Telecommunications in Iceland

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Telecommunications in Iceland is a diversified market.

Services[edit]

Internet[edit]

Data centres[edit]

Internet service providers[edit]

The largest Internet service providers in Iceland:

  1. Iceland Telecom (Síminn hf)
  2. Vodafone Iceland (Fjarskipti ehf)
  3. Farice (Farice ehf)
  4. Vortex (Hringiðan ehf)

Internet hosting service[edit]

Iceland has numerous internet hosting services:

Internet exchange point[edit]

Iceland has an internet exchange point called the Reykjavik Internet Exchange (RIX).

Submarine cables[edit]

External image
Map of sea cables

Internet and telephone services rely on submarine communications cables for external traffic:

Proposed

Mail[edit]

Print[edit]

Radio[edit]

Telephone[edit]

Landline[edit]

As of 2018 there are 75,716 landlines in use in Iceland of which 73,361 are PSTN. ISDN 2B and 30B subscriptions make up 1,971 and 384 respectively; the number of landlines in Iceland has been slowly decreasing since their peak in 2001 at 196,528. Meanwhile the number of VoIP subscriptions have been rising, from 58,311 in 2016 to 76,122 in 2018. 2018 was the first year that VoIP subscriptions surpassed PSTN subscriptions.[2] The operator of the POTS network(Míla, which is owned by Síminn) has indicated that a complete shut down of the POTS network would be completed in 2020. Existing landline customers will be transitioned over to VoIP services.[3]

Mobile[edit]

As of 2010 there are 341,077 active GSM (2G) and UMTS (3G) subscriptions in use in Iceland. In 2010, all NMT (1G) networks were shut down. Nova was first to offer 4G[4] followed by Síminn.

Telephone numbers[edit]

There are no area codes in Iceland, and all telephone numbers have seven digits; the international dialling code is +354. Due to the Icelandic naming system, people are listed by their first name in the telephone directory, and not by their last name (which is usually patronym, or, rarely, a matronym).

Television[edit]

Television in Iceland began in September 1966.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Emerald Express - Trans-Atlantic Fibre Optic Cable System". Retrieved 26 March 2016.
  2. ^ "PFS Tölfræðaskýrsla 2018" (PDF). 1 June 2019.
  3. ^ "Landlínukerfið fyrir síma að úreldast". www.mbl.is. Retrieved 2019-06-09.
  4. ^ "Nova launches first 4G network in Iceland". telegeography.com. Retrieved 12 July 2015.

External links[edit]