Teen magazines are magazines aimed at teenage readers. They consist of gossip, fashion tips and interviews and may include posters, small samples of cosmetics or other products and inserts; the teen magazine industry is overwhelmingly female-oriented. Several publications, such as Teen Ink and Teen Voices, cater to both male and female audiences, although publications targeting teenage boys are rare. Many scholars have critiqued teen magazines, as the topics presented are narrow and only present a limited range of female roles, some believe that they are effective because of the relationship developed between magazine and reader. There is a distinct feminine space, made by the text itself as editors of teen magazines focus on making the content of their text appropriate to the analytical ability of their readers. Along with most mainstream magazines, teen magazines are sold in print at supermarkets, pharmacies and newsstands. Teen magazines first gained prominence in the United States during the 1940s, with Seventeen magazine being the first known publication geared towards a demographic of teenage girls.
Examples of popular magazines during that time include Sassy, YM, CosmoGirl and Teen People. Nowadays, popular contemporary American teen magazines include Seventeen, Teen Vogue, J-14, Tiger Beat. Teen magazines are produced in many countries worldwide, are popular in Australia, Latin America and Asia. In the United Kingdom, Fleetway's Honey is regarded as having established the sector. Large-scale Canadian teen magazines include the Faze magazine. Since 1972, teen magazines in the United States have reached out to the African-American market with publications such as Right On! and Word Up!. In the United Kingdom, changes in the way teenagers spend their money led to many casualties in the 1990s because titles were unable to compete with mobile and online media. Magazine publishers have moved down the age range with publications for "tweenagers" gaining popularity, such as It's Hot, BOP, J-14 and Tiger Beat. Although in the United States, adolescence is considered to be the period between the ages 11 and 19, teen magazines cater to people within that range, many readers comprise an wider age range.
According to a 2006 report by Magazine Publishers of America, 78% of teens read magazines. Of the media that adolescents refer to for information about sex, teen magazines are important because they influence knowledge and values about sex and sexuality for teenage girls. According to Amy S. Pattee, author of The Developmental Appropriateness of Teen Magazines, the experience of reading teen magazines can result in heavy psychological impacts on their readers; the covers and content of the latest teen magazines promise adolescent girls dates and success. Compared to the rich superstar singer, the skinniest model shown and praised in the magazine, the reader is most to be left with a negative self-image and a heavy desire to aspire to be just like the women they read about. Teen magazines tend to be categorised as entertainment, or comics. While some teen magazines focus exclusively on music and film stars, others feature more extensive coverage of lifestyle issues and are junior versions of magazines such as Cosmopolitan or Cleo.
Cosmopolitan is more focused on readers between the ages of 18-25, whereas Seventeen and Teen Vogue are geared towards teenagers and focus more on the bubbly teen gossip, celebrity culture, newly stated trends on fashion and beauty. In recent years, rapid technological advancement and the rise of the Internet has led to the emergence of online teen magazines. Examples include Faze in Canada, published in both web and print versions, Rookie, an independently run online magazine and book series founded in 2011 by Editor-in-Chief Tavi Gevinson, which publishes writing and other forms of artwork by and for teenagers. With a digital format, the accessibility of teen magazines has greatly increased, reaching readers from a diverse range of backgrounds and nationalities. In the UK, sales in the teen magazine sector peaked in 1998. Teenagers had many more attractions competing for their cash and their attention, such as media delivered on the web and through mobile phones; the booming celebrity weeklies attracted more teens from ever-younger ages.
In response to this, in April 2007, National Magazines - publisher of Cosmopolitan and Cosmo Girl! - launched a digital weekly magazine for teens, Jellyfish, in a trial. This was the second attempt in the UK to establish a new online business model, the first being Monkey from Dennis, which aims to sell to men aged 18 to 34. In both cases, readers sign up to be sent the'eMag' by email; each issue features interactive elements and'pages' that can be'turned'. However, National Magazines closed Cosmo Girl! in June and the Jellyfish experiment was drawn to a close in August. The experience of reading teen magazines can result in heavy psychological impacts on their readers; the covers and content of the latest teen magazines promise adolescent girls dates and success As teen magazines are full of images of society's definition of physical perfection, compared to the rich superstar singer, the skinniest model shown and praised in the magazine, the reader is left with a negative self-image and a heavy desire to aspire to be just like the women they read about.
Teen magazines overtly suggest through content and pictures, how women shou
Jaboukie Young-White is an American stand-up comedian and writer. He has been a correspondent for The Daily Show since October 2018. Young-White was raised in Harvey, Illinois, he attended Marian Catholic High School where he participated in Speech and Theatre before studying at DePaul University, where he became involved in improv comedy through the collegiate improvisation program'The Titanic Players.' From DePaul, he left in his senior year to pursue his comedy career full-time. Young-White performed stand-up for the first time at an open mic night when he was 19, he continued to perform stand-up at several bars and clubs around Chicago and New York City, was a finalist at the 2016 NYC Devil Cup Stand Up Festival. Beginning in late 2016, several of his memes and posts went viral, he subsequently gained prominence on social media on Twitter and Instagram, where he grew a large following. In 2017, he was featured on Rolling Stone's "25 Under 25: Meet the Young Musicians, Activists Changing the World" list.
The following year, he was included in Vulture's "20 Comedians" list. In 2020, Young-White was placed on BET's "Future 40" list, a list of “40 of the most inspiring and innovative vanguards who are redefining what it means to be unapologetically young, gifted & black”. Since 2017, he has performed stand-up twice on The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon; as of 2018, he writes for the Netflix television shows American Vandal. In October of that year, he was hired as a correspondent on The Daily Show. Young-White is negotiating to be a lead, alongside Danielle Macdonald in an untitled Bo Burnham and Amy York Rubin film. On Martin Luther King Day, Young-White was temporarily banned from Twitter for posting a tweet posing as the FBI and claiming that they were responsible for the activist's assassination. In late 2017, Young-White came out as queer during his first appearance on The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon, he is of Jamaican descent, as well as of Chinese-Jamaican ancestry. He has two brothers and Javeigh.
He is a supporter of the Bernie Sanders 2020 presidential campaign. Jaboukie Young-White on IMDb
Claudia Paola Suárez Fernández is a Venezuelan model and former beauty pageant winner. Suárez, who stands 5'10.5" tall, represented the state of Mérida in the national beauty pageant Miss Venezuela 2006, on September 14, 2006 and obtained the title of Miss Venezuela Mundo 2007, after placing second to Ly Jonaitis of the state of Guárico. On December 1, 2007 she represented her country in the Miss World 2007 pageant in Sanya, placing among the top 16 semifinalists. On January 26, 2008 she placed 2nd runner-up at the Miss Atlantico Internacional 2008 pageant in Punta del Este, Uruguay. Ly Jonaitis Vanessa Peretti Miss Venezuela Official Page Miss World Official Page
In traditional usage, a global public good is a public good available on a more-or-less worldwide basis. There are many challenges to the traditional definition, which have far-reaching implications in the age of globalization. In traditional usage, a pure global public good is a good that has the three following properties: It is non-rivalrous. Consumption of this good by anyone does not reduce the quantity available to other agents, it is non-excludable. It is impossible to prevent anyone from consuming that good, it is available more-or-less worldwide. This concept is an extension of American economist Paul Samuelson's classic notion of public goods to the economics of globalization; the traditional theoretical concept of public goods does not distinguish with regard to the geographical region in which a good may be produced or consumed. However, the term "global public good" has been used to mean a public good, non-rivalrous and non-excludable throughout the whole world, as opposed to a public good which exists in just one national area.
Knowledge has been used as a classic example of a global public good. In some academic literature, it has become associated with the concept of a common heritage of mankind. Significant challenges exist to the classical definition of "public goods", in general, that are relevant to the definition of "global public goods". Kaul et al. suggest that there are three types of public goods. First, there are public goods that cannot be made excludable, either because they are inherently indivisible or because the cost of division would be prohibitive. A simple example would be sunlight. Second, there are goods. Examples include basic education system. A third type, they argue, are goods that are public by default, either due to lack of foresight or knowledge in the design. An example of this type would be the ozone layer and damage done to the environment by chlorofluorocarbon emissions before anyone understood the potential for damage. Many of the challenges to traditional definitions have to do with how to handle externalities, which pose fundamental economic policy problems when individuals, governments or firms do not include, in their total cost accounting, the indirect costs of or the benefits from their economic transactions.
Private goods producers, for example, can lower their total costs, therefore their prices, by externalizing certain costs, such as the costs of preventing air or water pollution, a by-product of their production methods. Such a company becomes a corporate free rider, driving up the cost of the "public goods" of clean air and water, which are transnational resources; the transnational nature of such resources points to another problem with a traditional definition of global public goods. Remedies to problems such as air and water pollution are legal remedies, such laws exist only in the context of geographically-bounded governmental systems. In the case of global public goods—such as climate change mitigation, financial stability, knowledge production, global public health—either international or supranational legal entities must be created to manage these goods; as different types of global public goods require different types of legal structures to manage them, this can contribute to a proliferation of non-governmental organizations and intergovernmental organizations, such as has been the case in the recent past.
Thus, society can modify the non-rivalry and non-excludability of a good’s benefits such that goods become private or public as a result of deliberate policy choices. New consideration in the face of these challenges can expand the definition to recognize that, in many cases, goods exist not in their original forms but as social constructs determined by policies and other collective human actions. At a time when processes of globalization are encompassing more cultural and natural resources, the ways in which global public goods are created and managed have far-reaching implications. Issues of globalization, are those that are beyond the policy endeavors of states, reflecting a mismatch between the scope of the problem and the authority of decision-making bodies attempting to address such issues. Many goods that might be public by default would be best designated at the policy level as common goods, with appropriate regulation, until such time as levels of knowledge and governing structures might become available to designate such resources as either private or public goods.
Although not the only example, no better example can be found than the issue of potable water. Water has always been an important and life-sustaining drink to humans and is essential to the survival of all known organisms. Over large parts of the world, humans have inadequate access to potable water and use sources contaminated with disease vectors, pathogens or unacceptable levels of toxins or suspended solids. Drinking or using such water in food preparation leads to widespread waterborne diseases, causing acute and chronic illnesses or death and misery in many countries. While the global water cycle is the subject of advanced scientific study and observation, it is still an incompletely understood process. If availability of water for human consumption is left to market forces, those who are most in need of water for subsistence-level survival are those least to be able to purchase it at a market price. Since the water cycle and the natural flows of fresh water resources do not obey the limits of political boundaries, neither can these water resour
The Living Word Fellowship is a nondenominational Christian cult located in the United States, Canada and Mexico. The group was founded in South Gate, California, by John Robert Stevens in 1951, it has been known in the past informally as "The Walk" or "This Walk," referencing the biblical view that every Christian should have a personal walk with Jesus Christ, from I John 1:6-7. The fellowship celebrates the Jewish Old Testament festivals, "It believes in the inerrancy of the Scripture, in the Trinity, in Christ's saving work, in the various gifts and ministries of the Spirit as taught by the apostle Paul."At its peak in the 1970s, the fellowship had about 100 member congregations. Its oversight was centered at a farm and retreat site near Kalona, Iowa. Membership declined after founder Stevens' death in 1983 and the fellowship continued to close outposts throughout the 1990s; as of early 2018, it comprised around ten primary churches. In November, 2018, Gary Hargrave announced his resignation following a sexual misconduct scandal taking place within the churches of the Living Word Fellowship.
Hargrave published a letter from himself on the church's main website. The church published a response regarding the sexual misconduct revelations. In a December 21, 2018 press release, Shiloh announced it is ending its affiliation with The Living Word Fellowship. Shiloh, which has served as the headquarters of the fellowship since the 1970s, is in discussion with the city of Kalona about a possible annexation of the more than 200 acres of church property south of the city limits; as of May, 2019, three women have filed lawsuits against the Living Word Fellowship. The lawsuits claim that Living Word employees and officials sexually abused these women when they were minors. Official website Open Letter to The Living Word Fellowship Congregation The Magical Christmas Caroling Truck
The Portsmouth Academy building is a historic academic and civic building at 8 Islington Street in Portsmouth, New Hampshire. Built in 1809, it is one of the finest surviving examples of an early 19th-century academic building in northern New England, is attributed to James Nutter, one of the finest local builders of the period. In addition to housing the Portsmouth Academy, it housed the city's public library, presently houses Discover Portsmouth, a local tourism marketing organization, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973 as "Portsmouth Public Library". The former Portsmouth Academy building stands on the western fringe of downtown Portsmouth, at the southeast corner of Middle and Islington Streets, it is a two-story brick structure with a cut granite foundation. Its original main facade faces Islington Street, is seven bays wide. Windows are set with marble sills and splayed lintels. A marble stringcourse separates the two floors, the roof cornice is adorned with dentil moulding.
The center three bays project and are topped by a pedimented gable with a half-round window at its center. The main entrance is in the center bay, set in a round-arch opening flanked by paired engaged Ionic columns; the Academy was designed by local designer-builder James Nutter and built in 1809. Its Federal style resembles other academy buildings, its design was for a time attributed to Charles Bulfinch; the building was acquired by the city and converted for use to house the Portsmouth Public Library in the 1890s. At this time its interior was extensively altered. In 1954 a brick connector joined this building to the adjacent Benedict House; the building served as the public library until 2006, when the library moved to a new facility at 175 Parrott Avenue. The buildings are now leased to the Portsmouth Historical Society, which operates the Discover Portsmouth center. National Register of Historic Places listings in Rockingham County, New Hampshire Discover Portsmouth web site