The French Open, often referred to as Roland Garros, is a major tennis tournament held over two weeks between late May and early June at the Stade Roland Garros in Paris, France. Roland Garros is the only Grand Slam event held on clay, French spelling rules dictate that in the name of a place or event named after a person, the elements of the name are joined together with a hyphen. Therefore, the names of the stadium and the tournament are hyphenated as Roland-Garros, in 1891 the Championnat de France, which is commonly referred to in English as the French Championships, was begun. It was only open to players who were members of French clubs. The first winner was a Briton—H, the first womens singles tournament, with four entries, was held in 1897. The mixed doubles event was added in 1902 and the doubles in 1907. This French club members only tournament was played until 1924, using four different venues during that period, Île de Puteaux, in Puteaux, the Racing Club de France, played on clay.
For one year,1909, it was played at the Société Athlétique de la Villa Primrose in Bordeaux, Tennis Club de Paris, at Auteuil, played on clay. Another tournament, the World Hard Court Championships, is considered the precursor to the French Open as it was open to international competitors. Winners of this tournament included world no, 1s such as Tony Wilding from New Zealand and Bill Tilden from the US. In 1924 there was no World Hard Court Championships due to tennis being played at the Paris Olympic Games, in 1925, the French Championships became open to all amateurs internationally and was designated a major championship by the ILTF. It was held at the Stade Français in Saint-Cloud in 1925 and 1927, in 1926 the Racing Club de France hosted the event in Paris, site of the previous French club members only Championship, on clay. In 1928, the Roland Garros stadium was opened and the event has held there ever since. After the Mousquetaires or Philadelphia Four won the Davis Cup on American soil in 1927, the Stade de France had offered the tennis authorities three hectares of land with the condition that the new stadium must be named after the World War I pilot, Roland Garros.
The new Stade de Roland Garros, and its Center Court hosted that Davis Cup challenge, during World War II the tournament was held from 1941 through 1945 on the same grounds but these editions are not recognized by the French governing body, Fédération Française de Tennis. From 1946 through 1947, the French Championships were held after Wimbledon, in 1968, the French Championships became the first Grand Slam tournament to go open, allowing both amateurs and professionals to compete. Since 1981, new prizes have been presented, the Prix Orange, the Prix Citron, in another novelty, since 2006 the tournament has begun on a Sunday, featuring 12 singles matches played on the three main courts. Additionally, on the eve of the opening, the traditional Benny Berthet exhibition day takes place
Stefan Bengt Edberg is a Swedish former world no.1 professional tennis player. A major proponent of the style of tennis, he won six Grand Slam singles titles. He won the Masters Grand Prix and was a part of the Swedish Davis Cup-winning-team four times, Edberg began coaching Roger Federer in January 2014, with this partnership ending in December 2015. Edberg first came to the worlds attention as a junior player. He won all four Grand Slam junior titles in 1983 to become the first player to achieve the Junior Grand Slam in the open era, that year as a professional, Edberg won his first career doubles title in Basel. Edberg accidentally caused the death of linesman Dick Wertheim with an errant serve during the 1983 US Open, in 1984, Edberg won his first top-level singles title in Milan. Edberg won the tournament at the 1984 Summer Olympics when the sport was an exhibition event. Edberg reached the French Open doubles final with Järryd in 1986, U. S. fans first took notice of Edbergs professional career when he won the U. S.
Indoor in Memphis in February 1985, Edbergs first two Grand Slam singles titles came at the Australian Open. In December 1985, he defeated Mats Wilander in straight sets to claim his first major title, in January 1987, he defended his title by defeating local favourite Pat Cash in five sets to win the last Australian Open held on grass courts. Edberg won the Australian Open and US Open mens doubles titles in 1987, in all three of his consecutive Wimbledon finals, he played German Boris Becker in what became one of Wimbledons greatest rivalries. Edberg won their first encounter in a match spread over two days because of rain delays. A year later, Becker won in straight sets, the closest of their matches came in the 1990 final, when Edberg won in five sets after being down a break in the fifth set. Edberg reached the French Open final in 1989 but lost in five sets to 17-year-old Michael Chang and this was the only Grand Slam singles title that Edberg never won, denying him the completion of a career Grand Slam at the senior level, to match his junior Grand Slam.
In 1990, a muscle injury forced Edberg to retire from the Australian Open final while trailing Ivan Lendl 5–2 in the third set. Edberg nevertheless took the World No.1 ranking from Lendl on 13 August 1990 by winning the Super 9 tournament in Cincinnati and he held it for the rest of that year and for much of 1991 and 1992. Edberg spent a total of 72 weeks as World No.1, in 1991 Edberg again reached the Semi Finals of Wimbledon but lost to Michael Stich in a close match, 4–6, 7–6, 7–6, 7–6. Edberg reached the Finals of Australian Open again in 1992 and 1993 and he was one of the few players who reached the finals for Australian Open 5 times
Christopher Buster Mottram is a former English tennis player and UK number 1 who achieved a career-high singles ranking of World No.15 in February 1983. Mottram represented Great Britain in the Davis Cup eight times, scoring 31 wins and 10 losses and his father, Tony Mottram, was a leading British tennis player in the 1950s. While Mottram was still playing professionally, he known for his right-wing views. He expressed support for the National Front, supported the policies of Enoch Powell and he subsequently formed a songwriting partnership with the black entertainer Kenny Lynch writing the song Average Man. In November 2008, he was expelled from the UK Independence Party after attempting to broker an electoral pact with the British National Party, UKIP leader Nigel Farage called Mottrams offer astonishing, declaring the party to be non-racist. Buster Mottram at the Association of Tennis Professionals Buster Mottram at the International Tennis Federation
Mariano Zabaleta is a retired professional male tennis player from Argentina. He had an unusual but effective service motion and his best shot was his forehand and his favourite surface was clay. Zabaletas career highlights include reaching the quarter-finals of the 2001 US Open and he achieved a career-high singles ranking of World No.21. Zabaleta won three of the junior events in 1995. Zabaleta finished his career with victory in the Orange Bowl over Tommy Haas 6–2 3–6 6–1. Zabaleta struggled inititally with the transition from juniors to seniors, in 1996 he won his first Challenger event in Birmingham, Alabama over Bill Behrens 6–4, 6–4 and his quarter final performance in Bournemouth was his best showing on the main tour. In 1997, he made the final of the Guayaquil Challenger losing to Tomas Nydahl, in 1999, Zabaleta was a finalist on three occasions without winning a title, his best performance was reaching the final of the Hamburg Masters against Marcelo Ríos. Zabaleta had matchpoint in the set and lost the set in the tiebreak.
Zabaleta lost to Rios again in St Pölten and in Amsterdam to Younes El Aynaoui, Zabaletas father was hurt in the disturbances and required 10 stitches and the Argentines did not complete the tie after they were escorted from the court by police. Zabaleta reached the round of the Olympics in Sydney defeating Marcelo Ríos. He defeated Sébastien Grosjean who was in the top 10 at the time, in the first round, Taylor Dent, Greg Rusedski and he reached the fourth round of the 2002 French Open defeating top 10 player Yevgeny Kafelnikov and falling to Àlex Corretja. 2003 was Zabaletas best year overall with a 33–25 record and for the first time a record on both hardcourt 12–11 and on clay 20–11. Zabaleta matched his fourth round showing from the year at the French Open losing to Guillermo Coria in a match that lasted over 4 hours and 41 minutes. Then Zabaleta won his title in Båstad defeating Nicolás Lapentti 6–3 6–4. At the after match presentation the organisers played a recording of the ABBA song Money, Money that Zabaleta made with Younes El Aynaoui which the crowd enjoyed and had a laugh about.
Zabaleta followed up with a final in Kitzbühel losing to reigning French Open champion Juan Carlos Ferrero. In 2004, Zabaleta had defended his title in Båstad against childhood friend and he made the semi finals of the Italian Open defeating Tim Henman and Nicolás Massú who were both in the top 15 at the time, before losing to Carlos Moyà. He had quarter final appearances in Viña del Mar, Buenos Aires, Zabaleta started 2005 with quarter final appearances in Viña del Mar losing to Fernando González
Ivan Lendl is a former world No.1 professional tennis player and is currently coaching current world No.1 Andy Murray, alongside Jamie Delgado. Originally from Czechoslovakia, he became a United States citizen in 1992 and he was one of the games most dominant players in the 1980s and remained a top competitor into the early 1990s. He has been described as one of the greatest tennis players of all time, Lendls game relied particularly on strength and heavy topspin from the baseline and helped usher in the modern era of power tennis. Lendl captured eight Grand Slam singles titles and he competed in 19 Grand Slam singles finals, a record surpassed by Roger Federer in 2009, Rafael Nadal in 2014 and Novak Djokovic in 2016. He reached at least one Grand Slam final for 11 consecutive years, before the formation of the ATP, Lendl reached a record 12 year-end championships. He won two WCT Finals titles and five Masters Grand Prix titles, with the record of nine consecutive finals and he won a record 22 Grand Prix Super Series titles, the precursors to the current ATP Masters 1000.
Lendl first attained the world No.1 ranking on February 28,1983, for much of the next five years, Lendl was the top-ranked player, until August 1990. He is one of three players to win more than 1,000 tennis singles matches. Lendl has won 94 singles titles, second only in the Open Era to Connors 109 titles, Lendl has been runner-up in a record 11 Grand Slam finals. Lendl was born into a family in Ostrava, Moravian-Silesian Region. His parents were top players in Czechoslovakia, and his mother Olga, Lendl first came to the tennis worlds attention as an outstanding junior player. In 1978, he won the singles titles at both the French Open and Wimbledon and was ranked the world no.1 junior player. Lendl turned professional in 1978, and made an almost immediate impact on the game turning professional. After reaching his first top-level singles final in 1979, he won seven titles in 1980. Lendl was part of the team that won Czechoslovakias Davis Cup title that year. He was the force behind the countrys team in the first half of the 1980s.
However, he stopped playing in these events after he moved to the United States in 1986 because Czechoslovakias Tennis Association viewed him as a defector from their country. The success continued in 1981, as he won ten titles, including his first season-ending Masters Grand Prix tour title and he relocated to the United States in 1981, first living at the home of mentor and friend, Wojtek Fibak
Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent or between two teams of two players each. Each player uses a racket that is strung with cord to strike a hollow rubber ball covered with felt over or around a net. The object of the game is to play the ball in such a way that the opponent is not able to play a valid return, the player who is unable to return the ball will not gain a point, while the opposite player will. Tennis is an Olympic sport and is played at all levels of society, the sport can be played by anyone who can hold a racket, including wheelchair users. The modern game of tennis originated in Birmingham, England, in the late 19th century as lawn tennis and it had close connections both to various field games such as croquet and bowls as well as to the older racket sport of real tennis. The rules of tennis have changed little since the 1890s, two exceptions are that from 1908 to 1961 the server had to keep one foot on the ground at all times, and the adoption of the tiebreak in the 1970s.
Tennis is played by millions of players and is a popular worldwide spectator sport. Historians believe that the ancient origin lay in 12th century northern France. Louis X of France was a player of jeu de paume, which evolved into real tennis. Louis was unhappy with playing tennis outdoors and accordingly had indoor, in due course this design spread across royal palaces all over Europe. Because of the accounts of his death, Louis X is historys first tennis player known by name. Another of the enthusiasts of the game was King Charles V of France. It wasnt until the 16th century that rackets came into use, and the game began to be called tennis, from the French term tenez, an interjection used as a call from the server to his opponent. It was popular in England and France, although the game was played indoors where the ball could be hit off the wall. Henry VIII of England was a big fan of this game, during the 18th century and early 19th century, as real tennis declined, new racket sports emerged in England.
This in turn led to the codification of rules for many sports, including lawn tennis, most football codes, lawn bowls. In 1872, along with two doctors, they founded the worlds first tennis club in Leamington Spa. Evans, turfgrass agronomist, Sports historians all agree that deserves much of the credit for the development of modern tennis, according to Honor Godfrey, museum curator at Wimbledon, Wingfield popularized this game enormously
Andrei Pavel is a Romanian tennis coach and former professional tennis player. He is currently coaching the world tennis player, Tamira Paszek. Andrei began playing tennis at age eight, and moved to Germany at age sixteen, Pavel has turned professional in 1995. He has won three titles, including the ATP Masters Series tournament in Montreal/Toronto in 2001. He has won seven titles, the latest title being the Open Seat Barcelona. Had Pavel won, it would have been Agassis last match in a professional tournament and his best single result over the course of his career took place in 2001, when he captured the Masters Series title in Montreal. For his efforts during that week alone, Pavel earned $400,000, when playing Andy Murray in the Australian Open in 2009, Pavel was forced to retire from the game in the second set due to a recurring back injury. He had lost the previous set, Andrei entered the 2009 French Open, where he was defeated by Tommy Haas 6–1, 6–4, 6–4. He played his last singles match in his tournament in Bucharest in 2009.
In the same tournament he teamed up with his old friend Gabriel Trifu and he played two more exhibition matches, one facing Goran Ivanišević, while in the other he paired up with Ilie Năstase against the Mansour Bahrami / Yannick Noah pair. The week before, he had been the captain of Romanias Davis Cup team, pavels career-high singles ranking was World No.13 in October 2004. At the start of 2011, former number one Jelena Janković announced her decision to work with Andrei Pavel on a trial basis. The Serbian player did not perform up to the mark in 2010 and had dropped to as low as number eight in the WTA rankings, since the 2012 Indian Wells Masters, Pavel has been coaching Tamira Paszek, a world top-50 tennis player and dual Wimbledon quarter-finalist. A2004 US Open counts as 3 wins,0 losses, roger Federer walkover in round 4, after Pavel withdrew because of a back injury, does not count as a Pavel loss. Andrei Pavel at the Association of Tennis Professionals Andrei Pavel at the International Tennis Federation Andrei Pavel at the Davis Cup Andrei Pavel activity at Tenis Romania website Andrei Pavel
Corrado Barazzutti is a former Italian tennis player. Barazzutti gained fame in 1971 by winning the Orange Bowl and the French Open Boys Singles and he had already been called to the Italy Davis Cup team the previous year, an event for which he would play a total of 44 matches. In 1976, Barazzutti played for the only victorious Italian Davis Cup team and his career-high singles ranking was World No. Barazzutti won five career ATP tournaments, Barazzutti is currently non-playing captain of the Italy Davis Cup team and the Italy Fed Cup team. Since he has been captain, the Italian Fed Cup team have won four times,2006,2009,2010 and 2013, Corrado Barazzutti at the Association of Tennis Professionals Corrado Barazzutti at the International Tennis Federation Corrado Barazzutti at the Davis Cup Officina del Tennis by Corrado Barazzutti
Mats Wilander is a former World No.1 tennis player from Sweden. From 1982 to 1988, he won seven Grand Slam singles titles, in 1988, Wilander won three of the four Grand Slam singles events and finished that year ranked World No.1. Although he never won the title at Wimbledon, Wilander twice won the Australian Open when that tournament was still played on grass courts. This makes Wilander one of six men to have won Grand Slam singles titles on grass courts, hard courts. He and Rafael Nadal are the men in tennis history to have won at least two Grand Slam singles titles on each of the three surfaces. Wilander won his fourth Grand Slam singles title at the age of 20, in addition he won eight Grand Prix Super Series titles the precursors to the current Masters 1000. He won 33 singles titles and seven doubles titles during his career and he was a driving force behind Swedens run of seven consecutive Davis Cup finals in the 1980s. In 2002, Wilander was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame, Wilander made his debut on the professional tour at the clay court tournament in Båstad, Sweden in 1980.
In September 1981, he lost his only match against Björn Borg, losing in the first round of the tournament in Geneva. Wilander surprised the world at the 1982 French Open. At the end of the semifinal against Clerc he requested replay of the ball as he did not want to win the game due to a questionable referee decision. This was seen as a display of fair play and garnered him the Pierre de Coubertin World Fair Play Trophy. He was the youngest ever male Grand Slam singles champion at 17 years,9 months, a record since broken by Boris Becker and Michael Chang. In only his third entry in a Grand Slam tournament, Wilander became the player who needed the fewest attempts to win one, Wilander lost in the fourth round at both Wimbledon, to Brian Teacher, and the US Open to Lendl. Wilander won three tournaments in 1982 and finished the year ranked no.7. During that year, Wilander was the winner of the Svenska Dagbladet Gold Medal, Wilander returned to the French Open in 1983, where he lost to Yannick Noah after defeating John McEnroe in a quarterfinal.
He lost in the round at Wimbledon to Roscoe Tanner. Wilander won his second Grand Slam title that year at the Australian Open, played on grass at Kooyong Stadium and he won eight other tournaments in 1983, including two Grand Prix Championship Series titles, and finished the year ranked no.4