Naya Nazimabad

Naya Nazimabad is one of the neighbourhoods of Gadap Town in Karachi, Pakistan. This neighborhood was built by the business group with links to media and banking conglomerates. Naya Nazimabad Project is yet to be completed. A case was filed in the Sindh High Court against the Naya Nazimabad residential scheme near Manghopir, launched despite a report claiming that the area has been used dumping ground for dangerous chemicals; these toxic Chemicals are hazardous substances. A study commissioned on the directives of the Supreme Court of Pakistan has found that the populations residing in Gadap Town and nearby areas such as Naya Nazimabad are prone to cancer-like diseases through Asbestos, a chemical can affect the population in neighborhood as it is air-borne. There has been a cover-up to downplay the contamination of Naya Nazimabad in Pakistan's media. Shunaid Qureshi, developer of Naya Nazimabad, CEO Al Abbas Sugar Mills and former Chairman of Pakistan Sugar Mills Association was arrested in January 2014.

Shunaid Qureshi is a son of Hum TV director Sultana Siddiqui, nephew of businessman Jahangir Siddiqui, brother-in-law of Television producer Momina Duraid and the cousin of actor Sheheryar Munawar Siddiqui. Jahangir Siddiqui son Ali Jahangir Siddiqui is married to daughter of Mir Shakil-ur-Rahman owner of Jang Group of Newspapers; the Javedan Cement Limited was privatized and sold at low prices of Rs. 4.3 billion to Haji Ghani and Shunaid Qureshi. The new owners immediately stopped production, dismantled the cement factory and converted the 1,300 acres JCL land into a housing project worth over Rs. 100 billion. Experts believe the cost of total JCL land including mining land could cross Rs. 200 billion. The developers of Naya Nazimabad project includes owner of Arif Habib Equity. According to experts, the closing of Javedan Cement and establishment of Naya Nazimabad will cost Pakistan government $6 million annually. Manghopir Nazimabad Environment of Karachi Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency Sindh Baloch Cooperative Housing Society Karachi Website

Pefko, Messenia

Pefko is a small but scenic village in the municipal unit of Oichalia, Greece. It is situated in the northwestern foothills between Sparta and Kalamata; the village used to be called "Μπαλα" or Balla meaning "ball" in local Greek dialect, but the name was changed as the government erroneously thought that the name was of Slavic origins. In actuality, Balla is a Greek word and the name of the village comes from a story involving a cannonball which saved the lives of those who would go on to found the village. According to local tradition, when the Ottoman Turks were coming to conquer the Peloponnesus, a cannon was brought to the city of Kalamata, it was prophesied. After the Ottoman Turks defeated the Byzantine Greek forces and their Venetian allies, some Greeks in desperation fired the cannon into the air. A priest told them; the cannonball was found in a small valley between two hills, the village of Balla, which would become Pefko, was founded there. The villagers named their town Balla after the cannonball.

Indeed, whether or not the myth of the village's founding is true, the location of Balla/Pefko saved it from Turkish occupation. The orientation of the village was strategic, as it is hidden between two rises making it hard for the Turks and other occupiers to find. Balla/Pefko was a major center of guerrilla resistance activities against both the Turks and the Germans, the latter who found the village and burned it due to the villager's activities in resisting the Nazi occupation; the village was partially destroyed in the 1970s due to rockslides, but rebuilt. Nikitaras, a hero of the Greek Revolution known as "Τουρκοφαγοuς" orTourkophagos or "eater of Turks" hid in Balla when they were being hunted by the authorities; the old stone houses where the heroes stayed still stands. It is owned by the Niarhos family, having miraculously survived both German attacks and rockslides so far. Agriculture olive farming, is the main economic activity in the village. Raising sheep and goats has been a traditional form of economic activity for villagers.

Lack of economic opportunities has led to emigration from the village to larger Greek cities such as Kalamata and Athens