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Telecommunications in Zambia

Telecommunications in Zambia includes radio, television and mobile telephones, the Internet. The state-owned Zambia National Broadcasting Corporation operates three radio networks. Two dozen private radio stations are operating. Relays of at least two international broadcasters are accessible in Kitwe. ZNBC operates one television station, is the principal local-content provider. There is several private TV stations. Multi-channel subscription TV services are available. Calling code: +260 International call prefix: 00 Main lines: 82,500 lines in use, 150th in the world. Mobile cellular: 10.5 million lines, 76th in the world. Satellite earth stations: 2 Intelsat, 3 owned by Zamtel. Facilities are among the best in sub-Saharan Africa. High-capacity microwave radio relay connects most larger cities. Several cellular telephone services are in operation and network coverage is improving. A domestic satellite system is being installed to improve telephone service in rural areas. Small aperture terminal networks are operated by private firms.

Top-level Internet service is available. Internet users: 1.9 million users, 93rd in the world. Fixed broadband: 14,785 subscriptions, 138th in the world. Wireless broadband: 90,643 subscriptions, 121st in the world. Internet hosts: 16,571 hosts, 122nd in the world. IPv4: 162,816 addresses allocated, less than 0.05% of the world total, 6.8 addresses per 1000 people. Internet access is not restricted and individuals and groups express their views via the Internet, however the government threatens to deregister critical online publications and blogs. In October 2012 the government attempted to deregister the blog Zambian Watchdog, but was unsuccessful because the blog was hosted abroad and therefore outside government control; the constitution and law provide for freedom of speech and press, however the government uses provisions contained in the law to restrict these freedoms. The government is sensitive to opposition and other criticism and has been quick to prosecute critics using the legal pretext that they had incited public disorder.

Libel laws are used to suppress the press. The constitution and law prohibit arbitrary interference with privacy, home, or correspondence, but the government does not respect these prohibitions; the law requires a search or arrest warrant before police may enter a home, except during a state of emergency or when police suspect a person has committed an offense such as treason, defamation of the president, or unlawful assembly. Police enter homes without a warrant; the law grants the Drug Enforcement Commission, the Zambia Security Intelligence Service, police authority to monitor communications using wiretaps with a warrant issued on the basis of probable cause, authorities respect this requirement. ZAMNET, service provider and registrar for domain. Zamtel, state-owned telecommunications company. Media in Zambia This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document: "2014 edition"; this article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Department of State.

Zambia National Broadcasting Corporation, website. Zamtel, website. History of Zambian Broadcasting, in the international section of the Old Radio Broadcast Archive, May 2007. ZAMNET, registrar for domain. Dean L. Mulozi. Rural Access: Options and Challenges for Connectivity and Energy in Zambia. International Institute for Communication and Development /eBrain Forum of Zambia. Retrieved 22 January 2014

Sir Roger Burgoyne, 2nd Baronet

Sir Roger Burgoyne, 2nd Baronet was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1641 and 1656. Burgoyne was the son of Sir John Burgoyne, 1st Baronet of Sutton and Wroxall, his wife Jane Kempe, daughter of Julius Kempe, of Spains Hall, Essex, he was baptised at Wroxall on 10 March 1618. He was admitted at Emmanuel College, Cambridge on 22 October 1634 and admitted at Lincoln's Inn on 11 November 1637. In 1641, Burgoyne was elected Member of Parliament for Bedfordshire in the Long Parliament after the sitting MP was raised to the House of Lords, he was knighted on 18 July 1641 He sat in parliament until 1648 when he was excluded under Pride's Purge. In 1656 he was elected MP for Warwickshire in the Second Protectorate Parliament. Burgoyne succeeded to the baronetcy on the death of his father in 1657, he presented Edward Stillingfleet Bishop of Worcester, to the rectory of Sutton, where Stillingfleet wrote his Originas Sacra, when he was a young man. Burgoyne was High Sheriff of Bedfordshire in 1661.

Burgoyne was buried in Sutton church. Burgoyne married Anne Snelling, daughter of Charles Snelling, merchant of London, by whom he had several children, he married secondly Anne Robinson, daughter of John Robinson, of Dighton, Yorkshire, by whom he had further children. He was succeeded in the baronetcy by his son John

Foundling (album)

Foundling is the ninth studio album by English singer-songwriter David Gray. The double album was released on 16 August 2010 in the United Kingdom, on the following day in the United States by Mercer Street/Downtown Records. Foundling was announced after plans for a reissue of his preceding album Draw the Line were cancelled; the re-release was scheduled to include B-sides and unreleased tracks from the Draw the Line sessions, which included "A Moment", "Old Father Time" and "More to Me Now". Described as a "private record," Gray states that he has "never taken the dynamics low as I have done on this record. I had to have faith in understatement -- the things I hold as my strengths. I'm as proud of it as anything I've done." Gray's commercial expectations, are low: "This record is going to disappear off the face of the earth, bar some freak occurrence." Foundling is described as "the closing chapter for Draw The Line, and...needs to be presented in a different way." The album has received mixed to negative reviews.

The Guardian said the album was "nothing new" but "high-quality adult pop." The Daily Telegraph said the album "is unlikely to win Gray new fans but is as rich and heartfelt as admirers have come to expect." The Independent gave the album 2 out of 5 stars and called the album "fairly grim" and "so swaddled in'poetic' obfuscation it's hard to summon enough interest to decode them.", adding that while Foundling is "restrained, graceful," it is "unlikely to repeat White Ladder's success." MusicOMH gave 2 out of 5 stars saying the album "does become wearisome after a while." Drowned in Sound gave Foundling a 6/10 rating, calling it "out of time boring, but is just too competent to lend itself to any fun." The Evening Standard called the album "safe" but Q said Gray is "getting more interesting with each release." Review aggregator AnyDecentMusic? Correlated 10 reviews, resulting in an ADM Rating of 5.7. All tracks are written by David Gray. David Gray – vocals, piano, Wurlitzer, suitcase organ, synth, vox organ Keith Prior – drums, percussion Robbie Malone – bass and electric guitar, harmonium, backing vocals Neill MacColl – acoustic and electric guitars, backing vocals James Hallawell – piano on "Davey Jones' Locker" Iestyn Polson – programming on "Holding On" and bass piano on "Foundling" Caroline Dale – cellos on "Forgetting" Felim Gormley – saxophone on "Foundling" and "We Can Fall in Love Again" Andy Warringtonhurdy-gurdy on "In God's Name" Tim Bradshaw – guitar on "A New Day at Midnight" Dave Nolte – keyboards on "A New Day at Midnight"

Milestones Museum

Milestones Museum of Living History is a museum located on the Leisure Park in Basingstoke, Hampshire, UK. Milestones is made up of a network of streets that have been recreated according to those found in Victorian and 1930s Hampshire, it was opened on 1 December 2000 by Duke of Edinburgh as a joint project between Hampshire County Council and Basingstoke and Deane Borough Council, supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund. In the year running 2007/8 the museum received 88,338 visitors. In 2014, ownership of the Milestones Museum was transferred to the Hampshire Cultural Trust as part of a larger transfer of museums from Hampshire County Council and Winchester City Council. Features include recreations of: a Victorian public house, the Baverstock Arms, named for a 19th-century Alton brewer. A Victorian railway station a Victorian Ironmonger a Victorian watchmaker and jeweller a Victorian terraced house a 1930s town with shops sweet shop toy shop record and television shop There is a large collection of road vehicles, notably by Thornycroft and Taskers of Andover.

These cover examples of horse drawn and motor driven vehicles. These include a fire engine and a showman's caravan. Include two road rollers by Taskers and one by Wallis and Steevens. There is a Taskers Little Giant traction engine displayed with a log trailer. There are some 45 commercial vehicles along with private cars, two generations of motor buses and a trolleybus. Avonside Engine Company 0-6-0ST No. 1572 "Woolmer" built 1910, ex-Longmoor Military Railway, on loan from the National Collection. Great Northern Railway 7-plank open wagon No. 7329 Portsmouth electric tramcar No. 84 Between February and April 2014 the museum hosted an exhibition of LEGO models of extinct animals, constructed by Bright Bricks. In 2018, the exhibition returned. A Victorian themed Christmas Market is held in early December. Milestones website Hampshire Cultural Trust website


Flavonols are a class of flavonoids that have the 3-hydroxyflavone backbone. Their diversity stems from the different positions of the phenolic -OH groups, they are distinct from flavanols such as another class of flavonoids. Flavonols are present in a wide variety of vegetables. In Western populations, estimated daily intake is in the range of 20–50 mg per day for flavonols. Individual intake varies depending on the type of diet consumed; the phenomenon of dual fluorescence is induced by tautomerism of flavonols and could contribute to plant UV protection and flower colour. Besides being a subclass of Flavonoids, flavonols are suggested by a study of cranberry juice to play a role along with proanthocyanidins, in the juice's ability to block bacterial adhesion, demonstrated by the compressing the fimbria of E. coli bacteria in the urinary tract so as to reduce the ability of those bacteria to stay put and initiate an infection. Flavonol aglycones in plants are potent antioxidants that serve to protect the plant from reactive oxygen species.

Flavonoids have effects on CYP activity. Flavonols are inhibitor of CYP2C9 and CYP3A4, which are enzymes that metabolize most drugs in the body. Phenolic compounds in wine Algar-Flynn-Oyamada reaction Media related to Flavonols at Wikimedia Commons


Year 989 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. Emperor Basil II uses his contingent of 6,000 Varangians to help him defeat Bardas Phokas, who suffers a seizure during the siege of Abydos. Phokas dies – ending the revolt and threat to Constantinople. Upon Phokas' death, the other rebel leader Bardas Skleros yields to Basil's superior forces. Summer – Charles, Duke of Lower Lorraine, captures the city of Reims by treachery of its new archbishop, Arnulf. King Hugh I, demands that Pope John XV disciplines Arnulf, but John XV, not wishing to defy Empress Theophanu refuses. Winter – Theophanu arrives with her son, King Otto III in Rome to meet John XV. Crescentius II offers his submission to the Holy Roman Empire, in return for which she confirms his title as patrician of Rome. Council of Charroux: French bishops under the patronage of William IV, duke of Aquitaine, declare the first Peace of God; this agreement grants immunity from violence to noncombatants. October 25 – The Hagia Sophia at Constantinople is struck by a great earthquake, causing the collapse of the western dome arch.

Basil II asks the Armenian architect Trdat, the creator of the Cathedral of Ani, to direct the repairs. Sankore Madrasah is founded by the Supreme Judge of Timbuktu. September – Halley's Comet is at perihelion. September 5 – Fan Zhongyan, chancellor of the Song Dynasty Adémar de Chabannes, French monk and historian Al-Jayyānī, Arab scholar and mathematician Chaghri Beg, co-ruler of the Seljuk Empire Regelinda, margravine of Meissen January 23 – Adalbero, archbishop of Reims April 13 – Bardas Phokas, Byzantine general October 5 – Henry III, duke of Bavaria Chavundaraya, Indian general and poet Chen Tuan, Chinese Taoist monk and philosopher Choe Seungno, Korean politician and poet Fujiwara no Korenari, Japanese courtier Fujiwara no Yoritada, Japanese nobleman Glúniairn, Norse-Gael king of Dublin Gofraid mac Arailt, Norse-Gael king of the Isles Kalokyros Delphinas, Byzantine general Kiurike I, king of Tashir-Dzoraget Pan, Chinese princess and wife of Zhen Zong Sharaf al-Dawla, Buyid emir of Kerman and Fars