Teenage pregnancy known as adolescent pregnancy, is pregnancy in a female under the age of 20. Pregnancy can occur with sexual intercourse after the start of ovulation, which can be before the first menstrual period but occurs after the onset of periods. In well-nourished females, the first period takes place around the age of 12 or 13. Pregnant teenagers face many of the same pregnancy related issues as other women. There are additional concerns for those under the age of 15 as they are less to be physically developed to sustain a healthy pregnancy or to give birth. For girls aged 15–19, risks are associated more with socioeconomic factors than with the biological effects of age. Risks of low birth weight, premature labor and pre-eclampsia are connected to biological age, being observed in teen births after controlling for other risk factors. Teenage pregnancies are associated with social issues, including lower educational levels and poverty. Teenage pregnancy in developed countries is outside of marriage and is associated with a social stigma.
Teenage pregnancy in developing countries occurs within marriage and half are planned. However, in these societies, early pregnancy may combine with malnutrition and poor health care to cause medical problems; when used in combination, educational interventions and access to birth control can reduce unintended teenage pregnancies. In 2015 about 47 females per 1,000 had children well under the age of 20. Rates are lower in Asia. In the developing world about 2.5 million females under the age of 16 and 16 million females 15 to 19 year old have children each year. Another 3.9 million have abortions. It is more common in rural than urban areas. Worldwide, complications related to pregnancy are the most common cause of death among females 15 to 19 year old; the age of the mother is determined by the verified date when the pregnancy ends, not by the estimated date of conception. The statistics do not include pregnancies that began at age 19, but that ended on or after the woman's 20th birthday. Statistics on the mother's marital status are determined by whether she is married at the end of the pregnancy, not at the time of conception.
According to the United Nations Population Fund, "Pregnancies among girls less than 18 years of age have irreparable consequences. It violates the rights of girls, with life-threatening consequences in terms of sexual and reproductive health, poses high development costs for communities in perpetuating the cycle of poverty." Health consequences include not yet being physically ready for pregnancy and childbirth leading to complications and malnutrition as the majority of adolescents tend to come from lower-income households. The risk of maternal death for girls under age 15 in low and middle income countries is higher than for women in their twenties. Teenage pregnancy affects girls' education and income potential as many are forced to drop out of school which threatens future opportunities and economic prospects. Several studies have examined the socioeconomic and psychological impact of pregnancy and parenthood in teens. Life outcomes for teenage mothers and their children vary. Many solutions to counteract the more negative findings have been proposed.
Teenage parents who can rely on family and community support, social services and child-care support are more to continue their education and get higher paying jobs as they progress with their education. A holistic approach is required in order to address teenage pregnancy; this means not focusing on changing the behaviour of girls but addressing the underlying reasons of adolescent pregnancy such as poverty, gender inequality, social pressures and coercion. This approach should include "providing age-appropriate comprehensive sexuality education for all young people, investing in girls' education, preventing child marriage, sexual violence and coercion, building gender-equitable societies by empowering girls and engaging men and boys and ensuring adolescents' access to sexual and reproductive health information as well as services that welcome them and facilitate their choices". In the United States one third of high school students reported being sexually active. In 2011–2013, 79% of females reported using birth control.
Teenage pregnancy puts young women at risk for health issues, economic and financial issues. Being a young mother in a first world country can affect one's education. Teen mothers are more to drop out of high school. One study in 2001 found that women that gave birth during their teens completed secondary-level schooling 10–12% as and pursued post-secondary education 14–29% as as women who waited until age 30. Young motherhood in an industrialized country can affect social class. Teenage women who are pregnant or mothers are seven times more to commit suicide than other teenagers. According to the National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, nearly 1 in 4 teen mothers will experience another pregnancy within two years of having their first. Pregnancy and giving birth increases the chance that these mothers will become high school dropouts and as many as half have to go on welfare. Many teen parents do not have the intellectual or emotional maturity, needed to provide for another life; these pregnancies are hidden for months resulting in a lack of adequate prenatal care and dangerous outcomes for the babies.
Factors that determine which mothers are more to have a spaced repeat birth include marriage and education: the likelihood decreases
The Rebels Not In is the name of the third and to date final album recorded by the American group The Halo Benders. The album was released on K Records on 3 February 1998 on compact disc, it was the third full-length release from the Halo Benders, a side project of Calvin Johnson and Doug Martsch. Its catalogue number is KLP81; the Rebels Not In has a more polished sound than the Halo Benders' previous two efforts. The unique intro drum beat on "Bury Me" is a nod to The Wedding Present song "Yeah Yeah Yeah Yeah Yeah" from their 1994 album, Watusi; this is further evidenced by Martsch's chorus of "Yeah Yeah Yeah Yeah". "Virginia Reel Around the Fountain" – 6:18 "Your Asterisk" – 2:50 "Lonesome Sundown" – 4:43 "Devil City Destiny" – 4:56 "Bury Me" – 3:25 "Surfers Haze" – 3:11 "Do That Thing" – 3:47 "Love Travels Faster" – 4:11 "Turn It My Way" – 4:22 "Rebels Got a Hole in It" – 6:02 "Foggy Bottom" – 4:39
Stephen Samuel Stipanovich is an American retired professional basketball player. A 6 ft 11 in center from the University of Missouri, Stipanovich was selected by the Indiana Pacers with the second pick of the 1983 NBA draft. Knee problems limited his career to five seasons, he retired in 1988 with career totals of 5,323 points and 3,131 rebounds. At Missouri, he and Jon Sundvold helped coach Norm Stewart to four consecutive Big 8 Conference Championships and NCAA tournament appearances. Stephen Samuel "Stipo" Stipanovich, son of Sam and Elaine Stipanovich, was born and raised in the St. Louis, Missouri area. Sam Stipanovich co-owned a funeral home with his father-in-law, Al C. Ortmann, still in operation today. Stipanovich is of Croatian descent, his paternal grandmother Sadie was the daughter of Simo Visnic from Serbia and Milica Mamula from Karlovac, Croatia. Sadie married Theodore Stipanovic. Visnic had come to the USA in 1905. After attending Chaminade College Prep as a freshman, Stipanovich transferred to De Smet Jesuit High School in suburban Creve Coeur, Missouri.
While a member of the De Smet Spartans, Stipanovich led them to back-to-back Missouri Class 4A State Championships and a sixty-game winning streak under coach Rich Grawer. Coach "Grawer worked with me, helped me develop the fundamental skills of basketball," Stipanovich reflected. "By the time I was a senior, I was one of the most recruited basketball players in the NCAA in 1979."In February 1979, Sports Illustrated magazine ranked Stipanovich with Sam Bowie and Ralph Sampson as the nation's best high school centers. Stipanovich played in the 1979 McDonald's All-American Game; the memorable rosters included: Sam Bowie, Antoine Carr, Quintin Dailey, Sidney Green, Clark Kellogg, Greg Kite, Sidney Lowe, John Paxson, Ralph Sampson, Byron Scott, Isiah Thomas, Dereck Whittenburg, Dominique Wilkins and James Worthy. Stipanovich chose to attend the University of Missouri under coach Norm Stewart, after numerous colleges recruited him, including Notre Dame, Duke, St. Louis and North Carolina. In 1979–80 he was named Big Eight Newcomer of the Year as a freshman, averaging 14.4 points and 6.4 rebounds on 59% shooting.
The Tigers finished 25–8, advancing to the sweet sixteen of the 1980 NCAA Division I Basketball Tournament.“My favorite memory at Mizzou was during my freshman year in the NCAA tournament,” Stipanovich recalled. “In the tournament we played Notre Dame, a school, stronger than Mizzou. We were the underdogs, yet we won the game, it was amazing.”As a sophomore in 1980–81, Missouri finished 22–10 and captured their 2nd successive Big 8 Conference Championship, as Stipanovich averaged 12.7 points, 7.4 rebounds and 1.8 assists. In 1981–82, Missouri finished 27–4, capturing the Big 8 Title, with Stipanovich averaging 16.1 points, 6.5 rebounds and 1.9 assists. The Tigers lost 79–78 to Houston with Clyde Drexler and Akeem Olajuwon in the 2nd round of the 1982 NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament; as a senior in 1982–83, Stipanovich averaged 18.4 points and 8.8 rebounds, dominated the Big Eight Conference. In a nationally televised game and teammate Greg Cavener combined to stop future NBA number one pick Ralph Sampson and upset top ranked Virginia, as Stipanovich scored 27 points with 12 rebounds and 5 blocked shots.
Stipanovich was both an academic All American and a first team All American selection his senior year. Missouri won their fourth straight Big 8 conference title. Missouri won over 100 games and Stipanovich averaged 14.3 points, 7.7 rebounds and 1.8 assists in 128 career games at Missouri. He played all four years alongside future NBA player Jon Sundvold. On the evening of December 27, 1980, Stipanovich accidentally discharged a loaded firearm, hitting himself in the shoulder, he told police that a masked intruder, wearing cowboy boots and a flannel shirt broke into his apartment on Sunrise Drive in Columbia and shot him while screaming obscenities about basketball players. The next day, Stipanovich admitted that he shot himself by accident. On May 19, 1983 the Houston Rockets won a coin flip with the Indiana Pacers for the first pick in the 1983 NBA draft; the Rockets chose Virginia's Ralph Sampson on draft day, June 28, 1983. Stipanovich was taken by the Pacers with the second overall pick of the 1983 NBA draft, behind Sampson.
"People kept telling me I'd be the second pick," Stipanovich reflected. "I didn't know for sure." The Pacers teamed Stipanovich, with 6 ft 11 in Herb Williams and 6 ft 7 in Clark Kellogg, their first-round pick in 1982. Stipanovich averaged 12.0 points and 6.9 rebounds en route to earning NBA All-Rookie Team honors in 1983–84 under coach George Irvine. "Stipo" would remain a fixture in the Pacers' starting lineup the next five seasons. From 1984 -- 88, Stipanovich averaged 6 rebounds, while starting 292 of his 322 games. Stipanovich scored at least 20 points in 62 times and never missed more than three games in his five years. On October 20, 1985, Stipanovich and Patrick Ewing of the New York Knicks were involved in a scuffle that left Ewing with an injured elbow and his arm in a sling. Ewing had elbowed Stipanovich in the face. Stipanovich threw Ewing to the floor and jumped on him. Both team benches emptied, the two had to be restrained from going after one another again. Ewing was fined $1500 and Stipanovich $750.
Both were fined $250 for being ejected. After four consecutive last-place finishes in 1983–1986, the Pacers made the 1987 NBA playoffs, with a 41–41 record. Stipanovich averaged 13.2 points, 8.3 rebounds, 2.2 assists, 1.3 steals and 1.2 blocks under new coach Jack Ramsey. P