Tel Yosef

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Tel Yosef
PikiWiki Israel 8901 palm avenue and old dining house in tel-yosef.jpg
Tel Yosef is located in Israel
Tel Yosef
Tel Yosef
Coordinates: 32°33′23.39″N 35°24′3.6″E / 32.5564972°N 35.401000°E / 32.5564972; 35.401000Coordinates: 32°33′23.39″N 35°24′3.6″E / 32.5564972°N 35.401000°E / 32.5564972; 35.401000
District Northern
Council Gilboa Regional Council
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 1921
Founded by Gdud HaAvoda members
Population (2016)[1] 550

Tel Yosef (Hebrew: תֵּל יוֹסֵף‎, lit. Yosef Mond) is a kibbutz in north-eastern Israel. Located in the Jezreel Valley, it falls under the jurisdiction of Gilboa Regional Council; in 2016 it had a population of 550.[1]

History[edit]

In 1921, members of the Gdud HaAvoda "Work Battalion", at a time when their road work was decreasing, set up a work camp in the Harod Valley, the eastern extension of the Jezreel Valley, at the foot of Mount Gilboa.[2][3] The kibbutz was established on Sheikh Hassan hill in the same year the work battalion members, and was named after Joseph Trumpeldor.[4] Members worked at draining the swamps, a permanent source of malaria,[2] the Tel Yosef-Ein Harod group split in July 1923 over differences concerning economic autonomy, with two-thirds of the group settling Tel Yosef and the rest, Ein Harod.[3] While it's sometimes considered that Ein Harod was founded in 1921 and Tel Yosef in 1923, the fact remains that together they formed one farming unit;[3] in 1926, during a breakup of the Gdud HaAvoda along ideological faultlines separating the Marxists from the more moderate leftists, Ein Harod and Tel Yosef ceased their close cooperation.[3][5]

According to a census conducted in 1922 by the British Mandate authorities, Tel Yosef had a population of 112 Jews,[6] at the time of the 1931 census, Tel Yosef had 72 occupied houses and a population of 261, all Jews.[7] At its height, the kibbutz had 600 members; in the early 1950s, an ideological dispute headed by Yitzhak Tabenkin led to a split in which 250 members joined the neighboring kibbutz, Beit HaShita. Supporters of David Ben-Gurion remained at Tel Yosef.[4]

Economy[edit]

The first citrus crop was planted in 1931; in 1936, Tnuva opened its first dairy at Tel Yosef, specializing in hard cheeses. In 1942, the kibbutz built the country's first commercial fishponds.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved September 26, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Tel Yosef", Encyclopaedia Judaica, 2008, The Gale Group, via Jewish Virtual Library
  3. ^ a b c d "Gedud ha-Avodah", Encyclopaedia Judaica, 2008, The Gale Group, via Jewish Virtual Library
  4. ^ a b c Laughing All the Way to Middle Class, Amiram Cohen, TheMarker Haaretz, end of the year magazine, December 2008, pp. 28–31
  5. ^ Mati Alon, Holocaust and Redemption, pp. 62-63. Trafford Publishing, 2004, ISBN 9781412003582
  6. ^ J.B. Barron (1922) Reports and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922
  7. ^ E. Mills, ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine. p. 81.