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Telecommunications in the Bahamas

Telecommunications in the Bahamas includes telephones, radio and the Internet. Access to the Internet is unrestricted. There were no government restrictions on access to the Internet or credible reports that the government monitors e-mail or Internet chat rooms without judicial oversight; the constitution provides for freedom of speech and press, the government respects these rights in practice. An independent press combined with a effective—albeit backlogged—judiciary, a functioning democratic political system ensures freedom of speech and press; the constitution prohibits arbitrary interference with privacy, home, or correspondence, the government respects these prohibitions in practice. Strict and antiquated libel laws dating to British legal codes are invoked. In April 2013, the Bahamas Commissioner of Police Ellison Greenslade warned that the police would press charges against people who post “lewd” or “obscene” pictures on social media websites and Attorney General Allyson Maynard-Gibson announced that the government was working on legislation that will police information posted on the Internet.

"We have to balance freedom of the press with protecting the public,” she added. In April Rodney Moncur was charged with "committing a grossly indecent act" by posting autopsy photographs of a man who died in police custody on his Facebook page. Phone calls to the Bahamas are monitored by the National Security Agency's MYSTIC program. Bahamas BTC, Bahamas Telecommunications Company, primary telecommunications provider for the Bahamas government owned. List of television stations in the Caribbean Television in the Bahamas ZNS-1, Radio Bahamas, state-owned ZNS-TV 13, state-owned This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website BSNIC, Bahamas Network Information Center. Bahamas Telecommunications Company, website. ZNS Bahamas, website

Michael Bishop (gridiron football)

Michael Paul Bishop is a former gridiron football quarterback. He was drafted in the seventh round of the 1999 NFL Draft by the New England Patriots. Bishop was a member of the CFL's Toronto Argonauts from 2002 to 2008, he previously played with the National Football League's New England Patriots during the 2000 season and played in the Arena Football League, most with the Grand Rapids Rampage. He was one of the best college quarterbacks in the country during his career at Kansas State, beating out UCLA's Cade McNown for the 1998 Davey O'Brien Award. Academy Award winning actor Jamie Foxx is Michael Bishop's first cousin. Bishop was an outstanding baseball player at Willis High School in Willis, Texas. A two-year starter who averaged 221.2 yards-per-game passing as a senior, he was an All-Montgomery County, all-city and all-state selection in football. In baseball, he was drafted by the Cleveland Indians in the 28th round of the 1995 Major League Baseball Draft. Bishop attended Blinn Junior College in Brenham, Texas where as a freshman, he led the Buccaneers to a 12–0 record and the NJCAA National Championship.

He passed for 1,712 yards and 18 touchdowns. His sophomore year, he once again led Blinn to a 12–0 record and an NJCAA National Championship, he was voted honorable mention All-Conference and controlled an offense which recorded 3,086 yards rushing, including 47 touchdowns and scored a total of 438 points. He passed for 972 yards and nine touchdowns, rushed for 265 yards and four scores. After his two years at Blinn, he played baseball for one season at Independence Community College in Independence, Kansas in the spring of 1997, he was recruited by a number of Division I programs as a defensive back, but decided upon Kansas State University, as head coach Bill Snyder was the only coach to offer Bishop the opportunity to play the quarterback position. In 1997, his first year at Kansas State, Bishop started all 11 regular season games and completed 80-of-185 passes for 1,557 yards and 13 touchdowns, he rushed for 556 yards and added nine rushing touchdowns. Bishop was voted second-team All-Big 12 Conference by the league’s coaches and Big 12 Newcomer of the year by Associated Press.

During the 1997 season, Kansas State won 11 games including a 1997 Fiesta Bowl victory over Syracuse led by Donovan McNabb by a score of 35–18. Kansas State's only loss in the 1997 season came to the eventual national champion Nebraska Cornhuskers; the loss was the first of only three in Bishop's collegiate career. In Bishop's senior year, Kansas State was considered a contender for the 1998 National Championship; that year, he broke school season records with 2,844 yards passing and 23 touchdowns with only four interceptions, He led the team with 14 rushing touchdowns and finished second with 748 yards on 177 attempts. He passed for 440 yards and four touchdowns on 23-of-40 passes vs. Northeast Louisiana, his four touchdown passes tying a school record and his 440 passing yards ranking him second in school history, he passed for 306 yards and a pair of touchdowns and rushed 25 times for 140 yards with two scores and was voted Big 12 Offensive Player of the Week as the Wildcats defeated Nebraska for the first time in 30 years.

Bishop led the Wildcats to an undefeated regular season and the Big 12 North title, putting Kansas State in 1st place in the ESPN-USA Today Coaches poll and 2nd in the Associated Press media poll. Just two weeks the Wildcats' national championship dreams were put to an end. In the 1998 Big 12 Championship Game on December 5, 1998, Kansas State lost in double overtime to No. 10 Texas A&M team 36–33. Bishop ran for one touchdown in the game and threw for two more scores. Bishop posted a 22 -- 3 record, he received 792 votes, including 41 first place votes, but finished second in the 1998 Heisman Trophy voting to Ricky Williams. He finished his Wildcat career fourth on the all-time passing list with 4,401 yards and broke Chad May’s career record with 36 touchdown passes despite playing only two seasons, he ranks second behind Lynn Dickey in Kansas State history with 5,715 yards of total offense. Established a Kansas State record with 59 total touchdowns. After his senior season, he was voted a consensus All-American and All-Big 12 Conference selection and was named the Big 12 Offensive Player of the Year.

The Wildcats finished ranked third in the BCS, lost in the Alamo Bowl to Purdue, 37–34. Bishop was selected by the New England Patriots in the seventh round of the 1999 NFL Draft. However, he was inactive for all but one game, it was not until the 2000 season that he played in his first professional game. During that season, he saw only limited playing time, completing just 3-of-9 passes for 80 yards with 1 touchdown and 1 interception. During a game against the Indianapolis Colts he threw a 44-yard Hail Mary touchdown at the end of the first half in his first career attempt. Afterwards, several Patriots fans, upset with the poor play of starting quarterback Drew Bledsoe throughout the season, demanded that coach Bill Belichick name Bishop the starter, though this never happened. Tom Brady called Bishop "one of the best athletes he has seen" in the 2000 NFL season. In 2001, Bishop played for the Frankfurt Galaxy of NFL Europe, he started six games for the Galaxy, completed 76-of-153 passes for 1,090 yards, including 11 touchdowns and 7 interceptions.

He gained 244 yards on 35 carries and scored one rushing touchdown. Bishop was released by the Patriots in August 2001, he was signed by the Green Bay Packers but w

1996–97 Michigan Wolverines men's basketball team

The 1996–97 Michigan Wolverines men's basketball team represented the University of Michigan in intercollegiate college basketball during the 1996–97 season. The team played its home games in the Crisler Arena in Ann Arbor and was a member of the Big Ten Conference. Under the direction of head coach Steve Fisher, the team finished tied for sixth in the Big Ten Conference; the team earned an invitation to the 1997 National Invitation Tournament where it emerged as champion. The team was ranked for sixteen of the eighteen weeks of Associated Press Top Twenty-Five Poll, starting the season ranked ninth, peaking at number fourth and ending unranked, it ended the season unranked in the final USA Today/CNN Poll; the team had a 3–4 record against ranked opponents, including the following victories: December 8, 1996, against #10 Duke 62–61 on the road, December 21, 1996, against #6 Arizona 73–71 in overtime at the Palace of Auburn Hills, on January 9, 1997, against #25 Illinois 88–74 at home. Robert Traylor and Travis Conlan served as team co-captains, while Robert Traylor and Louis Bullock shared team MVP honors.

The team's leading scorers were Robert Traylor and Maurice Taylor. The leading rebounders were Robert Traylor, Maceo Baston, Maurice Taylor. Bullock led the Big Ten Conference in three-point field goals made in all games and free throw percentage in conference games; the team led the Big Ten in scoring average with a 73.3 average in conference games. Bullock set school records for single-season three-point field goals made and single-season free throw percentage, surpassing Glen Rice and Cazzie Russell, respectively. Both marks continue to be school bests but carry an asterisk due to Bullock's participation in the University of Michigan basketball scandal. Bullock would surpass his free throw percentage mark two years later; the team set a new school record for single-season three-point shots made, which they would rebreak the following season. This surpassed the 196 total set in 1989. West Michigan 76, Miami 63 Second Round Michigan 75, Oklahoma State 65 Quarterfinal Michigan 67, Notre Dame 66 Semifinal Michigan 77, Arkansas 62 Final Michigan 82, Florida State 73 The team posted the following statistics: * Denotes players whose individual records and other honors have been vacated due to NCAA and U-M sanctions Four players from this team were selected in the NBA Draft.

1997 National Invitation Tournament List of vacated and forfeited games in college basketball University of Michigan basketball scandal

Geological history of Earth

The geological history of Earth follows the major events in Earth's past based on the geological time scale, a system of chronological measurement based on the study of the planet's rock layers. Earth formed about 4.54 billion years ago by accretion from the solar nebula, a disk-shaped mass of dust and gas left over from the formation of the Sun, which created the rest of the Solar System. Earth was molten due to extreme volcanism and frequent collisions with other bodies; the outer layer of the planet cooled to form a solid crust when water began accumulating in the atmosphere. The Moon formed soon afterwards as a result of the impact of a planetoid with the Earth. Outgassing and volcanic activity produced the primordial atmosphere. Condensing water vapor, augmented by ice delivered from comets, produced the oceans; as the surface continually reshaped itself over hundreds of millions of years, continents formed and broke apart. They migrated across the surface combining to form a supercontinent.

750 million years ago, the earliest-known supercontinent Rodinia, began to break apart. The continents recombined to form Pannotia, 600 to 540 million years ago finally Pangaea, which broke apart 200 million years ago; the present pattern of ice ages began about 40 million years ago intensified at the end of the Pliocene. The polar regions have since undergone repeated cycles of glaciation and thaw, repeating every 40,000–100,000 years; the last glacial period of the current ice age ended about 10,000 years ago. The Precambrian includes 90% of geologic time, it extends from 4.6 billion years ago to the beginning of the Cambrian Period. It includes three eons, the Hadean and Proterozoic. Major volcanic events altering the Earth's environment and causing extinctions may have occurred 10 times in the past 3 billion years. During Hadean time, the Solar System was forming within a large cloud of gas and dust around the sun, called an accretion disc from which Earth formed 4,500 million years ago; the Hadean Eon is not formally recognized, but it marks the era before we have adequate record of significant solid rocks.

The oldest dated zircons date from about 4,400 million years ago. Earth was molten due to extreme volcanism and frequent collisions with other bodies; the outer layer of the planet cooled to form a solid crust when water began accumulating in the atmosphere. The Moon formed soon afterwards as a result of the impact of a large planetoid with the Earth; some of this object's mass merged with the Earth altering its internal composition, a portion was ejected into space. Some of the material survived to form an orbiting moon. More recent potassium isotopic studies suggest that the Moon was formed by a smaller, high-energy, high-angular-momentum giant impact cleaving off a significant portion of the Earth. Outgassing and volcanic activity produced the primordial atmosphere. Condensing water vapor, augmented by ice delivered from comets, produced the oceans. During the Hadean the Late Heavy Bombardment occurred during which a large number of impact craters are believed to have formed on the Moon, by inference on Earth, Mercury and Mars as well.

The Earth of the early Archean may have had a different tectonic style. During this time, the Earth's crust cooled enough that continental plates began to form; some scientists think because the Earth was hotter, that plate tectonic activity was more vigorous than it is today, resulting in a much greater rate of recycling of crustal material. This may have prevented cratonisation and continent formation until the mantle cooled and convection slowed down. Others argue that the subcontinental lithospheric mantle is too buoyant to subduct and that the lack of Archean rocks is a function of erosion and subsequent tectonic events. In contrast to the Proterozoic, Archean rocks are heavily metamorphized deep-water sediments, such as graywackes, volcanic sediments and banded iron formations. Greenstone belts are typical Archean formations, consisting of alternating high- and low-grade metamorphic rocks; the high-grade rocks were derived from volcanic island arcs, while the low-grade metamorphic rocks represent deep-sea sediments eroded from the neighboring island rocks and deposited in a forearc basin.

In short, greenstone belts represent sutured protocontinents. The Earth's magnetic field was established 3.5 billion years ago. The solar wind flux was about 100 times the value of the modern Sun, so the presence of the magnetic field helped prevent the planet's atmosphere from being stripped away, what happened to the atmosphere of Mars. However, the field strength was lower than at present and the magnetosphere was about half the modern radius; the geologic record of the Proterozoic is more complete than that for the preceding Archean. In contrast to the deep-water deposits of the Archean, the Proterozoic features many strata that were laid down in extensive shallow epicontinental seas. Study of these rocks show that the eon featured massive, rapid continental accretion, supercontinent cycles, wholly modern orogenic activity. 750 million years ago, the earliest-known supercontinent Rodinia, began to break apart. The continents recombined to form Pannotia, 600–540 Ma; the first-known glaciations occurred during the Proterozoic, one began shortly after the beginning of the eon, while there were at least four during the Neoproterozoic, cl

William Hope Fowler

William Hope Fowler CVO FRSE FRCSE was a Scottish doctor and pioneer of radiology. He was co-founder of the Edinburgh School of Radiology, he was born in the son of Robert Fowler, an accountant. His early years were spent at 81 Cumberland Street in Edinburgh's New Town, he was educated at Daniel Stewart's College them studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh, graduating with an MB ChB in 1897. He went to work as resident house surgeon at the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary on Lauriston Place, he showed a keen interest in the use of electricity to treat disease and was interested in the newly discovered x-ray process. In 1901 he became the infirmary's Assistant Radiologist under Dawson Turner. In 1907 they were joined by John W. L. Spence. In 1911 he was promoted to Chief Radiologist alongside Archibald McKendrick. In the same year he became Honorary Radiologist to the Admiralty. At this time Fowler was living at 21 Walker Street in Edinburgh's West End. During World War II he was a member of the War office's X-Ray Commission.

In 1933 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. His proposers were Sir Harold Stiles, Robert Wallace, James Pickering Kendall and George Freeland Barbour. In June 1932 his right arm was amputated due to the effects of x-ray radiation, he died of radiation-related cancer on 4 October 1933 at his home on Midmar Drive in south-west Edinburgh. He was buried in Dean Cemetery on 7 October 1933, following a ceremony at St Georges Church, West, on Charlotte Square; the gravestone lies towards the west end of the first north extension on a north-south path and is carved with a distinctive Viking longship. He is listed on the Monument to Radium Martyrs of All Nations in Hamburg, his name is one of the 14 British names of the total of 169 sadly losing their life due to their wish to advance the science of radiology. He was married to Julia Cant daughter of James Cant of Orebridge

Draycott and Breaston railway station

Draycott railway station was a station which served the village of Draycott, England. It was located on the south side of Station Road, it first opened in 1852 by the Midland Railway on the former Midland Counties Railway line. This line is now part of the Midland Main Line between Long Eaton and Derby From 1939 until it closed in 1966 it was known as Draycott and Breaston The main building remained until 1985, but the station has now disappeared. There was an original station named Breaston, but it was soon renamed Sawley to prevent confusion with Beeston; this station was superseded in time by Sawley Junction. Higginson, M, The Midland Counties Railway: A Pictorial Survey, Derby: Midland Railway Trust. Draycott and Breaston station on navigable 1947 O. S. map