click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Telecommunications in Singapore

The telecommunication infrastructure of Singapore spans the entire city-state. Its development level is high, with close accessibility to the infrastructure from nearly all inhabited parts of the island and for all of the population, with exceptions. Today, the country is considered an international telecommunications hub, an achievement, driven by Singapore's view that high-quality telecommunications is one of the critical factors that support its economic growth. After reform initiatives, the Singaporean telecommunication industry became streamlined and directed by the government, which viewed such policy as critical in shaping societal preferences and in directing the state's economy. Being able to provide adequate telecommunications services is critical when approached from the perspective that Singapore's legitimacy as a state rests on its capability to deliver a high standard of living to its citizens. Hence, beginning in the 1970s, the state pursued a three-phase strategy oriented towards developing world-class telecommunications infrastructure capable of high-quality telecommunications services.

The first phase involved the expansion of infrastructure to meet societal needs. The second phase involved the integration of telecommunications to the over-all state strategy in the area of services for banking, financial services, tourism with the goal of tapping telecommunications in ensuring the competitive advantage for Singapore; the National Computer Board was formed during this period for the purpose of developing and adopting IT applications. In 1986, this agency issued Singapore's comprehensive National Information Technology Plan. By the late 1980s, the third phase commenced and it focused on bolstering Singapore's international role as well as the IT 2000, an ambitious plan to encourage new multimedia services, articulated in the promotion of Singapore as "an intelligent island"; the government's role in the telecommunication industry is best demonstrated in the case of Singtel, which the state controls through its investment company Temasek Holdings Private Limited. Singtel does not only roll out affordable but high-quality telecommunication services to the city's residents but it pursues initiatives that will attract overseas companies to invest in the country.

Radio and television stations are all government-owned entities. All eight television channels are owned by MediaCorp. Due to the proximity of Singapore to Malaysia and Indonesia all radios and television sets in Singapore can pick up broadcast signals from both countries. Private ownership of satellite dishes is banned, but most households have access to the StarHub TV and the Singtel IPTV TV network; as of 1997, there were 1.3 million televisions in Singapore. All radio stations are operated either by MediaCorp, the SAFRA National Service Association or SPH UnionWorks; as of 1997, there were 2.5 million radios in Singapore. The print media is dominated by Singapore Press Holdings and MediaCorp. Singapore Press Holdings publishes flagship newspaper The Straits Times. Daily newspapers are published in English, Chinese and Tamil; as of 1998, there were 55 million phone lines in Singapore, close to 47 million of which served other telecommunication devices like computers and facsimile machines. Underwater telephone cables have been laid that lead to the Philippines and Indonesia.

As of Jan 2018, there are four cellular phone operators in Singapore serving more than 6.4 million cellular phones. As for internet facilities, as of 2009, there are four major internet service providers in Singapore. By February 2009, there were more than 4.8 million broadband users in Singapore. However, due to the small market and possible market collusion, there have been rising concerns that various ISPs' telecommunication infrastructures being under-utilised. In July 2015, Liberty Wireless signed an agreement with M1 Limited that allows it to tap on M1's mobile network; this will enable Liberty Wireless to provide voice and data services to customers. Telephones – fixed line: Total Fixed Line Subscriptions: 2,000,100 Fixed Line Population Penetration: 35.6% Telephones – mobile market: Total Mobile Subscriptions: 8,464,400 Mobile Population Penetration: 147.3% Operators: 4 MNOs Singtel StarHub M1 TPG Telecom 7 MVNOs Circles. Life Zero1 Zero Mobile MyRepublic Mobile Grid Mobile redOne VIVIFI 1 niche GRID Communications Telephone system: Excellent domestic facilities.

Julián Delmás

Julián Javier Delmás Germán is a Spanish professional footballer who plays for Real Zaragoza as a right back. Delmás played youth football with Real Zaragoza. In 2014 he was loaned to Tercera División side Villanueva CF, making his senior debut with the club during the season. Delmás returned to Zaragoza in July 2015, being assigned to the reserves in the fourth level. On 6 June 2017, he renewed his contract until 2021 and was promoted to the main squad ahead of the 2017–18 season. Delmás made his professional debut on 18 August 2017, starting in a 0–1 away loss against CD Tenerife for the Segunda División championship. Julián Delmás at La Preferente Julián Delmás at Soccerway

Maseru branch line

The Maseru branch line is a 26-kilometre railway line that connects Maseru, the capital of Lesotho, to the railway network of South Africa. It branches from the Bloemfontein–Bethlehem line at Marseilles, Free State, runs in a south-easterly direction for 24 kilometres to the Caledon River. After crossing the river, which serves as the border with Lesotho, the line runs for 1.6 kilometres through an industrial area of Maseru, serving the city's station and various factories and depots. The line is owned by Transnet Freight Rail of South Africa. Construction on the Bloemfontein–Bethlehem railway line, intended to link the Orange River Colony with the port of Durban, began in 1902 under the direction of the Central South African Railways. By June 1904 it was open from Bloemfontein as far as Modderpoort. In order to make the line viable, it was desired that it should serve Maseru, but for the sake of economy it was decided to build the main line along a shorter route and connect Maseru by a branch line.

The line from Marseilles to Maseru, including a new bridge over the Caledon River, was opened on 18 December 1905. History of rail transport in Lesotho Rail transport in Lesotho Boonzaaier, J. N. C. Tracks Across the Veld. p. 245. ISBN 978-0-620-41711-2. Media related to Rail transport in Lesotho at Wikimedia Commons

Steve Largent

Stephen Michael Largent is an American former football player, enshrined in the Pro Football Hall of Fame, a former Republican politician, having served in the U. S. House of Representatives for Oklahoma, from 1994 until 2002. Prior to his political career, Largent was a wide receiver for the Seattle Seahawks in the National Football League for his entire 14-season professional football career, he held several all-time receiving records. In 1974 at the University of Tulsa, Largent had 14 touchdown catches. In 1975, he had 51 catches for 14 touchdown catches. Despite an All-American career at Tulsa, Largent was not selected until the fourth round of the 1976 NFL Draft by the Houston Oilers. After four preseason games, he was slated to be cut, but was instead traded to the expansion Seattle Seahawks for a 1977 eighth-round pick. According to Largent, Bum Phillips called him into his office and told Largent he had all the receivers they needed, that Houston would be releasing him. Largent feared. Largent spent 14 years with the Seahawks, while not fast, was sure-handed.

He became the first Seahawk selected to the Pro Bowl in 1978, was selected six more times during his career. In 1979 he led the league in receiving yards with 1,237, six years did it again with 1,287 in 1985. In 1987, Largent ended his participation in the NFLPA strike after the third and final week of the strike. With the retirement of Charlie Joiner the previous year, Largent became the NFL's active leader in career receiving yards, retaining that lead until his retirement in 1989, he broke Joiner's all-time record for receiving yards in Week 3 of 1988. In 1989, Largent became the first Seahawks player to win the Steve Largent Award for his spirit and integrity. During his playing career Largent was given the nickname Yoda for his ability to catch anything thrown at him; when Largent retired, he held all major NFL receiving records, including: most receptions in a career, most receiving yards in a career, most touchdown receptions. He was in possession of a then-record streak of 177 consecutive regular-season games with a reception.

He holds the distinction as the first receiver in NFL history to achieve 100 touchdown receptions in his career. Largent was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in his first year of eligibility. In 1999, he was ranked number 46 on The Sporting News list of the 100 Greatest Football Players, the only Seahawk to make the list, his #80 was retired in 1992. During Jerry Rice's stint with the Seahawks in 2004, Largent's #80 was temporarily "unretired" after a conversation between Rice and Largent, initiated by Seahawks president Bob Whitsitt. Largent remains the most prolific receiver in team history. On October 26, 2008, Largent's University of Tulsa #83 was retired. In 1994, Oklahoma's 1st District Congressman Jim Inhofe resigned to run in a special election to succeed Senator David Boren. Largent won the election to succeed Inhofe in Congress. Largent took office on November 29, 1994 and was reelected to the three succeeding Congresses, never winning less than 60 percent of the vote in the Republican Tulsa-based district.

Like many in the Republican freshman class elected in 1994, when the Republicans took control of the House for the first time in 40 years, Largent's voting record was solidly conservative. Largent was one of the "true believers" in that freshman class, devoting most of his time to issues important to the conservative Christians. One of his first bills was a "parental rights" bill that died in committee after it attracted opposition from other Christian conservatives. Another of his bills would have abolished the federal tax code at the end of 2001, he opposed ending the 1995 federal government shutdown and played a role in the failed attempt to oust Newt Gingrich as Speaker. Largent introduced a bill that would ban adoptions by gay and lesbian parents in Washington, D. C, he was accused of being anti-Catholic due to his line of questioning of a House of Representatives chaplain in 2000, though he denied this. After the Republicans lost five seats in the 1998 midterm elections, Largent tried to take advantage of discontent with Majority Leader Dick Armey by challenging Armey for the post.

Although Armey was not popular in the Republican caucus, Largent was thought to be far too conservative for the liking of some moderate Republicans, Armey won on the third ballot. However, when Bob Livingston of Louisiana stood down as Speaker-elect, Armey was still too wounded to make a bid for the job. Largent decided to run for Governor of Oklahoma in 2002, he won the Republican nomination and resigned his House seat on February 15 to devote his energy to the race. Seen as an overwhelming favorite against Democratic state senator Brad Henry, Largent lost to Henry by just under 7,000 votes. Largent's loss has been attributed by analysts to factors that included: The presence of a well-funded independent on the general election ballot.

Armenian Border Guard

The Armenian Border Guard is the branch of the Armed Forces of Armenia, responsible for monitoring and guarding Armenia's borders with neighbors Turkey, Azerbaijan and Georgia. The border guard works in conjunction with a Russian military contingent stationed in Armenia and headquartered at the 102nd Military Base in Gyumri; the border guard was subordinated to the Ministry of Defence when it was established on 28 January 1992, but in 2004 it was transferred to the jurisdiction of the Ministry of National Security and Internal Affairs. As of 2013, the Ministry of National Security and Internal Affairs was said to have at its disposal 5 BMD-1s, 35 BMP-1s, 3 BRM-1Ks, 5 BTR-60s, 18 BTR-70s. Armed Forces of Armenia Armenian Army Armenian Air Force Armenian Air Defense

Packed!

Packed! is the fifth album by rock group The Pretenders, released in 1990. Besides band leader Chrissie Hynde, no other person is pictured anywhere within the album package. At the time the album was recorded, the only other remaining official member from the band's previous album was drummer Blair Cunningham, who plays on all tracks, though he is not credited as part of the band; as all other musicians appearing on the album are session musicians, the album can be argued to be de facto solo album by Hynde, only using the Pretenders name to satisfy contractual obligations. However, the lineup that recorded the album has some consistency with past studio lineups of the band: Guitarist Billy Bremner, who had played with the band as a session musician on their "Back on the Chain Gang"/"My City Was Gone" single, appears on most of the tracks, as does bassist John McKenzie, who had played some bass on the band's previous album, Get Close. All songs by Chrissie Hynde, except where noted. "Never Do That" – 3:20 "Let's Make a Pact" – 3:18 "Millionaires" – 3:04 "May This Be Love" – 2:43 "No Guarantee" – 3:47 "When Will I See You" – 4:53 "Sense of Purpose" – 3:03 "Downtown" – 2:43 "How Do I Miss You" – 4:21 "Hold a Candle to This" – 3:37 "Criminal" – 3:49 Chrissie Hynde – guitar, backing vocals Additional personnel Blair Cunningham – drums, backing vocals John McKenzie – bass guitar, backing vocals Billy Bremner – guitar, backing vocals Tchad Blake – guitar Mitchell Froomkeyboards Dominic Miller – guitar, bass guitar, backing vocals David Rhodes – guitar Tim Finn – backing vocals Mark Hart – backing vocals Will MacGregor – bass guitar, backing vocals Teo Miller – backing vocals Tony "Gad" Robinson – bass guitar, backing vocals Duane Delano Verh – bass guitar Adey Wilson – backing vocals Technical Tchad Blake – engineer Geoff Foster, Rob Jaczko, Teo Miller – studio assistants Jill Furmanovsky – photography