Edgar Rice Burroughs
Edgar Rice Burroughs was an American fiction writer best known for his celebrated and prolific output in the adventure and science-fiction genres. Among the most notable of his creations are the jungle hero Tarzan, the heroic Mars adventurer John Carter and the fictional landmass within Earth known as Pellucidar. Burroughs' California ranch is now the center of the Tarzana neighborhood in Los Angeles. Burroughs was born on September 1, 1875, in Chicago, the fourth son of Major George Tyler Burroughs, a businessman and Civil War veteran, his wife, Mary Evaline Burroughs, his middle name is from Mary Coleman Rice Burroughs. He was of entirely English ancestry, with a family line, in North America since the Colonial era. Through his Rice grandmother, Burroughs was descended from settler Edmund Rice, one of the English Puritans who moved to Massachusetts Bay Colony in the early 17th Century, he once remarked, "I can trace my ancestry back to Deacon Edmund Rice." The Burroughs side of the family was of English origin and emigrated to Massachusetts around the same time.
Many of his ancestors fought in the American Revolution. Some of his ancestors settled in Virginia during the colonial period, Burroughs emphasized his connection with that side of his family, seeing it as romantic and warlike, and, in fact, could have counted among his close cousins no less than seven signers of the U. S. Declaration of Independence, including his third cousin, four times removed, 2nd President of the United States John Adams. Burroughs was educated at a number of local schools, he attended Phillips Academy, in Andover and the Michigan Military Academy. Graduating in 1895, failing the entrance exam for the United States Military Academy at West Point, he became an enlisted soldier with the 7th U. S. Cavalry in Fort Grant, Arizona Territory. After being diagnosed with a heart problem and thus ineligible to serve, he was discharged in 1897. After his discharge Burroughs worked a number of different jobs. During the Chicago influenza epidemic of 1891, he spent half a year at his brother's ranch on the Raft River in Idaho, as a cowboy, drifted somewhat afterward worked at his father's Chicago battery factory in 1899, marrying his childhood sweetheart, Emma Hulbert, in January 1900.
In 1903, Burroughs joined his brothers, Yale graduates George and Harry, who were, by prominent Pocatello area ranchers in southern Idaho, partners in the Sweetser-Burroughs Mining Company, where he took on managing their ill-fated Snake River gold dredge, a classic bucket-line dredge. The Burroughs brothers were the sixth cousins, once removed, of famed miner Kate Rice, a brilliant and statuesque Maths professor who, in 1914, became the first female prospector in the Canadian North. Journalist and publisher C. Allen Thorndike Rice was his third cousin; when the new mine proved unsuccessful, the brothers secured for Burroughs a position with the Oregon Short Line Railroad in Salt Lake City. Burroughs resigned from the railroad in October 1904. By 1911, after seven years of low wages as a pencil-sharpener wholesaler. By this time, Emma and he had two children and Hulbert. During this period, he began reading pulp-fiction magazines. In 1929, he recalled thinking that...if people were paid for writing rot such as I read in some of those magazines, that I could write stories just as rotten.
As a matter of fact, although I had never written a story, I knew that I could write stories just as entertaining and a whole lot more so than any I chanced to read in those magazines. In 1913, Burroughs and Emma had their third and last child, John Coleman Burroughs known for his illustrations of his father's books. In the 1920s, Burroughs became a pilot, purchased a Security Airster S-1, encouraged his family to learn to fly. Daughter Joan married Tarzan film actor, James Pierce, starring with her husband, as the voice of Jane, during 1932-34 for the Tarzan radio series; the pair were wed for more than forty years, until her death, in 1972. Burroughs divorced Emma in 1934 and, in 1935, married the former actress Florence Gilbert Dearholt, the former wife of his friend, Ashton Dearholt, with whom he had co-founded Burroughs-Tarzan Enterprises while filming The New Adventures of Tarzan. Burroughs adopted the Dearholts' two children, he and Florence divorced in 1942. Burroughs was in his late 60s and was in Honolulu at the time of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.
Despite his age, he applied for and received permission to become a war correspondent, becoming one of the oldest U. S. war correspondents during World War II. This period of his life is mentioned in William Brinkley's bestselling novel Don't Go Near the Water. After the war ended, Burroughs moved back to Encino, where after many health problems, he died of a heart attack on March 19, 1950, having written 80 novels, he is buried at Tarzana, California, US. When he died, he was believed to have been the writer who had made the most from films, earning over $2 million in royalties from 27 Tarzan pictures; the Science Fiction Hall of Fame inducted Burroughs in 2003. Aiming his work at the pulps, Burroughs had his first story, Under the Moons of Mars, serialized by Frank Munsey in the February to July 1912 issues of The All-Story – under the name "Norman Bean" to protect his reputation. Under the Moons of Mars inaugurated the Barsoom series and earned Burroughs US$400, it was first published as a book by A.
Tarzan the Terrible
Tarzan the Terrible is a novel by American writer Edgar Rice Burroughs, the eighth in his series of books about the title character Tarzan. It was first published as a serial in the pulp magazine Argosy All-Story Weekly in the issues for February 12, 19, 26 and March 5, 12, 19, 26, 1921. McClurg, its setting, Pal-ul-don, is one of the more realized "lost civilizations" in Burroughs' Tarzan stories. The novel contains a map of the place as well as a glossary of its inhabitants' language. Two months have passed since the conclusion of the previous novel, Tarzan the Untamed, in which Tarzan spent many months wandering about Africa wreaking vengeance upon those who he believed brutally murdered Jane. At the end of that novel Tarzan learns that her death was a ruse, that she had not been killed at all. In attempting to track Jane, Tarzan has come to a hidden valley called Pal-ul-don filled with dinosaurs, notably the savage Triceratops-like Gryfs, unlike their prehistoric counterparts, are omnivorous and stand 20 feet tall at the shoulder.
The lost valley is home to two different adversarial races of tailed human-looking creatures: the hairless and white skinned, city-dwelling Ho-don and the hairy and black-skinned, hill-dwelling Waz-don. Tarzan befriends a Ho-don warrior, the Waz-don chief, actuating some uncustomary relations. In this new world Tarzan becomes a captive but so impresses his captors with his accomplishments and skills that they name him "Tarzan-Jad-Guru". Having been brought there by her German captor, it turns out Jane is being held captive in Pal-ul-don, she becomes a center-piece in a religious power struggle that consumes much of the novel until she escapes, after which her German captor becomes dependent on her due to his own lack of jungle survival skills. With the aid of his native allies, Tarzan continues to pursue his beloved, going through an extended series of fights and escapes to do so. In the end success seems beyond his ability to achieve, until in the final chapter he and Jane are saved by their son Korak, searching for Tarzan just as Tarzan has been searching for Jane.
The book has been adapted into comic form by Gold Key Comics in Tarzan #166-167, with a script by Gaylord DuBois and art by Russ Manning. Bleiler, Everett; the Checklist of Fantastic Literature. Chicago: Shasta Publishers. P. 68. ERBzine.com Illustrated Bibliography entry for Edgar Rice Burroughs' Tarzan the Terrible Text of the novel at Project Gutenberg Tarzan the Terrible public domain audiobook at LibriVox Edgar Rice Burroughs Summary Project page for Tarzan the Terrible Geography of Pal-ul-Don Pal-ul-don in ERBzine by Rick Johnson Formatted epub version of the book on edgar-rice-burroughs-ebooks.blogspot.com
Tarzan and the Foreign Legion
Tarzan and the Foreign Legion is a novel by American writer Edgar Rice Burroughs, the twenty-second in his series of books about the title character Tarzan. The book, written June–September 1944 while Burroughs was living in Honolulu and published in 1947, was the last new work by Burroughs to be published during his life; the novel is set during World War II. The term "foreign legion" does not refer to the French Foreign Legion, but is the name given in the book to a small international force fighting the Japanese; the book was offered to Argosy magazine, in 1945, for serial publication, as per every Tarzan story but the story was rejected by them and returned. Burroughs published it himself two years later. While serving in the R. A. F. under his civilian name of John Clayton, Tarzan is shot down over the island of Sumatra in the Japanese-occupied Dutch East Indies. He uses his jungle survival skills to save his comrades in arms, they fight the Japanese while seeking escape from enemy territory.
Tarzan reveals to his companions how in his youth, after saving the life of a witch doctor, he was rewarded by treatment that gave him perpetual youth. His companions ask if he is immortal and he says no. According to Tarzan Alive, Philip José Farmer's study of the ape man's life and career, the incident related occurred in January 1912; the book has been adapted into comic form by Gold Key Comics in Tarzan nos. 192–193, dated June and July 1970. Tarzan and The Foreign Legion at Faded Page ERBzine.com Illustrated Bibliography entry for Edgar Rice Burroughs' Tarzan and the Foreign Legion Edgar Rice Burroughs Summary Project page for Tarzan and the Foreign Legion Text of the novel at Project Gutenberg Australia
Tarzan in comics
Tarzan, a fictional character created by Edgar Rice Burroughs, first appeared in the 1912 novel Tarzan of the Apes, in 23 sequels. The character proved immensely popular and made the jump to other media, including comics. Tarzan of the Apes was adapted into newspaper strip form, first published January 7, 1929, with illustrations by Hal Foster. A full page Sunday strip began on March 1931, with artwork by Rex Maxon. United Feature Syndicate distributed the strip. Over the years, many artists have drawn the Tarzan comic strip, notably Burne Hogarth, Ruben Moreira, Dan Barry, Bob Lubbers, John Celardo, Russ Manning, Gil Kane, Mike Grell, Gray Morrow; the daily strip began to reprint old dailies after the last Russ Manning daily. The Sunday strip turned to reprints circa 2000. Both strips continue as reprints today in Comics Revue magazine. NBM Publishing did a quality reprint series of the Foster and Hogarth work on Tarzan in a series of hardback and paperback reprints in the 1990s. In 2014, Dark Horse Books began to reprint the Hal Foster and Burne Hogarth Sundays in the original full page size.
The comic strip has borrowed plots and characters from the Burroughs Tarzan books. Writer Don Kraar, who wrote the strip from 1982 to 1995, included in his stories characters from other books by Edger Rice Burroughs, including David Innes of Pellucidar and John Carter of Mars. Tarzan has appeared in many comic books from numerous publishers over the years, notably Western Publishing, Charlton Comics, DC Comics, Marvel Comics and Dark Horse Comics; the character's earliest comic book appearances were in comic strip reprints published in several titles, such as Sparkler, Tip Top Comics and Single Series. Western Publishing published Tarzan in Dell Comics' Four Color Comics #134 & 161 in 1947, before giving him his own series, Tarzan #1–131, through Dell Comics as well as in some Dell Giants and March of Comics giveaways continued the series with #132–206 through their own Gold Key Comics; this series featured artwork by Jesse Marsh, Russ Manning, Doug Wildey. It included adaptions of most of Edgar Rice Burroughs's original Tarzan books, as well as original stories and other features.
All of the Dell and Gold Key Tarzan stories were written by Gaylord DuBois. Western published a companion series, Korak: Son of Tarzan for 45 issues from 1964 to 1972; when Western refused to expand the number of Edgar Rice Burroughs comic books being published, Edgar Rice Burroughs, Inc. sold the rights to DC Comics, who were willing to publish more comics so long as they sold. This decision was motivated by the lucrative overseas reprint rights, which Edgar Rice Burroughs, Inc. were selling to foreign publishers on a per-page rate. DC Comics took over the series in 1972, publishing Tarzan #207–258 from April 1972 to February 1977. DC continued the numbering from the Gold Key series, rather than starting over at #1. Publishers believed at the time; this version showcased artist Joe Kubert's depiction of the character, considered some of the best work of the artist's career. Comics historian Les Daniels noted that Kubert's "scripts and artwork ranked among the most authentic and effective seen."
DC Comics writer and executive Paul Levitz stated in 2010 that "Joe Kubert produced an adaptation that Burroughs aficionados could respect." The series featured some adaptations of the Burroughs books in addition to original stories, adapting Tarzan of the Apes, The Return of Tarzan, Jungle Tales of Tarzan, Tarzan the Untamed and the Lion Man and Tarzan and the Castaways. Issues #230 to #235 of the series were in the 100 Page Super Spectacular format; the series featured adaptions of other Burroughs creations, had the companion titles Korak, Son of Tarzan and Weird Worlds. The Korak series was renamed The Tarzan Family, into which all the non-Tarzan Burroughs adaptations were consolidated. During this period, the British arm of Warner Bros. the corporate parent of DC Comics, published Tarzan and Korak for the British market. Two issues of Limited Collectors' Edition featured reprints of Kubert's Tarzan stories; because Russ Manning's portrayal of Tarzan was considered "definitive" in most countries, Joe Kubert's Tarzan comics were not well-received outside of the U.
S. A. and were outsold by reprints of Manning's Tarzan. Afraid that foreign publishers would stop purchasing reprint rights to the new comics, Edgar Rice Burroughs, Inc. hired Manning to oversee the creation of overseas editions done in Manning's style. In 1977 the series moved to Marvel Comics, retitled as Lord of the Jungle. Marvel published 29 issues from June 1977 to three Annuals, it restarted the numbering rather than assuming. The series featured artwork by John Buscema. Burroughs books adapted by Marvel include Tarzan of the Apes and the Jewels of Opar and Jungle Tales of Tarzan. Mark Evanier remarked that... the whole Marvel deal was doomed from the start.... The foreign publishers did not want adaptations. Roy Thomas felt, they wanted the Russ Manning versions, but John Buscema wanted to make it as much like the Joe Kubert version as possible. The foreign publishers needed stories in fifteen-page increments, because most of the books feature thirty pages of material and two pages of ads.
Everything that made the books commercial i
Jack L. Chalker
Jack Laurence Chalker was an American science fiction author. Chalker was a Baltimore City Schools history teacher in Maryland for 12 years, retiring during 1978 to write full-time, he was a member of the Washington Science Fiction Association and was involved in the founding of the Baltimore Science Fiction Society. He was raised in Baltimore, Maryland; some of his books said that he was born in Norfolk, Virginia although he claimed, a mistake. Chalker earned a BA degree in English from Towson University in Towson, where he was a theater critic for the school newspaper, The Towerlight. During 2003, Towson University named Chalker their Liberal Arts Alumnus of the Year, he received a Master of Arts in Liberal Studies from Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. Chalker intended to become a lawyer, he taught history and geography in the Baltimore City Public Schools from 1966 to 1978, most notably at Baltimore City College and the now defunct Southwest Senior High School. Chalker lectured on science fiction and technology at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.
C. the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda and numerous universities. Chalker was married in 1978 and had two children, David, a game designer, Steven, a computer security consultant. Chalker's hobbies included esoteric audio and working on science-fiction convention committees, he had a great interest in ferryboats. Chalker joined the Washington Science Fiction Association during 1958, during 1963 he and two friends founded the Baltimore Science Fiction Society. Chalker attended every World Science Fiction Convention, except one, from 1965 until 2004, he published an amateur SF journal, from 1960 to 1971, producing ten issues. Another journal, was published 1968–1987 in association with the Fantasy Amateur Press Association. Chalker initiated a publishing house, Mirage Press, Ltd. for releasing nonfiction and bibliographic works concerning science fiction and fantasy. Chalker's awards included the Daedalus Award, The Gold Medal of the West Coast Review of Books, Skylark Award, the Hamilton-Brackett Memorial Award.
He was a nominee for the John W. Campbell Award twice and for the Hugo Award twice. Chalker was posthumously awarded the Phoenix Award by the Southern Fandom Confederation on April 9, 2005. Chalker was a three-term treasurer of the Science Fantasy Writers of America. Chalker was the co-author of The Science Fantasy Publishers, published by Mirage Press, Ltd, a bibliographic guide to genre small press publishers, a Hugo Award nominee during 1992; the Maryland Young Writers Contest, sponsored by the Baltimore Science Fiction Society, was renamed "'The Jack L. Chalker Young Writers Contest" effective April 8, 2006. Chalker is best known for his Well World series of novels, but he wrote many other novels, at least nine short stories. Many of Chalker's works involve some physical transformation of the main characters. For instance, in the Well World novels, immigrants to the Well World are transformed from their original form to become a member of one of the 1,560 sentient species that inhabit that artificial planet.
Another example would be that the Wonderland Gambit series resembles traditional Buddhist jataka-type reincarnation stories set in a science fiction environment. Steven Chalker announced that Wonderland Gambit might be made into a movie, but its close resemblance to The Matrix resulted in the project being canceled. At the time of his death, Chalker left Chameleon, he was planning to write another novel, after Chameleon. On September 18, 2003, during Hurricane Isabel, Chalker passed out and was rushed to the hospital with a diagnosis of a coronary occlusion, he was released, but was weakened. On December 6, 2004, he was again rushed to hospital with breathing problems and disorientation, was diagnosed with congestive heart failure and a pneumothorax. Chalker was hospitalized in critical condition upgraded to stable condition on December 9, though he did not regain consciousness until December 15. After several more weeks in deteriorating condition and in a persistent vegetative state, with several transfers to different hospitals, Chalker died on February 11, 2005, of kidney failure and sepsis at Bon Secours Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland.
Some of Chalker's remains are interred in the family plot at Loudon Park Cemetery in Baltimore. The remainder were distributed off a ferry near Hong Kong, the ferry between Hainan Island and the Chinese mainland, a ferry in Vietnam, White's Ferry on the Potomac River in Virginia on Father's Day 2007, on author H. P. Lovecraft's grave in Providence, Rhode Island on December 17, 2005. Midnight at the Well of Souls, Del Rey, 1977 Exiles at the Well of Souls, Del Rey, 1978 Quest for the Well of Souls, Del Rey, 1978 The Return of Nathan Brazil, Del Rey, 1980 Twilight at the Well of Souls, Del Rey, 1980 The Sea is Full of Stars, December, 1999 Ghost of the Well of Souls, 2000 Echoes of the Well of Souls, Del Rey, trade paperback, May
Tarzan and the Ant Men
Tarzan and the Ant Men is a novel by American writer Edgar Rice Burroughs, the tenth book in his series about the jungle hero Tarzan. It was first published as a seven-part serial in the magazine Argosy All-Story Weekly for February 2, 9, 16 and 23 and March 1, 8 and 15, 1924, it was first published in book form in hardcover by A. C. McClurg in September 1924; the story was adapted for Gold Key Comics in Tarzan #174-175. In the book Master of Adventure: The Worlds of Edgar Rice Burroughs, Richard A. Lupoff places Tarzan and the Ant Men in his list of essential Burroughs novels and states that it represents Burroughs at the peak of his creative powers; the story begins 1 year after the end of the previous novel which would place it around 1936 which would make Tarzan around 47 years old. His son Korak, now at about 23 has the grandchild of Tarzan. Tarzan, the king of the jungle, enters an isolated country called Minuni, inhabited by a people four times smaller than himself, the Minunians, who live in magnificent city-states which wage war against each other.
Tarzan befriends the king and the prince, Komodoflorensal, of one such city-state, called Trohanadalmakus, joins them in war against the onslaught of the army of Veltopismakus, their warlike neighbours. He is captured on the battle-ground and taken prisoner by the Veltopismakusians, whose scientist Zoanthrohago conducts an experiment reducing him to the size of a Minunian, the ape-man is imprisoned and enslaved among other Trohanadalmakusian prisoners of war, he meets, Komodoflorensal in the dungeons of Veltopismakus, together they are able to make a daring escape. Spanish actor/Tarzan lookalike Esteban Miranda, imprisoned in the village of Obebe, the cannibal, at the end of the previous novel and the Golden Lion appears in this adventure. Burrough's view on what is a natural relationship between the sexes is neatly illustrated by a secondary narrative thread in the novel, that one about the Alali or Zertalacolols, an ape-like matriarchal people living in the thorny forests which isolate Minuni from the rest of the worlds.
When the enslaved and persecuted Alali males see that Tarzan is a male too and yet stronger and more formidable than any Alali female, they go to war against the females, by killing or maiming several of them, subjugate them. When Tarzan, towards the end of the novel, meets the Alali again, the females are submissive and obedient to their mates and prefer it that way; the Minunian city states and their politics are reminiscent of those of Barsoom. They share the Barsoomian philosophy of perpetual war as a good and commendable state, as illustrated by the words of Gefasto, the Commander in Chief of the Veltopismakusian armed forces: We must have war; as we have found that there is no enduring happiness in peace or virtue, let us have a little war and a little sin. A pudding, all of one ingredient is nauseating—it must be seasoned, it must be spiced, before we can enjoy the eating of it to the fullest we must be forced to strive for it. War and work, the two most distasteful things in the world, are the most essential to the happiness and the existence of a people.
Peace reduces the necessity for labor, induces slothfulness. War compels labor. Peace turns us into fat worms. War makes men of us. Tarzan and the Ant Men marks the end of a sequence that began with Tarzan the Untamed and continued through Tarzan the Terrible and Tarzan and the Golden Lion in which Burroughs' vivid imagination and storytelling abilities hit their peak, and, considered a highlight of the series; the novel is the last in the series to focus on Tarzan's own affairs and to feature the customary locales and supporting cast of the early novels. In novels Burroughs dropped the use of such important characters as Jane and Korak, as well as the familiar base of Tarzan's African estate. Pivotal characters would return only occasionally; the Ape Man would become a rootless adventurer intervening in the affairs of an endlessly changing gallery of secondary characters whose goals and entanglements were henceforth to form the basis of the novels' plots. This shift in plot-type had first been presaged by the introduction of strong secondary characters as early as Tarzan the Untamed.
Tarzan and the Ant Men is referred to in Harper Lee's novel To Kill a Mockingbird as a book read by the young protagonist, Jean Louise Finch. The book has been adapted into comic form by Gold Key Comics in Tarzan nos. 174-175, dated June–July 1969, with a script by Gaylord DuBois and art by Russ Manning. ERBzine.com Illustrated Bibliography entry for Edgar Rice Burroughs' Tarzan and the Ant Men Edgar Rice Burroughs Summary Project page for Tarzan and the Ant Men Text of the novel at Project Gutenberg Australia Formatted epub version of the book on edgar-rice-burroughs-ebooks.blogspot.com Tarzan comic series at the Grand Comics Database Bleiler, Everett. The Checklist of Fantastic Literature. Chicago: Shasta Publishers. P. 67
Tarzan and the Jewels of Opar
Tarzan and the Jewels of Opar is a novel by American writer Edgar Rice Burroughs, the fifth in his series of books about the title character Tarzan. It first appeared in the November and December issues of All-Story Cavalier Weekly in 1916, the first book publication was by McClurg in 1918. Tarzan returns to Opar, the source of the gold where a lost colony of fabled Atlantis is located, in order to make good on some financial reverses he has suffered. While Atlantis itself sank beneath the waves thousands of years ago, the workers of Opar continued to mine all of the gold, which means there is a rather huge stockpile but, now lost to the memory of the Oparians and only Tarzan knows its secret location. A greedy, outlawed Belgian army officer, Albert Werper, in the employ of a criminal Arab, secretly follows Tarzan to Opar. There, Tarzan loses his memory after being struck on the head by a falling rock in the treasure room during an earthquake. On encountering La, the high priestess, the servant of the Flaming God of Opar, and, very beautiful, Tarzan once again rejects her love which enrages her and she tries to have him killed.
In the meanwhile, Jane has been kidnapped by the Arab and wonders what is keeping her husband from once again coming to her rescue. A now amnesiac Tarzan and Werper escape from Opar, bearing away the sacrificial knife of Opar which La and some retainers set out to recover. There is counter intrigue the rest of the way. Burroughs' novel served as a partial basis of the silent film serial The Adventures of Tarzan; the book has been adapted into comic form on a number of occasions. Notable adaptations include those of Gold Key Comics in Tarzan nos. 159-161, dated May–September 1967, Marvel in Tarzan, Lord of the Jungle nos. 1-6, 8 and 10-11, dated June–November 1977 and January, March–April 1978. Talinum paniculatum is a native plant from West Indies and Central America and has common names of Flameflower and Jewels-of-Opar. Bleiler, Everett; the Checklist of Fantastic Literature. Chicago: Shasta Publishers. P. 67. ERBzine.com Illustrated ERB Bibliography: Tarzan and the Jewels of Opar Text of the novel at Project Gutenberg Tarzan and the Jewels of Opar public domain audiobook at LibriVox Edgar Rice Burroughs Summary Project page for Tarzan and the Jewels of Opar