Richard Stuart Linklater is an American filmmaker. Linklater is known for his realistic and natural humanist films, which revolve around suburban culture and the effects of the passage of time, his films include the observational comedy film Slacker. In 2002, he began filming a passion project that took over twelve years to complete; the film was released in 2014 to widespread critical acclaim. In 2015, Linklater was included on the annual Time 100 list of the 100 most influential people in the world. Many of his films are noted for their loosely structured narrative. Linklater was born in Houston, the son of Diane Margaret, who taught at Sam Houston State University, Charles W. Linklater, III, he attended Huntsville High School in Huntsville, during grades 9–11, where he played football for Joe Clements as a backup quarterback for the #1 ranked team in the state. For his senior year, he moved to Bellaire High School in Bellaire, Texas because he was a better at baseball than football and Bellaire had a better baseball coach.
As a teen, Linklater won a Scholastic Writing Award. Linklater studied at Sam Houston State University, until dropping out to work on an off-shore oil rig in the Gulf of Mexico, he read novels on the rig and, upon returning to land, developed a love of film through repeated visits to a repertory theater in Houston. At this point, Linklater realized, he used his savings to buy a Super-8 camera, a projector, editing equipment, moved to Austin, Texas. He enrolled in Austin Community College in the fall of 1984 to study film. Linklater founded the Austin Film Society in 1985 together with his frequent collaborator Lee Daniel. One of the mentors for the Film Society was former New York City critic for the SoHo Weekly News George Morris, who had relocated to Austin and taught film there. For several years, Linklater made many short films that were exercises and experiments in film techniques, he completed his first feature, It's Impossible to Learn to Plow by Reading Books, a Super-8 feature that took a year to shoot and another year to edit.
The film is significant in the sense. The film has his trademark style of minimal camera movements and lack of narrative, while it examines the theme of traveling with no real particular direction in mind; these idiosyncrasies would be explored in greater detail in future projects. Linklater created Detour Filmproduction, subsequently made Slacker for only $23,000, it went on to gross more than $1.25 million. The film is an aimless day in the life of the city of Austin, Texas showcasing its more eccentric characters. While gaining a cult following in the independent film world, he made his third film and Confused, based on his years at Huntsville High School and the people he encountered there; the film garnered critical praise and grossed $8 million in the United States while becoming a hit on VHS. This film was responsible for the breakout of fellow Texas native Matthew McConaughey. In 1995, Linklater won the Silver Bear for Best Director for the film Before Sunrise at the 45th Berlin International Film Festival.
His next feature, subUrbia, had mixed reviews critically, did poorly at the box office. In 1998, he took on his first Hollywood feature, The Newton Boys, which received mixed reviews while tanking at the box office. With the rotoscope films Waking Life and A Scanner Darkly, his mainstream comedies, School of Rock and the remake of Bad News Bears, he gained wider recognition. In 2003, he wrote and directed a pilot for HBO with Rodney Rothman called $5.15/hr, about several minimum wage restaurant workers. The pilot deals with themes examined in Fast Food Nation; the British television network Channel 4 produced a documentary about Linklater, in which the filmmaker discussed the personal and philosophical ideas behind his films. St Richard of Austin was presented by Ben Lewis and directed by Irshad Ashraf and broadcast on Channel 4 in December 2004 in the UK. Linklater was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay for his film Before Sunset. Waking Life and A Scanner Darkly both used rotoscoping animation techniques.
Working with Bob Sabiston and Sabiston's program Rotoshop to create this effect, Linklater shot and edited both movies as live-action features employed a team of artists to "trace over" individual frames. The result is a distinctive "semi-real" quality, praised by such critics as Roger Ebert as being original and well-suited to the aims of the film. Fast Food Nation is an adaptation of the best selling book that examines the local and global influence of the United States fast food industry; the film was entered into the 2006 Cannes Film Festival before being released in North America on November 17, 2006 and in Europe on March 23, 2007. The film received mixed reviews. Linklater fared better with the critics with A Scanner Darkly, Me and Orson Welles, Bernie, he was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay for Before Midnight, the third film in the Before... tril
Sundance Film Festival
The Sundance Film Festival, a program of the Sundance Institute, takes place annually in Park City, the largest independent film festival in the United States with more than 46,660 attending in 2016. It is held in Salt Lake City, Utah, as well as at the Sundance Resort, it is a showcase for new work from international independent filmmakers. The festival consists of competitive sections for American and international dramatic and documentary films, both feature films and short films, a group of out-of-competition sections, including NEXT, New Frontier, Midnight and Documentary Premieres; the 2019 Sundance Film Festival began January 24 and ran through February 3. Sundance began in Salt Lake City in August 1978, as the Utah/US Film Festival in an effort to attract more filmmakers to Utah, it was founded by John Earle. The 1978 festival featured films such as Deliverance, A Streetcar Named Desire, Midnight Cowboy, Mean Streets, The Sweet Smell of Success. With chairman Robert Redford, the help of Utah Governor Scott M. Matheson, the goal of the festival was to showcase American-made films, highlight the potential of independent film, to increase visibility for filmmaking in Utah.
At the time, the main focus of the event was to conduct a competition for independent American films, present a series of retrospective films and filmmaker panel discussions, to celebrate the Frank Capra Award. The festival highlighted the work of regional filmmakers who worked outside the Hollywood system; the jury of the 1978 festival was headed by Gary Allison, included Verna Fields, Linwood G. Dunn, Katharine Ross, Charles E. Sellier Jr. Mark Rydell, Anthea Sylbert. In 1979, Sterling Van Wagenen left to head up the first-year pilot program of what was to become the Sundance Institute, James W. Ure took over as executive director, followed by Cirina Hampton Catania as executive director. More than 60 films were screened at the festival that year, panels featured many well-known Hollywood filmmakers; that year, the first Frank Capra Award went to Jimmy Stewart. The festival made a profit for the first time. In 1980, Catania left the festival to pursue a production career in Hollywood. Several factors helped propel the growth of Utah/US Film Festival.
First was the involvement of actor and Utah resident Robert Redford, who became the festival's inaugural chairman. By having Redford's name associated with the festival, it received great attention. Secondly, the country was hungry for more venues that would celebrate American-made films as the only other festival doing so at the time was the USA Film Festival in Dallas. Response in Hollywood was unprecedented, as major studios did all they could to contribute their resources. In 1981, the festival moved to Park City and changed the dates from September to January; the move from late summer to midwinter was done by the executive director Susan Barrell with the cooperation of Hollywood director Sydney Pollack, who suggested that running a film festival in a ski resort during winter would draw more attention from Hollywood. It was called the US Video Festival. In 1984, the now well-established Sundance Institute, headed by Sterling Van Wagenen, took over management of the US Film Festival. Gary Beer and Van Wagenen spearheaded production of the inaugural US Film Festival presented by Sundance Institute, which included Program Director Tony Safford and Administrative Director Jenny Walz Selby.
The branding and marketing transition from the US Film Festival to the Sundance Film Festival was managed under the direction of Colleen Allen, Allen Advertising Inc. by appointment of Robert Redford. In 1991, the festival was renamed the Sundance Film Festival, after Redford's character the Sundance Kid from the film Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid. UK-based publisher C21 Media first revealed in October 2010 that Robert Redford was planning to bring the Sundance Film Festival to London, in March the following year, Redford announced that Sundance London would be held at The O2, in London from 26–29 April 2012. In a press statement, Redford said, "We are excited to partner with AEG Europe to bring a particular slice of American culture to life in the inspired setting of The O2, in this city of such rich cultural history, it is our mutual goal to bring to the UK, the best in current American independent cinema, to introduce the artists responsible for it, in essence help build a picture of our country, broadly reflective of the diversity of voices not always seen in our cultural exports."The majority of the film screenings, including the festival's premieres, would be held within the Cineworld cinema at The O2 entertainment district.
The 2013 Sundance London Festival was held 25–28 April 2013, sponsored by car-maker Jaguar. Sundance London 2014 took place on 25–27 April 2014 at the O2 arena; the Sundance London 2015 Festival was cancelled in an announcement on 16 January 2015. Sundance London returned to London from 2–5 June 2016 and again 1–4 June 2017, both at Picturehouse Cinema in London's West End. Inaugurated in 2014, Sundance Film Festival: Hong Kong took place from 22 September to 2 October 2016 and is scheduled again for 21 September to 1 October 2017, it is held at The Metroplex in Kowloon Bay each year. From 2006 through 2008, Sundance Institute collaborated with the Brooklyn Academy of Music on a special series of film screenings, panel discussions, special events bringing the institute's activities and the festival's programming to New York City. M
School of Rock
School of Rock is a 2003 comedy film directed by Richard Linklater, produced by Scott Rudin, written by Mike White. The film stars Jack Black, Joan Cusack and Sarah Silverman. Black plays struggling rock guitarist Dewey Finn, kicked out of his band and subsequently disguises himself as a substitute teacher at a prestigious prep school. After witnessing the musical talent of his students, Dewey forms a band of fourth-graders to attempt to win the upcoming Battle of the Bands and pay off his rent. School of Rock was released on October 3, 2003, by Paramount Pictures, grossing $131 million worldwide on a $35 million budget; the film received positive reviews with praise for Black's performance. It was the highest grossing music-themed comedy of all time, until it was overtaken in 2015 by Pitch Perfect 2. A stage musical adaptation opened on Broadway in December 2015, a television adaptation for Nickelodeon premiered on March 12, 2016. No Vacancy, a rock band, performs at a nightclub three weeks before auditioning for the Battle of the Bands competition.
Guitarist Dewey Finn creates on-stage antics, including a stage dive that abruptly ends the performance. The next morning, Dewey wakes in the apartment he lives in with Ned Schneebly and his girlfriend, Patty Di Marco, they move out. When Dewey meets No Vacancy at a rehearsal session, he finds out that he has been replaced by another guitarist named Spider. While attempting to sell some of his equipment for rent money, Dewey answers a phone call from Rosalie Mullins, the principal of the Horace Green prep school, inquiring for Ned about a short-term position as a substitute teacher. Desperate for money, Dewey is hired. On his first day at the school, Dewey adopts the name "Mr. S" and spends his first day behaving erratically, much to the class's confusion; the next day, Dewey overhears a music class and devises a plan to form them into a new band to audition for Battle of the Bands. He casts Zack Mooneyham as lead guitarist, Freddy Jones as drummer, cellist Katie on bass, pianist Lawrence on keyboard, himself as lead vocalist and guitarist.
He assigns the rest of the class to various roles of backup singers, roadies, with Summer Hathaway as band manager. The project takes over normal lessons, but helps the students to embrace their talents and overcome their problems, he reassures Lawrence, worried about not being cool enough for the band, whose overbearing father disapproves of rock music, Tamika, an overweight girl, too self-conscious to audition for backup singer despite an amazing voice. During one eloquent lesson, he teaches the kids that rock and roll is the way to "Stick it to the Man" and stand up for themselves. Band "groupies" Michelle and Elena, with Summer's approval, pitch the band name "The School of Rock." Two weeks into his hiring, Dewey sneaks his key band members out of school to audition for a spot in the competition, while the rest of the class stay behind to maintain cover. When Freddy wanders off, Dewey retrieves him but the group is rejected because the bill is full. After Summer tricks the staff into thinking that they have a terminal illness, the band is auditioned.
The next day, Mullins decides to check on his teaching progress, forcing Dewey to teach the actual material. Mullins explains that a parents' night will take place at the school the day before Battle of the Bands, rendering Dewey concerned; as Dewey prepares for the parents' night, Ned receives a paycheck from the school via mail, realizing that Dewey impersonated him. During the parents' meeting, the parents question what Dewey was teaching the kids until Ned and the police confront Dewey. With Mullins bursting in to question what is going on, Dewey reveals his true identity, admits he is not a licensed teacher and flees to his apartment where he and Patty argue. Ned informs Dewey he should move out; the next morning, the parents go on an uproar in front of Mullins at her office, while the kids decide not to let their hard work go to waste. When the new substitute discovers that the kids are missing, she informs Mullins, Mullins and the parents race to the competition. Ned bossed around by Patty stands up for himself and leaves to see the band perform.
A school bus comes to pick up Dewey, who leads the kids to the Battle of the Bands and decides that they play the song written by Zack. Dismissed as a gimmick, the band wins over the entire crowd. Much to Dewey's dismay, No Vacancy wins, but the audience chant for School of Rock and demand an encore; some time an after school program known as the School of Rock has opened as Dewey continues to coach the students he played with before while Ned teaches beginners. Screenwriter Mike White's concept for the film was inspired by the Langley Schools Music Project. Jack Black once witnessed a stage dive gone wrong involving Ian Astbury of rock band The Cult, which made its way into the film. Many scenes from the movie were shot around the New York City area; the school portrayed in School of Rock is Main Hall at Wagner College in Staten Island, New York. In the DVD commentary, the kids say. One of the theaters used in many of the shots was at Union County Performing Arts Center located in Rahway, New Jersey.
The eponymous album was released on September 30, 2003. Sammy James Jr. of the band The Mooney Suzuki penned the title track with screenwriter Mike White, the band backed up Jack Black and the child musicians on the soundtrack recording of the song. The film's director, Richard Linklater, scouted the country for talented 13-year-old musicians to play the rock and roll music featured on the soundtrack
A documentary film is a nonfictional motion picture intended to document some aspect of reality for the purposes of instruction, education, or maintaining a historical record. "Documentary" has been described as a "filmmaking practice, a cinematic tradition, mode of audience reception", continually evolving and is without clear boundaries. Documentary films were called'actuality' films and were only a minute or less in length. Over time documentaries have evolved to be longer in length and to include more categories, such as educational and even'docufiction'. Documentaries are educational and used in schools to teach various principles. Social media platforms such as YouTube, have allowed documentary films to improve the ways the films are distributed and able to educate and broaden the reach of people who receive the information. Polish writer and filmmaker Bolesław Matuszewski was among those who identified the mode of documentary film, he wrote two of the earliest texts on cinema Une nouvelle source de l'histoire and La photographie animée.
Both were published in 1898 in French and among the early written works to consider the historical and documentary value of the film. Matuszewski is among the first filmmakers to propose the creation of a Film Archive to collect and keep safe visual materials. In popular myth, the word documentary was coined by Scottish documentary filmmaker John Grierson in his review of Robert Flaherty's film Moana, published in the New York Sun on 8 February 1926, written by "The Moviegoer". Grierson's principles of documentary were that cinema's potential for observing life could be exploited in a new art form. In this regard, Grierson's definition of documentary as "creative treatment of actuality" has gained some acceptance, with this position at variance with Soviet film-maker Dziga Vertov's provocation to present "life as it is" and "life caught unawares"; the American film critic Pare Lorentz defines a documentary film as "a factual film, dramatic." Others further state that a documentary stands out from the other types of non-fiction films for providing an opinion, a specific message, along with the facts it presents.
Documentary practice is the complex process of creating documentary projects. It refers to what people do with media devices, content and production strategies in order to address the creative and conceptual problems and choices that arise as they make documentaries. Documentary filmmaking can be used as a form of advocacy, or personal expression. Early film was dominated by the novelty of showing an event, they were single-shot moments captured on film: a train entering a station, a boat docking, or factory workers leaving work. These short films were called "actuality" films. Many of the first films, such as those made by Auguste and Louis Lumière, were a minute or less in length, due to technological limitations. Films showing many people were made for commercial reasons: the people being filmed were eager to see, for payment, the film showing them. One notable film clocked in at over an hour and The Corbett-Fitzsimmons Fight. Using pioneering film-looping technology, Enoch J. Rector presented the entirety of a famous 1897 prize-fight on cinema screens across the United States.
In May 1896, Bolesław Matuszewski recorded on film few surigical operations in Warsaw and Saint Petersburg hospitals. In 1898, French surgeon Eugène-Louis Doyen invited Bolesław Matuszewski and Clément Maurice and proposed them to recorded his surigical operations, they started in Paris a series of surgical films sometime before July 1898. Until 1906, the year of his last film, Doyen recorded more than 60 operations. Doyen said that his first films taught him how to correct professional errors he had been unaware of. For scientific purposes, after 1906, Doyen combined 15 of his films into three compilations, two of which survive, the six-film series Extirpation des tumeurs encapsulées, the four-film Les Opérations sur la cavité crânienne; these and five other of Doyen's films survive. Between July 1898 and 1901, the Romanian professor Gheorghe Marinescu made several science films in his neurology clinic in Bucharest: Walking Troubles of Organic Hemiplegy, The Walking Troubles of Organic Paraplegies, A Case of Hysteric Hemiplegy Healed Through Hypnosis, The Walking Troubles of Progressive Locomotion Ataxy, Illnesses of the Muscles.
All these short films have been preserved. The professor called his works "studies with the help of the cinematograph," and published the results, along with several consecutive frames, in issues of "La Semaine Médicale" magazine from Paris, between 1899 and 1902. In 1924, Auguste Lumiere recognized the merits of Marinescu's science films: "I've seen your scientific reports about the usage of the cinematograph in studies of nervous illnesses, when I was still receiving "La Semaine Médicale," but back I had other concerns, which left me no spare time to begin biological studies. I must say I am thankful to you that you reminded them to me. Not many scientists have followed your way." Travelogue films were popular in the early part of the 20th century. They were referred to by distributors as "scenics." Scenics were among the most popu
A police car is a ground vehicle used by police for transportation during patrols and to enable them to respond to incidents and chases. Typical uses of a police car include transporting officers so they can reach the scene of an incident transporting and temporarily detaining suspects in the back seats, as a location to use their police radio or laptop or to patrol an area, all while providing a visible deterrent to crime; some police cars are specially adapted for certain operations. Police cars have rooftop flashing lights, a siren, emblems or markings indicating that the vehicle is a police car; some police cars may have reinforced bumpers and alley lights, for illuminating darkened alleys. Terms for police cars include patrol car. In some places, a police car may be informally known as a cop car, a black and white, a cherry top, a gumball machine, a jam sandwich or panda car. Depending on the configuration of the emergency lights and livery, a police car may be considered a marked or unmarked unit.
The first police car was a wagon run by electricity fielded on the streets of Akron, Ohio, in 1899. The first operator of the police patrol wagon was Sr.. It could travel 30 mi before its battery needed to be recharged; the car was built by city mechanical engineer Frank Loomis. The US$2,400 vehicle was equipped with electric lights, a stretcher; the car's first assignment was to pick up a drunken man at the junction of Main and Exchange streets. Ford introduced the Ford flathead V-8 in its Model B, as the first mass-marketed V8 car in 1932. In the 1940s, major American car makers began to manufacture specialized police cars. In some areas of the world, the police car has become more used than police officers "walking the beat". Placing officers in vehicles allows them to carry more equipment, such as automated external defibrillators for people in cardiac arrest or road cones for traffic obstructions, allows for more immediate transport of suspects to holding facilities. Vehicles allow for the transport of larger numbers of personnel, such as a SWAT team.
Decommissioned police cars are sold to the general public, either through a police auction or a private seller, after about 3–5 years of use. Such cars are sold cheaply due to the high mileage on such cars, in some cases exceeding the 300,000-mile mark. In some cases, the cars are re-purposed as a taxicab as an inexpensive way for cab companies to buy cars instead of fleet vehicle services. In all cases, the cars are stripped of their police markings as well as most internal equipment. There are several types of police car; the car that replaces walking for the'beat' police officer. Their primary function is to convey normal police officers between their duties. Patrol cars are able to respond to emergencies, as such are fitted with visual and audible warnings. A response car is similar to a patrol car, but is to be of a higher specification, capable of higher speeds, will be fitted with audible and visual warnings; these cars are only used to respond to emergency incidents, so are designed to travel fast, may carry specialist equipment, such as assault rifles, or shotguns.
In the UK, each station only has one, called an area car. Traffic police cars, known in the UK as Road Policing Units, are cars designed for the job of enforcing traffic laws, as such have the highest performance of any of the police vehicles, as they must be capable of catching most other vehicles on the road, they may be fitted with special bumpers designed to force vehicles off the road, may have visual and audible warnings, with special audible warnings which can be heard from a greater distance. In some police forces, the term traffic car may refer to cars equipped for traffic control in addition to enforcing traffic laws; as such, these cars may differ only from a patrol car, including having radar and laser speed detection equipment, traffic cones and traffic control signs. Some police forces do not distinguish between patrol and traffic cars, may use one vehicle to fulfill some or all roles though in some cases this may not be appropriate; these cars are a compromise between the different functions with elements added or removed.
SUVs and Pickups are used for a variety of reasons. This is a standard production car, visibly marked, but without audible and visual warning devices, it is used by community police officers to show a presence, transport them between jobs and make appearances at community events. These cars do not respond to emergencies. Many forces operate unmarked cars, in any of the roles shown above, but most for the use of traffic enforcement or detectives, they have the advantage of not being recognizable, are a valuable tool in catching criminals while the crime is still taking place. In the United States, unmarked cars are used by federal law enforcement agencies such as the FBI and the Secret Service, but can be recognized by their U. S. government plates. However, not all unmarked police cars have government license plates. Many U. S. jurisdictions use regular civ
Uma Karuna Thurman is an American actress and model. She has performed in a variety of films, ranging from romantic comedies and dramas to science fiction and action movies. Following her appearances on the December 1985 and May 1986 covers of British Vogue, Thurman starred in Dangerous Liaisons, she rose to international prominence with her performance in Pulp Fiction, for which she was nominated for the Academy Award, the BAFTA Award, the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress. Hailed as Quentin Tarantino's muse, she reunited with the director to play the main role in both Kill Bill films, which brought her two additional Golden Globe Award nominations. Established as a leading Hollywood actress, her other notable films include Henry & June, The Truth About Cats & Dogs, Batman & Robin, Les Misérables, The Producers, My Super Ex-Girlfriend, Lars von Trier's Nymphomaniac and The House That Jack Built. In 2011, Thurman was a member of the jury for the main competition at the 64th Cannes Film Festival, in 2017, she was named president of the 70th edition's "Un Certain Regard" jury.
Thurman made her Broadway debut in The Parisian Woman. For her performance in the made-for-HBO film Hysterical Blindness, Thurman won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Television Film, for her five-episode role in the NBC musical series Smash, she received a Primetime Emmy Award nomination for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Drama Series. Thurman has starred in the miniseries the series Imposters. Thurman was born in Massachusetts, her first name "Uma" means "splendour, light" and it is one of the epithets of Hindu female Goddess Parvati, while her second given name "Karuna" means "compassion" or "empathy". Her father, Robert Alexander Farrar Thurman, is a professor of Indo-Tibetan Buddhist Studies, her mother, Nena von Schlebrügge, a high-fashion model, was born in Mexico City, to German and Scandinavian parents. Thurman received a Buddhist upbringing, spent altogether around two years in the Indo-Himalayan town of Almora, she grew up in Amherst, where she went to Amherst Regional Junior High School moved to Woodstock, New York.
She has three brothers, Dechen Karl, Mipam, a half-sister named Taya, from her father's previous marriage. Thurman's first cousin, once removed, is Swedish football player Max von Schlebrügge. Thurman is described as having been an awkward and introverted girl, teased for her appearance and unusual name; when Thurman was 10 years old, a friend's mother suggested a nose job. As a child, she suffered bouts of body dysmorphic disorder, she attended Amherst Public Schools. In the eighth grade she discovered her love for acting. Talent scouts noticed her performance as Abigail in a production of The Crucible and offered her the chance to act professionally. Thurman attended Northfield Mount Hermon School, a preparatory school in Massachusetts, before dropping out to pursue a career in acting. Thurman began her career as a fashion model at age 15, signed with the agency Click Models, her early modeling credits included Glamour and the December 1985 and May 1986 covers of British Vogue. She made the transition to acting with her film debut, the teen thriller Kiss Daddy Goodnight, released in 1987.
Thurman was subsequently cast in three 1988 films — Johnny Be Good, The Adventures of Baron Munchausen and most notably, Dangerous Liaisons. In the comedy Johnny Be Good, she played the girlfriend of a top high school quarterback prospect, in The Adventures of Baron Munchausen, she made a brief appearance as goddess Venus. In the Oscar-winning drama Dangerous Liaisons, co-starring Glenn Close and John Malkovich, Thurman took on the role of a naive young woman seduced by a manipulative man; the picture was an arthouse success, garnered Thurman recognition from critics and audiences. At the time, insecure about her appearance, she spent a year in London, during which she wore loose, baggy clothing. Malkovich said of her, "There is nothing twitchy teenager-ish about her, I haven’t met anyone like her at that age, her intelligence and poise stand out. But there's something else. She's more than a little haunted." In 1990, Thurman appeared with Fred Ward and Maria de Medeiros in Henry & June, a sexually provocative drama about the relationship and affairs between writer Henry Miller and his wife June Miller in 1931 Paris.
The film was the first to receive an NC-17 rating and because many American newspapers refused to advertise films with the new rating, it did not get wide release in the United States. However, it won Thurman good notices. After playing Maid Marian in the 1991 British adventure film Robin Hood, Thurman starred as the patient of a San Francisco psychiatrist in the neo-noir drama Final Analysis, opposite Richard Gere and Kim Basinger, as a blind woman romantically involved with a former policeman in the thriller Jennifer 8, with Andy Garcia. Thurman
Robert Sean Leonard
Robert Lawrence Leonard, better known by his stage name Robert Sean Leonard, is an American actor. He is known for playing Dr. James Wilson in the television series House and Neil Perry in the film Dead Poets Society. Leonard won a Tony Award for Best Featured Actor in a Play for his performance in The Invention of Love in 2001, his other Broadway credits include Candida, Long Day's Journey Into Night, Breaking the Code, The Speed of Darkness, Here I Come!, The Music Man, Born Yesterday, To Kill a Mockingbird. From 2013 to 2014, Leonard had a recurring role as Dr. Roger Kadar on the television series Falling Skies. Leonard was born in Westwood, New Jersey, the son of Joyce Patricia, a nurse, Robert Leonard, a teacher at Collier High School, he grew up in Ridgewood, where he attended Ridgewood High School before moving on to Fordham University and the Columbia University School of General Studies. He studied theatre at HB Studio; because he shares his birth name with another actor, Leonard uses the name of his brother Sean for his Screen Actors Guild membership.
Leonard is a three-time Tony Award nominee, winning in 2001 for his role as A. E. Housman in Tom Stoppard's The Invention of Love, he had a prior association with Stoppard's work, playing the role of Valentine in the New York premiere of Arcadia at Lincoln Center in 1995. His 2003 Tony nomination was for his portrayal of Edmund Tyrone in a well-received revival of Eugene O'Neill's Long Day's Journey Into Night that co-starred Philip Seymour Hoffman, Brian Dennehy and Vanessa Redgrave. Leonard has appeared in Broadway musical productions, in 2001 replacing Craig Bierko as the lead performer in a successful revival of The Music Man. On February 8, 2011, it was announced that Leonard would co-star as Paul Verrall in the 2011 Broadway revival of Born Yesterday beginning in March. In 1997, Leonard received rave reviews for his role in the Christopher Reeve-directed television film In the Gloaming. Entertainment Weekly said that, in the film, Leonard "does a first-rate job of juggling Danny's mixture of despair and mordant jokiness."From 2004 he played Dr. James Wilson, head of the oncology department, on the FOX TV series House, until the series ended in 2012.
In 2007 Leonard appeared on Entertainment's Weekly's 100 list as "Dr. Underrated."In 2016, Leonard played King Arthur in David Lee's adaptation of the musical Camelot at the Westport Country Playhouse in Westport, Connecticut. He appears in the Broadway revival of Sunday in the Park with George as Jules/Bob, running in February 2017 to April 23. Leonard maintains a close friendship with House co-star Hugh Laurie, as well as childhood friend, Dead Poets Society and Tape co-star Ethan Hawke, with whom he founded the Malaparte theater company, along with James Waterston, Steve Zahn, Frank Whaley. Leonard has been married to Gabriella Salick since 2008, they have two daughters: Claudia. Awards2001: Tony Award for Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Play – The Invention of LoveNominations1990: Chicago Film Critics Association for Most Promising Actor – Dead Poets Society 1993: Tony Award for Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Play – Candida 1997: Online Film & Television Association for Best Actor in a Motion Picture or Miniseries – In the Gloaming 2003: Tony Award for Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Play – Long Day's Journey into Night 2009: Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble in a Drama Series – House, M.
D. 2011: People's Choice Award for Favorite TV Doctor – House, M. D. Robert Sean Leonard on IMDb Robert Sean Leonard at the Internet Broadway Database Robert Sean Leonard at the Internet Off-Broadway Database