An estuary is a enclosed coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, with a free connection to the open sea. Estuaries form a transition zone between river environments and maritime environments, they are subject both to marine influences—such as tides and the influx of saline water—and to riverine influences—such as flows of fresh water and sediment. The mixing of sea water and fresh water provide high levels of nutrients both in the water column and in sediment, making estuaries among the most productive natural habitats in the world. Most existing estuaries formed during the Holocene epoch with the flooding of river-eroded or glacially scoured valleys when the sea level began to rise about 10,000–12,000 years ago. Estuaries are classified according to their geomorphological features or to water-circulation patterns, they can have many different names, such as bays, lagoons, inlets, or sounds, although some of these water bodies do not meet the above definition of an estuary and may be saline.
The banks of many estuaries are amongst the most populated areas of the world, with about 60% of the world's population living along estuaries and the coast. As a result, many estuaries suffer degradation from a variety of factors including: sedimentation from soil erosion from deforestation and other poor farming practices; the word "estuary" is derived from the Latin word aestuarium meaning tidal inlet of the sea, which in itself is derived from the term aestus, meaning tide. There have been many definitions proposed to describe an estuary; the most accepted definition is: "a semi-enclosed coastal body of water, which has a free connection with the open sea, within which sea water is measurably diluted with freshwater derived from land drainage". However, this definition excludes a number of coastal water bodies such as coastal lagoons and brackish seas. A more comprehensive definition of an estuary is "a semi-enclosed body of water connected to the sea as far as the tidal limit or the salt intrusion limit and receiving freshwater runoff.
This broad definition includes fjords, river mouths, tidal creeks. An estuary is a dynamic ecosystem having a connection to the open sea through which the sea water enters with the rhythm of the tides; the sea water entering the estuary streams. The pattern of dilution varies between different estuaries and depends on the volume of fresh water, the tidal range, the extent of evaporation of the water in the estuary. Drowned river valleys are known as coastal plain estuaries. In places where the sea level is rising relative to the land, sea water progressively penetrates into river valleys and the topography of the estuary remains similar to that of a river valley; this is the most common type of estuary in temperate climates. Well-studied estuaries include the Severn Estuary in the United Kingdom and the Ems Dollard along the Dutch-German border; the width-to-depth ratio of these estuaries is large, appearing wedge-shaped in the inner part and broadening and deepening seaward. Water depths exceed 30 m.
Examples of this type of estuary in the U. S. are the Hudson River, Chesapeake Bay, Delaware Bay along the Mid-Atlantic coast, Galveston Bay and Tampa Bay along the Gulf Coast. Bar-built estuaries are found in place where the deposition of sediment has kept pace with rising sea level so that the estuaries are shallow and separated from the sea by sand spits or barrier islands, they are common in tropical and subtropical locations. These estuaries are semi-isolated from ocean waters by barrier beaches. Formation of barrier beaches encloses the estuary, with only narrow inlets allowing contact with the ocean waters. Bar-built estuaries develop on sloping plains located along tectonically stable edges of continents and marginal sea coasts, they are extensive along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the U. S. in areas with active coastal deposition of sediments and where tidal ranges are less than 4 m. The barrier beaches that enclose bar-built estuaries have been developed in several ways: building up of offshore bars by wave action, in which sand from the sea floor is deposited in elongated bars parallel to the shoreline, reworking of sediment discharge from rivers by wave and wind action into beaches, overwash flats, dunes, engulfment of mainland beach ridges due to sea level rise and resulting in the breaching of the ridges and flooding of the coastal lowlands, forming shallow lagoons, elongation of barrier spits from the erosion of headlands due to the action of longshore currents, with the spits growing in the direction of the littoral drift.
Barrier beaches form in shallow water and are parallel to the shoreline, resulting in long, narrow estuaries. The average water depth is less than 5 m, exceeds 10 m. Examples of bar-built estuaries are Barnegat Bay, New Jersey. Fjords were formed where pleistocene glaciers deepened and widened existing river valleys so that they become U-shaped in cross s
Auckland Libraries is the public library system for the Auckland Region of New Zealand. It was created when the seven separate councils in the Auckland region merged in 2010, it is the largest public-library network in the Southern Hemisphere with 55 branches from Wellsford to Waiuku. In November 2010, Auckland's local councils merged to create the Auckland Council; as a result of this process, the seven public library systems within the region were combined to form Auckland Libraries. The following library networks were amalgamated, forming Auckland Libraries: Auckland City Libraries Bookinopolis Manukau Libraries North Shore Libraries Papakura Library Services – The Sir Edmund Hillary Library Rodney Libraries Waitakere Libraries In the years leading up to the merger of the library systems within Auckland, the separate library systems combined to form a consortium in order to align their processes; this organisation was called eLGAR. This consortium settled on Millenium as their Library Management System, the libraries within this system all moved to this software.
The result was that the library systems were able to offer their customers a seamless transition to membership of the larger network, with immediate access to all 55 libraries from November 1, 2010. Prior to amalgamation, Auckland City Libraries was a network of 17 public libraries and a mobile library operated by Auckland City Council. In September 1880, Auckland City Council took responsibility for the library of the Auckland Mechanics' Institute which had come under financial difficulties; the Mechanics’ Institute was formed in 1842 and the items remaining in its library, along with items from the Library of the old Auckland Provincial Council, were included in the collection of the Auckland Free Public Library. In 1887, George Grey donated around 8,000 books, doubling the existing collection, a new building was erected for the library on the corner of Wellesley and Coburg streets. At the time, this building housed the entire collection for the Auckland public library, in addition to the city's art collection.
Additionally, from its inception in 1916 until it was closed in 1957, The Old Colonists’ Museum was in this building. This building is now the Auckland Art Gallery; the building on Lorne Street that houses the Central City library was opened in 1971. Before amalgamation, three public libraries—Pukekohe and Tuakau—made up a network known as "Bookinopolis". A municipal library had first been established at Pukekohe in 1913 and at Waiuku in 1946, in each case taking over an existing subscription library. Tuakau Public Library was opened in 1977. After local-body amalgamation in 1989, these three libraries formed the Franklin District library system. In 2000, this was taken over by the Franklin District Library Trust; the Trust renamed its library system "Bookinopolis". In 2010, the Pukekohe and Waiuku libraries became branches of Auckland Libraries, due to boundary changes, Tuakau was taken over by Waikato Dictrict Council; when Manukau City Council was formed by the amalgamation of Manukau County and Manurewa Borough in 1965, it took over responsibility for a small subscription library at Māngere East and volunteer-run community libraries in Alfriston, Clevedon, Kawakawa Bay, Orere Point and Weymouth.
The newly formed city opened its first full-service public library at Manurewa in 1967. This was followed by children’s libraries at both Otara and Māngere East in 1969, branch libraries at Pakuranga in 1973 and Manukau City Centre in 1976, a combined school and public library at Ngā Tapuwae College in 1978. Came Māngere Bridge in 1979, Māngere Town Centre in 1980 and Highland Park in 1987. Local-body amalgamation in 1989 saw two more libraries added to the system: Papatoetoe and Howick, where the municipal library services dated from 1945 and 1947 respectively. In 1958 Papatoetoe Library had earned the distinction of setting up the first municipal mobile library in New Zealand. Manukau Libraries’ last three branches were Clendon, the innovative Tupu-Dawson Road Youth Library, the Botany Idealibrary. Clendon Library was renamed Te Matariki Clendon when it was relocated in 2006. Throughout its life, Manukau Libraries operated as a dispersed rather than a centralised library system. However, in 2001 it opened a reference and reading room near Manukau City Centre that expanded into the Manukau Research Library.
By 2010 Manukau Libraries operated 13 branch libraries, a research library, five volunteer-run'rural libraries', a mobile library. In 1989, the North Shore City Council was formed by combining the various boroughs that had existed on the North Shore, so that prior to the 2010 amalgamation of the council into the Auckland Council, North Shore Libraries was a network of six libraries and a mobile library. Membership of Auckland Libraries is free for residents and ratepayers of the Auckland Council region. Auckland Libraries has a small number of rental collections. Library members can request an item from any of the libraries in Auckland Libraries for free. Many of the libraries provide Internet access; the library system gives access to three specialised eBook suppliers: Overdrive, BorrowBox, Wheelers. There is a Digital Library which includes over 100 databases; the library system provides a number of free events: Wriggle and Rhyme: Active Movement for Early Learning for babies.
A suburb is a mixed-use or residential area, existing either as part of a city or urban area or as a separate residential community within commuting distance of a city. In most English-speaking countries, suburban areas are defined in contrast to central or inner-city areas, but in Australian English and South African English, suburb has become synonymous with what is called a "neighborhood" in other countries and the term extends to inner-city areas. In some areas, such as Australia, China, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, a few U. S. states, new suburbs are annexed by adjacent cities. In others, such as Saudi Arabia, Canada and much of the United States, many suburbs remain separate municipalities or are governed as part of a larger local government area such as a county. Suburbs first emerged on a large scale in the 19th and 20th centuries as a result of improved rail and road transport, which led to an increase in commuting. In general, they have lower population densities than inner city neighborhoods within a metropolitan area, most residents commute to central cities or other business districts.
Suburbs tend to proliferate around cities that have an abundance of adjacent flat land. The English word is derived from the Old French subburbe, in turn derived from the Latin suburbium, formed from sub and urbs; the first recorded usage of the term in English, was made by John Wycliffe in 1380, where the form subarbis was used, according to the Oxford English Dictionary. In Australia and New Zealand, suburbs have become formalised as geographic subdivisions of a city and are used by postal services in addressing. In rural areas in both countries, their equivalents are called localities; the terms inner suburb and outer suburb are used to differentiate between the higher-density areas in proximity to the city center, the lower-density suburbs on the outskirts of the urban area. The term'middle suburbs' is used. Inner suburbs, such as Te Aro in Wellington, Eden Terrace in Auckland, Prahran in Melbourne and Ultimo in Sydney, are characterised by higher density apartment housing and greater integration between commercial and residential areas.
In New Zealand, most suburbs are not defined which can lead to confusion as to where they may begin and end. Although there is a geospatial file defining suburbs for use by emergency services developed and maintained by Fire and Emergency New Zealand, in collaboration with other government agencies, to date this file has not been released publicly. New Zealand company Koordinates Limited requested access to the geospatial file under the Official Information Act 1982 but this request was rejected by the New Zealand Fire Service on the basis that it would prejudice the health & safety of, or cause material loss, to the public. In September 2014 a decision was made by the Ombudsman of New Zealand ruling that the New Zealand Fire Service refusal to release the geospatial file without agreeing to terms which included, among other restrictions, a prohibition on redistribution of the geospatial file, was reasonable. In the United Kingdom and in Ireland, suburb refers to a residential area outside the city centre, regardless of administrative boundaries.
Suburbs, in this sense, can range from areas that seem more like residential areas of a city proper to areas separated by open countryside from the city centre. In large cities such as London and Leeds, suburbs include separate towns and villages that have been absorbed during a city's growth and expansion, such as Ealing and Guiseley. In the United States and Canada, suburb can refer either to an outlying residential area of a city or town or to a separate municipality or unincorporated area outside a town or city; the earliest appearance of suburbs coincided with the spread of the first urban settlements. Large walled towns tended to be the focus around which smaller villages grew up in a symbiotic relationship with the market town; the word'suburbani' was first used by the Roman statesman Cicero in reference to the large villas and estates built by the wealthy patricians of Rome on the city's outskirts. Towards the end of the Eastern Han Dynasty, the capital, was occupied by the emperor and important officials.
As populations grew during the Early Modern Period in Europe, urban towns swelled with a steady influx of people from the countryside. In some places, nearby settlements were swallowed up as the main city expanded; the peripheral areas on the outskirts of the city were inhabited by the poorest. Due to the rapid migration of the rural poor to the industrialising cities of England in the late 18th century, a trend in the opposite direction began to develop; this trend accelerated through the 19th century in cities like London and Manchester that were growing and the first suburban districts sprung up around the city centres to accommodate those who wanted to escape the squalid conditions of the industrial towns. Toward the end of the century, with the development of public transit systems such as the underground railways and buses, it became possible for the majority of the city's population to reside outside the city and to commute into the
Accident Compensation Corporation
The Accident Compensation Corporation is the New Zealand Crown entity responsible for administering the country's universal no-fault accidental-injury scheme. The scheme provides financial compensation and support to citizens and temporary visitors who have suffered personal injuries; the corporation was founded as the Accident Compensation Commission on 1 April 1974 as a result of the Accident Compensation Act 1972. Its principal governing act today is the Accident Compensation Act 2001; as a Crown entity, ACC is responsible to a Cabinet Minister via its Board of Directors. Unlike most other Crown entities, it has its own dedicated ministerial portfolio, which since October 2017 has been held by Iain Lees-Galloway; the ACC has its origins in the Workers' Compensation for Accidents Act of 1900, which established a limited compensation scheme for workers who had suffered injuries where there was no directly responsible party. In 1967, a New Zealand Royal Commission, chaired by High Court judge Owen Woodhouse, recommended extending this compensation to cover all injuries on a no-fault basis.
Following this report, on 1 April 1974 the New Zealand Government established the Accident Compensation Commission to implement the requirements of the 1972 Accident Compensation Act and the 1973 Amendments. The Act was replaced by the Injury Prevention and Compensation Act 2001, in 2010 renamed the Accident Compensation Act 2001; the Commission's annual report for 1989/90 proposed that the distinction between accidents—which are covered—and "illness"—which is not—should be dropped. This proposal was not taken up by government. In 1992, the commission was renamed the Accident Compensation Corporation. From 1 July 1999, the Fourth National Government allowed private insurance operators to provide work-related accident insurance, ACC was exposed to competition; the Fifth Labour Government repealed this change, as of 1 July 2000 re-instated ACC as the sole provider of accident-insurance coverage. ACC is the sole and compulsory provider of accident insurance in New Zealand for all work- and non-work-related injuries.
The corporation administers the ACC Scheme on a no-fault basis, so that anyone—regardless of the way in which they incurred an injury—has coverage under the scheme. Due to the scheme's no-fault basis, people who have suffered personal injury do not have the right to sue an at-fault party, except for exemplary damages; the scheme provides a range of entitlements to injured people, however 93.5 percent of new claims in 2011–12 were for treatment costs only. Other entitlements include weekly compensation for lost earnings and the cost of home or vehicle modifications for the injured; the scheme offers entitlements subject to various eligibility criteria. ACC works with communities on initiatives to prevent injuries; these initiatives include "RugbySmart" with New Zealand Rugby, "Ride Forever", "Mates and Dates", "Make Your Home a Safety Zone" with Safekids Aotearoa. ACC is funded through a combination of levies and government contributions. Income collected from each source goes into predetermined account based on the source.
Costs relating to an injury are paid from one of these accounts based on the type and cause of an injury. The four main accounts are: Work, Non-Earners, Motor Vehicle. There is a fifth account, Treatment Injury, that draws on both the Earners and Non-Earners accounts. ACC had a "pay-as-you-go" funding model which collected "only enough levies during the year to cover the cost of claims for that particular year". In 1999 a "fully funded" model was adopted whereby sufficient levies were collected to cover the lifetime cost of each injury—which might require compensation over a period of 30 years or more. However, getting ACC onto a strong financial footing was not easy and in 2009, ACC posted a $4.8 billion loss—described as the biggest corporate loss in New Zealand's history. This cost escalation is thought to have been due to an increase in the number of claims, a widening of entitlements and increased costs of meeting the claims. Another factor was physiotherapy services being made free at the point of delivery leading to over-servicing of clients.
Between 2000 and 2008 this appears to have contributed to an increase in physiotherapy costs of 214%. The 100% reimbursement scheme for physiotherapist services was ended, ACC levies on wages and motorists were increased. ACC chairman John Judge told the Sunday Star-Times that it was going to take a "hard-nosed" approach to get ACC into a sustainable position; this would require "substantial" levy increases and "legislative change to get people off the scheme and back to work quicker". By 2012, ACC had made good progress towards its 2019-goal, was $4.5 billion short of matching liabilities with its assets. Towards the end of 2012, ACC Minister Judith Collins announced that Government would not cut ACC levies for the 2013–14 year. While the ACC Board and Ministry of Business Innovation and Employment had recommended reducing the levies by between 12 and 17 per cent, Collins stated that the government's decision was motivated by the uncertain economic conditions and a desire to ensure that reductions to the levy were sustainable.
Andrew Little, the Labour Party's ACC spokesman, criticised this decision, claiming that it was driven by the government's attempt to bring the budget into surplus and reducing the levy would provide a boost to the economy. In the 2013 budget, Collins announced a $1.3 billion cut in ACC levies over the next two years. Collins said the Earners and Workers accounts were no
The Whau River is an estuarial arm of the southwestern Waitemata Harbour within the Auckland metropolitan area in New Zealand. It flows north for 5.7 kilometres from its origin at the confluence of the Avondale Stream and Whau Stream to its mouth between the Te Atatu peninsula and the long, thin Rosebank Peninsula in Avondale. It is 800 metres at 400 metres wide at its mouth; the estuary extends past the suburbs of Glendene and Kelston, between Auckland City to the east and Waitakere City to the west. It has the Wairau Creek in the southwest; the tide flows up the Wairau Creek as far as Sabulite Road in Kelston, up the Rewarewa Creek to Clark Street and Wolverton Road in New Lynn. The area at the mouth of the estuary is protected as the Motu Manawa Marine Reserve; the Whau River is named after the whau. In earlier times, Maori used the Whau for travel between the Waitemata Harbour and the Manukau Harbour, they paddled canoes up the Whau River and the Avondale Stream and carried the canoes over a short stretch of land to Green Bay on the Manukau.
This is remembered in the name for Portage Road, which runs alongside the Avondale Stream, it is known that seasonal Maori settlements existed at the mouth of the river. For many years after European settlement, there was talk of making a canal between the Whau and the Manukau. Plans for a 6,900 ft long canal, with a cutting up to 131 ft deep, were made in 1907, but dismissed as too costly in 1921. European settlers used the Whau for marine transport and by 1865 there were five public wharves at New Lynn. Boats carried the products of local industries including brickworks, a leather tannery, a gelatine and glue factory and firewood cutting; the last commercial vessel to use the Whau was a flat-bottomed scow the Rahiri, which carried bricks and manuka firewood from the area until 1948. For nearly a hundred years, factories such as the tannery and an abbatoir discharged wastes directly into the Whau. Friends of the Whau Inc. was formed in 1999 to restore the ecology of the Whau through revegetation and reduction of pollution.
The Whau River Catchment Trust was formed in 2012. The West End Rowing Club has been based on the Whau since 2001. In 2015 construction began on the Te Whau Pathway, a walking and cycling path along the western edge of the Whau River from Te Atatu Peninsula to Olympic Park in New Lynn; the path is planned to continue on to Green Bay beach thus connecting the Waitemata Harbour to the Manukau Harbour. The geology of the area is composed of marine and riverine sediment; the stream's intertidal banks are settled by mangroves and exotic weed species. The river's catchment covers 29 square kilometres and includes all or part of Te Atatu South, Kelston, Titirangi North, Green Bay, New Lynn, Glen Eden, Blockhouse Bay and Mount Albert. Watersheds follow Te Atatu Road, Titirangi Road, Hillsborough Road, Richardson Road and Rosebank Road; the catchment consists of clay and mud and was formed 20 million years ago when the land was raised from the sea. Whau River Catchment Trust and Friends of the Whau Photographs of Whau River held in Auckland Libraries' heritage collections
Rutherford College, Auckland
Rutherford College is a co-educational state secondary school on the Te Atatu Peninsula, New Zealand. It is named after chemist Lord Ernest Rutherford. In 1948 the north-western sector of Auckland began to develop as a major suburban area. At that time the Education Department owned an area of twenty-one acres of undeveloped land lying between Te Atatu North highway and the northern side of the Henderson Creek; this land was set aside for a new secondary school to service the rising population of the Te Atatu Peninsula and farming areas to the north. A further vacant block of three acres was acquired and added to the whole in 1960 and the construction of a multi-course co-educational secondary school facility began. An open meeting was held on 29 June 1960 in the Public Hall at Te Atatu and it was decided that the new Te Atatu High School would be placed under the control of its own Board of Governors. At a Board meeting on 14 September Mr A. E. E. Clark was appointed from forty-eight other applicants as the first principal and that month the school name was decided.
Because of the large number of contributing Primary Schools and the wide area served, it was felt that parochialism should be avoided by naming the school after a famous New Zealander, namely Lord Rutherford of Nelson. Mr R. E. K. Barton was appointed First Assistant, Miss P. M. Corston the Senior Mistress. A Governing Board was appointed; the Planning of transport, enrolling procedures and uniforms was undertaken. As a result, the Board was able to call a parents’ meeting in the Te Atatu Public Hall on Monday 28 November, at which new staff members were introduced, the school uniforms displayed, proposed transport routes given; the High School opened on 5 February 1961 with a staff of nine. The first double-story classroom block and the technical block were complete and the framework had been erected for the administration wing; the Kaleidoscope Programme is for students who talented and subjects. Its programme is an alternative to mainstream courses at Rutherford College. Rutherford is one of only a handful of schools in New Zealand to have been granted $300,000 under the Ministry of Education's Talent Development Initiative.
This is to develop programmes that will enrich and develop students with special talents, helping them to excel to greater levels. Rutherford College is a New Zealand Qualifications Authority accredited co-educational Year 9-13 State Secondary school, it caters for students from year 9 to year 13, as well as providing adult education, special education and night courses. It offers well-qualified, professional staff are successful in challenging students to achieve academic success in national assessments; the school teaches core subjects such as English and Science, helps senior students pass NCEA. As well as core subjects, specialist subjects such as Chinese Mandarin, Japanese, Māori and German are taught as a second language, as well as aviation, environmental science and biochemistry, physical education, technology and economicsThe Gateway programme is offered to students; this course helps students prepare to join the workforce once leaving school instead of moving on to Tertiary education.
In this course students learn to make a CV and explore different options for once they finish school. The Rutherford College Information Commons is an integrated learning environment where all students and staff have access to traditional and electronic information resources, electronic learning materials and productivity software, allowing them to integrate more information into course work; the main purpose is to provide access to electronic learning and information resources as well as traditional sources of information. Students are able to retrieve information from the library database, access course work through Learning Resources, send email and browse the Internet, use Microsoft Office and other specialist programs, including a number of Open Source applications - all on the same computer; the development of computer and information literacy skills will be a key focus area of the Information Commons and opportunities for training will be integrated into all aspects of service. The Information Commons was opened in 2006 and students were allowed full use of the facility from the first term of 2007.
Since it has become the most popular building on campus among staff and students alike. It is a student-centred facility that provides a variety of study spaces, 40 computers, easy access to information resources and technologies together with multi-skilled staff that support different learning and research needs in one physical location; the College encourages student participation in a wide range of extracurricular activities, again challenging students to reach their full potential in all areas. The school celebrates annually, to commemorate the achievements of Lord Rutherford; the official school song is ‘Me Hui Hui’, written by Pita Sharples Another school song ‘The Rutherford Way’ was written by former school music teacher, Mrs Manu Fa'aea-Semeatu. The school has a strong bond with Da Tong High School in Shanghai, China. Rutherford Colleges Kapa Haka group'Te Rōpu Kapa Haka o Te Kōtuku' is the top Mainstream group in the Auckland region. Jack Elder, politician Ken Carrington - former All Black Kees Meeuws - former All Black Sam Tuitupou - former All Black Garth da Silva - former NZ Heavyweight Boxing Champion and Commonwealth Games bronze medallist Darren Liddel - triple Commonwealth Games Gold weightlifter Gavin Stevens - Commonwealth Games Men's Cycling Gold Med
Massey, New Zealand
Massey is a north-western suburb in the city of Auckland, New Zealand. It was a northern suburb of Waitakere City, which existed from 1989 to 2010 before the city was amalgamated into Auckland Council; the suburb was named after former Prime Minister of New Zealand William Massey. Massey is a large suburb and can be divided into three reasonably distinctive areas, Massey West, Massey East and Massey North. Parts of Massey East are known as'Royal Heights', home to the Royal Heights shopping centre; the population was 20,085 in the 2013 census, an increase of 1,326 from 2006. The population given is for the statistical areas of Westgate, Royal Road West, Royal Heights, Waimumu North and Waimumu South Massey is home to one secondary school, Massey High School, where the principal is former Tall Blacks captain Glen Denham as well as several primary schools, including Colwill Primary School, Lincoln Heights School, Royal Road Primary School, Massey Primary School and Don Buck Primary School. Massey is not home to Massey University, based in Palmerston North with its Auckland campus at Albany.
The suburb features a Leisure Centre and Library as well as the Westgate shopping centre on Hobsonville Road next to the north-western motorway and NorthWest Shopping Centre to the north of Hobsonville Road. The local rugby club is a member of the North Harbour Rugby Union and won the championship 6 times (93, 2004, 2005, 2013, 2015 and 2016. Former All Black Jonah Lomu signed to play for Massey in 2005, but due to an injury was unable to play for them that season, he did however make his debut for the club in 2006. In Parliament Massey is represented by Member for Te Atatu Labour MP Phil Twyford and National list MP Alfred Ngaro, it is the centre of the local body ward of the same name. The'Massey Ward' contains the suburbs of Whenuapai, Herald Island, West Harbour, Massey and Henderson North, it has a population of 49,413. Massey is home to rugby players Tusi Pisi as well as the musicians Blindspott. Photographs of Massey held in Auckland Libraries' heritage collections. Massey's changing landscape Historypin collection