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Techtron Appliances was established in 1938 by Mr Geoffrey S. V. Frew, manufactured electronic equipment to order in North Melbourne, Australia; the name was derived from the words'Technical' and'Electronic'. After the second world war, Mr Frew manufactured a range of scientific equipment from his home in Brighton. In 1954, Techtron moved to small cottages in Market St. South Melbourne, in 1957, won a tender to build electronics modules for Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometers to CSIRO specifications. Mr Frew worked with Alan Walsh, the originator and developer of the atomic absorption method of chemical analysis. By 1962 Techtron had supplied about of these 40 kits, took a manufacturing license from CSIRO to manufacture complete AAS instruments using imported Carl Zeiss AG monochromators, with electronics and other components made locally. In 1964 Techtron produced the first all-Australian AA instrument, the Techtron AA3, presented it at the 1964 Pittsburgh Conference in the United States of America.

In August 1965, Techtron Appliances Pty Ltd merged with Atomic Spectral Lamps Pty Ltd to form Techtron Pty Ltd 1967 – Continued growth forced a move to Springvale Rd, Australia. In October 1967, Techtron Pty Ltd merged with Varian Associates, an American company based at Palo Alto, California; this merger brought great strengths to Techtron in the way of manufacturing techniques, financial support, most a worldwide distribution network for its products. The company now became known as Varian Techtron Pty. Limited. In 1970, Geoffrey Frew donated a substantial sum to the Australian Academy of Science'in recognition of the successful commercial development of atomic absorption spectrochemical analysis, originated by Dr A. Walsh of the CSIRO Division of Chemical Physics in 1954'; the Geoffrey Frew Fellowships enable distinguished scientists from abroad to travel to Australia to participate in the Australian Spectroscopy Conferences and to visit scientific centres around the country. Recipients have included Nobel Laureates A.

L. Schawlow, G. Porter, G. Herzberg, C. Cohen-Tannoudji and J. Polanyi. In 1971 the company developed a range of UV-Visible spectrophotometers which complemented its range of AA instruments and allowed the company access into a new market segment. A new micro-computerised range of these UV-Visible instruments was given a worldwide release in the United States in March 1980 A major tribute was paid to Varian Techtron in 1982 with the decision by Varian Associates to transfer the complete Cary UV-Visible product line down to Australia. Cary had long been known as the'Rolls-Royce' of UV-Visible spectrophotometers and now the total responsibility for the manufacture and future development of these products lay with the Australian company. In 1990 some 450 people were employed at the Melbourne plant. 1991 – Varian, Inc. was formed to take over the scientific instruments, vacuum products and electronics manufacturing businesses of Varian Associates, Inc. Varian Australia Pty Ltd became a subsidiary of Varian, Inc. 2009 - In November 2009 Agilent Technologies Inc. acquire Varian, Inc. for US$1.5 billion.

The Mulgrave site continues to be profitable and grows as they absorb the Agilent sales staff from the Burwood site. The Agilent Network Testing group is sold off to LA based company Ixia. Agilent Technologies, Inc Agilent Technologies Australia Pty Ltd Varian, Inc. Varian, Inc. Australia


The Nucleic Acid Package is a growing software suite for the analysis and design of nucleic acid systems. Jobs can be run online on the NUPACK webserver or NUPACK source code can be downloaded and compiled locally for non-commercial academic use. NUPACK algorithms are formulated in terms of nucleic acid secondary structure. In most cases, pseudoknots are excluded from the structural ensemble; the secondary structure of multiple interacting strands is defined by a list of base pairs. A polymer graph for a secondary structure can be constructed by ordering the strands around a circle, drawing the backbones in succession from 5’ to 3’ around the circumference with a nick between each strand, drawing straight lines connecting paired bases. A secondary structure is pseudoknotted if every strand ordering corresponds to a polymer graph with crossing lines. A secondary structure is connected. Algorithms are formulated in terms of ordered complexes, each corresponding to the structural ensemble of all connected polymer graphs with no crossing lines for a particular ordering of a set of strands.

The free energy of an unpseudoknotted secondary structure is calculated using nearest-neighbor empirical parameters for RNA in 1M Na+ or for DNA in user-specified Na+ and Mg++ concentrations. The Analysis page allows users to analyze the thermodynamic properties of a dilute solution of interacting nucleic acid strands in the absence of pseudoknots. For a dilute solution containing multiple strand species interacting to form multiple species of ordered complexes, NUPACK calculates for each ordered complex: the partition function, the minimum free energy secondary structure, the equilibrium base-pairing probabilities, its equilibrium concentration,including rigorous treatment of distinguishability issues that arise in the multi-stranded setting; the Design page allows users to design sequences for one or more strands intended to adopt an unpseudoknotted target secondary structure at equilibrium. Sequence design is formulated as an optimization problem with the goal of reducing the ensemble defect below a user-specified stop condition.

For a candidate sequence and a given target secondary structure, the ensemble defect is the average number of incorrectly paired over the structural ensemble of the ordered complex. For a target secondary structure with N nucleotides, the algorithm seeks to achieve an ensemble defect below N/100. Empirically, the design algorithm exhibits asymptotic optimality as N increases: for sufficiently large N, the cost of sequence design is only 4/3 the cost of a single evaluation of the ensemble defect; the Utilities page allows users to evaluate and annotate the equilibrium properties of a complex of interacting nucleic acid strands. The page accepts as input either sequence information, structure information, or both, performing diverse functions based on the information provided, including automatic layout and rendering of secondary structures with or without ideal helical geometry. In either case, the structure layout can be edited dynamically within the web application; the NUPACK web application is programmed within the Ruby on Rails framework, employing Ajax and the Dojo Toolkit to implement dynamic features and interactive graphics.

Plots and graphics are generated using matplotlib. The site is supported on current versions of the web browsers Safari and Firefox; the NUPACK library of analysis and design algorithms is written in the programming language C. Dynamic programs are parallelized using Message Passing Interface; the NUPACK web server and NUPACK source code are provided for non-commercial research purposes and is with this restriction not Free and open source software. NUPACK development is funded by the National Science Foundation via the Molecular Programming Project and by the Beckman Institute at the California Institute of Technology. RNA RNA structure List of RNA structure prediction software Comparison of nucleic acid simulation software Official website Source download page Molecular Programming Project Homepage The Beckman Institute at Caltech

Poseidon (DC Comics)

Poseidon is the name of a DC Comics deity, based on the Greek god of the same name. Due to his status as Greek god of the sea, the character has figured in stories relating to two of DC Comics' main superhero properties: Wonder Woman and Aquaman. Poseidon first was adapted by George Pérez. Poseidon's history in Greek mythology is the same in the DC Comics universe, including the fact that he is the brother of Zeus and Hades; when the Amazons freed themselves from enslavement arranged in part by Ares, the founding Goddesses of that people received the help of Poseidon, who had a deep grievance against the war god, to get the Amazons to safety by parting the sea waters to create a path to the island of Themyscira. When Hawkman was fighting the undersea creatures called the Kogats, he received help from Poseidon who helped to destroy them. With the help of Proteus, Poseidon sees into the future where he takes an interest in Mera and plans to make her his wife. Proteus provides Poseidon with "time pods" that allow him to travel forth in time.

When Poseidon abducts Mera, Aquaman follows him. Zeus proposes a contest to retrieve a golden apple beneath the sea, with Mera going to the winner. Despite Poseidon's cheating, Aquaman manages to win the contest. Angered, Poseidon takes flees to Aquaman's time. Aquaman and Aqualad follow with the help of Zeus and save both Mera and Poseidon from a berserk creature created by Mera. Poseidon vows to mend his ways, Aquaman gives him a pod with which he can travel back to his normal era. After Ares was defeated by Wonder Woman, Poseidon was with the Gods. With Wonder Woman dying from the wounds she sustained in her fight against Ares, Zeus orders Poseidon to take Wonder Woman underwater to heal her. Zeus and Poseidon meet atop the corpse of their father and revise their pact, they will join forces to build a new Olympus. After Aquaman had defeated Poseidon's son Triton in combat, Poseidon decrees that the humiliation of a God is nothing that no mortal should play witness to. So as punishment, Poseidon blinds Aquaman.

Aquaman tells Poseidon to go to Hell, but Poseidon laughs at him and disappears. In September 2011, The New 52 rebooted DC's continuity. In this new timeline, Poseidon is reintroduced when Wonder Woman arrives at the Thames River in order to gain an audience with him. Poseidon appears to Wonder Woman in the form of a massive, tentacled frog. Poseidon senses Zeus' blood in Diana and warns her that her heritage has no meaning with Zeus' death, demands that she step aside. Acknowledging Poseidon's claim to the heavens, Diana warns that Hera has claimed them as her own. Poseidon is angered, lifting her up by the neck. Poseidon is skeptical. If it is true, he will make her kneel to him; the world was split between the three brothers - sea and hell. The rest were scraps left to the other gods. Now, he has the power to leave them be, it will be up to the others to decide. Without a king, he says, Hera has nothing. Wonder Woman is not making much progress with her bargain to Poseidon as he swats her up onto the London Bridge.

When Lennox and Hades arrive at where Wonder Woman and Poseidon are, Wonder Woman makes her proposal: that Olympus could be ruled by the sea by day and the underworld by night...all while sharing a queen. Poseidon finds the deal laughable. Just the group is approached by Hera. Poseidon is amused by the fact that Hera Hades as fools. Poseidon regards this as a mistake; the First Born confronts Poseidon who regrets Zeus' decision to let the First Born Live. Within the belly of Poseidon, the First Born and Cassandra find their way to Poseidon's true home where Poseidon offers him a deal, he will return the First Born's weapon and allow him to overtake Mount Olympus in exchange for leaving the sea and the Underworld to its current rulers. The First Born refuses. Poseidon warns that if the First Born kills him there, he will forever be trapped within the god's corpse; as such, it behooves him to make a deal. The deal will be sealed in blood, the First Born slits his finger, mingles his blood with Poseidon's own.

With the deal made, Poseidon warns. After letting the First Born on his way and Hades note that the two enemies the First Born faces are formidable, they hope. While on Mount Olympus, Apollo is looking at his reflection until it is interrupted by Poseidon who mocks Apollo's claim. Like the other Olympian Gods, Poseidon possesses super-strength, super-speed, shapeshifting and invulnerability. Poseidon can control all life that dwells within them. Poseidon appeared in the Justice League episode "The Terror Beyond"; the ruler of an ancient Atlantis, King Poseidon battled the demons called the "Old Ones." Knowing that the only way to defeat them for good was to gather all of the mystical energy on Earth, Poseidon gathered all of this energy into a mystical object named the Trident. Using this new weapon, Poseidon forced the "Old Ones" away from Earth for good. In exchange for this new power, Atlantis sunk below the seas as the mystical energy that once held it up now resided in the Trident. Poseidon appears in the DC Extended Universe film, Wonder Woman where he is depicted in a story told by Queen Hippolyta to Diana, being killed by Ares alongside Apollo, Had

When the Sun Goes Down in Normandie (Then Is When I Sit and Dream of You)

"When the Sun Goes Down in Normandie" is a World War I era song released in 1918. Jeff Branen wrote the lyrics. Evans Lloyd composed the music; the song was published by Jeff Branen Publisher of New York. The sheet music cover features a group of soldiers sitting around the camp fire. In the foreground is an armed soldier on guard duty walking through the campground; the song was written for both piano. The lyrics begins with a woman proudly declaring; the chorus is the contents of the letter: When the sun goes down in Normandy And the campfires are all a-glow I'm dreaming of my lady love Who's so far away across the waters One of America's fairest daughters Gee! Tonight I'm lonesome and blue and gee! I know that you're lonesome too When the sun goes down in Normandy Then is when I sit and dream of youThe sheet music can be found at Pritzker Military Museum & Library. View sheet music and song MP3 at the Illinois Digital Archive

Ashraf Barhom

Ashraf Barhom is an Arab-Israeli actor from Tarshiha, in Galilee, Israel. He has starred in The Kingdom, Paradise Now, By Any Means and The Syrian Bride. Barhom grew up to a Christian family in the Galilee region of Israel, in a small village called Tarshiha, he participated in many school plays before attending the University of Haifa, where he graduated with a B. A. in Theatre and Arts. He has three sisters. Of his ethnic heritage, Barhom has said: When we attach ourselves to national identities we enter into a cycle of conflict. I didn't choose who to be or what people would call me. I'm a hybrid, from a cultural perspective. I'm more simple than that. I'm a mammal who believes in God and likes his life. In 2007, he garnered much attention for appearing alongside Jamie Foxx in the movie The Kingdom as Col. Faris Al-Ghazi, he has since appeared in such Israeli films as Ahava Lebanon. He is notable for starring in Agora, portraying the 5th century AD Alexandrian parabalani monk Ammonius, in the 2010 remake of Clash of the Titans as the bounty hunter Ozal, in Ralph Fiennes' 2011 adaptation of Shakespeare's Coriolanus.

In July 2013 it was announced. Ashraf Barhom on IMDb

Kronstadt Naval Museum

The Kronstadt Naval Museum is a museum devoted to the history of underwater diving in Russia and the military history of Kronstadt in the 20th century. The museum is located on Kotlin Island in the central part of Kronstadt; the museum was opened on May 4, 2012 by efforts of enthusiasts and financial support of an engineering company Fertoing Ltd. ahead of the important anniversary – 130 years of the diving service in Russia. The name of Kronstadt is connected with establishment of the diving service in Russia as the first state military diving school was founded here on May 5, 1882 by the order of Alexander III; this order said that the diving school was established to raise diving officers and ratings for marine purposes and underwater blasting. This date is considered to be the official foundation date of the diving service in Russia; the exhibition occupies two rooms: the bigger one is devoted to the diving history, the smaller – to the Great Patriotic War, Leningrad Siege, the Kronstadt military history.

The museum houses a wide collection of diving equipment of different times, that all equipment is still operational. The collection comprises several diving helmets including the famous 3-bolt helmet and 12-bolt coupled helmet. One of the most interesting and attractive exhibits of the 20th century are two surface and submerged diver delivery vessels Proton and Proteus used for sabotage, saboteurs’ weapon, suits of underwater swimmers. Besides, there is ventilated diving equipment, breathing sets of different types and purposes, dive knives, personal divers’ belongings, recovered cannonballs etc. To the display items belong a torpedo firing panel and a diving immersion suit with a self-contained underwater breathing apparatus. In May 2015, one more valuable exhibit returned from the Staraya Derevnya Restoration and Storage Centre of the State Hermitage Museum – the 12-bolt diving helmet that belonged to the Senior Chief Navy Diver Nikita Sergeyevich Myshlyaevskiy, who died underwater in the Gulf of Finland not far from Shepelevo Lighthouse in 1944 during a combat mission.

The wall-mount display panels show all milestones of the diving history in Russia from its beginning: foundation and life of the Kronstadt Naval Diving School in pictures by Karl Bulla of Central Diving Station of the Public Transport Committee, Special diving expedition EPRON, vessel recovery operations, divers’ pre-war and Great Patriotic War trainings. There is a special room devoted to heroic defense of Kronstadt and defenders’ life during the Great Patriotic War. Among witnesses of those hard times are naval distinctive insignias and bullets, service medals, uniform, damaged helmets, front-line letters, domestic items of peaceful life – toys and bells. Visitors will remember a mortar, mounted machinegun, captured MP40 submachine gun, articles of German field clothing, peak caps, knives and other belongings of the Winter War soldiers; the Kronstadt siege exhibition, small yet touching and emotional, consists of a woman’s diary, bread coupons, currency of the 1940s, posters and letters.

The building that houses the Naval Museum was erected at the end of the 19th – beginning of the 20th century and belonged to Aleksandr Mikhailovich Britnev. His father, Mikhail Osipovich Britnev, established a private diving school here in Kronstadt in 1868-1869; the museum houses a lecture hall for meetings, conferences to promote the Russian history and Kronstadt history in particular, diving service, marine archeology, military history among school children and teenagers. Children can take pictures, try on pieces of uniform, diving equipment and feel as real underwater explorers; the Kronstadt Naval Museum holds open lessons for school children of young and middle age to promote diving history and history of the Russian Navy in general. The topics for such meetings are connected with diving milestone anniversaries; the museum has a rich library with trade publications, art books, books on naval and military history. Some of the diving magazines of the 1920-40s are represented here and impossible to find in national libraries.

Vladimir Shatrov Official website