Amarillo is the 14th-most populous city in the state of Texas, United States. It is the largest city in the Texas Panhandle, the seat of Potter County. A portion of the city extends into Randall County; the estimated population was 199,826 as of 2017. The Amarillo metropolitan area has an estimated population of 276,020 in four counties as of 2017; the metro population is projected to surpass 310,000 in 2020. Amarillo named Oneida, is situated in the Llano Estacado region; the availability of the railroad and freight service provided by the Fort Worth and Denver City Railroad contributed to the city's growth as a cattle-marketing center in the late 19th century. The city was once the self-proclaimed "Helium Capital of the World" for having one of the country's most productive helium fields; the city is known as "The Yellow Rose of Texas", most "Rotor City, USA" for its V-22 Osprey hybrid aircraft assembly plant, as well as "Bomb City". Amarillo operates one of the largest meat-packing areas in the United States.
Pantex, the only nuclear weapons assembly and disassembly facility in the country, is a major employer. The location of this facility gave rise to the nickname Bomb City; the attractions Cadillac Ranch and Big Texan Steak Ranch are located adjacent to Interstate 40. U. S. Highway 66 passed through the city. Large ranches exist in the Amarillo area: among others, the defunct XIT Ranch and the still functioning JA Ranch founded in 1877 by Charles Goodnight and John George Adair. Goodnight continued the partnership for a time after Adair's death with Adair's widow, Cornelia Wadsworth Ritchie Adair, the sole owner from 1887 until her death in 1921. During April 1887, J. I. Berry established a site for a town after he chose a well-watered section along the way of the Fort Worth and Denver City Railroad, which had begun building across the Texas Panhandle. Berry and Colorado City, merchants wanted to make their new town site the region's main trading center. On August 30, 1887, Berry's town site won the county seat election and was established in Potter County.
Availability of the railroad and freight service after the county seat election made the town a fast-growing cattle-marketing center. The settlement was called Oneida. Early residents pronounced the city's name more similar to the Spanish pronunciation ah-mə-REE-yoh, displaced by the current pronunciation. On June 19, 1888, Henry B. Sanborn, given credit as the "Father of Amarillo", his business partner Joseph F. Glidden began buying land to the east to move Amarillo after arguing that Berry's site was on low ground and would flood during rainstorms. Sanborn offered to trade lots in the new location to businesses in the original city's site and help with the expense of moving to new buildings, his incentives won over people, who moved their businesses to Polk Street in the new commercial district. Heavy rains flooded Berry's part of the town in 1889, prompting more people to move to Sanborn's location; this led to another county seat election making Sanborn's town the new county seat in 1893. By the late 1890s, Amarillo had emerged as one of the world's busiest cattle-shipping points, its population grew significantly.
The city became a grain elevator and feed-manufacturing center after an increase in production of wheat and small grains during the early 1900s. Discovery of natural gas in 1918 and oil three years brought oil and gas companies to the Amarillo area; the United States government bought the Cliffside Gas Field with high helium content in 1927 and the Federal Bureau of Mines began operating the Amarillo Helium plant two years later. The plant was the sole producer of commercial helium in the world for a number of years; the U. S. National Helium Reserve is stored in the Bush Dome Reservoir at the Cliffside facility. Following the lead of the Fort Worth and Denver City Railroad, the Atchison and Santa Fe Railway and Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad established services to and from Amarillo; each of these three carriers maintained substantial freight and passenger depots and repair facilities in the city through most of the 20th century and were major employers within the community. In 1929, Ernest O. Thompson, a decorated World War I general and a major businessman in Amarillo, was elected mayor to succeed Lee Bivins.
Thompson worked to reduce utility rates. He joined the Texas Railroad Commission by appointment in 1933 and was elected to full terms in 1934, 1940, 1946, 1952, 1958, he became an international expert on conservation. The first Mrs. Thompson, May Peterson Thompson, a former Metropolitan Opera singer, was involved in the arts while in Amarillo and when the couple lived in Austin. Amarillo entered an economic depression. U. S. Routes 60, 87, 287, 66 intersected at Amarillo, making it a major tourist stop with numerous motels and curio shops. World War II led the establishment of Amarillo Army Air Field in east Amarillo and the nearby Pantex Army Ordnance Plant, which produced bombs and ammunition. After the end of the war, both of the facilities were closed; the Pantex Plant produced nuclear weapons throughout the Cold War. In 1949, a deadly F4 tornado devastated much of Amaril
Boot Hill, or Boothill, is the name for any number of cemeteries, chiefly in the American West. During the 19th century it was a common name for the burial grounds of gunfighters, or those who "died with their boots on". Although many towns use the name "Boot Hill", the first graveyard named "Boot Hill" was at Hays, Kansas, 5 years before the founding of Dodge City, Kansas; the term alludes to the fact that many of its occupants were cowboys who "died with their boots on," the implication here being they died violently, as in gunfights or by hanging, not of natural causes. The term became commonplace throughout the Old West, with some Boot Hills becoming famous, such as Dodge City, Tombstone and Deadwood, South Dakota; the most notable use of the name "Boot Hill" is at the Boothill Graveyard in Arizona. 31°43′11.6″N 110°04′13.6″W Formerly called the "Tombstone Cemetery", the plot features the graves of Billy Clanton, Frank McLaury and Tom McLaury. K. Corral. Located on the northwest corner of the town, the graveyard is believed to hold over 300 persons, 205 of which are recorded.
This was due to some people being buried without record. There is a separate Jewish cemetery nearby with some markers restored, there are marked graves of Chinese. However, most of the loss was due to neglect of grave markers and theft of these wooden relics as souvenirs. For example, when former Tombstone Mayor John Clum visited Tombstone for the first Helldorado celebration in 1929, he was unable to locate the grave of his wife Mary, buried in Boothill; the Tombstone "boothill" cemetery was closed in late 1886, as the new "City Cemetery" on Allen Street opened. Thereafter, Boothill was neglected, it was used after that only to bury a few outlaws, as well as a few colorful Western characters and one man who had spent many volunteer hours restoring it. The Boothill Graveyard is open to the public for a $3 fee, is a popular stop for tourists visiting Tombstone; the Boot Hill Museum is located on the original location of the Boot Hill Cemetery in Dodge City, Kansas. Boot Hill is the name of the cemetery in Dodge City in the Gunsmoke radio series.
In many episodes, the marshal would allude to "putting you in Boot Hill", or "another man headed to Boot Hill". In the first season of the Gunsmoke television series, the introduction to each episode showed Matt Dillon walking around Boot Hill reflecting on the deaths of men buried there. Boot Hill cemetery is a main plot point in the Graves. Boothill Graveyard is referenced in many films such as Tombstone, Wyatt Earp, Gunfight at the O. K. Corral, during which it was sung over the recurring title theme song by Frankie Laine. In the half of the movie Laine changes the theme to: Boot Hill is the name of a role playing game first published in 1975 by TSR, Inc. the original publisher of Dungeons & Dragons. It was the third game released by notable as one of the first games to use ten-sided dice. Boot Hill appears in the first person shooter video game Borderlands 2, located in'The Dust', playing home to a'truxican standoff'. Carl Perkins wrote in 1959 a song "The Ballad of Boot Hill". Johnny Cash recorded it for Columbia Records and it was released in the same year.
A Spaghetti Western named Boot Hill was released in 1969 and it featured Terence Hill and Bud Spencer. The first of three parts that compose the Neil Young song "Country Girl", that appears in his 1970 album with Crosby, Stills & Nash, "Déjà Vu", is called "Whiskey Boot Hill"; the Outlaws' song "Hurry Sundown" references "lying" an unnamed character in "Boot Hill". The song "The Ballad of Billy the Kid" from Billy Joel's 1973 Album Piano Man contains the lyrics "And he never had a sweetheart, but he found a home, underneath the boothill grave that bears his name". Alma, New Mexico Anamosa, Iowa Billings, Montana Bodie, California Bonanza, Idaho Calabasas, Santa Cruz County, Arizona Calico, San Bernardino County, California Canyon City, Oregon Canyon Diablo, Arizona Columbia, California Coulson, Montana Cripple Creek, Colorado Deadwood, South Dakota Dodge City, Kansas El Paso, Texas Fort Sill, Oklahoma Guthrie, Oklahoma Hartville, Wyoming Hays, Kansas Idaho City, Idaho Leadville, Colorado Livermore, California Mowry, Arizona Ogallala, Nebraska Pioche, Nevada Powderville, Montana Riley Camp, Quay County, New Mexico Seney Township, Michigan Sidney, Nebraska Silver Reef, Utah Skagway, Alaska Tascosa, Texas Tilden, Texas Tincup, Colorado Tombstone, Arizona Valentine, Nebraska known as Minnechaduza Cemetery Virginia City, Montana Virginia City, Nevada Weaver, Arizona Webster, Park County, Colorado Boot Hill was a common name for the prison graveyard at New Westminster, British Columbia.
Boot Hill was the name given by the prisoners to the cemetery at the Japanese-run Batu Lintang POW and civilian internment camp in Kuching, Borneo during World War II. Boot Hill is the name given to the fictional cemetery at the end of Phantom Manor at Disneyland Paris where one can see comic gravestones and graves of the Ravenwoods, the former inhabitants of the Manor. At the far end, there are some geysers. American Frontier Bisbee Massacre Cowboy Action Shooting Fairbank Train Robbery Potter's field Shootout at Wilson Ranch Shootout on Juneau Wharf Western Britz, Kevin. "'Boot Hill Burlesque': The Frontier Cemetery as Tourist Attraction in Tombstone and Dodge City, Kansas". Journal of Arizona History. Arizona Histo
A brothel or bordello is a place where people engage in sexual activity with prostitutes. Technically, any premises where prostitution takes place qualifies as a brothel. However, for legal or cultural reasons, establishments describe themselves as massage parlors, strip clubs, body rub parlours, studios, or by some other description. Sex work in a brothel is considered safer than street prostitution. Around the world, attitudes towards prostitution and how and if it should be regulated vary and have varied over time. Part of the discussion impacts on whether the operation of brothels should be legal, if so, to what sort of regulations they should be subjected. On 2 December 1949, the United Nations General Assembly approved the Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others; the Convention by December 2013 had been ratified by 82 states. The Convention seeks to combat prostitution, which it regards as "incompatible with the dignity and worth of the human person."
Parties to the Convention agreed to abolish regulation of individual prostitutes, to ban brothels and procuring. Some countries not parties to the Convention ban prostitution or the operation of brothels. Various United Nations commissions, have differing positions on the issue. For example, in 2012, a Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS convened by Ban Ki-moon and backed by United Nations Development Programme and UNAIDS, recommended decriminalization of brothels and procuring. In the European Union, there is no consensus on the issue. Netherlands and Germany have the most liberal policies; the European Women's Lobby condemns prostitution as "an intolerable form of male violence" and supports the "Swedish model". In February 2014, the members of the European Parliament voted in a non-binding resolution, in favor of the "Swedish Model" of criminalizing the buying, but not the selling of sex. Prostitution and the operation of brothels is illegal in many countries, though known illegal brothels may be tolerated or laws not enforced.
Such situations exist in many parts of the world, but the region most associated with these policies is Asia. When brothels are illegal they may operate in the guise of a legitimate business, such as massage parlors, saunas or spas. In other places, prostitution itself may be legal, but many activities which surround it are illegal making it difficult for people to engage in prostitution without breaking any law; this is the situation, for example, in the United Kingdom and France. In a few countries and operating a brothel is legal and regulated; the degree of regulation varies by country. Most of these countries allow brothels, at least in theory, as they are considered to be less problematic than street prostitution. In parts of Australia, for example, brothels are legal and regulated. Regulation includes planning controls and licensing and registration requirements, there may be other restrictions. However, the existence of licensed brothels does not stop illegal brothels from operating. According to a report in the Australian Daily Telegraph, illegal brothels in Sydney in 2009 outnumbered licensed operations by four to one.
The introduction of legal brothels in Queensland was to help improve safety of sex workers and the community at large and reduce crime. This is believed to have been successful in many ways in Queensland with The Viper Room being one of the most well known, clean and most regard brothels in Brisbane and Queensland; the Netherlands has one of the most liberal prostitution policies in the world, attracts sex tourists from many other countries. Amsterdam is a destination for sex tourism. Germany has liberal prostitution laws; the largest brothel in Europe is the Pascha in Cologne. Although the Dumas Hotel in Butte, Montana operated from 1890 until 1982, brothels are illegal throughout the United States, except in rural Nevada. All forms of prostitution are illegal in Clark County, which contains the Las Vegas–Paradise metropolitan area; the earliest recorded mention of prostitution as an occupation appears in Sumerian records from ca. 2400 BCE, describes a temple-bordello operated by Sumerian priests in the city of Uruk.
The ` kakum' or temple was housed three grades of women. The first group performed only in the temple sex-rites. In years, sacred prostitution and similar classifications of females were known to have existed in Greece, India and Japan. State brothels/bordellos with regulated prices existed in ancient Athens, created by the legendary lawmaker Solon; these brothels catered for a predominantly male clientele, wit
Wheeler County, Texas
Wheeler County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 5,410, its county seat is Wheeler. The county was formed in 1876 and organized in 1879, it is named for a chief justice of the Texas Supreme Court. Wheeler County was one of thirty prohibition or dry counties in the state of Texas. However, in 2010, the community of Shamrock, located in Wheeler County at the intersection of Interstate 40 and U. S. Highway 83, voted to allow liquor sales. Within the city limits of Shamrock is the only place to purchase liquor in Wheeler County. In 1876, the Texas State Legislature established Wheeler County. In 1879, Mobeetie was named the county seat. Mobeetie was known as "Sweetwater," but this name should not be confused with the Sweetwater, the seat of Nolan County west of Abilene. A stone courthouse was erected from locally quarried materials in 1880 but was replaced by a wooden structure in 1888; the town of Wheeler was designated as the county seat in 1908.
The wooden courthouse was moved to the current site but was replaced by the existing structure as a result of a 1925 bond election. The previous building was sold to a sheriff, Riley Price, who dismantled it and used it to build barns on his nearby ranch; the structure was designed by E. H. Eads of Shamrock and built by local contractors Hughes and Campbell, it features Palladian windows and Corinthian columns, characteristic of the Greek revival style of architecture. In the 1880s, Temple Lea Houston, the youngest son of Sam Houston, was the district attorney of the 35th Judicial District of Texas, when encompassed twenty-six counties in the Texas Panhandle; the district was based at the time in the courthouse at Mobeetie in Wheeler County. Houston was a member of the Texas State Senate from 1885 to 1889 and moved to Oklahoma, where he worked for statehood. An NBC television series, Temple Houston, which aired from 1963 to 1964, is loosely based on his life, with Jeffrey Hunter in the starring role.
The Pioneer West Museum, the Wheeler County historical museum, is located in Shamrock off U. S. Highway 83. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 915 square miles, of which 915 square miles is land and 1.0 square mile is water. Interstate 40 U. S. Highway 83 State Highway 152U. S. Highway 66 is no longer commissioned or signed, but has special brown historic signage at various points along its former routing. Hemphill County Roger Mills County, Oklahoma Beckham County, Oklahoma Collingsworth County Gray County Donley County Roberts County As of the census of 2000, there were 5,284 people, 2,152 households, 1,487 families residing in the county; the population density was 6 people per square mile. There were 2,687 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 87.83% White, 2.78% Black or African American, 0.78% Native American, 0.55% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 6.64% from other races, 1.34% from two or more races. 12.57% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 2,152 households out of which 29.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.00% were married couples living together, 7.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.90% were non-families. 29.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.94. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.90% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 22.50% from 25 to 44, 25.20% from 45 to 64, 20.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 92.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $31,029, the median income for a family was $36,989. Males had a median income of $26,790 versus $19,091 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,083. About 11.60% of families and 13.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.30% of those under age 18 and 16.80% of those age 65 or over.
Republican Drew Springer, Jr. a businessman from Muenster in Cooke County, has since January 2013 represented Wheeler County in the Texas House of Representatives. The representative from 1971 to 1979 was the Democrat Phil Cates a lobbyist in Austin. Mobeetie Shamrock Wheeler Allison Benonine Briscoe Kelton Twitty List of museums in the Texas Panhandle National Register of Historic Places listings in Wheeler County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Wheeler County Media related to Wheeler County, Texas at Wikimedia Commons Wheeler County Official Website Wheeler County from the Handbook of Texas Online Wheeler County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties Entry for Royal T. Wheeler from the Biographical Encyclopedia of Texas published 1880, hosted by the Portal to Texas History. Historic Wheeler County materials, hosted by the Portal to Texas History
The Canadian River is the longest tributary of the Arkansas River in the United States. It is about 906 miles long, starting in Colorado and traveling through New Mexico, the Texas Panhandle, Oklahoma; the drainage area is about 47,700 square miles. The Canadian is sometimes referred to as the South Canadian River to differentiate it from the North Canadian River that flows into it. Why the river is called the Canadian is unclear. On John C. Fremont's route map of 1845, the river's name is listed as "Goo-al-pah or Canadian River" from the Comanche and Kiowa name for the river. In 1929, Muriel H. Wright wrote that the Canadian River was named about 1820 by French traders who noted another group of traders from Canada had camped on the river near its confluence with the Arkansas River. According to the Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Spanish explorers in the 17th and 18th centuries called it the Rio Buenaventura and the Magdalena; the upper part was called Rio Colorado by the Spanish.
A more recent explanation comes from William Bright, who wrote that the name is "probably derived from Río Canadiano", a Spanish spelling of the Caddo word káyántinu, the Caddos' name for the nearby Red River. The name could be of Spanish origin from the word cañada, as the Canadian River formed a steep canyon in northern New Mexico and a somewhat broad canyon in Texas. A few historical records document this explanation. Edward Hale, writing in 1929, considered the French origin of the name most probable; the first European to explore the Canadian River was Juan de Oñate, the Spanish Governor of New Mexico, who followed the river from its origin to the western plains of what is now Oklahoma in 1601. Spanish traders and hunters were soon working in this area. French voyageurs were active along the lower Canadian. Bénard de la Harpe explored between the mouth of the river and the Kiamichi Mountains in 1715. Pierre and Paul Mallet followed the entire length of the river in 1740, as did another expedition led by Fabry de La Bruyere in 1741.
The Louisiana Purchase in 1803 resulted in all of the land east of the New Mexico border being acquired by the United States. In 1818, the Quapaw tribe ceded all its land north of the Canadian to the United States, thus making this river the effective southern boundary of the new nation. In 1825, the Osage ceded their claims to land along the river; the Canadian was designated as the boundary between the Creek-Seminole lands on the north side and the Choctaw on the south side. Major Stephen H. Long led an expedition up the Canadian River in 1821, he proclaimed the land along the river as the "Great American Desert." Despite this assessment, trading posts were established along the river, starting with Edwards' Post at the mouth of Little River. Camp Holmes was established by Colonel Henry Dodge's Dragoons in 1834. Captain Nathan Boone led a dragoon troop up the river to the 100th Meridian, the western border of the United States; the Treaty of Doak's Stand in 1820, made the Canadian River the northern boundary of the Choctaw Nation.
Early immigrants to California followed the south bank of the Canadian to Santa Fe. In 1845 the river was explored by Lieutenants James William Abert and William G. Peck of the U. S. Army Corps of Topographical Engineers, their journey was chronicled in the Journal of Lieutenant J. W. Abert from Bent's Fort to St. Louis, first published in 1846. Randolph B. Marcy commanded a military expedition to lay out a trail along the Canadian River in 1849; the trail, thereafter called the California Road, followed the south side of the river and was soon followed by large numbers of emigrants to California via Santa Fe after the 1849 discovery of gold in California. Travel along the road was curtailed during the American Civil War, as Union and Confederate forces fought for control of Indian Territory. Lieutenant Amiel Weeks Whipple led an expedition in 1853 to find a railroad route across Indian Territory, it covered some of the same ground as that explored by Marcy. Whipple's group provided extensive reports about the region's fauna.
However, its cost estimates discouraged proponents of building a railroad along the proposed route. However, the cumulative reports of Abert and Whipple changed public opinion about "The Great American Desert" and encouraged interest in developing the region. In 1890, when Oklahoma Territory was proclaimed, the river formed part of the boundary between Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory; this boundary was eradicated when the State of Oklahoma was created in 1907. The river rises on the east side of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains, around 9,600 ft above sea level, in remote southwestern Las Animas County, Colorado 1.5 mi north of the New Mexico border. An upper tributary of the Vermejo River heads around 12,000 feet in elevation in the Culebra Range and has a confluence with the Canadian south of Maxwell, New Mexico. Overall, the meandering course is 906 miles from its origin to its confluence with the Arkansas River; the main tributaries are the North Canadian and Deep Fork Rivers. After rising in Colorado, the Canadian flows east-southeast across the New Mexico border south, passing west of Raton, New Mexico.
It forms a deep canyon south of New Mexico. The Sabinoso Wilderness area is located in side canyons near the river. At its first dam at Conchas Lake, the river turns eastward, it is dammed at Logan, New Mexico, where it forms Ute Lake. From there it crosses the Texas Panhandle, dammed at Sanford, where it forms Lake Meredith; the canyon the river carves through eastern New Mexico and the Texas Panhandle is the northern bo
Dallam County, Texas
Dallam County is a county located in the northwestern corner of the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 6,703, its county seat is Dalhart. The county was founded in 1876 and organized in 1891, it is named for a lawyer and newspaper publisher. Dallam is the northernmost of the 10 Texas counties that from 1885–1912 constituted the legendary XIT Ranch; the ranch is still celebrated through the XIT Museum in Dalhart and the annual XIT Rodeo and Reunion held the first long weekend in August. Dallam County was formed in 1876 from portions of Bexar County, it was named after the lawyer who made the first digest of Texas laws. The first settlement in the area followed in 1870, which resulted in the Red River War of 1874 and 1875 with the native Comanche and Kiowa tribes. In 1900-01, the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad company built a stretch from Liberal, Kansas to Tucumcari, New Mexico, which ran through the county; the location where the tracks met those of the Fort Worth and Denver Railway was named Dalhart.
The name is taken from the first letters of Dallam County and Hartley County, between which the town's area is divided. Within a short time, the small railroad stop turned into a sizable town and was named county seat in 1903. Dallam County was one of the hardest hit areas in the Dust Bowl. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,505 square miles, of which 1,503 square miles are land and 2.0 square miles are covered by water. U. S. Highway 54 U. S. Highway 87 U. S. Highway 287 U. S. Highway 385 State Highway 102 Cimarron County, Oklahoma Sherman County Hartley County Union County, New Mexico Moore County Rita Blanca National Grassland As of the census of 2000, there were 6,222 people, 2,317 households, 1,628 families residing in the county; the population density was 4 people per square mile. There were 2,697 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 82.64% White, 1.64% Black or African American, 0.90% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 12.41% from other races, 2.20% from two or more races.
28.38% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. In terms of ancestry, 19.6% were of German, 8,2% were of Irish, 7,1 % were of English, 5,5% were of American, 2,8% were of French, 2,7 % were of Scotch-Irish, 1,6% were of Dutch. There were 2,317 households out of which 39.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.10% were married couples living together, 9.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.70% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.24. In the county, the population was spread out with 31.80% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 20.60% from 45 to 64, 10.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 102.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $27,946, the median income for a family was $33,558.
Males had a median income of $27,244 versus $19,000 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,653. About 11.30% of families and 14.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.40% of those under age 18 and 24.80% of those age 65 or over. Dallam County is located within District 86 of the Texas House of Representatives; the seat has been held by Amarillo attorney John T. Smithee, a Republican, since 1985. Dallam County as a whole is Republican in orientation; the following school districts serve Dallam County: Dalhart Independent School District Stratford Independent School District Texline Independent School District Dalhart Coldwater Texline Conlen Kerrick Perico List of museums in the Texas Panhandle National Register of Historic Places listings in Dallam County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Dallam County Dallam County commissioners’ website Dallam County in Handbook of Texas Online at the University of Texas Dallam County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties The XIT Ranch claims to have been the largest range in the world "under fence"