The Monster Ball Tour
The Monster Ball Tour was the second worldwide concert tour by American singer Lady Gaga. Staged in support of her extended play The Fame Monster and comprising a set list of songs from that and her debut album The Fame, the tour visited arenas and stadiums from 2009 through 2011. Described as the first-ever pop electro opera by Gaga, the tour was announced in October 2009 after a joint concert tour with hip-hop artist Kanye West was suddenly canceled. The Monster Ball Tour commenced four days after the release of The Fame Monster in November 2009, a revision of the tour occurred after only a few months of performances, due to Gagas concern that the original version was constructed within a very short span of time. The stage of the show looked like a frame, comparable to that of a hollowed-out television set. From 2010 onwards, the shows had a New York theme and portrayed a story set in the city. Both versions of the show were divided into five segments, with the last being the encore, each of them featured Gaga in new outfits, singing songs related to the concept of the segment, as they were followed by a video interlude.
The tour received critical acclaim, with critics praising Gagas singing abilities, the theatricality of the show. The Monster Ball was a success, with sold-out shows. It ultimately grossed an estimated US$227.4 million from 200 reported shows, HBO filmed a special of The Monster Ball Tour during Gagas February 2011 shows at Madison Square Garden in New York City. Initially, hip-hop artist Kanye West and Lady Gaga had plans to launch a joint tour in October 2009, known as Fame Kills, Starring Lady Gaga and Kanye West. Amid negative response to his controversial outbursts at the 2009 MTV Video Music Awards, the complete schedule for Fame Kills was released, with the tour set to begin on November 10,2009, in Phoenix, Arizona. Shortly afterwards, the tour was cancelled without any explanation. Gaga addressed the situation at Billboards annual Women in Music luncheon, in an interview she stated, is going to take a break, but the good news is, I am not. After assuring the public that she would be embarking on her own tour and it was originally planned to debut in London in early 2010, but ended up kicking off on November 27,2009, in Montreal.
Rapper Kid Cudi and singer Jason Derülo were confirmed as the acts for the tour, with Cudi supporting Gaga from the beginning of the tour. The contraption was designed by Nasir Mazhar in collaboration with Gagas own creative production company, Haus of Gaga. The tours sponsor of the American leg was Virgin Mobile USA, in an interview with Rolling Stone, Gaga explained that she wanted to put together an expensive looking, beautiful show which would be affordable for her fans
Lady Gaga Live at Roseland Ballroom
Lady Gaga Live at Roseland Ballroom was the first residency show by American singer Lady Gaga. Performed at the Roseland Ballroom in Manhattan, New York, the show began on March 28 and concluded on April 7,2014. It was the event hosted by the venue after it was announced that it was being closed down. Gaga revealed that Roseland was the venue in New York City that she had never played. A poster announcing the event was released, showing an old image of Gaga taken before the time she became successful as a recording artist, as an homage to the venue, the stage was decorated with roses. The multi-leveled set-up consisted of New York City fire escape routes, other parts of the stage had a ladder reaching the mezzanine floors and a replica of an F train carriage. Gagas wardrobe was rose themed, with leotards and jackets, the main set list for the show encompassed songs from The Fame, The Fame Monster, Born This Way, and Artpop. Some tracks were performed in acoustic versions, the shows received positive reviews from music critics.
Reviewers were impressed by Gagas vocals, the choreography, and the presentation of the show. The shows were sold out with ticket prices being above the costs of tickets at the venue. Billboard revealed that the seven dates had sold a total of 24,532 tickets while grossing a total of $1.5 million. Two performances from the show were transmitted on the Late Show with David Letterman, while MTV, the final show on April 7,2014 was live-streamed by Verizon Communications. The Roseland Ballroom opened in its first Manhattan location at 51st Street in 1919 and it moved to its current location at 52nd Street in 1956, as a converted skating rink. The venue began as a hall for dancing and orchestra groups, but shifted its focus through various eras of popular music, including disco, grunge. It was announced on October 19,2013 that the Roseland Ballroom would be closing in April 2014, after over 50 years of operation at its current location. On November 19,2013, it was revealed that Gaga would perform the shows at the venue with an intimate, four-night residency on March 28, March 30, March 31.
Tickets went on sale through Ticketmaster on November 25, tickets were priced at $50 for the floor, members of Gagas fan club were able to register for first access to tickets starting on November 19. Users were selected at random to receive invitations and codes to purchase tickets on November 21, citi card members had access to the pre-sale starting November 22
ArtRave was a two day event hosted by Lady Gaga from November 10–11,2013, as part of the promotional campaign for her third studio album, Artpop. The event, held in a warehouse in the Brooklyn Navy Yard in New York, served as an album release party and included a press conference. The warehouse contained a giant statue of Gaga created by Koons on one side and other artworks, there were contortionists, a DJ booth, as well as free food and drink for the assembled crowd. The event was to have been sponsored by American Express, however they backed out at the last moment failing to come to terms regarding ArtRaves production, Gaga performed a concert which was streamed live on Vevo and rebroadcast through the websites syndication partners. The set list consisted of songs from Artpop, on November 11, Clear Channel aired a half-hour special called Album Release Party with Lady Gaga, hosted by Ryan Seacrest on more than 150 radio stations throughout the United States. On November 19, The CW aired a special with footage from the album release party.
ArtRave received generally positive reviews from critics who noted the enormity of the production, as well as Gagas performance and enthusiasm, development of Lady Gagas third studio album, began shortly after the release of her second one, Born This Way in 2011. By the following year, Gaga started collaborating with producers Fernando Garibay, in the meantime, she began presenting tracks to her record company and hoped to announce the albums working title by September 2013, a revelation that was actually disclosed one month earlier. Gaga recruited artist Jeff Koons for the project in early 2013, another promotional image showed Gaga with long brown hair, sporting a pair of spectacles, sitting completely naked on a chair crafted from motherboards as she displays her unicorn thigh tattoo. The event was held at the top secret Duggal Greenhouse. It spanned two days, starting with a conference on November 10 and extending into the morning of November 11,2013. New Yorks OneNine Design company was responsible for the event planning, Gaga employed the Roschman Dance group to perform during the party and the event.
The interior of the yard was strewn with art pieces and art works, there was a food truck and open bar, and at one end there was a white stage with a spiral staircase. Opposite the stage, across the room, stood a giant statue of Gaga depicted naked, with her hands covering the breasts, in between her spread legs, Koons characteristic blue gazing ball was placed, the statue was photographed and used in the album cover design for Artpop. Between the stage and the Gaga sculpture stood four other statues created by Koons In flagrante delicto, the area was surrounded by large video screens which displayed Gagas work with Abramović, Inez and Vinoodh, as well as with Wilson. Another room was dedicated to the display and usage of the Artpop app, there were personnel dressed in matching future-esque uniforms to walkthrough the app and its uses, including the ability to read auras, create animated 3D Gifs and remix Gagas music. ArtRave was an extravagant spectacle according to Billboards Andrew Hampp, however, he noted that though the event did not have any sponsors, Gaga was part of a select group of artists who have firmly thrown their branding lot in with the tech–music innovation space.
Projects like Creators with Vice and Intel, as well as artists like will. i. am, Jay Z and Bjork were cited as precedents for crafting events and merging music and technology with art
Cheek to Cheek (album)
Cheek to Cheek is a collaborative album by American singers Tony Bennett and Lady Gaga. It was released on September 19,2014, by Interscope Records, in 2011, Bennett and Gaga first met at the Robin Hood Foundation gala in New York City. After these two recorded a rendition of The Lady Is a Tramp, they began discussing plans for working on a jazz project, Cheek to Cheek consists of jazz standards by popular jazz composers such as George Gershwin, Cole Porter, Jerome Kern, and Irving Berlin. The album was inspired by Bennett and Gagas desire to introduce the songs to a younger generation, in January 2013, it was announced by both artists and started recording, after Gaga recovered from her hip surgery. The album was recorded in New York City, where Bennett and Gaga were accompanied by a live band, Gaga deviated from her previous contemporary pop albums, while wanting instead to create a jazz record. The release date of the album was delayed multiple times, the full-length track listing and the cover artwork was released thereafter, including the track lists for many alternate editions.
Which aired on PBS in October 2014, the album was preceded by the release of two singles, Anything Goes and I Cant Give You Anything but Love. They both reached number one on Billboards Jazz Digital Songs Chart, Cheek to Cheek received generally positive reviews upon release, with critics praising Gagas vocals. At the 57th Annual Grammy Awards, the album won a Grammy for Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album. Cheek to Cheek debuted at one on the US Billboard 200, with 131,000 copies sold in its first week according to Nielsen SoundScan. The album reached the top ten in Greece, the United Kingdom, Canada and Australia. In 2011, Tony Bennett and Lady Gaga first met, after she had performed a rendition of Nat King Coles Orange Colored Sky, at the Robin Hood Foundation gala in New York City. Bennett asked Gaga to sing a duet with him on his album Duets II, swing band and composer Marion Evans were under consideration for collaborating on the album, Bennett confirmed recording sessions would start soon after.
Itll turn into a giant panic, I can assure you, thats just how this business is. Later that month, after her performance with Bennett at the inaugural ball of President Obamas second inauguration. And heres me and my handsome date, I simply cannot wait for our album together and she wrote as a caption for a photo tweeted of the pair, along with revealing the title of the album as Cheek to Cheek. In September 2013, Bennett explained that for the album, they recorded all great standards, quality songs, George Gershwin, Cole Porter, Jerome Kern, Irving Berlin, with a big swingin band and great, jazz artists playing. Gaga told The Daily Telegraph that with her earlier releases like The Fame, The Fame Monster and she described Cheek to Cheek as a rebellious and liberating album for her because she was able to sing without worrying about record producers engineering it for radio
An electric aircraft is an aircraft powered by electric motors. Electricity may be supplied by a variety of including, ground power cables, solar cells, fuel cells. Electrically powered model aircraft have flown since the 1970s, with one unconfirmed report as early as 1957. They have since developed into small battery-powered unmanned aerial vehicles or drones, between 2015 and 2016, Solar Impulse 2 completed a circumnavigation of the Earth. All electric aircraft to date have been powered by electric motors driving thrust-generating propellers or lift-generating rotors, some of the propeller-driven types have been airships. Mechanisms for storing and supplying the necessary electricity vary considerably, mechanisms used include, Batteries can retain a significant electrical charge, although their weight still limits the range achievable. Power cables connect to a ground-based supply, Solar cells convert sunlight directly into electricity. Ultracapacitors can store a limited amount of energy for short bursts of high-power use Fuel cells are similar to batteries, microwave energy has been beamed from a ground-based source.
Batteries are the most common Energy carrier component of electric aircraft, Batteries were the earliest source of electricity, first powering airships in the nineteenth century. Modern battery types include Lithium-based and a number of other widely used technologies. Such batteries remain a power source today, although they still have limited life between charges and hence limited range. Batteries are used for temporary storage of electricity generated by another source. An electrical power cable may be connected to a ground-based supply, at low altitudes this can avoid carrying heavy batteries and was used by the experimental Petróczy-Kármán-Žurovec PKZ-1 observation helicopter of 1917. However such a craft must remain tethered to a facility, and the higher it flies. A Solar cell converts sunlight directly into electricity, either for direct power or temporary storage, the power output of solar cells is small, even when many are connected together, which limits their use and is expensive.
However their use of available sunlight makes them attractive for high-altitude. For endurance flights, keeping the craft in the air all night typically requires a storage system. Its advantage over a battery is the ability to charge and discharge much faster with higher peak currents
The Fame Monster
The Fame Monster is a reissue of American singer Lady Gagas debut studio album, The Fame, and was released on November 18,2009, through Interscope Records. Initially planned solely as a deluxe reissue of The Fame. The decision was due to Gaga believing the re-release was too expensive. A super deluxe edition of The Fame Monster including The Fame and additional merchandise, The Fame Monster is a pop album with influences of disco, glam rock, and synthpop music of the 1970s and 1980s, as well as industrial and gothic music. The album was inspired by fashion shows and runways. According to Gaga, the deals with the darker side of fame. The cover artwork was done by Hedi Slimane and has a Gothic theme, due to which they were declined by her record company. The Fame Monster received generally positive reviews music critics. In the United States, it reached five on the Billboard 200 albums chart. The Fame Monster has won multiple awards since its release and it was nominated in a total of six categories at the 53rd Annual Grammy Awards including Gagas second consecutive Album of the Year nomination, ultimately winning for Best Pop Vocal Album.
Its lead single, Bad Romance, was a success, topping the charts in more than twenty countries worldwide. The next two singles and Alejandro were successful as well, reaching the top ten in countries worldwide. Dance in the Dark was only released as a single in select territories, achieving moderate chart success, Gaga released her debut studio album, The Fame, in 2008. After the worldwide success of The Fame, the idea of a re-release arose, Gaga felt that re-releases were a disservice to music artists because its artists sneaking singles onto an already finished piece of work in an effort to keep the album afloat. Her label, Interscope Records, initially wanted three songs for the project, titled as The Fame Monster, but as the tracks began taking definite form, it developed into much more than that. Gaga had already composed a song, Monster, by March 2009, on May 22,2009, Gaga tweeted just the word monster and explained in an interview with Daily Star, I have an obsession with death and sex.
Those two things are the nexus of horror films, which Ive been obsessing over lately, i’ve been watching horror movies and 1950s science fiction movies. My re-release is called The Fame Monster so Ive just been sort of eating and regurgitating monster movies
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom or Britain, is a sovereign country in western Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland, the United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state—the Republic of Ireland. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland, with an area of 242,500 square kilometres, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world and the 11th-largest in Europe. It is the 21st-most populous country, with an estimated 65.1 million inhabitants, this makes it the fourth-most densely populated country in the European Union. The United Kingdom is a monarchy with a parliamentary system of governance. The monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 6 February 1952, other major urban areas in the United Kingdom include the regions of Birmingham, Glasgow and Manchester.
The United Kingdom consists of four countries—England, Wales, the last three have devolved administrations, each with varying powers, based in their capitals, Edinburgh and Belfast, respectively. The relationships among the countries of the UK have changed over time, Wales was annexed by the Kingdom of England under the Laws in Wales Acts 1535 and 1542. A treaty between England and Scotland resulted in 1707 in a unified Kingdom of Great Britain, which merged in 1801 with the Kingdom of Ireland to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain, there are fourteen British Overseas Territories. These are the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, British influence can be observed in the language and legal systems of many of its former colonies. The United Kingdom is a country and has the worlds fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP. The UK is considered to have an economy and is categorised as very high in the Human Development Index.
It was the worlds first industrialised country and the worlds foremost power during the 19th, the UK remains a great power with considerable economic, military and political influence internationally. It is a nuclear weapons state and its military expenditure ranks fourth or fifth in the world. The UK has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946 and it has been a leading member state of the EU and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, since 1973. However, on 23 June 2016, a referendum on the UKs membership of the EU resulted in a decision to leave. The Acts of Union 1800 united the Kingdom of Great Britain, Scotland and Northern Ireland have devolved self-government
Forty-eight of the fifty states and the federal district are contiguous and located in North America between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east, the state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean, the geography and wildlife of the country are extremely diverse. At 3.8 million square miles and with over 324 million people, the United States is the worlds third- or fourth-largest country by area, third-largest by land area. It is one of the worlds most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, paleo-Indians migrated from Asia to the North American mainland at least 15,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century, the United States emerged from 13 British colonies along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the following the Seven Years War led to the American Revolution. On July 4,1776, during the course of the American Revolutionary War, the war ended in 1783 with recognition of the independence of the United States by Great Britain, representing the first successful war of independence against a European power.
The current constitution was adopted in 1788, after the Articles of Confederation, the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, were ratified in 1791 and designed to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties. During the second half of the 19th century, the American Civil War led to the end of slavery in the country. By the end of century, the United States extended into the Pacific Ocean. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the status as a global military power. The end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the sole superpower. The U. S. is a member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States. The United States is a developed country, with the worlds largest economy by nominal GDP. It ranks highly in several measures of performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP. While the U. S. economy is considered post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge economy, the United States is a prominent political and cultural force internationally, and a leader in scientific research and technological innovations.
In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America after the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci
An electric motor is an electrical machine that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. The reverse of this is the conversion of energy into electrical energy and is done by an electric generator. In normal motoring mode, most electric motors operate through the interaction between an electric motors magnetic field and winding currents to generate force within the motor, small motors may be found in electric watches. General-purpose motors with highly standardized dimensions and characteristics provide convenient mechanical power for industrial use, the largest of electric motors are used for ship propulsion, pipeline compression and pumped-storage applications with ratings reaching 100 megawatts. Electric motors may be classified by electric power source type, internal construction, type of motion output, perhaps the first electric motors were simple electrostatic devices created by the Scottish monk Andrew Gordon in the 1740s. The theoretical principle behind production of force by the interactions of an electric current.
The conversion of energy into mechanical energy by electromagnetic means was demonstrated by the British scientist Michael Faraday in 1821. A free-hanging wire was dipped into a pool of mercury, on which a permanent magnet was placed, when a current was passed through the wire, the wire rotated around the magnet, showing that the current gave rise to a close circular magnetic field around the wire. This motor is often demonstrated in experiments, brine substituting for toxic mercury. Though Barlows wheel was a refinement to this Faraday demonstration. In 1827, Hungarian physicist Ányos Jedlik started experimenting with electromagnetic coils, after Jedlik solved the technical problems of the continuous rotation with the invention of the commutator, he called his early devices electromagnetic self-rotors. Although they were used only for instructional purposes, in 1828 Jedlik demonstrated the first device to contain the three components of practical DC motors, the stator and commutator. The device employed no permanent magnets, as the fields of both the stationary and revolving components were produced solely by the currents flowing through their windings.
His motor set a record which was improved only four years in September 1838 by Jacobi himself. His second motor was powerful enough to drive a boat with 14 people across a wide river and it was not until 1839/40 that other developers worldwide managed to build motors of similar and also of higher performance. The first commutator DC electric motor capable of turning machinery was invented by the British scientist William Sturgeon in 1832, following Sturgeons work, a commutator-type direct-current electric motor made with the intention of commercial use was built by the American inventor Thomas Davenport, which he patented in 1837. The motors ran at up to 600 revolutions per minute, and powered machine tools, due to the high cost of primary battery power, the motors were commercially unsuccessful and Davenport went bankrupt. Several inventors followed Sturgeon in the development of DC motors but all encountered the same battery power cost issues, no electricity distribution had been developed at the time
Artpop is the third studio album by American singer Lady Gaga, released on November 6,2013, by Streamline and Interscope Records. Gaga began planning the project in 2011, shortly after the launch of her studio album. Work continued until 2013 while Gaga was traveling for her Born This Way Ball concert tour, Gaga described Artpop as a celebration and a poetic musical journey and an exploration of the reverse Warholian phenomenon in pop culture. It displays a lack of maturity and responsibility by comparison to the darker. Gaga collaborated with longtime partners Paul DJ White Shadow Blair and RedOne and new partners Zedd, Artpop features guest vocals from T. I. Too Short, and R. Kelly, the release of Artpop was prefaced by a two-day album release party dubbed an ArtRave. It topped national record charts in five countries. Artpop was the ninth best seller album of 2013 with 2.3 million copies worldwide and it was included in several year-end lists by music critics and publications. The second single Do What U Want was released on October 21 and it was followed by promotional singles Venus and Dope shortly before the albums release. G. U. Y.
was the third and last single released from the album, Gaga promoted Artpop with several television appearances and performances, including her second Thanksgiving Day special. She embarked on the ArtRave, The Artpop Ball tour in support of the album, initial recording sessions for Artpop coincided with the Born This Way Ball, up to fifty songs were sketched out and considered for inclusion. By May 2012, the project was taking form, with co-manager Vincent Herbert promising insane. Gaga herself admitted that she yearned to make audiences have a good time with Artpop. When you listen to it, it really flows nicely and its really fun to pop in with your friends. I really wrote it for me and my friends to pop in from start to finish, the singer began presenting tracks to her record company and hoped to reveal the albums working title by September, a revelation that instead was announced one month in advance. Gaga recruited Jeff Koons into the project in early 2013, following hip surgery in February 2013, the singer was forced into a six-month hiatus, during which she studied literature and music with the Haus of Gaga in addition to sharing creative gifts.
This stage allowed her to review and enhance her creative direction, I have to gaze into the work for long periods of time for it to be good, adding that upon analyzing her ideas, she received that wonderful feeling which told her thats the one. Relative Wave, the architects behind Björks multimedia app for Biophilia, some dismissed the project as an elaborate ploy to inflate album sales, under the assumption Billboard would count a downloaded track as a complete unit