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Tathātā is variously translated as "thusness" or "suchness". It is a central concept in Mahayana Buddhism having a particular significance in Chan Buddhism as well; the synonym dharmatā is often used. While alive the Buddha referred to himself as the Tathāgata, which can mean either "One who has thus come" or "One who has thus gone", interpreted can be read as "One who has arrived at suchness". Tathātā in the East Asian Mahayana tradition is seen as representing the base reality and can be used to terminate the use of words. A 5th-century Chinese Mahayana scripture entitled "Awakening of Faith in the Mahayana" describes the concept more fully: In its origin suchness is of itself endowed with sublime attributes, it manifests the highest wisdom which shines throughout the world, it has true knowledge and a mind resting in its own being. It is eternal, its own self-being and the purest simplicity; because it possesses all these attributes and is deprived of nothing, it is designated both as the Womb of Tathagata and the Dharma Body of Tathagata.

R. H. Robinson, echoing D. T. Suzuki, conveys how the Laṅkāvatāra Sūtra perceives dharmata through the portal of śūnyatā: "The Laṅkāvatāra is always careful to balance Śūnyatā with Tathatā, or to insist that when the world is viewed as śūnya, empty, it is grasped in its suchness." In Chan stories, tathātā is best revealed in the mundane or meaningless, such as noticing the way the wind blows through a field of grass, or watching someone's face light up as they smile. According to Chan hagiography, Gautama Buddha transmitted the awareness of tathātā directly to Mahākāśyapa in what has come to be rendered in English as the Flower Sermon. In another story, the Buddha asked his disciples, "How long is a human life?" As none of them could offer the correct answer he told them "Life is but a breath". Here we can see the Buddha expressing the impermanent nature of the world, where each individual moment is different from the last. Molloy states, "We know we are experiencing the'thatness' of reality when we experience something and say to ourselves,'Yes, that's it.

In the moment, we recognize that reality is wondrously beautiful but that its patterns are fragile and passing."The Thiền master Thích Nhất Hạnh wrote, "People consider walking on water or in thin air a miracle. But I think the real miracle is not to walk on earth; every day we are engaged in a miracle which we don't recognize: a blue sky, white clouds, green leaves, the black, curious eyes of a child--our own two eyes. All is a miracle." Dharmadhatu Ziran Tattva Haecceity Quiddity

Fouad Ajami

Fouad A. Ajami was a MacArthur Fellowship winning, Lebanese-born American university professor and writer on Middle Eastern issues, he was a senior fellow at Stanford University's Hoover Institution. Ajami was an outspoken supporter of the Bush Doctrine and the 2003 invasion of Iraq, which he believed to have been a "noble war" and a "gift" to the people of Iraq. Ajami was born in a rocky hamlet in the south of Lebanon into a Shia Muslim family, his Shia great-grandfather had come to Arnoun from Iran in the 1850s. In Arabic, the word "Ajam" means "non-Arab" or "non-Arabic-speaker". Ajami arrived in the United States in the fall of 1963, just before he turned 18, he did some of his undergraduate work at Eastern Oregon College in Oregon. He did his graduate work at the University of Washington, where he wrote his thesis on international relations and world government, earned a PhD. In 1973 Ajami joined the politics department of Princeton University, he made a name for himself there as a vocal supporter of Palestinian self-determination.

In 1980, the School of Advanced International Studies of Johns Hopkins University named him director of Middle East studies. He joined the Hoover Institution in 2011. Ajami was an advisor to United States Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice as well as a friend and colleague of Paul Wolfowitz. Ajami was a frequent contributor on Middle Eastern issues and contemporary international history to The New York Times Book Review, Foreign Affairs, The New Republic, The Wall Street Journal, as well as other journals and periodicals, he was a contributor and close friend to Anderson Cooper of CNN. He was a frequent guest on Fox News Channel's "America's News Headquarters w/ Uma Pemmaraju" Ajami appeared on PBS, CBS, CNN and Fox News. In "The Fate of Nonalignment," an essay in the Winter 1980/81 issue of the journal Foreign Affairs, Ajami outlined how the third world has fared in a context of nonalignment in post Cold war politics. In 1980, he accepted an offer from Johns Hopkins University to become director of Middle East Studies at their international relations graduate program in Washington, D.

C.: the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, he holds an endowed chair as the Majid Khadduri professor. A year after arriving at SAIS, Ajami published his first book, The Arab Predicament, which analyzed what Ajami described as an intellectual and political crisis that swept the Arab world following its defeat by Israel in the 1967 Six-Day War. Subsequently, Ajami has written several other books: The Dream Palace of the Arabs: A Generation's Odyssey, Beirut: City of Regrets, The Vanished Imam: Musa Al-Sadr and the Shia of Lebanon. In The Dream Palace of the Arabs: A Generation's Odyssey, Ajami surveyed the intellectual landscape in the Arab world and Iran, in what was in some ways an autobiography as well as a sequel to "The Arab Predicament." On Middle Eastern politics, he wrote of "a world where triumph comes with mercy or moderation." On Pan-Arabism, he described the ideology as "Sunni dominion dressed in secular garb." Ajami's most recent book: The Foreigner's Gift: The Americans, The Arabs and The Iraqis in Iraq, is about the American invasion of Iraq.

One notable contribution Ajami made in the September October 1993 issue of Foreign Affairs was a rebuttal to Samuel Huntington’s "The Clash of Civilizations?", regarding the state and future of international relations after the Cold War. According to Judith Miller, Ajami continued to argue that militant Islamism of the type represented by Al Qaeda had peaked and was fading into insignificance. Huntington presents a world divided at the highest level into eight civilizations, includes a number of countries that are "torn" between two civilizations, arguing that these civilizational divides are far more fundamental than economic interests and regimes, that the world is becoming a smaller place with close interactions, he further claims that the pre-eminence of a so-called "kin-country" syndrome will provide a civilizational rallying point that will replace political ideology and traditional "balance of power" considerations for relations between states and nations, resulting in a division between the West and "the rest" creating a backlash against Western values.

In his article "The Summoning", Ajami criticises Huntington for ignoring the empirical complexities and state interests which drive conflicts in and between civilizations. Ajami believes that states will remain the dominant factor influencing the global framework and interaction, he argues that civilizational ties are only utilized by states and groups when it is in their best interest to do so and that modernity and secularism are here to stay in places with considerable struggles to obtain them, he cites the example of the Indian middle class. Ajami believes that civilizations do not control states. Ajami relented on his initial criticism of Huntington's theories in the January 6, 2008 issue of the New York Times Book Review in an article titled "The Clash" in which he wrote that "Huntington’s thesis about a civilizational clash seems more compelling to me than the critique I provided at that time." Ajami was an outspoken supporter of the Iraq War, which he believed “issued out of a deep American frustration... with the culture of terrorism that had put down roots in Arab lands."In an August 2002 speech before the Veterans of Foreign Wars, US Vice President Dick Cheney sought to assuage concerns about the

Al Anthony

Al Anthony is an American former Los Angeles radio personality and pioneer rock and roll DJ. Anthony was most well known as a disc jockey for KAFY 550 AM in Bakersfield, California during the 1950s and at KFXM 590 AM in San Bernardino, California during the 1960s, where he was the station's Director of Operations, he was Executive Vice President of the Tullis & Hearne California chain of broadcasting stations. In 1958 and 1959, Anthony was the top rated DJ in the United States. Anthony served in the Korean War as an aircraft flight engineer in a B-29 heavy bomber in the United States Air Force. In 1949, he participated in the first non-stop, around-the-world flight, in a Boeing B-50 Superfortress named Lucky Lady II; the flight took 4 minutes. After his military service, Anthony graduated from college in Los Angeles, where he majored in television and radio broadcasting, he attended Ogden's Radio Operational Engineering School and earned a First Class FCC Radiotelephone Operators License. Anthony's first radio jobs were part-time work for KBLA 1490 am in Burbank, KSPA 1400 am in Santa Paula, California.

In 1956, Anthony was hired as a full-time personality at KSLR in Oceanside. He aided in setting up the first radio station located between Los Angeles and Oceanside, providing local broadcast service between those two major cities, he worked as Director of Operations of KDEO, San Diego, KFXM, San Bernardino, KDUO, Riverside and Director of Operations or sales manager for other stations: KWIZ, KQLH, KCAL, KEAP,and temp on air, KFWB, KRLA, Los Angeles. Al worked in 12 movies from 1950 to 1960, he hosted Al Anthony Dance Party, in the early sixties. On October 25, 1968, Anthony was the Director of Operations at KFXM, Tiger Radio 590, when an AFTRA strike resulted in a walkout of the radio station's on-air staff, including Jim Conniff, Charlie Walters, Brad Edwards, Don McCoy, Jonny Bruce, Sherman Mason, Craig Denny—along with the announcing staff at sister station KDUO-FM. Anthony and other members of the station's management and sales staff took over disc jockeying duties, adopting the mysterious personas of "The Jones Boys".

Al Anthony went by the alias, Casey Jones, while the other fill-in DJs were referred to as "John Paul Jones", "Davy Jones", "Lonesome Jones", "Tom Jones", "Unsinkable Jones", "Just Plain Jones" and "Anonymous Jones". There was a "Pappy Jones", a KFXM/KDUO-FM station engineer; this strategy not only allowed the station to survive the walkout, but resulted in an increase in ratings due to the mystery surrounding the "new" DJs. The true air staff identities of "The Jones Boys" was publicly revealed in a Tiger Tune Sheet weekly survey format published on July 4, 1969; the certification of AFTRA as representing the union of KFXM/KDUO-FM announcers was never completed. He implemented the first and only radio station that owned its own live Bengal tiger during the sixties when'everything tiger' was the craze, he established "Tiger Radio as the logo/theme for KFXM, KAFY and KDEO, all top rated rock and roll outlets in Southern California. He was nominated to the Route 66 Roll Hall of Fame, he won best actor award in a short movie competing in the Knoxville 2014 Film Festival.


Whispers in the Night

Whispers in the Night: Stories of the Mysterious & Macabre is a collection of horror and science fiction short stories by author Basil Copper. It was released in 1999 by Fedogan & Bremer in an edition of 1,100 copies of which 100 were numbered and signed by the author and artist. All but three of the stories are original to this collection; the others first appeared in the anthologies The Mammoth Book of Frankenstein, The Vampire Omnibus and Horror for Christmas. "Out of the Fog: Recollection", by Stephen Jones "Better Dead" "Reader, I Buried Him!" "One for the Pot" "Wish You Were Here" "In a Darkling Wood" "The Grass" "Riding the Chariot" "Final Destination" "The Obelisk" "Out There" "The Summerhouse" Brown, Charles N.. "The Locus Index to Science Fiction". Retrieved April 1, 2008. Chalker, Jack L.. The Science-Fantasy Publishers: A Bibliographic History, Supplement 7, 1998–1999. Westminster, MD and Baltimore: Mirage Press, Ltd. p. 31

Rock 'n' Roll (John Lennon album)

Rock'n' Roll is the sixth studio album by John Lennon. Released in 1975, it early 1960s songs as covered by Lennon. Recording the album was problematic and spanned an entire year: Phil Spector produced sessions in October 1973 at A&M Studios, Lennon produced sessions in October 1974 at Record Plant Studios. Lennon was being sued by Morris Levy over copyright infringement of one line in his song "Come Together"; as part of an agreement, Lennon had to include three Levy-owned songs on Roll. Spector disappeared with the session recordings and was subsequently involved in a motor accident, leaving the album's tracks unrecoverable until the beginning of the Walls and Bridges sessions. With Walls and Bridges coming out first, featuring one Levy-owned song, Levy sued Lennon expecting to see Lennon's Rock'n' Roll album; the album was released in February 1975, reaching number 6 in both the United Kingdom and the United States being certified gold in both countries. It was supported by the single "Stand by Me", which peaked at number 20 in the US, 30 in the UK.

The cover was taken by Jürgen Vollmer during the Beatles' stay in Hamburg. It was Lennon's last album until 1980. In 1969, Lennon composed the song "Come Together" for the Beatles' album Abbey Road. Inspired by the Chuck Berry tune "You Can't Catch Me", it bore too much of a melodic resemblance to the original—and Lennon took the third line of the second verse for the new lyric. Publisher Morris Levy brought a lawsuit for infringement, the case was due to be heard in a New York court in December 1973, it was settled out of court, with the agreement that, according to an announcement by Levy, Lennon had to "record three songs by Big Seven publishers on his next album". The songs intends to record at this time are "You Can't Catch Me", "Angel Baby" and "Ya Ya"." Lennon had the right to change the last two songs to any other songs that were published by Big Seven. In the meanwhile, Lennon had split with Yoko Ono and was living in Los Angeles with his personal assistant, May Pang. Nostalgia was a popular trend on film with American Graffiti, television was readying the series Happy Days.

Lennon, rather than writing his own songs, inspired by his arrangement to include at least three songs from Levy's publishing company catalogue, Big Seven Music, decided to record an album of oldies as his next release, following on from Mind Games. Lennon teamed up with producer Phil Spector to record the album, letting Spector have full control. Spector chose some of the songs, booked the studio, the musicians; when news got around that Lennon was in Hollywood making a record, every musician there wanted to be part of the sessions. In mid-October 1973, sessions were booked at A&M Studios, with many of them having over 30 musicians, but the sessions fell into disarray—fueled by alcohol. Spector once showed up dressed in a surgeon's outfit and shot a gun in the ceiling of the studio, hurting Lennon's ears. On another occasion, a bottle of whiskey had spilled on the A&M Studio's mixing console causing future sessions to be banned from the facility. Unknown to Lennon, each night Spector would remove the master tapes from the studio, move them to his house.

Spector disappeared with the session tapes and would not be heard from for several months. Spector made one cryptic call to Lennon, claiming to have the "John Dean tapes" from the recent Watergate scandal; when a car accident on 31 March 1974 left Spector in a coma, the project was put on indefinite hold. In mid-1974, Lennon returned to New York with Pang and began writing and recording a new album of original material and Bridges. Shortly before these sessions began, Al Coury, then-head of A&R/promotion for Capitol Records retrieved the Spector tapes. Not wanting to break stride, Lennon completed work on Walls and Bridges. With Walls and Bridges coming out first, Lennon had reneged on his deal with Levy, Levy threatened to refile his lawsuit, but Lennon explained to Levy what had happened, assured him that the covers album was indeed in the works. Levy gave Lennon use of his farm in upstate New York to rehearse material. Lennon recalled the session musicians from Walls and Bridges to complete the oldies tracks.

Several tracks never made it past the rehearsal stage: "C'mon Everybody", "Thirty Days", "That'll Be the Day" – the band played a few impromptu jams. On 21 October, Lennon went into Record Plant East. Lennon wanted the musicians to stay close to the original arrangements of the songs, apart from "Do You Wanna Dance?". Mixing and editing lasted until mid-November. To assure him progress was being made, Lennon gave Levy a rough tape of the sessions to review. Levy took the tapes and pressed his own version of the album called Roots: John Lennon Sings the Great Rock & Roll Hits on his record label, Adam VIII proceeded to sue Lennon, EMI and Capitol for $42 million for breach of contract. Capitol/EMI sought an injunction. After two trials, in which Lennon had to convince the court of the difference between a rough version and a final take, Levy won $6,795 in damages, Lennon won $144,700, in February 1976; the album was scheduled for release in April 1975. Although some critics derided the album as "a step backward", The R


Meitnerium is a synthetic chemical element with the symbol Mt and atomic number 109. It is an radioactive synthetic element; the most stable known isotope, meitnerium-278, has a half-life of 4.5 seconds, although the unconfirmed meitnerium-282 may have a longer half-life of 67 seconds. The GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research near Darmstadt, first created this element in 1982, it is named after Lise Meitner. In the periodic table, meitnerium is a d-block transactinide element, it is a member of the 7th period and is placed in the group 9 elements, although no chemical experiments have yet been carried out to confirm that it behaves as the heavier homologue to iridium in group 9 as the seventh member of the 6d series of transition metals. Meitnerium is calculated to have similar properties to its lighter homologues, cobalt and iridium. Meitnerium was first synthesized on August 29, 1982 by a German research team led by Peter Armbruster and Gottfried Münzenberg at the Institute for Heavy Ion Research in Darmstadt.

The team bombarded a target of bismuth-209 with accelerated nuclei of iron-58 and detected a single atom of the isotope meitnerium-266: 20983Bi + 5826Fe → 266109Mt + nThis work was confirmed three years at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research at Dubna. Using Mendeleev's nomenclature for unnamed and undiscovered elements, meitnerium should be known as eka-iridium. In 1979, during the Transfermium Wars, IUPAC published recommendations according to which the element was to be called unnilennium, a systematic element name as a placeholder, until the element was discovered and a permanent name was decided on. Although used in the chemical community on all levels, from chemistry classrooms to advanced textbooks, the recommendations were ignored among scientists in the field, who either called it "element 109", with the symbol of E109, or simply 109, or used the proposed name "meitnerium"; the naming of meitnerium was discussed in the element naming controversy regarding the names of elements 104 to 109, but meitnerium was the only proposal and thus was never disputed.

The name meitnerium was suggested by the GSI team in September 1992 in honor of the Austrian physicist Lise Meitner, a co-discoverer of protactinium, one of the discoverers of nuclear fission. In 1994 the name was recommended by IUPAC, was adopted in 1997, it is thus the only element named after a non-mythological woman. Meitnerium has no stable or occurring isotopes. Several radioactive isotopes have been synthesized in the laboratory, either by fusing two atoms or by observing the decay of heavier elements. Eight different isotopes of meitnerium have been reported with atomic masses 266, 268, 270, 274–278, two of which, meitnerium-268 and meitnerium-270, have known but unconfirmed metastable states. A ninth isotope with atomic mass 282 is unconfirmed. Most of these decay predominantly through alpha decay. All meitnerium isotopes are unstable and radioactive; the most stable known meitnerium isotope, 278Mt, is the heaviest known. The unconfirmed 282Mt is heavier and appears to have a longer half-life of 67 seconds.

The isotopes 276Mt and 274Mt have half-lives of 0.44 seconds respectively. The remaining five isotopes have half-lives between 20 milliseconds; the isotope 277Mt, created as the final decay product of 293Ts for the first time in 2012, was observed to undergo spontaneous fission with a half-life of 5 milliseconds. Preliminary data analysis considered the possibility of this fission event instead originating from 277Hs, for it has a half-life of a few milliseconds, could be populated following undetected electron capture somewhere along the decay chain; this possibility was deemed unlikely based on observed decay energies of 281Ds and 281Rg and the short half-life of 277Mt, although there is still some uncertainty of the assignment. Regardless, the rapid fission of 277Mt and 277Hs is suggestive of a region of instability for superheavy nuclei with N = 168–170; the existence of this region, characterized by a decrease in fission barrier height between the deformed shell closure at N = 162 and spherical shell closure at N = 184, is consistent with theoretical models.

No properties of meitnerium or its compounds have been measured. Properties of meitnerium metal remain only predictions are available. Meitnerium is the seventh member of the 6d series of transition metals. Since element 112 has been shown to be a group 12 metal, it is expected that all the elements from 104 to 111 would continue a fourth transition metal series, with meitnerium as part of the platinum group metals. Calculations on its ionization potentials and atomic and ionic radii are similar to that of its lighter homologue iridium, thus implying that meitnerium's basic properties will resemble those of the other group 9 elements, cobalt and iridium. Prediction of the probable chemical properties of meitnerium has not received much attention recently. Meitnerium is expected to be a noble metal, about as noble as silver (the standard electrode potential for the Mt3+/Mt couple is expected to be 0.8 V, close to the +0.7993 V value known for the Ag+/Ag co