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SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Tanoa Visawaqa

Ratu Tanoa Visawaqa was a Fijian Chieftain who held the title 5th Vunivalu of Bau. With Adi Savusavu, one of his nine wives, he was the father of Ratu Seru Epenisa Cakobau, who succeeded in unifying Fiji into a single kingdom; the son of Ratu Banuve Baleivavalagi, 3rd Vunivalu of Bau and his second wife, Roko Lewasaki. He was the father of the first Tui Viti, Ratu Seru Epenisa Cakobau, Ratu Tanoa was installed as Vunivalu upon the death of his elder brother Ratu Naulivou Ramatenikutu, involved in a fierce power struggle against the Roko Tui Bau, Ratu Raiwalui, which led to his death; the idea of a Tui Viti was conceived in the reign of Tanoa but saw fruition in the reign of his son Seru. As the animosity intensified, Ratu Tanoa was forced into exile, firstly on Koro Island and in Somosomo on Taveuni, where he remained until his son, Ratu Seru Epenisa Cakobau led a coup in 1837, reinstalling his father as Vunivalu until his death in 1852, whereupon Cakobau inherited the title, he had 9 wives.

It was before his exile that Tanoa was named Tanoa "Visawaqa" for his bloody campaign and slaying of the Roko Tui Bau, Ratu Raiwalui, he set fire to the War Canoes of the warriors of the Roko Tui Bau, was thereafter called Tanoa — "Burner of boats", or figuratively, "excessive killer" — though Ratu Naulivou sent his brother Tanoa on the mission to punish the Roko Tui Bau and his followers he did not expect the bloodbath that would follow, Tanoa's actions worried his brother. The Majesty of Colour: A Life of Sir John Bates Thurston - Page 44, by Scarr, Deryck - 1980, reference to Tanoa Visawaqa, his exile and restoration by his son seru. Apologies To Thucydides: Understanding History as Culture and Vice Versa - Page 249, by Marshall David Sahlins, reference to Tanoa and how his name came about. Fiji Handbook of the Colony: Special Wartime Issue - Page 77, by Leonard G Usher - 1943, Original from the University of Michigan. Numerous references to Ratu Tanoa along with various details of his life and conquests Vunivalu Museum of Victoria with picture of and reference to Ratu Tanoa Visawaqa

Long Voyage Back

Long Voyage Back was written by George Cockcroft under the pen name of Luke Rhinehart. It was published in 1983, at the height of the Cold War, it shows that influence; the author sides with the nuclear disarmament side of the debate and the only character in the book with vociferous views on the subject, the daughter of the lead character represents his own views. It reflects his love of sailing. "In a nuclear war, the USSR will win. This is because the average Russian doesn't have a gun, so they can't all shoot each other and the army for food"The story concerns a hypothetical World War III between the USSR and the United States, graphically depicts the ensuing carnage. One family and some friends try to run away in a sailboat, the story describes their battles with nuclear winter and fallout, with the ensuing collapse of civilization

Mikhail Botvinov

Mikhail Viktorovich Botvinov. He won two medals at the Winter Olympics with a silver in the men's 30 km freestyle mass start event in 2002 and a bronze in the men's 50 km freestyle mass start in 2006, he competed for the Unified Team in the 1992 Winter Olympics and for Russia in the 1994 Winter Olympics. Botvinov won the 50 km event at the Holmenkollen Ski Festival in 1999, becoming the first Austrian to win the prestigious cross country event, he won the Vasaloppet event in Sweden two years earlier. His biggest successes were at the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships, he won a bronze in 1993 for Russia in the 4 × 10 km relay. In 1999, representing Austria, won a gold in the 4 × 10 km relay and a bronze in the 50 km. Botvinov emigrated from Russia to Austria in 1996 and was forced to sit out both the 1996–97 FIS World Cup Season and the 1998 Winter Olympics in Nagano until he could his citizenship status clarified, but returned to form in 1998, he encountered controversy with his teammate Christian Hoffmann regarding blood doping in 2002, though both were cleared by the International Olympic Committee on 9 April 2002.

Botvinov retired after the 2006–07 World Cup season. All results are sourced from the International Ski Federation. 2 medals – 3 medals – 2 victories 19 podiums 4 victories 17 podiums Media related to Mikhail Botvinov at Wikimedia Commons Mikhail Botvinov at the International Ski Federation Mikhail Botvinov at Olympics at Sports-Reference.com Mikhail Botvinov at the International Olympic Committee Holmenkollen winners since 1892 at the Wayback Machine - click Vinnere for downloadable pdf file skifaster.net April 9, 2002 article clearing Botvinov and Hoffman. Http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/olympics/events/1998/nagano/athletes/416.htm

American Topical Association

The American Topical Association is a US-based philatelic society and the largest organization devoted to topical stamp collecting. It was established in 1949 in Wisconsin by Jerome Husak, it serves members in over 60 countries. ATA publishes its bimonthly journal, it publishes numerous handbooks and maintains many checklists listing hundreds of stamps by topic. The organization runs the National Topical Stamp Show as well as supporting 50+ study units on various topics and 40+ local chapters; the American Topical Association is an affiliate of the American Philatelic Society. The ATA offers a variety of member services to Topical Collectors so that they may enjoy to the fullest extent the hobby of Topical Stamp collecting; the ATA's office is located at 100 N Division St, Carterville, IL 62918. Among the services included in annual dues payment are: 1) Six bi-monthly issues of Topical Time. Topical Time is the official journal of the American Topical Association, a 92-page bi-monthly publication.

The journal includes illustrated and informative topical articles and dealer advertising. Among the regular features in Topical Time are: "Topics on Postmarks," "Chapter Chatter," and "Units in Action" and at least one multi-page feature article. Topical Time is available in print and digital formats. 2) The ability to participate in one of the many Chapters of the ATA. American Topical Association Chapters are geographical stamp clubs who have affiliated with the ATA; these chapters meet throughout the United States. There are 40 chapters, including 5 Canadian and 4 international chapters located in Australia, Great Britain and South Africa. For a complete list of ATA Chapters please see 3) Specific Topical Study Units; the American Topical Association is composed of members who specialize in thematic or topical philatelic collecting. Those who share a specific topic band together to form "study units." These units encourage research on that topic. The topics of study cover a wide range of areas from Americana on Stamps of the world to Wine on worldwide stamps. for a complete list of ~50 current study units please see 4) Handbooks.

Handbooks play a vital role in making available to the topical collector research guides on various specific topics. The information for the handbooks have been researched and collated in some cases by members of some of the Topical Study units; this information is made available in printed or digital form by the ATA. 5) Checklists Service The ATA provides Checklist for hundreds of topics large and small and little known areas of interest. They run from A to Z. For each stamp listed the following is given: Topic, date of issue, Scott catalogue number, brief description, non Scott number if known. Checklists supplement the ATA handbooks an particular topics; the handbook serves as a reference item while the checklist is a spreadsheet for collectors to use when shopping at dealer booths at stamp shows or on the internet. The Distinguished Topical Philatelist is the highest service award offered by the ATA and is given for service to topical philately in general and to the ATA in particular, it was established in 1952 by ATA's founder Jerry Husak and has been presented to over 120 individuals, including residents of Canada, Great Britain and the United States, since its inception.

This is the most prestigious award given by the ATA. The first Distinguished Topical Philatelist award was presented to Allyn H Wright in 1952; the annual award ceremony is held during the ATA's National Topical Stamp Show. This ATA-sponsored annual show features an all-thematic philatelic exhibition and a 30+ dealer bourse offering a variety of philatelic material for collectors. In addition several cachet makers offer their unique covers. There are many meetings, youth activities, free stamp appraisals and special touring events; the picture below is of the ATA table at New York 2016 World Stamp Show Exhibition, held at the Javits Convention Center in New York City. Vera Felts, the Executive Director of the ATA can be seen on the left cside of the photo. Official website

Hartley transform

In mathematics, the Hartley transform is an integral transform related to the Fourier transform, but which transforms real-valued functions to real-valued functions. It was proposed as an alternative to the Fourier transform by Ralph V. L. Hartley in 1942, is one of many known Fourier-related transforms. Compared to the Fourier transform, the Hartley transform has the advantages of transforming real functions to real functions and of being its own inverse; the discrete version of the transform, the discrete Hartley transform, was introduced by Ronald N. Bracewell in 1983; the two-dimensional Hartley transform can be computed by an analog optical process similar to an optical Fourier transform, with the proposed advantage that only its amplitude and sign need to be determined rather than its complex phase. However, optical Hartley transforms do not seem to have seen widespread use; the Hartley transform of a function f is defined by: H = = 1 2 π ∫ − ∞ ∞ f cas ⁡ d t, where ω can in applications be an angular frequency and cas ⁡ = cos ⁡ + sin ⁡ = 2 sin ⁡ = 2 cos ⁡ is the cosine-and-sine or Hartley kernel.

In engineering terms, this transform takes a signal from the time-domain to the Hartley spectral domain. The Hartley transform has the convenient property of being its own inverse: f =; the above is in accord with Hartley's original definition, but various minor details are matters of convention and can be changed without altering the essential properties: Instead of using the same transform for forward and inverse, one can remove the 1 / 2 π from the forward transform and use 1 / 2 π for the inverse—or, any pair of normalizations whose product is 1 / 2 π. One can use 2 π ν t instead of ω t, in which case the 1 / 2 π coefficient is omitted entirely. One can use cos−sin instead of cos+sin as the kernel; this transform differs from the classic Fourier transform F = F in the choice of the kernel. In the Fourier transform, we have the exponential kernel: exp ⁡ = cos ⁡ − i sin ⁡, where i is the imaginary unit; the two transforms are related and the Fourier transform can be computed from the Hartley transform via: F = H + H 2 − i H − H 2.

That is, the real and imaginary parts of the Fourier transform are given by the and odd parts of the Hartley transform, respectively. Conversely, for real-valued functions f, the Hartley transform is given from the Fourier transform's real and imaginary parts: = ℜ − ℑ = ℜ {\displaystyle \=\Re \-\I

Morphosis Architects

Morphosis Architects is an interdisciplinary architectural and design practice based in Los Angeles and New York City. The firm was informally founded in 1972 by Michael Brickler, Thom Mayne, Livio Santini and James Stafford. Michael Rotondi joined the practice in 1975 and remained a principal until 1991. Writing in 1989, Boston Globe architecture critic Robert Campbell called Morphosis "one of the country's most interesting" architecture firms, described its physical, materials-focused design style as "look as if it might hurt you." Born in Connecticut, Thom Mayne studied architecture at the University of Southern California and Harvard Graduate School of Design. He was a founding member of the Southern California Institute of Architecture in 1972, has held faculty positions at the Southern California Institute of Architecture, California Polytechnic State University and the University of California, Los Angeles. Mayne was the recipient of the Pritzker Architecture Prize in 2005. Michael Rotondi was a founding member of SCI-Arc in 1972.

He became the director of the school in 1987, held that position until 1997. Rotondi's career awards include the 2009 AIA/LA Gold Medal and the 2014 Richard J. Neutra Medal from Cal Poly Pomona College of Environmental Design. Landmark/latest works by the firm include: The Lawrence Residence, 1981–1984, in Hermosa Beach, California; the home has been described as "two stylistically different structures that collide at a slight angle on their narrow lot...". The Bill & Melinda Gates Hall at Cornell University, 2014; the $60 million building houses Cornell's Information Science program. Bloomberg Center at Cornell Tech, Sep. 13, 2017, on Roosevelt Island, New York. The $115 million, five-story, "net-zero energy" building uses the power. Korean American National Museum, 2020-, in Los Angeles, California Mayne and Rotondi received numerous awards for their work in Morphosis, including 11 American Institute of Architects awards and 12 from Progressive Architecture. In 1992, the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters awarded them the Academy-Institute Award in Architecture.

Morphosis has been recognized with more than 190 local and international awards, including nine for the design of the Emerson College Los Angeles campus and 16 for the Perot Museum of Nature and Science. These include the 2014 Los Angeles Architecture Awards Grand Prize, presented by the Los Angeles Business Council, for designing the campus of Emerson College in Hollywood. Official website