Tekkiye Mosque

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Tekkiye Mosque
التكية السليمانية
Takiyya as-Süleimaniyya Mosque 01.jpg
Basic information
Location Damascus, Syria
Geographic coordinates 33°30′45″N 36°17′29″E / 33.51250°N 36.29139°E / 33.51250; 36.29139Coordinates: 33°30′45″N 36°17′29″E / 33.51250°N 36.29139°E / 33.51250; 36.29139
Affiliation Islam
Region Levant
Status Active
Architectural description
Architect(s) Mimar Sinan
Architectural type Mosque Complex
Architectural style Ottoman architecture
Completed 1544-1558/59 (Mosque)
1566-67 (Al-Salimiyah Madrasa)
Specifications
Minaret(s) 2
Materials Stone, marble, mosaic

The Tekkiye Mosque or Sultan Selim Mosque (Arabic: التكية السليمانية‎, Turkish: Selimiye Camii or Sultan Selim Camii) is a mosque complex in Damascus, Syria, located on the banks of the Barada River.[1]

Construction[edit]

The Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Selim II, built the Sultan Selim Mosque in the then-suburb of Damascus by expanding his father's (Suleiman I) urban complex.[2] The complex is composed of a large mosque on the southwest side of a courtyard, flanked by a single line of arcaded cells, and a soup kitchen across the courtyard to the northwest, flanked by hospice buildings.[3] The mosque has two minarets and walls with alternating light and dark stripes. It has been described as "The finest example of Ottoman architecture in Damascus".[3][4]

Cemetery[edit]

The cemetery next to the mosque is the burial place of the last Ottoman Sultan, Mehmet VI, who was dethroned and forced into exile when the Ottoman sultanate was abolished in 1922. He died on May 16, 1926 in Sanremo, Italy and was buried at the cemetery of the Sultan Selim Mosque. The mosque was chosen because it was located in the closest Muslim-majority country to Turkey and was built by his ancestors. There are almost thirty other graves of the Ottoman dynasty who died in exile and were not allowed to be buried in the Republic of Turkey at the time.[5]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Takiyya Sulaymaniyya, Damascus, Syria". Archnet Digital Library. Retrieved 20 March 2017..
  2. ^ CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES OF SULTAN SELİM II
  3. ^ a b Tekkiye Mosque Complex Archived 2007-10-07 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ Dumper, 2007, p.126.
  5. ^ Murat Bardakçı- Şam'daki mezar (in Turkish)

Bibliography[edit]

  • Dumper, Michael; Stanley, Bruce E.; Abu-Lughod, Janet L. (2007). Cities of the Middle East and North Africa: A Historical Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9781576079195.