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Telecommunications in Kyrgyzstan

Telecommunications in Kyrgyzstan include fixed and mobile telephones and the Internet. The long-term goal of the government's information and communications technology strategy is for the telecommunications sector to contribute 5 percent to gross domestic product by 2010; the June 2006 launch of the KazSat communications satellite from Kazakhstan was expected to reduce the dependence of all the Central Asian countries on European and U. S. telecommunications satellites. Launch of a second KazSat is planned for 2009. In the early 2000s, Kyrgyzstan used international investment support to restructure its telecommunications system, which had 7.7 telephone lines per 100 inhabitants in 2002 and 1,100,000 cellular phones in use in 2007. As part of the upgrading process, the government has attempted to sell a majority interest in the state-owned telecommunications company, Kyrgyztelecom, to foreign bidders. Companies from Russia and Turkey have been possible buyers. However, in 2005 an estimated 100,000 applicants were waiting for telephone line installation.

Telephone system: domestic: principally microwave radio relay. In the early 2000s, Internet use has expanded rapidly. Between 1999 and 2005, the number of Internet subscribers increased from 3,000 to 263,000. In 2004 some 12,300 Internet hosts were in operation; the country code top level domain is.kg. Variable upload/download speeds through xDSL are available through state telephone company Kyrgyz Telecom and private ISPs. There is a monthly cap on the amount of data transferred, with separate caps depending on whether the data stays within Kyrgyzstan or travels beyond the border. Broadband internet access with unlimited international traffic is offered by ISPs to the market at higher price; this is due to the lack of country's telecommunications bandwidth capacity. ISPs provide internet access through satellite backbone communication lines linked to Russia, Germany and Kazakhstan. There is a major telecommunications project under construction - The Trans-Asia-Europe Fiber Optic Line, connecting Shanghai and Frankfurt, with the capacity of 622 Mbit/s, where Kyrgyzstan has completed its part.

Completion of this project might affect broadband internet prices in Kyrgyzstan. There are several ISPs that provide broadband internet access using different technologies such as xDSL, ISDN, Leased Line, Ethernet. ISPs in Kyrgyzstan include Kyrgyz Telecom, Asiainfo, Transfer Ltd, Megaline, Intranet, Saima Telecom, My4G, AlaTV, ExNET, IPSWICH. Listed as engaged in selective Internet filtering in the political and social areas and as little or no evidence of filtering in the conflict/security and Internet tools areas by the OpenNet Initiative in December 2010. Access to the Internet in Kyrgyzstan has deteriorated as heightened political tensions have led to more frequent instances of second- and third-generation controls; the government has become more sensitive to the Internet's influence on domestic politics and enacted laws that increase its authority to regulate the sector. Liberalization of the telecommunications market in Kyrgyzstan has made the Internet affordable for the majority of the population.

However, Kyrgyzstan is an cyberlocked country dependent on purchasing bandwidth from Kazakhstan and Russia. The authoritarian regime in Kazakhstan is shifting toward more restrictive Internet controls, leading to instances of "upstream filtering" affecting ISPs in Kyrgyzstan. Media of Kyrgyzstan

Daisuke Miyazaki

Daisuke Miyazaki is a Japanese handball player for Osaki Osol and the Japanese national team. He played for BM Alcobendas in 09/10 season, he represented Japan at the 2019 World Men's Handball Championship. He has competed in Pro Sportsman No. 1 five times. He has won three times in 2006, 2008 and 2009, he came close in 2007, resulting in 4th place, with Paul Terek as the winner, in 2010 he failed the 20th level. Miyazaki has competed in the Japanese TV Series, Sasuke, he competed four times. In Sasuke 20, he was one of many to fail the new Half-Pipe Attack obstacle in the First Stage. However, in Sasuke 21, he completed the First Stage with less than a second left, he had more success on the Second Stage, breezing through the obstacles, though he struggled on the Wall Lifting at the end, he completed with 10.3 seconds left. He however struggled on the Third Stage, he failed the Devil Steps, this being the earliest Third Stage failure of Shin-Sasuke. Miyazaki competed once more in Sasuke 22, however timed out just metres from the finish of the First Stage.

He competed yet again, in Sasuke 26, but failed a new obstacle in Stage 1, the Rolling Escargot

Electoral district of Maroubra

Maroubra is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of New South Wales. It is represented by Michael Daley, former leader of the Labor Party, Maroubra includes the suburbs of Banksmeadow, Chifley, Eastgardens, Kingsford, La Perouse, Little Bay, Maroubra, Maroubra Junction, Pagewood, Phillip Bay, Port Botany and parts of Eastlakes. Maroubra is one of three current electorates in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly to have been held by two Premiers of New South Wales while in office. Both Premiers Bob Heffron and Bob Carr have held Maroubra while in office, the other two electorates being Wollondilly and Ku-ring-gai. Maroubra has always been a safe seat for the Labor Party, it has had one of the fewest turnover of members of current seats in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly, with just four members in over 60 years - equal with the electorates of Lake Macquarie and Wagga Wagga

Leigh McCullough

Leigh McCullough was an American psychotherapist and pioneer of short-term dynamic psychotherapy. Her treatment model focused on the learned fears of experiencing certain emotions, or what she called affect phobias; this is an exceptionally clear and useful reformulation of psychodynamic conflicts in behavioral terms. For example, in case of a psychodynamic conflict between anger and anxiety, thus in McCullough's reformulation and anxiety do not stand against each other, as in an interpersonal conflict, but rather: anger activates anxiety, which activates some defence mechanisms to avoid or inhibit the activation of anger. In terms of Freud's Id, ego and super-ego, the Id activates the super-ego, which activates the ego defences against the id. McCullough's reformulation of psychodynamic conflicts in terms of phobia both clarifies the therapeutic focus and suggests the intrapsychical change mechanism. Treatment of affect phobias progresses to the exposure technique of behavioral therapies, with the difference that affects could be viewed as an internal phobia instead of external phobias such as fear of spiders or heights.

Thus therapy should expose the patient to the activation of her anger, the change mechanism is desensitization of anger activation. McCullough was an associate clinical professor at Harvard Medical School, director of the Psychotherapy Research Program at Harvard's Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, a visiting professor at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, she was the 1996 Voorhees Distinguished Professor at the Menninger Clinic and received the 1996 Michael Franz Basch Award from the Silvan Tomkins Institute for her contributions to the exploration of affect in psychotherapy. Dr. McCullough was on the editorial board of the journal Psychotherapy Research and of the Journal of Brief Therapy, conducted training seminars in the Affect Phobia model worldwide. Leigh McCullough died on June 7, 2012 in Boston. At the time of her death she had been married to John Roosevelt Boettiger. McCullough was survived by her husband, two children and her two brothers. McCullough Vaillant, Leigh.

Changing Character: Short-Term Anxiety-Regulating Psychotherapy for Restructuring Defenses and Attachment. BasicBooks. McCullough, Leigh et al.. Treating Affect Phobia: A Manual for Short-Term Dynamic Psychotherapy. David Malan Intensive short-term dynamic psychotherapy. Silvan Tomkins

Boleyn Ground

The Boleyn Ground referred to as Upton Park, was a football stadium located in Upton Park, east London. It was the home of West Ham United from 1904 until 2016; the stadium was briefly used by Charlton Athletic in the early 1990s during their years of financial difficulty. The seating capacity of the ground at closure was 35,016. From the 2016–17 season, West Ham United have played their home matches at the London Stadium in nearby Stratford; the last first-class match played at the Boleyn Ground was on 10 May 2016, a 3–2 West Ham United win in the Premier League against Manchester United. The stadium was demolished in 2016 to make way for a new development. West Ham United took up tenancy of the Boleyn Ground from local club Boleyn Castle in 1904, after the two clubs amalgamated. West Ham rented Green Street House and grounds in East Ham from the Roman Catholic Church from around 1912. Green Street House was known locally as Boleyn Castle because of its imposing nature and an association with Anne Boleyn, who had either stayed at or, as some believe, owned the house.

Hence the ground became known as the Boleyn Ground. The ground was often referred to as Upton Park, after the Upton Park, London area where it is located. In August 1944, a V-1 flying bomb fell on the south-west corner of the pitch; this forced West Ham to play its matches at other grounds while repairs were undertaken, but it did not affect performances as West Ham managed nine consecutive victories. Upon their return to the ground in December 1944, they lost 1–0 to Tottenham Hotspur. By 1990, West Ham were required to convert Upton Park into an all-seater stadium for the 1994-95 season in order to comply with the requirements of the Taylor Report; the first stage of the redevelopment came in 1993, when the South Bank was replaced by a 9,000 seat, two-tier stand named in honour of former captain Bobby Moore, who had died earlier that year. The stand incorporated executive boxes as well as a digital clock; the North Bank was demolished in 1994 and a new 6,000 seat, two-tier stand named the "Centenary Stand" was opened on its site the following year.

The East Stand Lower was converted into an all-seater stand. The final change came in 2000, when the West Stand was replaced by a 15,000 seat, two-tier stand named the "Dr. Martens Stand"; the stand incorporated executive boxes on two levels as well as the West Ham United Hotel. This gave the stadium a 35,000 all-seater capacity. There were plans to increase the capacity to 40,500 through the building of a new larger East Stand, that would have used the spare space created when the Doctor Martens stand was built further West than the old West Stand. However, these plans never came to fruition. Through 2006, talk was rife of West Ham moving to the Olympic Stadium after the 2012 Summer Olympics, with speculation increasing after new club chairman Eggert Magnusson confirmed he was interested in a move there. However, talks broke down between the club and the Olympic Committee after it was announced the Stadium would be reduced to a 25,000 capacity all-seater after the Olympic Games, 10,000 less than the Boleyn Ground's capacity, the stadium would be keeping its running track, leaving supporters further from the pitch and affecting the atmosphere within the stadium.

Rumours suggested West Ham might move to a new stadium at the Parcelforce depot near to West Ham Underground/mainline station instead. Indeed, on 7 November 2007, Mayor of London Ken Livingstone announced a new site had been identified for West Ham's new stadium. However, in 2009, club CEO Scott Duxbury announced West Ham had obtained planning permission to expand the East Stand. In 2010, new club owners David Gold and David Sullivan announced West Ham would move to the Olympic Stadium after the 2012 Olympics after all. On 23 March 2010, the club announced it was working on a joint bid with Newham London Borough Council to move into the Olympic Stadium. On 30 September 2010, the club formally submitted its bid for the Olympic Stadium with a presentation at 10 Downing Street, the world's largest live entertainment company Live Nation endorsed the club's Olympic Stadium plans on 8 October 2010. Three days after Live Nation's endorsement UK Athletics confirmed its formal support for West Ham United and Newham Council in their joint bid to take over the Olympic Stadium in legacy mode.

In November 2010, West Ham commenced a search for potential developers for "informal discussions" about what would happen to the ground if it did take over the Olympic Stadium after the 2012 Games. On 11 February 2011, the Olympic Park Legacy Committee selected West Ham as the preferred club to move into the Olympic Stadium after the 2012 Games; the decision, in favour of West Ham's bid, was unanimous. On 3 March 2011, West Ham United's proposed move to the Olympic Stadium was approved by the British government and London mayor Boris Johnson. Due to ongoing legal challenges to the arrangement by Tottenham Hotspur and Leyton Orient, the deal to sell the Olympic Stadium to West Ham collapsed on 11 October 2011, West Ham announced plans to become tenants of the stadium and on 22 March 2013 after months of voting and negotiations, West Ham won the Olympic Stadium bidding. West Ham were hoped to move there in time for the 2016 -- 17 season. In February 2014, West Ham announced the sale of the Boleyn Ground to the development company the Galliard Group, to be effected once the move to the Olympic Stadium was complete.

When the Premier League fixtures were drawn-up at the start of the 2015–16 Premier League season, Swansea City were planned to be West Ham's final opponents at the Boleyn Ground, on 7 May 2016. However, due to Manchester United's involvement in

U.S. Sugar

U. S. Sugar Corporation is a owned agricultural business based in Clewiston, Florida; the company farms over 230,000 acres of land in the counties of Hendry and Palm Beach. It is the largest producer of sugar cane in the United States by volume, producing over 700,000 tonnes per year; the company is a large producer of refined sugar, sweet corn and oranges. U. S. Sugar is considered in South Florida along with Florida Crystals and the 54-member Sugar Cane Growers Cooperative of Florida as Big Sugar; the company is one of the largest job providers in the Glades region of Florida, employing more than 2,500. In 1931, industrialist and philanthropist Charles Stewart Mott purchased assets near Clewiston, Florida from a 1920s bankrupt sugarcane company, Southern Sugar Company, to form the United States Sugar Corporation. In the 1940s, U. S. Sugar was charged with slavery violation. Mott transferred shares to his Charles Stewart Mott Foundation. In 1969 with a law passed limiting private family foundations could hold of a corporation, the foundation gave a large number of shares to the Mott Children's Health Center, a Flint charitable medical organization founded in 1939, to be below the 35% limit.

In 1962, the company opened the Bryant Sugar House, which at the time was the largest and most advanced sugarcane processing mill in the world. The mill had a capacity of 5,000 tons of sugarcane per day. After C. S. Mott died in 1973, C. S. Harding Mott, his son, took over as chairman of the corporation. With sugar at 60 cents a pound in the 1970s and purchasers switching to corn syrup, the company expanded into other areas of farming including cattle and vegetables. In 1980, U. S. acquired South Bay Growers. South Bay Growers produced 13% of the US's leafy vegetables growing lettuce and others. In late 1985, U. S. Sugar began planting orange trees. In 1983, the company formed an Employee stock ownership plan in an attempt to go private. U. S. Sugar borrowed millions in long-term debt to create the ESOP; some shareholders did not sell out believing the price per share to be too low triggering a class action law suit. The ESOP and Mott group of owners in October 1987 offered $80 per share for the other 110,000 voting shares held by 500 public shareholders.

This reduced its reporting costs. Most of South Bay Growers was closed down on September 4, 1994 after four out of five prior years of losses including 10 million in 1994. South Bay's salad processing plant with customers like McDonald's and Burger King and 146 employees would continue to operate while seeking new ownership. Big sugar moved in the early 1990s to mechanical cane harvesters; the displaced cane field workers filed a class action lawsuit in which the company paid $5 million plus in 1998. In 2004, U. S. Sugar laid off workers, its Bryant mill was closed in 2007. In February 2008, the corporation, CEO Robert Buker, Chairman William S. White and his family and Charles Stewart Mott Foundation were sued by employees claiming that they were not getting full value for the ESOP stock given two bids for the company stock for amounts more than ESOP redemption were offered by outside parties. Employees alleged that the Gaylor Lawrence family agro-conglomerate offered $293 per share for the company twice, once in August 2005 and in January 2007.

US Sugar president was terminated and paid hush money to hide the offer. At the time, share redemption was from $193 to $200. On 24 June 2008, Florida's Governor, Charlie Crist, announced the state was in negotiations to buy 187,000 acres of land and all of its manufacturing and production facilities for an estimated $1.7 billion from the company as part of the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan. Under the proposals, the company would continue to farm the land for the next six years and convert the land back to its original natural marshland state. In November 2008, the agreement was revised to offer $1.34 billion, allowing sugar mills in Clewiston to remain in production. Critics of the revised plan say that it ensures sugarcane will be grown in the Everglades for at least another decade. In October 2010 the company sold 26,800 acres of land to the South Florida Water Management District for the "River of Grass" Restoration Project. U. S. Sugar powers its facilities with renewable resources – the residual sugarcane fiber after juice is extracted, known as bagasse.

Bagasse is a fibrous biofuel that results from the sugarcane extraction process. Every ton of bagasse powers the equivalent of 50 gallons of fuel oil. A boiler produces steam during the milling process by burning bagasse. Steam is co-generated into electricity on-site. In essence, each year's cane crop provides power for both the sugar factory and U. S. Sugar's refinery operations. U. S. Sugar's farmers have been integral to the success of sending cleaner water to the Everglades since 1994; the company, along with other Glades-area farmers, worked with the University of Florida's Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences to develop soil and water cleansing techniques called best management practices. These techniques include holding farm runoff on company property, laser leveling fields, the growth of foliage along drainage canals bordering farms to help absorb nutrients; the BMP program has helped to yield tremendous success. According to the South Florida Management District, in 2017, Everglades Agricultural Area farmers achieved a 70 percent annual reduction in phosphorus – nearly three times higher than the 25 percent required by the 1994 Everglades Forever Act.

Additionally, more than 95 percent of the Everglades is meeting the stringent 10 parts per billion clean water standard for phosphorus. Despite claims made by environmental activists over air quality, according to the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation