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Frederick Clarke Withers

Frederick Clarke Withers was a successful English architect in America renowned for his Gothic Revival church designs. Frederick Clarke Withers was born in Somersetshire, he had a brother, Robert Jewell Withers, who became an architect. He studied architecture in England for eight years, he came to the United States in 1851/52 at the invitation of the prominent American architect Andrew Jackson Downing. Withers and Downing became family, as they married sisters: Emily Augusta and Caroline Elizabeth DeWindt, respectively; the sisters were great-grandchildren of President John Adams, grandnieces of John Quincy Adams. Downing drowned that year, attempting to save his mother, following the explosion of the steamboat Henry Clay. Calvert Vaux, Downing's partner took Withers in as a partner, at Newburgh, New York. Vaux included a design for a bookcase credited to Withers among those in his Villas and Cottages, which records both designs of Downing and Vaux and Vaux and Withers. At the outset of the American Civil War, Withers volunteered and received a commission as a lieutenant in the 1st New York Volunteer Engineer Regiment.

This experience added invaluable engineering experience to his architectural expertise. After war's end, he moved his practice to New York City where he became renowned for his church designs; as an independent architect in New York working in the Gothic revival mode, Withers wrote about architecture and designed in the colored "Ruskinian Gothic" manner. Withers' only cast-iron building stands at Manhattan; when A. J. Bicknell published Withers' Church Architecture, it was a sign that Withers' reputation was secured. Among his prestigious commissions was the "William Backhouse Astor, Sr. Memorial Altar and Reredos" at Trinity Church. In the 1880s Withers worked in partnership with Walter Dickson from Albany, New York. A number of Withers' works are listed on the National Register of Historic Places and further honored as National Historic Landmarks. Frederick Clarke Withers designed the Jefferson Market Courthouse, now the Jefferson Market Library, built in 1874 on 10th St. in Greenwich Village, New York next to the Jefferson Market Prison.

The Courthouse was made for the Third Judicial District. The Courthouse was designed in the American Gothic, "Venetian" or "Ruskinian" style; the building was called "Jefferson Market" because the site chosen, in 1870 was at the time the Jefferson Market, the local produce market. The frieze on the outside of the building contains scenes from Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice. 1858 Calvary First Presbyterian Church of Newburgh, Newburgh, NY 1859 Maple Lawn, Balmville, NY 1859 Reformed Church of Beacon, Beacon, NY 1867 Eustatia, New York 1867-68 First Presbyterian Church of Highland Falls, Highland Falls, NY 1868-71 Main Building, Hudson River State Hospital, Poughkeepsie, NY 1869 President's House, Gallaudet College, Washington, DC 1869-71 St. Luke's Episcopal Church, Beacon, NY 1871 Rice Building, Troy, NY 1874-79 Jefferson Market Courthouse, New York, NY 1876-77 Main reredos and altar, Trinity Church, New York, NY 1882-1883 Huntington Free Library and Reading Room, Westchester Square, Bronx, NY 1883 Hackensack Water Company Complex, Weehawken, NJ 1884 Heppenheimer Mansion, Van Vorst Park, Jersey City, NJ 1884 Admiral John Henry Upshur House, now United States Daughters of 1812, National Headquarters, Washington, DC 1885 Frank Hasbrouck House, Poughkeepsie, NY 1888-89 Chapel of the Good Shepherd, Blackwell's Island, New York, NY 1894 Zabriskie Memorial Church of St. John the Evangelist, Newport, RI 1896 Lych-Gate, Church of the Transfiguration and Rectory, New York, NY 1902 The Tombs, New York, NY Nevius and James Nevius.

2009. Inside the Apple: a streetwise history of New York City. New York: Free Press. Notes Media related to Frederick Clarke Withers at Wikimedia Commons Frederick Clarke Withers architectural drawings and papers, circa 1852-1890, held by the Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University

Paul Peter Rao

Paul Peter Rao was a Judge of the United States Court of International Trade. Born June 15, 1899, in Prizzi, Rao served in the United States Navy from 1917 to 1919, he received a Bachelor of Laws in 1923 from the Fordham University School of Law. He served as an Assistant District Attorney for New York County, New York from 1925 to 1927, he worked in private practice from 1927 to 1941. He was a candidate for Justice of the New York Supreme Court in 1941, he was the Assistant United States Attorney General in charge of customs from 1941 to 1948. Rao received a recess appointment from President Harry S. Truman on June 22, 1948, to a seat on the United States Customs Court vacated by Judge David Hayes Kincheloe, he was nominated to the same position by President Truman on January 13, 1949. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on January 31, 1949, received his commission on February 2, 1949. Rao was appointed as a Judge under Article I, but the court was raised to Article III status by operation of law on July 14, 1956, Rao thereafter served as an Article III Judge.

He served as Chief Judge from 1965 to 1971. Rao was reassigned by operation of law to the United States Court of International Trade on November 1, 1980, to a new seat authorized by 94 Stat. 1727. His service terminated on November 1988, due to his death in New York City, he was succeeded by Judge Richard W. Goldberg. Paul Peter Rao at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center

House Party (Meek Mill song)

"House Party" is a song by American recording artist Meek Mill, released as the first single from his mixtape Dreamchasers, the first mixtape he released since signing to Maybach Music Group, is the first installment of his Dreamchasers series. It features State Property member Young Chris, it was produced by The Beat Bully. On December 11, 2011, the music video, directed by Dre Films, was released on MTV2. Cameo appearances are made by French Montana, DJ Drama, Lil Duval and Twista; the official remix was included as the seventeenth track on Meek Mill's mixtape, Dreamchasers 2, the second installment in his Dreamchasers series. It features rappers Fabolous and Mac Miller. Digital single

Robert de Cardeny

Robert de Cardeny was a late 14th and early 15th century Scottish cleric. He was the son of one John Cardeny, sister of the royal mistress Mariota de Cardeny, his early career is obscure. In 1378-80, King Robert II of Scotland petitioned the Pope for a canonry in the diocese of Moray for one Robert de Cardun, despite the fact that the latter held canonries and prebends in the diocese of Dunblane and Dunkeld; this Robert de Cardun was both a member of King Robert's household and a student at the University of Paris. Robert had graduated from Paris in 1381 as Licentiate. In 1392 he was a receiver of custodian of the Nation's seal. In 1394 Robert was still in Paris, now as Master Robert de CardenyBy the time of his provision of the see of Dunkeld in 1398, he held the position of Dean, he had been provided to the see by Pope Benedict XIII on 17 November 1398, had been consecrated as Bishop of Dunkeld by the November of the following year. It was said by Alexander Myln that Robert owed his promotion to the affection which King Robert III of Scotland had for Cardeny's sister, the mistress of King Robert II, Robert III's father.

Robert enjoyed an episcopate of nearly 40 years. He secured the obedience of the Abbot of Iona to Dunkeld in 1431, in 1433 witnessed the foundation charter of the Collegiate Church of Methven. Among other activities, he was an auditor for the parliament of 1429-30, his episcopate saw the building of a new nave for Dunkeld Cathedral and the construction of a new chapel devoted to Saint Ninian. Robert fathered at least one son with an unmarried woman, Patrick de Cardeny, who became a clerk of the diocese of Dunkeld. Bishop Robert died on either 16 or 17 January 1437. Dowden, The Bishops of Scotland, ed. J. Maitland Thomson, Alexander, Vitae Dunkeldensis ecclesiae episcoporum,ed. Thomas Thomson, rev. edn, 1, rev. Cosmo Innes, Watt, D. E. R. Fasti Ecclesiae Scotinanae Medii Aevi ad annum 1638, 2nd Draft

Nebuchadnezzar Chronicle

The Nebuchadnezzar Chronicle known as, is one of the series of Babylonian Chronicles, contains a description of the first eleven years of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar II. The tablet details Nebuchadnezzar's military campaigns in the west and has been interpreted to refer to both the Battle of Carchemish and the Siege of Jerusalem; the tablet is numbered BM 21946 in the British Museum. It is one of two identified Chronicles referring to Nebuchadnezzar, does not cover the whole of his reign; the ABC5 is a continuation of Babylonian Chronicle ABC4, where Nebuchadnezzar is mentioned as the Crown Prince. Since the ABC 5 only provides a record through Nebuchadnezzar's eleventh year, the subsequent destruction and exile recorded in the Bible to have taken place 10 years are not covered in the chronicles or elsewhere in the archeological record; as with most other Babylonian Chronicles, the tablet is unprovenanced, having been purchased in 1896 via an antiquities dealer from an unknown excavation. It was first published 60 years in 1956 by Donald Wiseman.

The tablet claims that Nebuchadnezzar: "crossed the river to go against the Egyptian army which lay in Karchemiš. They fought with each other and the Egyptian army withdrew before him, he beat them to non-existence. As for the rest of the Egyptian army which had escaped from the defeat so that no weapon had reached them, in the district of Hamath the Babylonian troops overtook and defeated them so that not a single man escaped to his own country. At that time Nebuchadnezzar conquered the whole area of Hamath." The Chronicle does not refer to Jerusalem directly but mentions a "City of Iaahudu", interpreted to be "City of Judah". The Chronicle states: In the seventh year in the month Chislev the king of Babylon assembled his army, after he had invaded the land of Hatti he laid siege to the city of Judah. On the second day of the month of Adar he took the king prisoner, he installed in his place a king of his own choice, after he had received rich tribute, he sent forth to Babylon. The Chronicle is understood to confirm the date of the First Siege of Jerusalem.

Prior to publication of the Babylonian Chronicles by Donald Wiseman in 1956, Thiele had determined from the biblical texts that Nebuchadnezzar's initial capture of Jerusalem occurred in the spring of 597 BC, while other scholars, including Albright, more dated the event to 598 BC. There are no extra-biblical sources for the Second Siege of Jerusalem, dated to 587 BC; the date was arrived at by comparing the evidence of the Chronicle to dates given in the Book of Ezekiel in connection to the year of captivity of Jeconiah