Tel Yosef

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Tel Yosef
PikiWiki Israel 8901 palm avenue and old dining house in tel-yosef.jpg
Tel Yosef is located in Israel
Tel Yosef
Tel Yosef
Coordinates: 32°33′23.39″N 35°24′3.6″E / 32.5564972°N 35.401000°E / 32.5564972; 35.401000Coordinates: 32°33′23.39″N 35°24′3.6″E / 32.5564972°N 35.401000°E / 32.5564972; 35.401000
District Northern
Council Gilboa Regional Council
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 1921
Founded by Gdud HaAvoda members
Population (2016)[1] 550

Tel Yosef (Hebrew: תֵּל יוֹסֵף‎, lit. Yosef Mond) is a kibbutz in north-eastern Israel. Located in the Jezreel Valley, it falls under the jurisdiction of Gilboa Regional Council. In 2016 it had a population of 550.[1]

History[edit]

In 1921, members of the Gdud HaAvoda "Work Battalion", at a time when their road work was decreasing, set up a work camp in the Harod Valley, the eastern extension of the Jezreel Valley, at the foot of Mount Gilboa.[2][3] The kibbutz was established on Sheikh Hassan hill in the same year the work battalion members, and was named after Joseph Trumpeldor.[4] Members worked at draining the swamps, a permanent source of malaria.[2] The Tel Yosef-Ein Harod group split in July 1923 over differences concerning economic autonomy, with two-thirds of the group settling Tel Yosef and the rest, Ein Harod.[3] While it's sometimes considered that Ein Harod was founded in 1921 and Tel Yosef in 1923, the fact remains that together they formed one farming unit.[3] In 1926, during a breakup of the Gdud HaAvoda along ideological faultlines separating the Marxists from the more moderate leftists, Ein Harod and Tel Yosef ceased their close cooperation.[3][5]

According to a census conducted in 1922 by the British Mandate authorities, Tel Yosef had a population of 112 Jews.[6] At the time of the 1931 census, Tel Yosef had 72 occupied houses and a population of 261, all Jews.[7] At its height, the kibbutz had 600 members. In the early 1950s, an ideological dispute headed by Yitzhak Tabenkin led to a split in which 250 members joined the neighboring kibbutz, Beit HaShita. Supporters of David Ben-Gurion remained at Tel Yosef.[4]

Economy[edit]

The first citrus crop was planted in 1931. In 1936, Tnuva opened its first dairy at Tel Yosef, specializing in hard cheeses. In 1942, the kibbutz built the country's first commercial fishponds.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved September 26, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Tel Yosef", Encyclopaedia Judaica, 2008, The Gale Group, via Jewish Virtual Library
  3. ^ a b c d "Gedud ha-Avodah", Encyclopaedia Judaica, 2008, The Gale Group, via Jewish Virtual Library
  4. ^ a b c Laughing All the Way to Middle Class, Amiram Cohen, TheMarker Haaretz, end of the year magazine, December 2008, pp. 28–31
  5. ^ Mati Alon, Holocaust and Redemption, pp. 62-63. Trafford Publishing, 2004, ISBN 9781412003582
  6. ^ J.B. Barron (1922) Reports and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922
  7. ^ E. Mills, ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine. p. 81.