Pekin is a city in and the county seat of Tazewell County in the U. S. state of Illinois. Located on the Illinois River, Pekin is the largest city of Tazewell County and the second most populous municipality of the Peoria metropolitan area, after Peoria itself; as of the 2010 census, its population is 34,094. A small portion of the city limits extend into Peoria County. Pekin is the 13th-most populous city in Illinois outside the Chicago Metropolitan Area, it is the most populous municipality in the United States with the name Pekin. Pekin's Mineral Springs Park is near the Miller Senior Center; the city is home to a high-rise residential facility of the United Auto Workers. In Illinois as elsewhere, indigenous peoples lived along rivers for transportation and fishing. At the time of the European incursion, the several historical tribes in the area were of the Anishinaabe-language family, within the larger Algonquian-speaking tribes. In January 1680, Robert de LaSalle and 33 fellow explorers landed their canoes on the eastern bank of the Illinois River.
They built a winter refuge in. They encountered historical Kickapoo peoples to the east as far as the Wabash River near the present Illinois-Indiana border. Pekin and the Pekin area has a rich Native American heritage. South of Pekin on the Mackinaw River was the site of Chief Lebourse Sulky's Village in 1812; this was how it looked to an American of the time: At Little Makina, a river on the south side of Illinois, five leagues below Peoria, is a band, consisting of Kickapoos, Chippeways and Pottowottamies. They are called warriors, their head man is Lebourse or Sulky, their number is all desperate fellows and great plunderers. Sulky oversaw a village with a mixed population of the Anishinaabe-speaking Pottawatomi and Ojibwa people, he fought alongside Tecumseh in the War of 1812, as did most of the chiefs of the Illinois Valley area. This area was the site of Chief Shabbona's Pottawatomi village in the period prior to and during the Black Hawk War of 1832. Like Sulky, Shabbona had joined with Tecumseh during the War of 1812 and was with him when he fell at the Battle of Tippecanoe.
After the war, Shabbona made peace with the U. S. government and protected white settlers in the Pekin area during the Black Hawk War. Following the Black Hawk War, the State of Illinois renegotiated treaties with the Native American tribes in the state to extinguish their claims and remove all Indians from the state; the Pottawatomi village was relocated about a mile north to Worley Lake for a short time, until the inhabitants were removed to a reservation near Topeka, Kansas. Shabbona moved north to Seneca near the Illinois River, where he died in 1859 on land that the citizens of Ottawa had given him. Farmer Jonathan Tharp, who came from Ohio, was the first non-Indian resident, building a log cabin in 1824 on a ridge above the Illinois River at a site near the present foot of Broadway Drive. Franklin School was erected near this site. Other European-American settlers soon joined him, including his father Jacob Tharp who arrived from Ohio in 1825, they lived near Chief Shabbona's large Indian village of about 100 wigwams, populated by Pottawatomi, situated along Gravel Ridge, on the eastern shore of what is today Pekin Lake in northwest Pekin.
Tharp's log cabin was south of Shabbona's village. After a county surveyor laid out a "town site" in 1829, an auction of the town plat and site was held in Springfield, Illinois; the village site was awarded to Major Isaac Perkins, Gideon Hawley, William Haines and Major Nathan Cromwell. Mrs. Ann Eliza Cromwell selected the name of the French spelling. Nathan Cromwell named many of the city streets after the wives and daughters of early Pekin settlers, it was long held, as first expressed in W. H. Bates' history of Pekin included in the 1870 Pekin City Directory, that Cromwell was assisted by his wife Ann Eliza in the naming of the streets, it has been stated that Mrs. Cromwell named the town "Pekin" because she thought Peking was on the exact opposite side of the world from the town she founded. Uncle John's Slightly Irregular Bathroom Reader. Bathroom Reader's Press. 2004. However, this is not as improbable as it sounds-in the late 1700s and early 1800s, China and the United States were thought to be on the exact opposite sides of the world and towns were named after locations in China-another example is Canton, named in 1805.
"Peking" was sometimes romanized as "Pekin" at this time, supported by several other US towns founded around this time named "Pekin". Pekin is known as the site where other ambitious politicians struck a deal in the 1840s. Lincoln was among several local Whig politicians who wanted to serve in the U. S. Congress. To keep from splitting the Whig vote, the competitors agreed to support each other for one term each in Congress; the pact is called the Pekin Agreement in Lincoln biographies. Lincoln ran and was elected to the 30th United States Congress in 1846, retired at the end of the term; this single term in Congress was Lincoln's only experience in Washington before he was elected President. Although Illinois was a "free" state, pro-slavery sentiment was predominant throughout southern and central Illinois, settled by Southerners, some of whom were slaveholders before the state was admitted to the union. Cit
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern and Great Lakes region of the United States. It has the fifth largest gross domestic product, the sixth largest population, the 25th largest land area of all U. S. states. Illinois is noted as a microcosm of the entire United States. With Chicago in northeastern Illinois, small industrial cities and immense agricultural productivity in the north and center of the state, natural resources such as coal and petroleum in the south, Illinois has a diverse economic base, is a major transportation hub. Chicagoland, Chicago's metropolitan area, encompasses over 65% of the state's population; the Port of Chicago connects the state to international ports via two main routes: from the Great Lakes, via the Saint Lawrence Seaway, to the Atlantic Ocean and from the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River, via the Illinois Waterway to the Illinois River. The Mississippi River, the Ohio River, the Wabash River form parts of the boundaries of Illinois. For decades, Chicago's O'Hare International Airport has been ranked as one of the world's busiest airports.
Illinois has long had a reputation as a bellwether both in social and cultural terms and, through the 1980s, in politics. The capital of Illinois is Springfield, located in the central part of the state. Although today's Illinois' largest population center is in its northeast, the state's European population grew first in the west as the French settled the vast Mississippi of the Illinois Country of New France. Following the American Revolutionary War, American settlers began arriving from Kentucky in the 1780s via the Ohio River, the population grew from south to north. In 1818, Illinois achieved statehood. Following increased commercial activity in the Great Lakes after the construction of the Erie Canal, Chicago was founded in the 1830s on the banks of the Chicago River at one of the few natural harbors on the southern section of Lake Michigan. John Deere's invention of the self-scouring steel plow turned Illinois's rich prairie into some of the world's most productive and valuable farmland, attracting immigrant farmers from Germany and Sweden.
The Illinois and Michigan Canal made transportation between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River valley faster and cheaper, new railroads carried immigrants to new homes in the country's west and shipped commodity crops to the nation's east. The state became a transportation hub for the nation. By 1900, the growth of industrial jobs in the northern cities and coal mining in the central and southern areas attracted immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe. Illinois was an important manufacturing center during both world wars; the Great Migration from the South established a large community of African Americans in the state, including Chicago, who founded the city's famous jazz and blues cultures. Chicago, the center of the Chicago Metropolitan Area, is now recognized as a global alpha-level city. Three U. S. presidents have been elected while living in Illinois: Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, Barack Obama. Additionally, Ronald Reagan, whose political career was based in California, was born and raised in the state.
Today, Illinois honors Lincoln with its official state slogan Land of Lincoln, displayed on its license plates since 1954. The state is the site of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum in Springfield and the future home of the Barack Obama Presidential Center in Chicago. "Illinois" is the modern spelling for the early French Catholic missionaries and explorers' name for the Illinois Native Americans, a name, spelled in many different ways in the early records. American scholars thought the name "Illinois" meant "man" or "men" in the Miami-Illinois language, with the original iliniwek transformed via French into Illinois; this etymology is not supported by the Illinois language, as the word for "man" is ireniwa, plural of "man" is ireniwaki. The name Illiniwek has been said to mean "tribe of superior men", a false etymology; the name "Illinois" derives from the Miami-Illinois verb irenwe·wa - "he speaks the regular way". This was taken into the Ojibwe language in the Ottawa dialect, modified into ilinwe·.
The French borrowed these forms, changing the /we/ ending to spell it as -ois, a transliteration for its pronunciation in French of that time. The current spelling form, began to appear in the early 1670s, when French colonists had settled in the western area; the Illinois's name for themselves, as attested in all three of the French missionary-period dictionaries of Illinois, was Inoka, of unknown meaning and unrelated to the other terms. American Indians of successive cultures lived along the waterways of the Illinois area for thousands of years before the arrival of Europeans; the Koster Site demonstrates 7,000 years of continuous habitation. Cahokia, the largest regional chiefdom and urban center of the Pre-Columbian Mississippian culture, was located near present-day Collinsville, Illinois, they built an urban complex of more than 100 platform and burial mounds, a 50-acre plaza larger than 35 football fields, a woodhenge of sacred cedar, all in a planned design expressing the culture's cosmology.
Monks Mound, the center of the site, is the largest Pre-Columbian structure north of the Valley of Mexico. It is 100 feet high, 951 feet long, 836 feet wide, covers 13.8 acres. It contains about 814,000 cubic yards of earth, it was topped by a structure thought to have measured about 105 feet in length and 48 feet in width, covered an area 5,000 square feet, been as much as 50 feet high, making its peak 150 feet above the level of the pl
Tazewell County Courthouse (Illinois)
The Tazewell County Courthouse, located on Court Street in Pekin, is the county courthouse serving Tazewell County, Illinois. The courthouse was built in 1914 to provide a larger space for county government, which had outgrown the previous courthouse and had begun to spread across multiple buildings. Lincoln, Illinois architects Deal & Ginzel designed the courthouse; the firm designed the courthouse in the Beaux-Arts style. The courthouse was added to the National Register of Historic Places on November 14, 1985
McLean County, Illinois
McLean County is the largest county by land area in the U. S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 169,572, its county seat is Bloomington. McLean County is included in the Bloomington -- IL Metropolitan Statistical Area. Locally, the second syllable of McLean is pronounced with a'long a' sound, not with a'long e' sound. McLean County was formed late in 1830 out of Tazewell County, it was named for John McLean, United States Senator for Illinois, who died in 1830. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,186 square miles, of which 1,183 square miles is land and 2.9 square miles is water. It third-largest by total area. McLean County is larger than the land area of Rhode Island. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Bloomington have ranged from a low of 14 °F in January to a high of 86 °F in July, although a record low of −23 °F was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 103 °F was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.71 inches in February to 4.52 inches in May.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 169,572 people, 65,104 households, 40,124 families residing in the county. The population density was 143.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 69,656 housing units at an average density of 58.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 84.3% white, 7.3% black or African American, 4.3% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.5% from other races, 2.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 31.2% were German, 15.4% were Irish, 11.4% were American, 11.0% were English. Of the 65,104 households, 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.5% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.4% were non-families, 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.02. The median age was 32.1 years. The median income for a household in the county was $57,642 and the median income for a family was $77,093.
Males had a median income of $52,271 versus $39,685 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,167. About 6.2% of families and 12.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.4% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over. Bloomington Chenoa El Paso Le Roy Lexington Normal Twin Grove McLean County is divided into these townships: Allin Benjaminville Kumler McLean County has a twenty-member board representing ten districts within the county. District 1, District 2, District 3 encompass all of the county outside of Bloomington and Normal. Districts 4, 5, 6 are within the town limits of Normal, districts 7, 8, 9, 10 are within Bloomington city limits. McLean is a Republican-leaning county; the only Democrats to gain an absolute majority of the county’s vote since the Civil War have been Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932 and 1936 and Lyndon Johnson by a mere 420 votes out of over 38,000 total in 1964. Illinois-bred Barack Obama in 2008 and Woodrow Wilson in 1912 both carried the county by narrow margins with pluralities of the vote.
McLean has trended Democratic, sufficiently so that Hillary Clinton in 2016 lost the county by just 1.3 percent despite failing to win the Presidency. Pokey LaFarge, American roots musician and songwriter Bonnie Lou, recording artist and television celebrity National Register of Historic Places listings in McLean County, Illinois McLean County Government Web Site McLean County Divorce Map of McLean Co. showing political subdivisions
Illinois's 18th congressional district
The 18th Congressional District of Illinois covers central and western Illinois, including all of Jacksonville and Quincy and parts of Bloomington and Springfield. Republican Aaron Schock had represented the district since January 2009, but resigned March 31, 2015. Special elections were called to select Schock's replacement, with a primary on July 7 and the main election on September 10, 2015. Republican State Senator Darin LaHood, son of former Rep. Ray LaHood, won the special election and reelection in 2016 and 2018. Abraham Lincoln served much of the area, it contains most of the territory, represented by future United States Senate Minority Leader Everett Dirksen and longtime House Minority Leader Bob Michel. From 1949 to 2015, the district was represented by someone who either attended or graduated from Bradley University; the district covers parts of McLean, Sangamon and Tazewell counties, all of Adams, Cass, Logan, Mason, McDonough, Morgan, Schuyler and Woodford counties, as of the 2011 redistricting which followed the 2010 census.
All or parts of Bloomington, Jacksonville, Macomb, Normal, Peoria and Springfield are included. The representatives for these districts were elected in the 2012 primary and general elections, the boundaries became effective on January 5, 2013. * Write-in and minor candidate notes: In 1994, write-ins received 955 votes. In 1998, write-ins received 2 votes. In 2008, Green Party candidate Sheldon Schafer received 9,857 votes. In 2010, Schafer received 11,256 votes. Ray LaHood decided not to seek re-election in 2008 and was chosen by Barack Obama to serve as U. S. Secretary of Transportation. Illinois State Representative Aaron Schock of Peoria won the seat for the Republicans in the November 4, 2008 election, his main opponent was Democrat Colleen Callahan, of a radio and television broadcaster. Green Party candidate and educator Sheldon Schafer, of Peoria, was in a distant third place on the ballot; as of January 2017, two former members of the U. S. House of Representatives from Illinois's 18th congressional district are alive.
Illinois's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present 2006 election from The Washington Post 18th District census profile, 2006 18th District Fact Sheet from the United States Census Bureau "U. S. Census Bureau - 18th District map". Campaign contributions from OpenSecrets.org
Logan County, Illinois
Logan County is a county located in the U. S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 30,305, its county seat is Lincoln. Logan County comprises the Lincoln, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Springfield-Jacksonville-Lincoln, IL Combined Statistical Area. Established in 1839, Logan County was named after physician and State Representative John Logan, father of Union General John Alexander Logan. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 619 square miles, of which 618 square miles is land and 0.9 square miles is water. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Lincoln have ranged from a low of 15 °F in January to a high of 86 °F in July, although a record low of −29 °F was recorded in December 1914 and a record high of 113 °F was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.55 inches in February to 4.42 inches in May. Interstate 55 Interstate 155 U. S. Highway 136 Illinois Route 10 Illinois Route 54 Illinois Route 121 Tazewell County - north McLean County - northeast De Witt County - east Macon County - southeast Sangamon County - south Menard County - west Mason County - northwest The 2010 census reports there were 30,305 people.
The population density was 49 people per square mile. The racial makeup of the county included the following percentages non-Hispanic: 87.7% White, 7.4% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 5 persons Pacific Islander, 12 persons from other races, 1.1% from two or more races. 2.9% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 11,070 households out of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.3% were non-families. 29.4 % of all households contained individuals who were 65 years of older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.85. 14.4% of the population were living in group quarters including 11.4% of the population institutionalized. According to the 2010 United States Census, there were 30,305 people, 11,070 households, 7,274 families residing in the county; the population density was 49.0 inhabitants per square mile.
There were 12,107 housing units at an average density of 19.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 89.1% white, 7.5% black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.2% from other races, 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 30.9% were German, 17.4% were American, 13.1% were Irish, 10.8% were English. Of the 11,070 households, 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.3% were non-families, 29.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.85. The median age was 39.4 years. The median income for a household in the county was $48,999 and the median income for a family was $63,245. Males had a median income of $43,940 versus $31,783 for females; the per capita income for the county was $22,063. About 6.8% of families and 9.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.1% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.
Atlanta Lincoln Mount Pulaski Beason Chestnut Cornland The Illinois Department of Corrections Logan Correctional Center is located in unincorporated Logan County, near Lincoln. In the period following the Civil, War Logan was a swing county, following the popular vote winner in every election up to 1936 except those of 1900 and 1916. Since 1940, when its isolationist sentiment drove voters to Wendell Willkie, Logan has become a Republican county. No Democratic Presidential candidate has won Logan County since Lyndon Johnson’s 1964 landslide over Barry Goldwater. In fact, apart from Johnson, Illinoian Barack Obama in 2008 is the solitary Democrat to reach forty percent in the past nineteen elections. Brian Cook, NBA player Norm Cook, NBA player Terry Kinney, actor Edward Madigan, Former United States Secretary of Agriculture William Keepers Maxwell, Jr. editor, short story writer National Register of Historic Places listings in Logan County, Illinois Official website