Niño-spurred drought further impacted on the people of Tanna, it is the most populous island in Tafea Province, with a population of about 29,000, one of the most populous islands in the country. Isangel, the provincial administrative capital, is on the west coast near the island's largest town of Lénakel. Tanna is populated entirely by Melanesians and they follow a more traditional lifestyle than many other islands; some of the higher altitude villages are known as kastom villages, where modern inventions are restricted, the inhabitants wear penis sheaths and grass skirts, the children do not go to public schools.
According to anthropologist Joël Bonnemaison, author of "The Tree and the Canoe: history and ethnography of Tanna," their resistance to change is due to their traditional worldview and how they "perceive and account for the dual concepts of space and time." The island is the centre of the John Frum religious movement, which attracts tourist interest as a cargo cult. The first John appeared at night as a spirit at a place called Green Point and told the people to return to their traditional way of life, or kastom. From that time kastom on Tanna has been seen as an alternative to the modernity encouraged by many missionary denominations. Yaohnanen is the centre of the Prince Philip Movement, which reveres Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, the prince consort of the United Kingdom; the cult is examined by British writer Matthew Baylis in his 2013 book Man Belong Mrs Queen: Adventures with the Philip Worshippers. Christian missionary John Gibson Paton served in Tanna in the mid 1800s. Cannibalism was practiced.
In the biography of Paton the horror of the pagan practice of abusing and murdering disobedient wives is detailed. There are three main languages spoken on Tanna: the southern language of Kwamera, the South-Western language adjacent to the slopes of Tokosmera, of which there are many dialects spoken by small groupings, constitute two of the languages; the remaining majority of Tanna islanders speak four dialects, being North Tanna in the northwest, Lénakel in the west-central area near Lénakel, the middle bush dialect in the central plateau of the island, close to Lenakel Whitesands in the northeast near Whitesands. These are grouped into the Tanna languages family, a subgroup of the South Vanuatu languages, an Austronesian language branch. According to Ethnologue, each is spoken by a few thousand, Lénakel, with 8,000 speakers, is one of the dialects of Vanuatu with the most speakers. Many people on Tanna speak Bislama, one of Vanuatu's three official languages; the island is one of the most fertile in Vanuatu and produces kava, coconut and other fruits and vegetables.
Tourism has become more important, as tourists are attracted to the volcano and traditional culture. To help
Richard Charles Kannangara was a Ceylonese tea plantation owner and politician. On 3 March 1936 Kannangara was elected to the 2nd State Council of Ceylon representing Morawaka. Kannangara defeated the sitting member, Dr. S. A. Wickramasinghe, of the Lanka Sama Samaja Party by a margin of 2,910 votes. Kannangara was superintendent and owner of a tea plantation in Deniyaya, his campaign was backed by Sir Don Baron Jayatilaka, the Leader of the House and Minister for Home Affairs. After his election to the State Council he joined the Sinhala Maha Sabha. Kannangara sat on the Executive Committee on Lands, he died whilst still in office on 14 October 1946. At the subsequent by-election in 1947 Wickramasinghe was elected by a majority of 23,823 votes, sat for a brief period on the Council until it was disbanded in July 1947
Tellurocracy is a type of civilization or state system, associated with the development of land territories and consistent penetration into inland territories. Tellurocratic states have a certain territory and the state-forming ethnic majority living on it, around which further expansion takes place; the opposite of tellurocracy is thalassocracy, although in the pure type of a particular state is observed. There is a combination of tellurocratic characteristics with thalassocratic. In political geography and geo-economics, the term is used to explain the power of a country through its control over land. For example, prior to their merger, the Sultanate of Muscat was thalassocratic, but the Imamate of Oman was landlocked and purely tellurocratic. In addition, it could be said. Tellurocracies are not purely tellurocratic. In particular, most large tellurocracies have coastlines and not just inland territories, unlike thassalocracies, which would only have coastlines, not inland territories; this makes it difficult to define what a tellurocracy is.
For example, the Mongols attempted to conquer Japan on multiple occasions. As well, the Russian Empire conquered Russian America after it reached a point where it could no longer expand eastward by land; the United States acquired Alaska and incorporated many islands and the Panama Canal Zone after it could no longer expand westward. It is worth noting that the tellurocratic, continental Australia, founded as a group of thalassocratic colonies, now holds its own island territories outside of its mainland, such as Christmas Island. Many empires of antiquity are noted for being more tellurocratic than their rivals, such as the early Roman Republic in opposition to its rival Carthaginian Empire, which as the Roman and Byzantine Empires became a rather thalassocratic, yet still quite tellurocratic rival to the quite purely tellurocratic Parthian and Sasanian Empires. In Alexander Dugin's theory of tellurocracy, the following civilizational characteristics are traditionally attributed: a sedentary lifestyle, the permanence of legal norms, the presence of a powerful bureaucratic apparatus and central authority, strong infantry, but a weak fleet.
Traditionally, tellurocracy is attributed to the Eurasian states, Mughal Empire, etc. although some, such as the early United States and the Brazilian Empire, have come into being elsewhere. In practice, all these qualities are not always present. Moreover, certain peoples and states evolve over time in another. Russia before the Russian Empire was a typical tellurocratic state. After Emperor Peter I, there was a gradual increase in the share of thalassocratic characteristics of the Russian Empire, the USSR, which turned into one of the largest naval powers; the British Empire, on the contrary, was for a long time a small thalassocratic state outside of its home islands, but during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries it increased its tellurocratic characteristics. The term Tellurocracy itself was proposed by the Russian National Bolshevist and Eurasianist publicist Alexander Dugin, based on the works of the famous German lawyer and theorist of geopolitics Carl Schmitt. Dugin associates Tellurocracy with Eurasianism, in contrast a perceived association of thalassocracy with Atlanticism.
"The Sea Against the Earth" "International tension between East and West and the confrontation of the Earth and the Sea" "Tellurocracy and Thalassocracy"
Mohamed Moumou was a Moroccan-born Swedish national, the No. 2 leader of al-Qaida in Iraq and the senior leader in Northern Iraq. He died in a building in Mosul during a shootout with American troops. Born in Fez, Morocco, he was one of the founders of the militant Moroccan Islamic Combatant Group. Moumou gained Swedish citizenship in the mid-1990s. In March 2004, Moumou was arrested in Copenhagen, Denmark, at the request of Moroccan authorities for his alleged role in the 2003 Casablanca bombings, he was sent back to Sweden. While in Sweden, he was the "uncontested leader of an extremist group centered around the Brandbergen Mosque" in the Stockholm suburb of Haninge, according to the U. S. Treasury Department. Säpo, the Swedish Security Service, had been keeping an eye on him since the mid-1990s, suspecting him of leading an Islamist network that supported terrorism abroad, he was believed to be recruiting Jihadists to fight in Iraq from his base in Sweden. The Swedes suspected that he had taken part in terrorist attacks and fought in Afghanistan in the 1990s.
In May 2006, he left for Iraq and never returned. In December 2006, he was placed on the UN terrorist lists. According to the U. S. military, Abu Qaswarah was a charismatic figure who became the senior commander in northern Iraq in June 2007 and was second in command of Al-Qaida in Iraq behind Abu Ayyub al-Masri. He was in charge of smuggling foreign fighters into northern Iraq and killed the fighters who did not want to attack Iraqis or carry out suicide missions. Prior to his death, a large number of Iraqi Christians were killed, their murders were blamed on al-Qaida, he is accused of orchestrating the failed attack on the Mosul Civic Center, which if successful would have killed hundreds of Iraqi civilians. According to the United States Department of the Treasury, Moumou traveled to Afghanistan in the mid-1990s to participate in the al-Qaeda-run Khalden training camp. According to TelQuel, Moumou was recruited in 1996 by Ibn al-Shaykh al-Libi to serve as a "sleeper agent" in Stockholm. Moumou served, at some time in the past, as "Abu Musab al-Zarqawi's representative in Europe for issues related to chemical and biological weapons".
He maintained ties to "al-Zarqawi's inner circle" in Iraq. He was the editor of the Al Ansar newsletter connected to the Algerian Armed Islamic Group; the U. S. military said that it tracked Abu Qaswarah to a building in Mosul, which served as a "key command and control location" for Al-Qaida in Iraq. On 5 October 2008, they entered the building, were fired upon, during the shootout they killed five people, one of, Abu Qaswarah, his death was announced ten days when positive identification was made on his body. The U. S. military said his death would make it more difficult for Al-Qaida to network and operate in the region
The west end of U. S. Route 40 is in the U. S. state of Utah at Silver Creek Junction in Silver Summit with Interstate 80. From there it heads southeast through Heber City and east into Colorado on its way to the Mid-Atlantic. U. S. Route 40 begins at I-80 at Silver Creek Junction in Silver Summit, traveling south-southeast as a full freeway in a broad valley northeast of Park City. At the south end of the valley, Jordanelle Reservoir comes into view and US-40 continues south high on the slope above its western shore while Utah State Route 248 climbs away to the east on the slope overlooking the northern shore; the freeway passes through several large cuttings in the side of the mountains that were dug when US-40 was relocated to make way for the reservoir. South of the reservoir, the dam is visible on the left and the road loses elevation before abruptly connecting to an exurban non-freeway segment with frequent curb cuts and building frontage. In central Heber, U. S. Highway 189 continues south.
US-40 continues south and east through mountains and the Uintah Basin to the Colorado border near Dinosaur National Monument. As with most states, US-40 follows the Victory Highway through Utah; this auto trail was organized in 1921, overlapped the older Lincoln Highway through Salt Lake City. To the west, it split from the Lincoln at Mills Junction, took a straight path across the Great Salt Lake Desert on the proposed Wendover Cut-off to Nevada; the east split with the Lincoln was at Kimball Junction, where the Victory turned to the southeast over the old Heber to Fort Duchesne trail that led past Heber City, over Daniel's Pass, along the north side of Strawberry Reservoir to Million dollar pass. From this point east into the town of Duchesne, the highway followed the same path as the Dominguez-Escalate party of 1776. Since they were being escorted by a Ute boy this is assumed to have been a quite well known native path. From the pass leaving Strawberry Reservoir, the road followed Deep Creek canyon to Current creek junction.
Crossing over Current creek the road turned north-east and through the town of Fruitland east until crossing Red Creek, across an elevated plane and into Rabbit Gulch. Proceeding due east across a broad valley and crossing the Strawberry river at Starvation flats; the road continued due east leaving Starvation flat over a sandstone laden ridge three miles west of city of Duchesne. Continuing East through Duchesne and over the 1910 bridge, past the convergence of the Strawberry and Duchesne rivers, the road continued on the North side of the Duchesne river until crossing over the Duchesne river at Bridgeland; the road continues on to Myton before crossing the Duchesne River, continues north over the Myton bench east into Roosevelt East into Fort Duchesne. The highway continued north-east across a flat area through Vernal south-east to Colorado. Between 1931 and 1938 the entire length of Highway 40 was improved from gravel to asphalt; the Utah State Road Commission took over the highway from Kimball Junction to Colorado in 1910 and 1911.
The old Lincoln Highway east of Kimball Junction was US-530, but in the late 1930s it became part of US-189. The split between US-40 and US-189 the junction of the Victory and Lincoln Highways, was moved east from Kimball Junction to Silver Creek Junction in 1952; the old road between Keetley and Kimball Junctions became State Route 248. In 1974, with its replacement - Interstate 80 - complete across California and Utah, the three states applied to AASHO to truncate US-40 to Silver Creek Junction. AASHO approved the truncation on June 17, 1975. In 1972 with the completion of Starvation Reservoir in Duchesne County a new route was built from mile marker 88 west of the new reservoir to the newly completed Freedom bridge, bypassing Starvation Flats and into Duchesne City; the old route is now under Starvation Reservoir and the rest is designated as Duchesne county road 311. East of Duchesne the new road was moved south of the river along the southern bench, bypassing Bridgeland and into Myton. In 1953 a new bridge was built over the Duchesne river just west of Myton.
The old route along Main and Sixth Street across the old bridge became State Route 252 in 1953. It was given to the city in 1969. US 40 realignments include I-80
Shunta Tanaka is a Japanese footballer playing as a defender. Tanaka was born in Osaka Prefecture on May 26, 1997. In May 2019, when he was a Osaka University of Health and Sport Sciences student, J1 League club Hokkaido Consadole Sapporo announced that signed a contract with Tanaka from the 2020 season. In December 2019, when Tanaka was a Osaka University of Health and Sport Sciences student, he was selected Japan national team for 2019 EAFF E-1 Football Championship. At this tournament, he debuted as center back against Hong Kong on December 14; as of 10 December 2019. Notes As of matches played 14 December 2019. Shunta Tanaka at Soccerway Shunta Tanaka at J. League