Ilia State University
Ilia State University, located in Tbilisi, Georgia, is a higher education institution, established in 2006 as a merger of six different educational and research institutions. In its activities, Ilia State University follows the model of a research triangle; this justifies the existence of three interdisciplinary directions at the University: Georgian studies. The university was the first university in Georgia to introduce principles of liberal education. In 2012, a new standard for teaching called RESULT was implemented, which means that students and professors are communicating about a specific research issue and carry out research together; the important part of teaching was planned according to this new format by faculty professors. RESULT allows students to learn by "doing". There are four Schools in the university, each offering undergraduate and post-graduate programs: School of Arts and Sciences, the professors of the school are united in more than 20 research institutes; the research programs of institutes at the same time serves as MA, MSc and PhD.
Programs’ axis. The philosophy of the faculty is to involve students from the first year of undergraduate education in the research process. Iliauni Business School founded in 2008 as the faculty of Law. T he Economic Research and Consulting Center of Iliauni Business School leads research and consulting activities involving students. School of Law, 2012 School of Law became a member of the International Association of Law Schools and International Lawyers Association. School of Natural Sciences and Engineering, offers programs in: Architecture, Building Constructions and Computer Science. Includes: Institute of Earth Science. Institute of Applied Physics Institute of Applied Psychology Institute of Earth Sciences Institute of Zoology Institute of Ecology Institute of Theoretical Physics International School for Caucasus Studies Center of Linguistic Research Institute for Modernity Studies Language Didactics Research Centre Dimitri Uznadze Institute of Psychology Research Centre for Semiotics Laboratory of Social Studies Institute for Fundamental and Interdisciplinary Mathematics Research Institute of Chemical Biology Institute of Comparative Literature Tengiz Oniani laboratory of Sleep-Wakefulness Institute of Medical Research Art Research Institute G. Tsereteli Institute of Oriental Studies Institute of Politology Savle Tsereteli Institute of Philosophy Institute of Biophysics 4D Research Institute Ilia State University is a member of the following networks and organizations: Association “Rondine Cittadella della Pace” International Association of Universities – IAU Association “Österreichisches Sprachdiplom Deutsch ”- ÖSD European Cooperation in the Field of Science and Technology - COST European Universities Association - EUA European Network of Occupational Therapy Francophone Universities Agency The University has established partnership relations with different education institutions abroad, some at university others at faculty or individual level.
The list includes: University of Cambridge, Berkley Laboratory, International Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of Michigan, Montpellier University, Pedagogical University of Italy, Suleiman Demirely University, University of Austria, University of Bonn, University of Fribourg, Harvard University, Four field « European » shield. On the first azure field, six silver open books signify the first six schools and schools of the Ilia State University while establishing. Books bear inscriptions of the three freedoms that lie at the heart of the University: academic freedom, freedom of conscience and freedom of choice; the second field bears a large purple cross forming four parts with Bolnuri-Katskhuri crosses within. The Georgian National Flag signifies the State status of the University; the third field with two half silver and half purple crossed keys of Andrew signify that the University holds the methods of educations. On fourth azure field three polecat fur welted purple academic caps signify the past of the two higher education institutions, their merger and the future of the newly formed University.
Beneath the shield of the coat of arms, the motto ribbon bears the Latin inscription « LIGAMUS», signifying «We Unite» i.e. the University's aspiration to unite research and education, bring together existing knowledge, creating new understanding and passing it on to students and society Official website
Caucasus University is a private university in Tbilisi, Georgia. The university was established in 2004 on the foundation of Caucasus School of Business, established in 1998 in partnership with Georgia State University, Atlanta, USA, during the country's transitional period; this was. Caucasus University has evolved and is now one of the most prominent higher education institutions in Georgia and the South Caucasus region. Caucasus University consists of eight schools: the School of Business, the School of Law, the School of Media, the School of Technology, the School of Governance, the School of Social Sciences, the School of Tourism and the School of Healthcare and offers degree and certificate programs. CSB is a member of the Central and East European Management Development Association, was the first educational institution in the South Caucasus Region to be granted CEEMAN International Quality accreditation; the school offers: Bachelor of Business Administration, with specializations in Finance, Marketing Management, Marketing Research and Analysis in partnership with ACT, International Business.
Dual Bachelor of Business Administration/Master of Business Administration, a four-year joint program with Robinson College of Business in the USA, consisting of two years at CSB in Tbilisi, followed by two years at Robinson College. The program is conducted in English, focuses on Management, Marketing and International Business. Master of Business Administration, with areas of specialization including Finance and Management. Dual Master of Business Administration, a joint venture with Grenoble Graduate School of Business, accredited by all three major business school accreditation services: the Association of MBAs, European Foundation for Management Development and Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business. Graduates of this program are awarded a Master of Business Administration degree from GGSB and an International Executive Master of Business Administration degree from CSB. There are three specialized tracks: Global Management, Management Consulting, Business Intelligence. MSc in Management a Ph.
D program, in conjunction with Georgia State University in the USA. The program is offered in English with specializations in finance and Management. Robinson College of Business provides academic and administrative support for the program, supported by Eurasia Foundation and the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs of the USA. In-Service Training courses for organizations that are interested in training their staff in different spheres of business. Caucasus School of Law, established in September 2005, is designed to fulfill the requirements established by the Ministry of Education and Science of Georgia and the European Credit Transfer System, the education process is monitored by foreign experts. CSL’s motto is “The law is strict, but it is the law”; the secondary priority of CSL is the scientific and research activities of students and professors. The students’ self-governing organization, CSL-U, is a member of the European Students’ Union. Caucasus School of Law offers: LL. B programs Masters programs, the first of their kind in Georgia, with possible specialisations of Private Law, Public Law, Criminal Law and International Law Doctoral programs Caucasus School of Media, established in 2007, offers: a Bachelor of Journalism program, consisting of 10 subjects: five press journalism modules, five TV-radio journalism modules, five international journalism modules, seven subjects of basic university disciplines a Master of Journalism program, targeted at bachelor alumni and specialists who hold diplomas in journalism in Law.
The Masters program incorporates areas of the international and print media. The Masters program lasts 2–5 years. Caucasus School of Technology, established in 2008, offers: an undergraduate program in Computer Technology. A graduate program in Information Systems, based on the model curriculum of the Association for Computing Machinery and Association for Information Systems certificate courses. Caucasus School of Governance offers: Undergraduate degrees in Public Administration and International Relations Public Administration, International Relations and related fields a minor in Business Administration. Caucasus Tourism School offers: Caucasus University is a member of: Central and Eastern European Management Development Association International Association of University Presidents Baltic Management Development Association European Foundation for Management Development American Chamber of Commerce in Georgia Global Compact Network of International Business and Economic Schools European Law Faculties Association Chamber of Commerce and Industry France-Georgia International Association of Law Schools International Chamber of Commerce in Georgia International Association of Universities AISEC in Georgia Public Interest Law Institute Center for International Legal Studies GUIDE Association Association of Universities of Georgia.
Caucasus University maintains partnerships with several international education institutions, including: ADA University Khazar University Azerbaijan State Oil and Industry University Georgia State University Grenoble Graduate School of Business
Tbilisi State University
Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, is a public research university established on 8 February 1918 in Tbilisi, Georgia. Excluding academies and theological seminaries, which have intermittently functioned in Georgia for centuries, TSU is the oldest university in Georgia and the Caucasus region. Over 18,000 students are enrolled and the total number of faculty and staff is 5,000. According to the U. S. News & World Report university rankings, TSU is ranked 359th in the world, tied with the University of Warsaw; the university has five branches in the regions of Georgia, six faculties, 60 scientific-research laboratories and centers, a scientific library, seven museums, publishing house and printing press. The main founder of the university was academician, Ivane Javakhishvili. Among co-founders were several scientists, including Giorgi Akhvlediani, Shalva Nutsubidze, Dimitri Uznadze, Grigol Tsereteli, Akaki Shanidze, Andrea Razmadze, Korneli Kekelidze, Ioseb Kipshidze, Petre Melikishvili and Ekvtime Takaishvili.
Professor Petre Melikishvili, a Georgian chemist, became the first rector of TSU. The Rector of TSU since September 2016 Giorgi Sharvashidze. TSU has six faculties: Law and Business, Medicine and Political Sciences and Natural Sciences and the International School of Economics at Tbilisi State University as an autonomous graduate school of economics. Tbilisi State University was founded in 1918 owing to the leadership of Georgian historian Ivane Javakhishvili and the group of his followers, it was the only educational body of this type in Caucasus Region by that time. The university is housed in the former building of Georgian Nobility Gymnasium constructed by the architect Simon Kldiashvili from 1899 to 1906. Georgia has a tradition of education, as evidenced by the functioning of the School of Philosophy and Rhetoric of Phazisi in Colchis. After Georgia became independent and declared itself a national democratic state, one of the first achievements of the Georgian people at the beginning of the 20th century was the foundation of the Georgian National University in Tbilisi.
Afterwards, through the Bolshevik and Communist period, in spite of the forced ideology and fierce censorship, Tbilisi State University maintained schools in mathematics, philosophy and historiography. The foundation of the Academy of Science of Georgia and other higher educational institutions was encouraged by the university; the university was opened on 26 January 1918, the day of remembrance of the Georgian King David the Builder. A church in the University garden, named after the King, has been functioning since 5 September 1995. In 1989 the university was named after its founder - Ivane Javakhishvili. Petre Melikishvili, a chemist and professor, was elected as the first rector of the university. At its commencement, the university had one faculty - that of philosophy. Ivane Javakhishvili, a Georgian historian, delivered the first lecture. At the beginning of 1918 the board of professors and lecturers numbered 18, the student body of the university counted 369 students and 89 free listeners.
Today the number of professors involved in tuition and training amounts to 3275, including 55 academicians and corresponding member of the academy, 595 professors and doctors, 1246 assistant professors and candidates of sciences. Over 35 thousand students are studying at its eight regional branches. Important changes at the university began on 25 April 1994, when the scientific council of the University adopted "The Concepts of University Education", according to which since the year 1994 the university has transferred to the two-stage form of study. At the end of the I stage of the reform implemented, at the beginning of 2005, the bodies functioning at TSU were: 22 faculties with 184 chairs, 8 branches with 46 faculties, 3 scientific-research and study-scientific institutes, 81 scientific-research laboratories and centers, 161 study laboratories and rooms, clinical hospitals and diagnostic centers and editorial houses, the library with 3,650,000 items, 5 dormitories. 95 educational programs were used at the bachelor's course, 194 at master's studies, 16 at the single-step tuition.
Schools that came into being at Tbilisi University were: Mathematics, Psychology, Physiology. National Scholarly Schools of Georgian Historiography, History of Literature, Georgian Philosophy, Art Studies and Caucasian Linguistics and Classical Philology (Grigol Tsereteli, S
Batumi State Maritime Academy
Batumi State Maritime Academy is an internationally accredited higher-education maritime school in Batumi, Georgia. The institution's main function is to prepare qualified staff for employment within the marine-trade fleet and maritime transport infrastructure. Batumi State Maritime Academy provides an educational process, in accordance with Georgian legislation as well as the international STCW Convention. Batumi Maritime Technical University was inaugurated in 1929. On March 5, 1944, the self-defense committee of the Soviet Union created the Batumi Maritime Institute; the institute played an important role in the development of maritime activities in the Soviet Union as a whole. The institute has taught up to 5,000 qualified maritime specialists; the academy was created by the Georgian government in 1992, shortly after gaining independence following the dissolution of the USSR. Following the nationwide reform of the education system in 2004, BSMA received legal status as a teaching university in April 25, 2005.
One of the most notable persons to have studied in the academy was Anatoli Kacharava. After World War II he began teaching there as a full-time lecturer. After his death in 1982, he was honourably buried in the territory of the academy; the academy offers education in many fields within the maritime industry. Maritime graduates occupy leadership positions on crews of maritime trade ships, maritime crewing companies and other public and private maritime services, whose activities are related to maritime transport and management. BSMA promotes the development of maritime institutions in the Black Sea region, its proximity to Batumi and Kulevi ports and Supsa customs create excellent conditions for students to work with qualified staff. Maritime transportation and related services or activities are regulated by national legislation and by international regulations, such as the International Maritime Organization; the basic legislative document of IMO is the STCW Convention. Georgia joined the convention in 1993, giving BSMA the responsibility of preparing qualified staff for international maritime trading and shipping industries.
The core of the education system of the college is its maritime engineering faculty. However, the second largest faculty, called Business and Management enjoys popularity within high-school seniors willing to receive education within this field; the academy receives international delegations from Poland, Ireland and others, some of which are within the European Erasmus+ programme while others establish student exchange programs, mutual training and general partnership agreements. A maritime student training centre was opened in 2014 with the help of the local and central governments of Georgia, which cost 2 million Georgian Lari; the training centre, acting under IMO regulations, operates a professional sailing simulator for the maritime faculty students, as well as safety and firefighting equipment necessary for certification under the guidelines of the STCW Convention. A typical day in the academy begins with the semi-military style line-up of students in the morning, during which the names of the present students are recorded.
After the traditional ceremony of raising the Georgian flag as well as the flag of the academy, while the Georgian national anthem is played by the university orchestra, students proceed to their classes. Students are required to wear the academy uniforms, which are provided to them on the first semester of the first course. All freshmen are required to undergo a certain number of watchkeeping exercises on the territory of the academy. Education programs are implemented by three bachelors programs. Maritime navigation Marine engineering Marine electromechanics Marine Transport Management Ship's Power Plants and Mechanisms Ship's and Sea Ports Electric and Power Plants Organization and Logistics of Maritime Transportation Port Management Tourism - Cruise Tourism Management Logistics and Expediting International Business Management Banking
Tbilisi State Conservatoire
Tbilisi State Conservatoire is the State Conservatoire of Georgia, located in the capital Tbilisi. The Tbilisi Conservatoire was founded on 1 May 1917, it was formally recognised by the Russian Musical Society as a conservatoire that year. A rival conservatoire was founded in 1921 by D. Arakishvili, it was not until 1924 that the situation was resolved by the Soviet regime in favour of the original foundation. Since 1947 it has borne the name of Georgian singer Ivane Sarajishvili. Among the first teachers in Conservatoire were students of leading musicians such as Franz Liszt, Henryk Wieniawski, Antoine Marmontel and Ignaz Moscheles, as well as Joseph and Rosina Lhévinne – founder-teachers at the Juilliard School of Music. Tulashvili and A. Virsaladze. Iashvili and L. Shiukashvili. Andghuladze and A. Inashvili. At different times the Tbilisi State Conservatoire was headed by prominent Georgian and Russian musicians, among them Nikolai Nikolaev, Nikolai Tcherepnin, Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov, Zakaria Paliashvili, Dimitri Arakishvili Otar Taktakishvili, Sulkhan Tsintsadze, Nodar Gabunia and Manana Doidjashvili.
The current rector is Reso Kiknadze. Among the graduates of the Conservatoire are: composers Gia Kancheli and S. Nasidze, conductor Jansug Kakhidze, ethnomusicologist and evolutionary musicologist Joseph Jordania, musicians Elisso Virsaladze, Dimitri Bashkirov, Lev Vlassenko, Tamar Gabarashvili, Alexander Toradze, Marine Iashvili, Alexander Korsantia, Giorgi Latso, Zurab Andjaparidze, Iano Alibegashvili, Lado Ataneli,Tamar Atschba and others; the original building was designed by Aleksander Szymkiewicz and built in 1901-05. Unlike most buildings of the same style in the given period, the conservatoire's column decorated main portal is not centrally located. Rather, along with the main facade it is built near the left corner of the building in order for it to face the main entrance from the Rustaveli Avenue; the style of the building is eclectic in nature. While original two-story building was built with elements of renaissance and baroque, the exterior of the present four-story building is neoclassical and somewhat less ornate.
The exterior displays the statue of Anton Rubinstein, a Russian pianist and composer who in 1891 donated an entire income from one of his concerts for the opening of the original conservatoire building. The building has the main auditorium and the small auditorium; the small auditorium of the conservatoire is known for its richly decorated walls. Today the conservatoire teaching staff includes about 200 professors. There are about 400 students. Cultural events taking place at the Conservatoire include: music forums, national competitions, international symposia and scientific conferences, master classes and symphony concerts and student opera performances at the Conservatoire Opera Studio. Amongst those who have performed at the Conservatoire are Vladimir Horowitz, Egon Petri, Sviatoslav Richter, David Oistrakh, Emil Gilels, Mstislav Rostropovich and others. Since 1995 the State Conservatoire has aligned itself with the two-step European Educational System of studies. Since 2006 the Tbilisi State Conservatoire has become a member of the European Association of Conservatories.
From 2005 the Conservatoire joined the Bologna Process with its international student transfer and credit system. Music of Georgia Rusudan Tsurtsumia, Vano Sarajishvili Tbilisi State Conservatoire, Tbilisi, 1998 Arutinov Devil, Vano Sarajishvili Tbilisi State Conservatoire, Tbilisi, 2000 Tbilisi Conservatoire Official website
Grigol Robakidze University
Grigol Robakidze University university is established in 1992 in Tbilisi, Georgia. It specialises in Medical i.e Medicine and dentistry, but has courses in the social sciences and German. The university was renamed in honor of Grigol Robakidze, it is one of the oldest in nongovernmental High Educational Institutions in Georgia. 1992 - The private University “Alma Mater” was established. At that period the lectures were delivered by Akaki Bakradze, Marika Lordkipanidze, Levan Sanikidze, Revaz Mishveladze, Kote Makharadze, Otar Japaridze, Revaz Chogoshvili, Albert Abesadze, Levan Menabde... 1994 - American and German professors started delivering lectures in “Alma Mater.” 1995 - The School of Dentistry was established in the University where a new simulating system was introduced first time in Georgia and the laboratory of simulated techniques was established, unique and has no equal in Georgia. 1995 - By the decision of the Academic Council, the University “Alma Mater” was named Grigol Robakdize University, though society still calls it “Alma Mater”.
1995 - Grigol Robakidze University was included in the catalogue of the world higher educational institutions. 1996 - The attestation of medical higher educational institutions was held. Grigol Robakidze was among the top ten institutions recognized by the State. 1996 - The University established the university dentistry clinic. 1998 - The computer programme of dentistry studies was worked out on the Dentistry Department the first time in Georgia. 2001 - Michael Saakashvili, the Minister of Justice, visited the University and met the students and lecturers. 2001 - Tempus TACIS project of the European Union started at Grigol Robakidze University, which intended reconstructing the teaching and learning system according to the European standard. 2001 - Lecturers of the University were on probation in the universities of England and Sweden within the scope of Tempus TACIS Project. Young specialists having received their education in American and European universities started working at Grigol Robakidze University.
2002 - According to the research of the International Institute of Education Planning Grigol Robakidze University is among the top five higher educational institutions in terms of the employment of graduates. 2002 - The University established the second university dentistry clinic equipped with modern techniques. By the Minister’s order, it is recognized as the state resident base and is given the license for accomplishing the post-diploma education. 2003 - The project of the European Union was competed. As a result of monitoring the University received the grade A. Grigol Robakidse University first time in Georgia transformed into the European system of teaching and learning and implemented the European Credit Transfer System. 2003 - The University is involved in the international research project of the Economic Forum and Harvard University. 2004 - The University passed the state accreditation with the highest estimation. It 13.6 times exceeds the established standards with all parameters. 2005 - The University received a letter from US President George W. Bush, thanking it for publishing the book “Ten Federalist Papers in Georgian”, presented to him on his visit to Georgia.
2005 - The University received a letter from US Secretary of States Condoleezza Rice thanking it for giving her a copy of “Ten Federalist Papers in Georgian”. 2006 - The University was awarded the state accreditation for the second time. It got the highest quota of the contingent among the private institutions. 2006 - The Government of Georgia discussed “the outcomes of the state certification and the unified post-diploma qualification exams”. It was ascertained that according to the level of preparing dentists, Grigol Robakidze University occupies the first rating place among the state and private higher educational institutions of Georgia. 2006 - The Ministry of Education and Science of Georgia published a document from Alexander von Humboldt fund where is indicated that Grigol Robakidze University is listed in the World List of Universities and is recognized in Germany. 2012 - Grigol Robakidze University signed memorandum with Max Planck Institute for foreign and International Criminal Law Freiburg Germany 2012.
- Grigol Robakidze University is the partner of the consortium that won EMINENCE project The universities of Poland, Sweden, Italy, Moldova, Armenia and Georgia are participating in the project. The university's faculties are situated on David Aghmashebeli #13, in the downtown of Tbilisi and includes a new building located near US Embassy in the suburb of Tbilisi; as of December 2012: School of Humanities and Social Sciences School of Law School of Business and Management School of Medicine School of Criminalistics School of Public Administration and PoliticsInstitutions and Research Centers: Institute of Philosophy and Social Sciences Scientific-Research institute of public administration Institute of Comparative Law Additional Education Training Center The library has about 20,000 books and digital material are kept in the library. Service is systematically developed in the library; the electronic library was established in 2010. This enables consumers to choose books and periodicals Official website
Chancellor is a title of various official positions in the governments of many nations. The original chancellors were the cancellarii of Roman courts of justice—ushers, who sat at the cancelli or lattice work screens of a basilica or law court, which separated the judge and counsel from the audience. A chancellor's office is called a chancery; the word is now used in the titles of many various officers in all kinds of settings. Nowadays the term is most used to describe: The head of the government A person in charge of foreign affairs A person with duties related to justice A person in charge of financial and economic issues The head of a university The Chancellor of Austria, denominated Bundeskanzler for males and Bundeskanzlerin for females, is the title of the head of the Government of Austria. Sebastian Kurz is the incumbent Bundeskanzler of Austria. Chancellor or Grand Chancellor is the common translation of the Chinese title chengxiang or zaixiang, which in imperial China was the head of the government serving under the emperor.
The Chancellor of Germany or Bundeskanzler, is the title for the head of government in Germany. Bundeskanzlerin is the feminine form. In German politics, the Bundeskanzler position is equivalent to that of a prime minister and is elected by the Bundestag, every four years on the beginning of the electoral period after general elections. Between general elections, the Federal Chancellor can only be removed from office by a konstruktives Misstrauensvotum which consists in the candidacy of an opposition candidate for the office of Chancellor in the Bundestag. If this candidate gets a majority of the entire membership of the Bundestag, he or she will be sworn in as new Federal Chancellor; the current German Bundeskanzlerin is Angela Merkel of the CDU. The former German Empire, the Weimar Republic and Nazi Germany had the equivalent position of Reichskanzler, as the head of the executive. Between 1871 and 1918 the Chancellor was appointed by the German Emperor. During the Weimar Republic, the Chancellor was chosen by the Reichspräsident and stood under his authority.
This continued during the first two years of the Nazi regime until the death of President Paul von Hindenburg in 1934. Between 1934 and 1945 Adolf Hitler, the dictatorial head of state and government of Nazi Germany was called "Führer und Reichskanzler". In Switzerland, the Federal Chancellor is not the political head of government, but rather its administrative head as the Chief of Staff of the Swiss Federal Government, he or she is elected by the Swiss Federal Assembly to head the Federal Chancellery — the general staff of the seven-member executive Federal Council, the Swiss federal government. The Chancellor participates in the meetings of the seven Federal Councilors with a consultative vote and prepares the reports on policy and activities of the council to parliament; the chancellery is responsible for the publication of all federal laws. In most Swiss Cantons there is a State Chancellor who heads the central administrative unit of the cantonal government. In the Canton of Geneva, the first documents attesting to the existence of a Chancellor go back to the 12th century.
In the 16th century the Chancery is described as the permanent secretariat of the executive and legislature. The first of these functions still constitutes an important part of its activities in Geneva and other cantons. In the Canton of Berne, the Chancellor is elected by the Grand Council and has the task of supporting the Grand Council and the Executive Council in carrying out their tasks; the Chancellor directs the staff of the Executive Council, supports the President of the Government and the Executive Council in the performance of their duties, participates as an advisor to the President of the Grand Council in Grand Council sessions. In Latin America, the equivalents to "chancellor" are used to refer to the post of foreign minister, it is used as a synonym to the full titles of the ministers of foreign affairs, notably in Mexico it relates to the position of head of the ministry of foreign affairs. The ministry of foreign affairs in Spanish-speaking countries in the Americas is referred to as the Cancillería or in Portuguese-speaking Brazil as Chancelaria.
However, in Spain the term canciller refers to a civil servant in the Spanish diplomatic service responsible for technical issues relating to foreign affairs. As to the German foreign service the term Kanzler refers to the administrative head of a diplomatic mission. In Finland the Chancellor of Justice supervises the legality of actions taken by the government and monitors the implementation of basic civil liberties. In this special function the chancellor sits in the Finnish Cabinet, the Finnish Council of State. In Sweden the Chancellor of Justice or Justitiekanslern acts as the Solicitor General for the Swedish Government; the office was introduced by Charles XII of Sweden in 1713. There was a Lord High Chancellor or Rikskansler as the most senior member of the Privy Council of Sweden. Ther