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Telecommunications in Mauritius

Telecommunications had an early beginning in Mauritius, with the first telephone line installed in 1883, seven years after the invention of the telephone. Over the years, the network and telephony improved. By the late 20th century, the rapid development and convergence of information and telecommunications technologies gave rise to an ICT industry on the island along with many incentives provided by the government; the government thus aims to make the ICT sector the 5th pillar of the Mauritian economy and Mauritius a Cyber Island. The country is known for tourism, rather than its call centers and business process outsourcing. In 1883, basic telephony was introduced in Mauritius, only seven years after the invention of the telephone; the first telephone line was set up between the Colony Governor's residence in Reduit and Government House in Port Louis. The telephone network was maintained by the Electricity and Telephone Department till 1956. From that date, the telecommunications department took that responsibility.

In 1893, Mauritius was linked to Seychelles and Zanzibar via a submarine telegraphic cable followed by Rodrigues in 1901 by the Eastern and South African Telegraph Company.. The transmission rate of the telegraphic service was 15 words per minute, a historical revolution in those days. Before the independence of the country and till 1985, international communications were managed by Cable & Wireless, a private British company. From 1985, Overseas Telecommunications Services, which subsequently became Mauritius Telecom Limited took over; the Central Information Systems Division known as Data Processing Division, was created in 1971. The CISD nowadays is responsible for government payroll IT systems, government email, maintenance of all government/departmental websites and technical support. In 1987, a second standard B earth station and a domestic satellite network were installed with Rodrigues and the Outer Islands; that same year, a X.25 Packet Switched data exchange was installed. In July 1988, the state-owned Department of Telecommunications was privatised to become the Mauritius Telecommunications Services.

With privatisation and international activities were merged to form Mauritius Telecom Ltd. The 1988 Telecommunications Act established the legal framework to cater for telecom services in a state-owned monopoly; the National Computer Board was set up in 1988 by the National Board Act to advise the Government on the formulation of national policies for the development of the IT sector and promote an IT culture in the country. In 1989, the Central Informatics Bureau was created whose main functions were to plan and coordinate computerization within the Civil Service; the State Informatics Limited was set up in 1989 to help in the computerization of the Civil Service.in 1992, the Prime Minister of Mauritius said that he was opposed to opening the hertzian waves to foreign television, that his government "would not accord this liberty to foreigners". By 1997, the Ministry of Information and Telecommunications was created to formulate and implement policies regarding the development of the ICT sector.

The CISD and CIB became departments within this new ministry. However, following the General Agreement on Trade in Services at the WTO, the 1988 Telecommunications Act was replaced with by the Telecommunications Act of 1998 which provided the legal framework to enable the emergence of a free and democratised telecommunications market on the island; this act created the Mauritius Telecommunications Authority as a regulatory body for the telecommunications sector. With the development of Information and Communications Technologies, the Telecommunications Act of 1998 was replaced by the Information and Communication Technologies Act of 2001; the MTA was subsequently replaced by Communication Technologies Authority. In 2007, the Information and Communication Technologies Authority directed internet service providers to block access to Facebook. In 2009, the Information and Communication Technologies Authority rejected an application from Outremer Telecom for a cellular telephony licence. In 2014, the Commercial Division of the Supreme Court ordered Data Communication Ltd to pay to the Information and Communication Technologies Authority the sum of Rs 20,672,135.80 inclusive of surcharges for late payment, with costs.

Telephones - main lines in use: 372,200 Telephones - mobile cellular: 1,652,000 Telephone system: small system with good service domestic: microwave radio relay trunk system international: country code - 230. Mauritius has several operators like Mauritius Telecom, Mahanagar Telephone Mauritius Limited & Emtel; each operator uses a different technology to provide Internet access. Nomad makes use of WiMAX, MTML uses CDMA2000 and Emtel uses HSDPA; the monopoly is retained by Mauritius Telecom which provides dial-up & ADSL services over existing telephone lines. In 2007, the government took down Facebook for a day. There is a National Cyber Security Strategy for the government to set u

Baojun 630

The Baojun 630 is a Small family car/compact four-door notchback sedan and was the first car produced by Baojun. The 630 is manufactured in Liuzhou, China, it was launched at the 2011 Shanghai Auto Show, went on sale in August 2011. A five-door hatchback derivative called the 610 was added to the range in April 2014; the car was developed at the SAIC-GM Pan Asia Technical Automotive Center in Shanghai. While not visually similar to other GM cars, it has been suggested that the 630 and 610 is based on the Buick Excelle/Daewoo Lacetti platform. In 2014, the car debuted in Algeria as the Chevrolet Optra. A facelifted version was revealed for the first time in December 2015, featuring a revised front end, a more important redesigned rear end, with larger tail lamps, a reworked dashboard; the 630 is powered by a 1.5-litre 4-cylinder 109 bhp 1.5-litre engine producing 146 N⋅m and mated to a five-speed transmission. A 1.8-litre version, producing 141 bhp and 177 N⋅m was added to the range in November 2012.

It can be equipped with front airbags, ABS with EBD, leather seats, power windows, remote central locking, air conditioning, trip computer, a CD player and rear parking sensors. The Baojun 630 is using pull-out door handles, similar to the facelifted Daewoo Lacetti. Official website

Alfredo Cariello

Alfredo Cariello is an Italian footballer Cariello started his career at Salernitana Calcio 1919, one of the largest club in Campania, just behind S. S. C. Napoli, he was loaned to Nocerina and Savoia in Campania. He joined Taranto and Giulianova on January 2003, he was spotted by Chievo in January 2004, which the club keen on signing players in lower league and loaned out to ensure there was good players in squad when relegated. He was loan back to Giulianova for the rest of 2003–04 season, he played for Frosinone Calcio in second half of 2004-05 season, played his first Serie A season at Ascoli in 2005-06 along with Francesco Carbone, in co-ownership deal with Chievo for €500 and €20,000 respectively. Chievo bought back both players for an undisclosed fee. On 26 August 2006, he was sold to F. C. Crotone in co-ownership deal, for €50,000 but bought back by Chievo in June 2007 for around €4,000. Cariello was sold to Frosinone in another co-ownership bid on 6 July 2007, Chievo acquired half of the "card" of Gennaro Troianiello as part of the deal.

Both players were valued €360,000, thus 50% registration rights "worth" €180,000 each. Cariello picked no.11 as his shirt number. In June 2008 Cariello joined Frosinone outright for another €180,000. In 2011 Cariello left for Lega Pro Seconda Divisione club Turris Neapolis. In 2012, he left for Serie D club Pomigliano. AIC profile La Gazzetta dello Sport profile

Onimar Synn

Onimar Synn is a fictional extraterrestrial demon, a comic book character published by DC Comics. He first appeared in JSA #23, was created by David S. Goyer, Geoff Johns, Stephen Sadowski. According to legend, Thanagar was plagued by seven devils at the dawn of its history. None was more feared than Onimar Synn, he was defeated by the legendary hero Kalmoran and imprisoned in a vault of Nth Metal where he would remain for millennia. Countless years Thanagar grows powerful during his imprisonment, but is devastated in a war with the Tormocks. During the rebuilding, Synn slaughters the ruling high council, he sets about taking over the planet by gaining control over as much Nth Metal as possible. Through the metal's psychoreactive properties, Synn gains control over not just a unique metal, but the planet's racial memories as well. Synn is opposed by the Hierophants, rebels made up of native Thanagarians as well as races that Thanagar had conquered over time. Transporting Kendra Saunders to their planet, she brings Hawkman back from the dead.

Armed with a Nth metal gauntlet, the "Claw of Horus," Hawkman and the JSA battle Synn's zombified soldiers. However, the heroes are overwhelmed and captured; the team breaks free and faces Onimar Synn in gigantic form. Pulling Nth metal from all around to add to his size, Synn is so large that Atom Smasher struggles to match his height, his new control over the fundamental forces of the universe allowing him to disable the rest of the Justice Society, such as using his command of electromagnetism to negate the Flash's frictionless aura that protects him from sustaining damage at top speed, or severing the bonds that hold Sand's atoms together; however and Hawkgirl are able to defeat him by coming together and acknowledging their love. Their souls are so strong. Onimar Synn returns during the Rann/Thanagar War. Aided by worshippers, he renews his plans of conquest. However, he is defeated by a coalition of heroes and split into seven parts, each transported to the center of a separate sun so that he might never reform again.

Onimar Synn is seen during DC Rebirth ruling Thanagar alongside Starro in Dark Nights: Metal. Onimar Synn is an extreterrestial demon; those he kills this way are resurrected as zombie like soldiers. Synn has incredible durability, he is able to withstand blows from the likes of Black Adam with no visible damage as well as hit hard enough to hurt him and send him flying. If his body is split, the parts will rejoin. Being as old as Thanagar itself, Synn has ancient knowledge on. Known for its anti-gravity abilities, he was able to use Nth metal to affect electromagnetism, strong force, weak force, allowing him to, among other feats, disperse Sand by disrupting his ability to keep himself together, hurl Black Adam into space with his control of gravity, negate the Flash's protective aura that prevented him being burned by the Speed Force, he can produce a psychic backlash with it. DCU Guide: Onimar Synn DCU Guide: JSA #23

Redline Racer

Redline Racer is a racing game, developed by Criterion Games and published by Ubisoft. The player starts every race from the last position. There are three tracks and three bikes to choose from at first, with more becoming available as the player wins the races on each of the tracks; the player can choose the team that the racer belongs to, as well as the racer's sex. All the tracks are set in different environments: a canyon, a tropical island without a highway, an area full of orchards, etc. A race lasts for three laps. Next Generation reviewed the PC version of the game, rating it three stars out of five, stated that "it is just another average racing game with which to pass the time, it is a shame because Redline Racer does look good."The game received "average" reviews according to the review aggregation website GameRankings. The PC version of Suzuki Alstare Extreme Racing received "mixed" reviews according to the review aggregation website Metacritic. In Japan, where the Dreamcast version was released first under the name Redline Racer on 29 April 1999, Famitsu gave it a score of 26 out of 40.

Jeff Lundrigan reviewed the Dreamcast version of the game for Next Generation, rating it one star out of five, stated that "'Extreme'? Who are you trying to kid?" Suzuki TT Superbikes Redline Racer at MobyGames Suzuki Alstare Extreme Racing at MobyGames

Norman Anderson (missionary)

Sir James Norman Dalrymple Anderson was an English lawyer and Arabist. Anderson was born in Suffolk, he was educated at St Lawrence College, Ramsgate and went to Trinity College, where he obtained a B. A. in 1930 and a LL. B. in 1931 with a triple first. He went to Egypt in 1932 where he spent 8 years as a missionary, learning Arabic at the American University in Cairo. In 1939, he served with the British Army and in 1940 he was made Arab Liaison Officer for the Libyan Arab Force. After the war he became Political Officer for Sanusi affairs and the Secretary for Arab Affairs in the General Headquarters Middle East, he was awarded the MBE and in 1943, the OBE. in 1945, was appointed a Queen's Counsel in 1974 and was knighted in 1975. He lectured on Islamic Law for three years at Cambridge and from 1947 to 1971 he taught at SOAS, being appointed Professor of Oriental Laws in the University of London in 1954, he was the head of the Department of Law, School of Oriental and African Studies, London 1953-71.

He died in Cambridge in 1994. His son Hugh R. D. Anderson was a President of the Cambridge Union Society while he was at Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1969. Anderson's research on Islamic law broke new ground in Britain through its focus on modern legal codes in the Middle East and Africa. Anderson highlighted the hybrid mixture of Western and Islamic concepts which such codes adopted and which he believed would characterize future legal reforms. Throughout his writings he expressed concerns about the morality and practicality of certain rules and stipulations in the vast corpus of classical Islamic law; because of his expertise in Islamic law, Anderson became a sought-after witness in legal cases, adviser to the Colonial Office and Foreign Office, consultant to non-Western governments. Anderson played a signal role in the transformation of conservative evangelicalism in England after the Second World War, encouraging the re-engagement of evangelicals with culture, society and ecumenism, he warned against cultural imperialism and argued for the compatibility of proclamation and dialogue.

His interest in missionary work never abated and he served as president or chairman of a number of societies including the Bible Churchmen's Missionary Society and the Middle East General Mission. Anderson was a prominent evangelical layman in the Church of England serving as the first chairman of the House of Laity of the General Synod from 1970-1979. In this role he helped to secure a compromise agreement with the Prime Minister that guaranteed the church a greater degree of independence from the state in the choice of its bishops. Anderson wrote and edited a number of books on Christian theology, comparative law and comparative religion, including: The Evidence for the Resurrection, The World's Religions, Islamic Law in Africa, Islamic Law in the Modern World, Changing Law in Developing Countries, Family Law in Asia and Africa, Into the World: The Need and Limits of Christian Involvement, Christianity: the Witness of History - A Lawyer's Approach and Comparative Religion, Morality and Grace, Law Reform in the Muslim World, Liberty and Justice, The Mystery of the Incarnation, God's Law and God's Love: An Essay in Comparative Religion and World Religions: The Challenge of Pluralism, An Adopted Son: The Story of My Life, Freedom Under Law, Islam in the Modern World: a Christian Perspective, Bibliography Thompson, Todd M. “Anderson, Sir Norman Dalrymple.”

In Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Online ed. edited by Lawrence Goldman. Oxford: OUP, October 2008. Http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/54706. Thompson, Todd. Norman Anderson and the Christian Mission to Modernize Islam, Hurst Pub.. Islamic studies Islamic jurisprudence Death and Resurrection of Jesus Comparative religion