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- "Technician". Dictionary.com. Retrieved 7 October 2017.
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1. Technology – Technology is the collection of techniques, skills, methods and processes used in the production of goods or services or in the accomplishment of objectives, such as scientific investigation. Technology can be the knowledge of techniques, processes, and the like, the human species use of technology began with the conversion of natural resources into simple tools. The steady progress of technology has brought weapons of ever-increasing destructive power. It has helped develop more advanced economies and has allowed the rise of a leisure class, many technological processes produce unwanted by-products known as pollution and deplete natural resources to the detriment of Earths environment. Various implementations of technology influence the values of a society and raise new questions of the ethics of technology, examples include the rise of the notion of efficiency in terms of human productivity, and the challenges of bioethics. Philosophical debates have arisen over the use of technology, with disagreements over whether technology improves the condition or worsens it. The use of the technology has changed significantly over the last 200 years. Before the 20th century, the term was uncommon in English, the term was often connected to technical education, as in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The term technology rose to prominence in the 20th century in connection with the Second Industrial Revolution, the terms meanings changed in the early 20th century when American social scientists, beginning with Thorstein Veblen, translated ideas from the German concept of Technik into technology. In German and other European languages, a distinction exists between technik and technologie that is absent in English, which translates both terms as technology. By the 1930s, technology referred not only to the study of the industrial arts, dictionaries and scholars have offered a variety of definitions. Ursula Franklin, in her 1989 Real World of Technology lecture, gave another definition of the concept, it is practice, the way we do things around here. The term is used to imply a specific field of technology, or to refer to high technology or just consumer electronics. Bernard Stiegler, in Technics and Time,1, defines technology in two ways, as the pursuit of life by other than life, and as organized inorganic matter. Technology can be most broadly defined as the entities, both material and immaterial, created by the application of mental and physical effort in order to some value. In this usage, technology refers to tools and machines that may be used to solve real-world problems and it is a far-reaching term that may include simple tools, such as a crowbar or wooden spoon, or more complex machines, such as a space station or particle accelerator. Tools and machines need not be material, virtual technology, such as software and business methods. W. Brian Arthur defines technology in a broad way as a means to fulfill a human purpose
2. Tradesman – In Victorian England, The terms skilled worker, craftsman, artisan, and tradesman were used in senses that overlap. All describe people with specialized training in the skills needed for a kind of work. Some of them produced goods that they sold from their own premises, still others were factory hands who had become experts in some complex part of the process and could command high wages and steady employment. Skilled workers in the trades were also referred to by one or another of these terms. One study of Caversham, New Zealand at the turn of the notes that a skilled trade was considered a trade that required an apprenticeship to entry. Skilled tradesmen worked either in traditional handicraft workshops or newer factories that emerged during the Industrial Revolution, tradesmen are contrasted with unskilled workers, agricultural workers, and professionals. Both types of work, however, are considered blue-collar, there is no definitive list of modern skilled trades, as definitions vary, with some lists being broader than others. Despite this, polling for the found that apprenticeships have a lower perceived value than bachelors degrees. Grey-collar worker Guild Journeyman List of construction trades Master craftsman Skilled worker Trade union Technician Vocational education Torpey, high wages after high school - without a bachelors degree
3. Technician (newspaper) – Technician is the student newspaper of North Carolina State University. Its first edition was published in 1920, and it has published continuously since that date. The newspaper is published in print twice per week when school is in session, on Mondays and Thursdays, on Tuesdays and Wednesdays, the paper is published completely online, http, //www. technicianonline. com. In the mid-1990s it was one of the first university newspapers to publish to the World Wide Web, since North Carolina State University has no journalism school, Technicians editorial staff comprises paid, full-time students. The paper operates as a forum for student opinion with students having the final say over content. The newspapers funding is managed by the universitys Student Media Board of Directors, Technician submits an annual budget request that is reviewed, modified as necessary and approved by the board each spring. Technician uses no student fee monies directly and is funded by advertising monies. Roy H. Park, media mogul, founder of broadcasting, friday, American educator and leader of the University of North Carolina system from 1956-86. Valvano, a figure who led the team to the 1983 national championship, had come under fire for ethical. The editorial was resented as a publicity stunt, valvano ultimately left the university under fire. On September 3,1992, an opinion columnist harshly criticized African-American students demands for a black cultural center at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The inflammatory article resulted in widespread theft of the edition, students also burned copies of the Technician in the Brickyard in protest. The aftermath led to the creation of the universitys African-American interest publication, good explained that cheerleading is not a sport. In 1993, the basketball team lost to Campbell University for the first time since the 1940s. A story on the defeat ran under the headline Worst loss since Hitler and was castigated for its insensitivity, following disastrous Wolfpack basketball seasons in 1995 and 1996, Technician published staff editorials asking for the resignation or firing of coach Les Robinson. The editorials were timed to run on the eve of the ACC Tournament play-in game for last-place teams, Robinson resigned following his teams loss at the tournament. Asked if he had any regrets at his press conference, Robinson said. Technicians insulted editor-in-chief filed a report with public safety, which investigated the matter as a larceny
4. Aircraft maintenance technician – Aircraft Maintenance Technician, refers to a licensed qualification for carrying out aircraft maintenance. Aircraft Maintenance Technicians inspect and perform or supervise maintenance, preventive maintenance, the US licensed qualification is sometimes referred to by the FAA as the Aviation Maintenance Technician and is commonly referred to as the Airframe and Powerplant. In many countries the equivalent license to an AMT is the Aircraft Maintenance Engineer, a person who fulfills the necessary requirements is issued a mechanic certificate with either an airframe or powerplant rating, or both. It is these ratings which together account for the practice of referring to mechanics as A&Ps. Until 1952, instead of the Powerplant rating, an Engine rating was issued, eligibility for the mechanic tests depends on the applicants ability to document their knowledge of required subject matter and ability to perform maintenance tasks. The FAA recognizes two ways of demonstrating the needed knowledge and skills, Practical experience or completion of a program at a school certificated under Part 147 of the FARs. The AMTSociety presents the Maintenance Skills Competition annually, which recognizes top AMT teams across all aviation including commercial and those applying for both ratings must show a total of 30 months of applicable experience. Many military-trained aircraft mechanics are eligible to use their experience as the basis for an application for a civilian mechanic certificate. Applicants who attend an Aviation Maintenance School program certificated under Part 147 study an FAA-approved and supervised curriculum and those who pursue both ratings study the general material, as well as the 750 hours for each rating, for a total of at least 1,900 hours. Completion of such a program of study typically requires between 18 and 24 months, thorough knowledge of FAA rules and regulations is also expected of A&P mechanics. Some AMTs, after at least three years of working in their field, choose to acquire an inspection authorization, which is an additional rating added on to the individuals mechanic certificate. These individuals are allowed to perform annual inspections on aircraft and sign off for return to service on major repairs, certification and limitations, including renewal requirements, of mechanics with inspection authorization is contained in 14 CFR Part 65. Renewal of the IA rating must be every two years by submitting to the FAA a form showing a minimum of activity in which the IA exercised his or her authority. This activity comprises either annual inspections, major repairs, major alterations and this activity must be accomplished every 12 months even though the renewal period is every 24 months
5. Vocational education – Craft vocations are usually based on manual or practical activities and are traditionally non-academic but related to a specific trade or occupation. Vocational education is referred to as career education or technical education. Vocational education can take place at the secondary, post-secondary, further education, and higher education level, however, online vocational education has grown in popularity, and made it easier than ever for students to learn various trade skills and soft skills from established professionals in the industry. Wilhelm von Humboldts educational model goes beyond vocational training, if this basis is laid through schooling, vocational skills are easily acquired later on, and a person is always free to move from one occupation to another, as so often happens in life. In Australia vocational education and training is mostly post-secondary and provided through the vocational education, however some senior schools do offer school-based apprenticeships and traineeships for students in years 10,11 and 12. Australia’s apprenticeship system includes both apprenticeships in trades and traineeships in other more service-oriented occupations. Both involve a legal contract between the employer and the apprentice or trainee and provide a combination of school-based and workplace training, Apprenticeships typically last three to four years, traineeships only one to two years. Apprentices and trainees receive a wage which increases as they progress through the training scheme and this allows national portability of qualifications and units of competency. A crucial feature of the package is that the content of the vocational qualifications is theoretically defined by industry. A Training Package is owned by one of 11 Industry Skills Councils which are responsible for developing and reviewing the qualifications, the National Centre for Vocational Education Research or NCVER is a not-for-profit company owned by the federal, state and territory ministries responsible for training. It is responsible for collecting, managing, analysing, evaluating and communicating research and statistics about vocational education, the boundaries between vocational education and tertiary education are becoming more blurred. A number of training providers such as Melbourne Polytechnic, BHI. Such applied courses include equine studies, winemaking and viticulture, aquaculture, information technology, music, illustration, culinary management, the largest and the most unified system of vocational education was created in the Soviet Union with the professionalno-tehnicheskoye uchilische and Tehnikum. But it became effective with the transition of the economies of post-Soviet countries to a market economy. Education and training is the responsibility of states, but the single European labour market makes some cooperation on education imperative, including on vocational education. The process is based on mutually agreed priorities that are reviewed periodically, much of the activity is monitored by Cedefop, the European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training. In Finland, vocational education belongs to secondary education, after the nine-year comprehensive school, almost all students choose to go to either a lukio, which is an institution preparing students for tertiary education, or to a vocational school. Both forms of secondary education last three years, and give a qualification to enter university or ammattikorkeakoulu, i. e. Finnish polytechnics