Telecommunications in Finland

Finland has excellent communications, is considered one of the most advanced information societies in the world. Telephones – main lines in use: 2.368 million Telephones – mobile cellular: 4.988 million Telephone system: General Assessment: Modern system with excellent service. Domestic: Digital fiber-optic fixed-line network and an extensive cellular network provide domestic needs. There are three major cellular network providers with independent networks. There are several smaller providers which may have independent networks in smaller areas, but are dependent on rented networks. There is a great variety of cellular providers and contracts, competition is fierce. International: Country code – 358. There is a national public radio and television company Yleisradio, funded by television license fees, two major private media companies, Alma Media and Sanoma, with national TV channels. Yle maintains four TV channels YLE1, YLE2, Teema and FST5. There are four commercial, national channels: Alma Media has MTV3 and SubTV, Sanoma has Nelonen and Jim.

There are a lot of pay-TV channels. News Corporation introduced itself to the market in 2012 with the Fox channel, preceded by Finnish-owned SuomiTV. AM 2, FM 186, shortwave 1 120 Television is broadcast as digital only since August 2007. On cable, only digital will be broadcast from 2008 on. Internet country Internet hosts: 1,503,976 Internet users: 3.286 million In 2011, there were over 3.5 million broadband subscriptions in Finland, the number of both them and mobile data transmission subscriptions continued to grow. Finland Media of Finland ThisisFINLAND – Media Moves

Eduard Karplus

Eduard Karplus was an Austrian-born engineer, best known as the inventor of the Variac. Karplus was born in Hinterbrühl, the second child of Johann Paul Karplus, a neurophysiologist and psychiatrist, Valerie von Lieben, a sister of physicist Robert von Lieben, he had Johann Karplus, Walter Gottlieb Karplus and Heinrich Karplus. Eduard attended Gymnasium Stubenbastei in Vienna, completing with Matura in 1918, graduated as "Diplomingenieur" from the Electrical Engineering department of the Vienna University of Technology in 1923. From 1923 to 1929, he was employed in the radio frequency laboratories of the C. Lorenz AG, Germany, where he worked on mobile high-frequency communication equipment. In 1930, Eduard Karplus joined the engineering staff of General Radio Corporation in Cambridge, where he designed and developed measuring instruments, including work on early models of oscilloscopes. Karplus' best-known invention is the development of the first practical, continuously adjustable variable-ratio autotransformer, which General Radio introduced under the "Variac" brand name in 1933.

In the 1940s and 1950, he continued to work on microwave topics such as signal generators, including the design of the GR connector. He was a member of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers and a Fellow of the Institute of Radio Engineers. Karplus was married to Harriet Green, he died in Belmont, Massachusetts, in August 1979. Karplus, Eduard. "Design of Variac Transformers". Electrical Engineering. 63: 508–513. Doi:10.1109/EE.1944.6440390. ISSN 0095-9197. DE 481489, "Piezoelectrically driven vacuum-tube oscillator" DE 495552, "Arrangement for transmission and reception of ultrashort waves" DE 499602, "Arrangement for tuning wireless stations" Coupling arrangement for compensated high frequency amplifiers U. S. Patent 1,856,709 Coupling arrangement for compensated high frequency amplifiers DE 499599, "Electron tube with inductors in the leads" Wireless signaling apparatus U. S. Patent 1,811,357 Wireless signaling apparatus Self-contained oscillator tube U. S. Patent 1,916,224 Self-contained oscillator tube Alternating-current apparatus U.

S. Patent 2,009,013 Alternating-current apparatus Ultra-high-frequency tuning apparatus U. S. Patent 2,367,681 Ultra-high-frequency tuning apparatus Ultrahigh-frequency tuning apparatus U. S. Patent 2,578,429 Ultrahigh-frequency tuning apparatus

Rosa 'Secret'

Rosa'Secret', is a pink and white hybrid tea rose cultivar, bred before 1992 by Daniel Tracy. The new rose variety was introduced into the United States by Star Roses in 1994; the rose was named an All-America Rose Selections winner in 1994.'Secret' is a medium-tall bushy shrub, 3 to 5 ft in height with a 2 to 3 ft spread. Blooms are 4—5 in in diameter, with a petal count of 26 to 40. Bloom form is cupped. Flowers are a pink and white bicolor, considered to be the most appealing as the bud opens, a pretty white with pink edges. Flowers have a strong, spicy fragrance, are borne singly or in small clusters; the plant is blooming in flushes from spring to autumn. The shrub has few prickles, medium sized, dark green, glossy leaves, it is disease resistant, thrives in USDA zone 7b and warmer. Rosa'Karen Ann', Rosa'Pope John Paul II', Rosa'Secret's Out', All-America Rose Selections winner, USA, Portland Gold Medal, Garden roses Rose Hall of Fame List of Award of Garden Merit roses Quest-Ritson, Brigid.

Encyclopedia of Roses. DK. ISBN 978-0756688684