Tarn (department)

Tarn is a department located in the Occitanie region of Southern France. Named after the Tarn River, it had a population of 386,448 as of 2016, its prefecture and largest city is Albi. The inhabitants of Tarn are known, as Tarnais and Tarnaises. Tarn is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790, through application of the Law of 22 December 1789, it was created from part of the former province of Languedoc, comprised the dioceses of Albi and Castres. The new department had five districts: Albi, Lavaur, Lacaune; the capitals were, alternatively and Castres but, from 1790 to 1797, the capital was only Albi. In 1800, Albi became again the capital of the arrondissements were created. In 1926, the arrondissements of Gaillac and Lavaur were eliminated. By the law of 28 Pluviôse Year 5, the departments of Hérault and of Tarn exchanged the canton of Anglès for that of Saint-Gervais-sur-Mare. Tarn is part of the Occitanie region and has an area of 5,757.9 km2.

The department is surrounded by 5 departments, all belonging to the region Occitanie: Hérault to the southeast, Aude to the south, Aveyron to the north and east, Haute-Garonne to the southwest and west, as well as Tarn-et-Garonne to the northwest. The slope of the department is from east to west, its general character is mountainous or hilly. Tarn's three principal ranges lying to the south-east are: the Mountains of Lacaune, the Sidobre and the Montagne Noire, belonging to the Cévennes; the stony and wind-blown slopes of the Mountains of Lacaune are used for pasture. The highest point of the range and of the department is the Puech Montgrand, 1,267 m high; the granite-strewn plateaux of the Sidobre, from 490 to 610 m high, separate the valley of the river Agout from that of its western tributary, the Thoré River. The Montagne Noire, on the southwestern border of the department, derives its name from the forests on its northern slope, its highest point is the Pic de Nore at 1,211 m high. The limestone and sandstone foot-hills are clothed with vines and fruit trees, are broken by deep alluvial valleys of particular fertility.

With the exception of a small portion of the Montagne Noire, which drains into the river Aude, the whole department belongs to the basin of the Garonne. Tarn has a population, in 2016, of 386,448, for a population density of 67.1 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Castres, with 192,432 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants; the arrondissement of Albi has 186,515 inhabitants. Population development since 1793: The 10 largest cities in Tarn, with more than 6,000 inhabitants, are: There are 2 arrondissements, 23 cantons and 323 communes in Tarn; the Departmental Council of Tarn has 46 seats. In the 2015 departmental elections, the Socialist Party won 26 seats and The Republicans and Union of Democrats and Independents alliance won 18 seats. Christophe Ramond has been President of the Departmental Council since 2017. Tarn elected the following members of the National Assembly during the 2017 legislative election: Cantons of the Tarn department Communes of the Tarn department Arrondissements of the Tarn department Tourism in Tarn General Council website Prefecture website Discover Tarn – Comité Départemental du Tourisme du Tarn Photos of the Tarn

420356 Praamzius

420356 Praamzius, provisional designation 2012 BX85, is a trans-Neptunian object from the classical Kuiper belt, located in the outermost region of the Solar System 190–320 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered on 23 January 2012, by astronomers Kazimieras Černis and Richard Boyle with the Vatican's VATT at Mount Graham Observatory in Arizona, United States; the cold classical Kuiper belt object is a weak dwarf planet candidate and very red in color. It was named after the chief god Praamžius from Lithuanian mythology. Praamzius orbits the Sun at a distance of 42.1 -- 43.0 AU once 11 months. Its orbit has an inclination of 1 ° with respect to the ecliptic, it has an excite_mean of 0.053. It is a classical Kuiper belt object located in between the resonant plutino and twotino populations and has a low-eccentricity orbit. With an inclination less than 4–7°, it belongs to the cold rather than to the "stirred" hot population. With an eccentricity of 0.003 in 2016, Praamzius had one of the lowest eccentricities of any trans-Neptunian object, a more circular orbit than any major planet.

But the object's eccentricity varies over time due to the position of the planets. A 10 million year simulation of the orbit shows the eccentricity does not get greater than 0.03. Its orbital radius is near, but not on the 3:5 resonance with Neptune, with both period and radius being too large to achieve an exact 3:5 ratio; this could be due to any of several reasons, e.g. their apparent relationship being coincidental and Praamzius a typical non-resonant cubewano instead of resonant, or an artefact of librating cycle centred on 3:5 and on the longer/wider limb of its oscillation around that, or due to it exhibiting some more exotic resonance such as 7:12, 10:17 or 17:28 which are better fits for its observed track. However, it is difficult to yet determine which of these is true, as although Praamzius has a comparatively good observational record, with an otherwise decent orbital uncertainty of 2, or a mere 4.4 to 19.6 arcseconds of drift expected per decade, its great orbital distance and long period mean each of its 28-decade orbits accumulate 0.034 to 0.153 degrees of potential error.

Whilst still a small amount, unlikely to cause any difficulty with predicting target areas for future imaging or the object's position for probe rendezvous, it is enough to make nearly all of the above scenarios possible. The apparent resonance depends on what source data and calculation methods are employed - the best fit for the given orbital periods within a 25,000 year cycle time, 44:75, is still imperfect and exhibits a final error of more than 1.5 Earth years for the final conjunction. If we instead use the two bodies' respective semi-major axes, i.e. their mean orbital radii as the basis for calculation, purely Keplerian 2-body equations, the decimal ratio returns 1.699943. This is close enough to 1.7 that a 10:17 resonance can be considered a credible possibility, not only with U = 2, but in the looser reaches of a notional "U=-1" band, 4.4× more accurate than the usual U = 0 gold standard and about 85× more than band 2. However, appearing to be dead centre is no guarantee of accuracy when the uncertainty IS that great, so either of the other explanations could still be correct.

Initial discovery was from images acquired on 23 January 2012 at VATT, on Mount Graham, Arizona using a 1.8 meter reflecting telescope. The object has been tracked through January 2016 by VATT with some supporting observations by Las Campanas Observatory. 420356 Praamzius is one of the most discovered minor planets to receive a numeric designation, confirming it as a distinct body with a well determined orbit. This is due to the large number of observations since and indeed before its discovery: about one every 23 to 24 days on average from 2002 to 2016, as many as one per 10 days in the period between discovery and assignment alone. Precovery images refined the orbit more; this minor planet was named after Praamžius, the Lithuanian mythological god of the sky and friendship. The official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 22 February 2016. According to Johnston's archive, Praamzius measures 321 kilometers in diameter based on an assumed, generic albedo of 0.09. This would qualify the object as a weak dwarf planet candidate based on the 5-class taxonomic system of American astronomer Michael Brown.

However, on his website, Brown estimates only a diameter of 191 kilometers due to a much higher albedo of 0.20. As a consequence, he no longer considers Praamzius to be a possible dwarf planet; as of 2018, neither the body's color indices, nor its rotational lightcurve has been obtained from photometric observations, its rotation period and shape remain unknown. Analysis of precovery observations in the visible spectrum between 2002 and 2007 show that it may be amongst the reddest objects in the Solar System, being more than 1.5 magnitudes fainter in the G filtered versus the R filtered images, which may offer some clues about its composition an

O Rapto do Garoto de Ouro

O Rapto do Garoto de Ouro is a novel written by Brazilian writer Marcos Rey released in 1982. The story takes place in the neighborhood of Bexiga and chronicles the adventures of a trio consisting of Leo and Angela, who come to investigate the abduction of their friend Alfredo who had become famous thanks to a reality show. With the help of Jaime and a green diary, they go to question on their own a few people who may be responsible for the Golden Boy's abduction. On a Friday night, rockstar Alfredo, is home alone preparing to perform at this birthday party in a canteen in the neighborhood of Bexiga, São Paulo, his family and friends wait in the canteen. Leo and Angela, Alfredo's friends, go to his house by request of Alfredo's father and notice he's missing. Leo finds a button from Alfredo's clothes, a smashed guitar and a green diary, which lists various names from neighbors known to them. On Saturday, police investigate the Carlucci's house for evidence, but the deductions prove inconclusive.

That morning, Leo shows the green diary to his paraplegic cousin Gino, invites him to investigate Alfredo's disappearance on their own. Gino warns hin that he will be participating in a chess championship in the next few days and won't be able to accompany Leo, but advises him to call Angela, a friend of theirs for a while now. Leo accepts, but with the possibility that Angela won't want or won't be able to join, Gino decides to call Jaime, the man who brought Alfredo to fame. Alfredo wakes up in his prison, but to his nervousness, the place has no electric lighting or clean water. Using the little light that enters through a tiny window, he sees that someone left food and drink to avoid contact, as well as notes warning him to be quiet or else he's going to be bound and gagged. Alfredo thinks to himself. Leo, Angela and Gino form a commission to investigate the abduction; the commander is Gino. They investigate each name, in the green diary. However, the friends can't reach a conclusion since the majority of the interviewed people had attitudes or motives to be considered guilty.

Meanwhile, Alfredo is still locked up, on Sunday, the kidnapper comes in contact with Alfredo's family through phone calls and letters asking for lots of money and other requirements. The next morning Gino decides to give the diary to the police and tells them everything they had done so far. Not helping much, Sr. Domingos, Alfredo's father, decides to keep the police away and pay the kidnapper. In the meantime, Alfredo manages to escape from his prison and runs home, where he reunites with his family as the news of his return spread throughout the city. On Tuesday, Alfredo gives his testimony to the police station, but they still don't have any conclusions. Everyone's frustrated, they are all surprised and Sr. Domingos cannot believe it; when they open the trunk of Jaime's car, they see the bag of money Sr. Domingos had given to the kidnapper. Jaime confesses his wrongdoings and reveals that he wanted the money to run away with his old love Laura Ferrucci, as his business was failing. Jaime is arrested and Alfredo does his show in the canteen.

Alfredo: The main character of the story, was a normal teenager but became a star of the national music. He is a joyful, proud and elegant boy, he got kidnapped and the story revolves around this fact. He loves singing from an early age; the nickname "Golden Boy" is due to his rebellious hair. He's remarkable because of freckles on his face. Leo: Great friend of Alfredo, was the first to engage in the search for him. He's in love with Angela. He's brave and his wit was essential to the outcome of the case, he works at the Emperor Park Hotel from studies at night. Sometimes Leo is imperative to speak for him. Angela: The only woman in the group, she's fearless and smart. Coming from a family of upper middle class, she impresses with her beauty. Leo has a crush on her. Gino: Paraplegic, he's the brain and the leader of the group, always giving the directions of research to Leo and Angela, he was not present during the interviews with the suspects, because he was participating in a chess championship, being a genius in this sport.

Jaime: Also called "Jaimão", was the manager of Alfredo and when he disappears, Jaime is one of the first to volunteer to help solve the case. He worked as a realtor and has experience in radio, he can mimic many voices, both female. Madame Santa: old seamstress in the neighborhood, she had a successful atelier. She hates Alfredo's mother. Enrico: the sausage maker, he was hospitalized. He knew details of the kidnapping. Heitor Salvattore: known as the "Iron Arm" of the neighborhood, he's always seen in bars making bets with other men, he has incredible strength, always do favors for neighbors. Angela noticed a bruise on his forehead, caused by hot water thrown on him by a maid, whom he wanted to kiss. Marino Battaglia: owner of a kennel, was accused of falsifying pedigrees and sell other people's dogs, he fears that the golden boy's abduction will let him in trouble, because he's had previous problems with the police. Rizardo Tozzi: a fat, friendly man, he earned a reputation by participating in cooking competitions and he's able to eat an entir