1953 Adelaide Carnival
The 1953 Adelaide Carnival was the 12th edition of the Australian National Football Carnival, an Australian rules football interstate competition. It took place from 8 July to 18 July at Adelaide Oval. Home state South Australia was joined by the two Victorian teams Victoria & Victoria, Western Australia, the Victoria were the best performed side, finishing the carnival unbeaten. A crowd of 52,632 a record for an interstate game, attended the game between South Australian and Victoria which would decide the Championship. South Australia though they had accounted for Victoria as as 1952, were no match on this occasion for their Victorian opponents and lost by 99 points; the VFA team performed admirably, defeating Tasmania and getting within 18 points of Western Australia and 33 points of Victoria. Tasmania finished the carnival winless and had to play off against the Australian Amateurs team in order to re-qualify as an'elite' team come the next carnival; the youngest player at the carnival was 17-year-old Neil Conlan from Tasmania.
The inaugural All-Australian team was named in 1953, based on the performances at the Adelaide Carnival. "1953 Adelaide Carnival". Full Points Footy. Archived from the original on 8 June 2011
The Charles Brownlow Trophy, better known as the Brownlow Medal, is awarded to the "best and fairest" player in the Australian Football League during the home-and-away season, as determined by votes cast by the officiating field umpires after each game. It is the most prestigious award for individual players in the AFL, it is widely acknowledged as the highest individual honour in the sport of Australian rules football. The medal was first awarded by the Victorian Football League, it was created and named in honour of Charles Brownlow, a former Geelong Football Club footballer and club secretary, VFL president, who had died in January 1924 after an extended illness. Although the award is spoken of the "best and fairest", the award's specific criterion is "fairest and best", reflecting an emphasis on sportsmanship and fair play, as the 1924 somewhat illuminated citation expressly states: Mr. Edward Greeves Geelong Football ClubTHE CHARLES BROWNLOW TROPHYDear Sir, On behalf of the Victorian Football League, we desire to place on permanent record the appreciation of your excellent play during the Season 1924.
You were selected as the fairest and best player and we have pleasure in presenting the accompanying Gold Medal in recognition of those sterling qualities. Trusting that you will be long spared to interest yourself in the adancement of the Game. We are, yours sincerelyW. Baldwin Spencer, M. E. Green, E. L. Wilson The VFL was the last of the four major mainland leagues to strike an award for league best and fairest: the SANFL's Magarey Medal had been awarded since 1898, while the WAFL's Sandover Medal and the VFA's Woodham Cup had been struck more recently. Over time, all of these awards have migrated towards similar rules regarding eligibility, but for the change of the monogram from VFL to AFL in 1990, the design and size of the medallion itself has remained unchanged from that of 1924. To determine the best player, the three field umpires confer after each home-and-away match and award 3 votes, 2 votes and 1 vote to the players they regard as the best, second best and third best in the match respectively.
On the awards night, the votes from each match are tallied, the player or players with the highest number of votes is awarded the medal. The current voting system has been used for the vast majority of Brownlow Medal counts. There have been different voting systems for short periods in the past: until 1930, only one vote was cast in each game; this was changed to the current 3–2–1 system after the 1930 season saw three players tied on four votes apiece. Since the rules were changed in 1980, if two or more eligible players score the equal highest number of votes, each wins a Brownlow medal. Prior to 1980, if two or more players were tied, a single winner was chosen on a countback: up to 1930, the winner was the player who had played the fewest games. With these considerations, these countbacks failed to separate Des Fothergill and Herbie Matthews, who tied for the medal in 1940; the league decided to keep the original award replica medals to the two winners. In 1989, the eight players who since the inception of the award had tied on votes but lost on a countback were awarded retrospective medals.
The fairest component of the medal is achieved by making ineligible any player, suspended by the AFL Tribunal during the home-and-away season. An ineligible player cannot win the Brownlow Medal, regardless of the number of votes he has received. A player remains eligible for the Brownlow Medal under the following circumstances: if he is suspended during the finals or pre-season; the application of the ineligibility criteria has remained consistent throughout the history of the award, with some subtle changes. For example, from 2005 until 2014, whether or not a player was ineligible was based on the penalty determined by the Tribunal's Match Review Panel before applying adjustments based on a player's good or bad record, or for accepting an early guilty plea or a player's existing good record – meaning that a player could be ineligible based on an infringement, worthy of a one-game suspension, but still avoid suspension by taking an early guilty plea on the charge. Since 2015, the criteria has been based upon whether or not the player is suspended during the season.
Umpires cast their votes for each game independent of eligibility criteria of the players. Prior to 1991, votes could not be awarded to a player in a match in which he was reported, but this rule was eliminated in 1991 so that a player would not be disadvantaged if he would have gained votes in a match in which he was reported but cleared by the tribunal. On three occasions, an ineligible player has tallied the highest number of Brownlow votes: In 1996, Core
1908 Melbourne Carnival
The 1908 Melbourne Carnival was the inaugural Australian National Football Carnival, an Australian rules football interstate competition, held in Melbourne in August 1908. It was known at the time as the Jubilee Australasian Football Carnival because it was designed to commemorate 50 years of Australian rules football; the winning team was presented with a silk pennant. Although the 29 August final between Victoria and Western Australia was played in front of something like 15,000 spectators, it is certain that the crowd would have been larger if it had not been the first day of the American Fleet's eight-day visit to Melbourne; the official opening was conducted by Sir Thomas Gibson-Carmichael, the Governor of Victoria, at 3:00 pm on Wednesday 19 August 1908, in the interval between the first and second matches of the carnival. The crowd of 7,000+ was in an excited mood: in the first match, New Zealand had come back from a 26-point half-time deficit to win by a single point; the seven participating teams, with each player in their team uniforms, lined up and formed a hollow square.
The official party, the Governor of Victoria, accompanied by his private secretary, Victor Albert Nelson Hood, Sir Thomas Bent, Premier of Victoria, H. C. A. Harrison, Australian Rules administrative pioneer, Mr. Cornelius Michael "Con" Hickey, Fitzroy footballer in the, secretary of the Fitzroy Football Club, foundation member and first treasurer of the Victorian Football League, the inaugural president of the Australian National Football Council, Mr. E. L. "Ernie" Wilson, the first secretary of the Collingwood Football Club in the VFL, secretary of the VFL from 1897-1929, Mr. Albert E. Nash, president of the New South Wales Australian Football League, were each introduced to the captain of each team and shook hands; the ceremony was notable for the performance of "war cries" by both the New Zealand and Queensland teams. Although it is not clear from any of the contemporary reports of the day's proceedings whether, on this occasion, the New Zealand "war cry" was a haka or not, "Follower's" report in "The Age" suggests that to be the case: "a feature of the inspection … was the Maori war cry, given with great zest by the New Zealand team, stirring was the aboriginal battle cry of the Queenslanders".
The second match, played after the opening ceremony, was nowhere near as exciting: Tasmania beat Queensland by 140 points. Team photographs of all of the competing teams were published in the Melbourne Punch, the Melbourne Leader; the New South Wales team included A. Conlin, W. Scott, Bob Rahilly, J. Hunter, G. Colley, E. Gluyas, Bert Renfrey, Algy Millhouse from the Barrier, G. Thomas, W. Maxfield, G. McConechy, Ralph Robertson, T. Vannan, C. Murray, J. Delaney, H. Welsh, A. Dartnell, J. O'Leary, C. Shipton, F. Carrick from Sydney. E. Watson from Hay, O'Keefe from Narrandera, plus James Greer and W. Hanes from Wagga. During the carnival, the New South Wales team trained at the St Kilda Cricket Ground. Former Collingwood player Tom Wright, who would be killed in action in France in 1916, was the captain of New Zealand; the selected team was: E. George, F. A. Lording, W. Monteith, J. G. Marshall, Tongue, H. Fletcher, J. J. Abfalter, P. H. Elvidge, S. G. Darby, A. Swann, M. Bonas, D. Patrick, E. Furness, A. McGrath, L.
L. Paull, George Dempster, H. L. West, T. J. "Tom" Wright, H. Wilkinson, A. Porter, A. Fisher, Paisley, F. Ross, with emergencies, Welch, L. A. Breese from Auckland, Grant, T. Smith. During the carnival, the New Zealand team trained at the Richmond Cricket Ground and was coached by Richmond's Dick Condon; this was the only time in the history of Australian rules "interstate" football matches that a team from New Zealand participated. It was anticipated that following the carnival, before returning to New Zealand, the New Zealand team would play matches in Adelaide, Bendigo, Sydney and Newcastle; the New Zealand team played a match, in Adelaide, on 1 September 1908, before the Governor, George Le Hunte, on a wet ground. South Australia won the match 5.8 to 3.10. The match was not as one-sided as the final scores indicate: the score at quarter time was South Australia 4.5 to New Zealand 0.1. In the process of the day, the New Zealand team performed two hakas, one before the match commenced, the other before the second half began.
All in all, the New Zealand team won six out of the eleven matches they played on their tour, including the carnival matches against New South Wales and Queensland, were described in the Melbourne press as "the surprise packet". The selected team was: J. Hay, M. S. "Merce" Hicks, E. Miller, A. M'Gregor and T. Morris, V. "Vic" Lowndes, M. O'Dwyer, J. Greenwood, Jack Keir, W. MacDonald, G. Paget, H. Heidemann, J. M'Cormack, L. Perkins, H. Parker, L. Kelly, A. "Jack" Bolton, H. Hopkins, Ralph McKellar, H. Coates, A. Atkinson, Lieut
Graham Studley Cornes OAM is a former Australian rules footballer and coach, as well as a media personality. From 1995 until early 2013, Cornes co-hosted a weekday drivetime sports programme that he hosts on Adelaide radio station 5AA, first with Ken "KG" Cunningham and, following Cunningham's retirement in 2008, with Stephen Rowe. In 2012 he was inducted into the Australian Football Hall of Fame. Cornes is a Vietnam veteran, having served as an infantry soldier with the 7th Battalion of the Royal Australian Regiment in 1968. Cornes was a champion with the Glenelg Football Club in the SANFL, between 1967 and 1982, he played at centre half-forward. In his 317 club games for Glenelg he kicked 339 goals and won the club best and fairest award three times, he captained Glenelg in 1978 and was a member of the premiership team in 1973, taking a spectacular mark in the last minutes of the game and calmly kicking the goal to regain the lead. In 1977 Cornes took a memorable spectacular mark against Norwood, captured in Jamie Cooper's painting the Game That Made Australia, commissioned by the AFL in 2008 to celebrate the 150th anniversary of the sport.
Cornes signed with the VFL's South Melbourne in Victoria early in his career, but stayed in South Australia. He made his VFL debut at the age of 31 in 1979 and played five games with Ron Barassi's North Melbourne before returning to South Australia after he was dropped from the team; as playing coach with South Adelaide he played 47 games in 1983-1984. Cornes represented South Australia 21 times, including as captain in 1978, he was selected in the All-Australian team in 1979 and 1980, winning the Tassie Medal in 1980 and the Simpson Medal in 1979. Cornes was the playing coach of South Adelaide in 1984, finishing fifth both years, he retired as a player, but returned to Glenelg in 1985 as coach. He had an immediate impact, winning premierships in 1985 and 1986 and taking them to three losing Grand Finals in 1987, 1988 and 1990. Cornes had a good record in State of Origin matches, boasting nine wins from eleven matches including six wins from eight matches coaching the South Australia team against Victoria.
He was the All-Australian coach in 1987 and 1988. In 1991 Cornes was appointed the inaugural coach of the Adelaide Football Club in their first year in the AFL, he guided the Crows to their first finals appearance in 1993. They led at half-time by 42 points, but inspired by the brilliance of Michael Long, the Bombers mounted an amazing comeback to win the game by 11 points. The Crows finished eleventh in 1994, at the end of the season Cornes was replaced by Robert Shaw. Cornes is now a football media personality, having appeared on the Seven Network's football coverage during the 1990s, co hosting the FIVEaa Sports Show with first K. G. Cunningham from 1995 to 2008 and now Stephen Rowe, 2009 to April 2013, he has been a long-time News Limited columnist. He has coached the All Stars in EJ Whitten Legends Game. Cornes is the centrepiece of Cornesy's Allstar Rock Band, in which he plays guitar and does some vocals. Other members of this Adelaide-based band are Greg Mallen, Simon Wilson, David Heath, Dean Fioretti, Tim Donovan, Sharon Beech.
In 2007, Cornes argued for the return of State of Origin in Australian football. He cited the success of the annual New South Wales-Queensland series in the National Rugby League and blamed the narrow-mindedness of clubs and coaches for undermining the concept in Australian football. Cornes' sons Chad and Kane became players for the Port Adelaide Football Club in the AFL, he has been married three times married to Nicole Cornes whom he met when she was a secretary at radio station 5AA. Cornes and his wife have three daughters, Amy and Gia. In 1968, he was drafted under the National Service Act and served in Vietnam as an infantry soldier with the 7th Battalion of the Royal Australian Regiment, he remains active with several veterans groups. 1977 SANFL Grand Final Graham Cornes at AustralianFootball.com Graham Cornes' Army Service Record
Australian National Football Council
The Australian National Football Council was the national governing body for Australian rules football in Australia from 1906 until 1995. The council was a body of delegates representing each of the sport's individual state leagues which controlled football in their states; the council was the owner of the laws of the game and managed interstate administrative and football matters. Its function was superseded by the AFL Commission; the council underwent several name changes during its existence, at different times it was known as: the Australasian Football Council, the Australian Football Council, the National Football League and the National Australian Football Council. Throughout its history, the ANFC was the top level administrative body for the sport of Australian rules football. In this capacity, it served four main functions: It was the owner of the official laws of Australian rules football, with the intention that the sport be played under uniform rules across Australia. Any rule changes were discussed and approved within the council, any changes were binding on all affiliated bodies nationally.
It supervised the processes of interstate player clearances and transfers. This included maintaining rules relating to residential qualifications for interstate clearances, intervening in disputes between the states, ensuring that the clearance systems were enforced, it sought to develop and promote the game in markets where rugby football pre-dominated, including Sydney, country New South Wales and the ACT. It did this by taking levies from the leagues where Australian rules football was dominant, re-distributing those funds to the other markets for advertising and propaganda purposes, as well as arranging exhibition matches, it was responsible for the organisation of interstate matches, including the triennial Interstate Carnivals. The structure of the council mirrored that of most football leagues in Australia at the time: each affiliated full member league appointed a delegate to the council to act on its behalf in discussions and votes; the decision making process followed by the council was that delegates would meet every one to three years, to discuss and vote on proposed changes.
All changes to on-field or off-field laws needed to be passed by a supermajority vote – this was a three-quarters majority later became a double majority which required an overall simple majority plus minimum number of the designated major states to vote in favour. The council elected an executive committee which managed the game's administrative matters; the affiliated full members of the council, which were the various state leagues such as the Victorian Football League and South Australian National Football League, became the controlling administrative bodies for football in their states. Smaller leagues within each state would affiliate with the controlling body, bringing all affiliated leagues in the country hierarchically under the influence of the ANFC; the council maintained control by forbidding its affiliates from competing in matches against unaffiliated bodies without permission, with the threat of excluding from the council any leagues, players or clubs who defied its rules. This meant that leagues could face exclusion if they played representative matches against un-affiliated leagues or their clubs without permission.
It meant that players who broke the ANFC's transfer rules by switching to an un-affiliated league without a clearance would be banned from affiliated leagues. Any penalties imposed by the council were inherently valid only within the council-affiliated competitions, there was nothing to stop a league or player from ignoring council rules and carrying on in an unaffiliated system – and the Victorian Football Association spent much of its history operating in this manner – however, by virtue of the council's size, the number of options for unaffiliated leagues and players was sufficiently small to encourage most competitions to adhere to council rules and remain affiliated. Australian rules football was first played in Melbourne, Victoria in 1858, developed over the following decades; the game was spread to other cities, but due to the large distances between cities in Australia, the game developed independently in each city. Until the 1870s, football in each city or colony was administered in an ad hoc manner by the participating clubs, before colony-level administrative bodies began to be established, with the Victorian Football Association and South Australian Football Association formed in 1877 and the Tasmanian Football Association in 1879.
The first effort towards national administration of the game took place in 1883, with an informal intercolonial football conference which took place on 9 November in Melbourne. With a growing desire to have a uniform set of rules across the country to facilitate intercolonial play and development of the sport, invitations were sent to all of the major football clubs or leagues; the meeting was attended by delegates representing Victoria, South Australia and Tasmania. After debating rule differences which existed at that time between the colonies, a uniform set of rules was agree
1980 Adelaide State of Origin Carnival
The 1980 Adelaide State of Origin Carnival was the 21st Australian National Football Carnival, an Australian rules football competition. It was just the second carnival to take place under the State of Origin format. Four states took part, the hosts South Australia, Tasmania and the reigning carnival champions Western Australia. Football Park hosted all the fixtures, which took place in October after the football season had ended. John Roberts - 9 goals Kelvin Templeton - 6 goals Ken Judge - 5 goals Garry Sidebottom - 5 goals Graham Cornes Full Points Footy: 1980 Adelaide State of Origin Carnival
Graham Vivian "Polly" Farmer, MBE is a retired Australian rules football player and coach. Born in Western Australia, he joined the East Perth Football Club as a ruckman in 1953, where he won several awards and contributed to the team winning three premierships, he was recruited to the Victorian Football League league in 1962 for the Geelong Football Club, where he played 101 games and captained the team for three seasons. Farmer returned to Western Australia and became the captain/coach of the West Perth Football Club in 1968, leading the club to premierships against East Perth in 1969 and 1971. After retiring as a player, he coached Geelong, East Perth and Western Australia's first state of origin team. Farmer is an official Legend of Australian rules football, he revolutionised ruckwork and handballing; the Graham Farmer Freeway in his hometown of Perth is named in his honour. Farmer is the patron of the Graham Farmer Foundation, an educational not-for-profit founded in 1995. Farmer was born in Hillcrest Hospital, North Fremantle and brought up at Sister Kate's orphanage in Queen's Park.
Farmer said, "If it had not been for Sister Kate's, I would have had an ice block's hope in hell of leading a normal life. I owe her and all her dedicated helpers everything – for giving me the chance to make something of myself. I was one of the lucky ones." A bout of poliomyelitis left Farmer with his left leg shorter than his right leg. According to Farmer, he was nicknamed "Polly the Parrot" as a six-year-old because people thought he chattered away like a parrot. At high school, Farmer was spotted by talent scouts for East Perth Football Club, joined the team. Farmer began his top-level career with the East Perth Football Club in the West Australian National Football League in 1953. Farmer played 176 games from 1953 to 1961 with East Perth. During this time he won the club's Fairest and Best award seven times, was a member of their 1956, 1958 and 1959 Premiership teams. In 1956, he was awarded a Simpson Medal for his performance against South Australia in the Perth Carnival, he awarded the Tassie Medal for being judged best in the Carnival overall.
He was awarded the WANFL's highest individual honour, the Sandover Medal, in 1956 and 1960. He tied for the medal in 1957 with East Fremantle's Jack Clarke but lost on a countback. In 1959 he was awarded the Simpson Medal for being best on ground in the Grand Final, he was awarded another Simpson Medal in 1961 for his game against Victoria in the Brisbane Carnival. Farmer attracted interest from Victorian clubs, he was recruited by Bob Davis to the Geelong Football Club in the VFL in 1962. In the opening moments of his debut for Geelong in 1962, Farmer injured his knee, causing ligament damage, missing the rest of the season. Farmer returned in 1963, winning a Premiership with Geelong and coming equal-second in the Brownlow Medal behind winner Bob Skilton. Farmer played 101 games for Geelong from 1962 to 1968, won the team's Fairest and Best in 1963 and 1964, captained the team from 1965 until 1967. For 1968, Farmer desired to return home to Western Australia. Although he had trained with East Perth during 1967 as part of a testimonial to retired Royal teammate "Square" Kilmurray, accepted the role of captain/coach with the West Perth Football Club, rivals to his former club, East Perth.
He led West Perth to premierships in 1969 and 1971, both times defeating East Perth in the Grand Final. In 1969, Farmer received his fourth Simpson Medal during the AFC Championships in Adelaide, he retired after 79 games with West Perth. Not involved in top level football in 1972, Farmer returned to the VFL as coach of the Geelong Football Club from 1973 to 1975. Farmer and the club's committee had an strained relationship, Farmer quit in 1975, he returned to the WANFL, coaching East Perth from 1976 to 1977 with some success, he coached the first Western Australian state of origin team in 1977. Farmer was sacked as coach of East Perth in 1977 due to conflict, replaced by Barry Cable in 1978. Farmer said, "When the going gets tough a club should fight to beat it, but some people chip and chip at the ground underneath you in trying to find someone to blame. I do my best in football and I have no time to protect my back, so it's left wide open. Maybe that's a lot of my trouble."During his career, Farmer played a record 31 games for Western Australia, five games for Victoria, was selected in the All-Australian team in 1956, 1958 and 1961.
He played 356 league games in total, including 30 finals, 10 grand finals and six premierships: in fact the team for which he played contested the finals every season from 1956 to 1969. Farmer was a strong and mobile ruckman. At 191 centimetres tall and weighing 94 kilograms, Farmer had a high leap that helped him to win ruck contests easily. Farmer practiced handballing through car windows at the car yard where he worked, one of his football legacies is changing handballing from a last-resort option to a "dangerous offensive weapon". According to Geelong player Sam Newman, "without speaking one word he taught. I watched how a man overcomes not the physical, not the mental, but the spiritual – that's the most important – he was an absolute star, about one decade, one century ahead of his time". In 1956, Farmer met a Tasmanian woman holidaying in Perth named Marlene, they ma