Hawker is a town and a locality in the Flinders Ranges area of South Australia, 365 kilometres north of Adelaide. It is in the Flinders Ranges Council, the state Electoral district of Stuart and the federal Division of Grey. At the 2016 census, the locality had a population of 341; the town was surveyed during March 1880 and was proclaimed on 1 July 1880. It was named after G. C. Hawker, a member of the South Australian Parliament for the years 1858-1865 and 1875-1883; the locality's boundaries were gazetted on 25 November 1999 and include the Government Towns of Wonoka and Chapmanton. Portions of Hawker were added to the adjoining localities of Flinders Ranges and Shaggy Ridge on 26 November 2013. Hawker was a thriving railway town from the 1880s until 1956 as it was on the famous Ghan railway line, until the route was moved further west when the line was upgraded; the State Library of South Australia Place Names list gives this account of the naming of the town. "Hawker - George Charles Hawker was born in London, in 1819, the second son of Admiral Edward Hawker and, after his arrival in South Australia in the Lysander in September 1840, ran sheep in the Nuriootpa district and, in 1841, established the ‘Bungaree Run’ with two brothers.
Entering parliament in 1858, he became Speaker in 1860, returned to England in 1865 and, apart from a short return visit, remained there until 1874. Upon his return to the colony he re-entered the political arena in 1875, retiring in 1883. Hawker Hill, west of Lake Frome, was named by John McDouall Stuart on 2 June 1859. Stuart on 1 July 1861; the town of Hawker was proclaimed on 1 July 1880 and its sale occasioned spirited bidding for ‘blocks near the railway station favourably placed for hotels and shops’: The supreme site was the large corner on which the Royal Hotel was erected and this brought the top price of £246. Lot 473 on which William Powell erected a hotel named the ‘Wonoka’ brought £147; the storekeepers H. Gadd and G. Jackson paid £72 and £100 for good sites facing the railway close to the station. While most of Hawker remained pegged-out blocks of bluebush, the ‘top end’ of the town, where business activity was concentrated, must have been as animated as an ant colony. Hammering could be heard all day long for all of the buildings were of wood and iron.
There was keen competition to be first with any business service to the public. Teams of horses, bullocks and camels converged upon, or radiated from, the town, raising the dust in that dry year of 1880." Hawker has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: 20 Cradock Road: St Philip and St James Catholic Church Hawker-Wilpena Road: Mount Desire Dyke Wonoka-Hawker Road: Hawker railway station 1885 Hawker Dam The main economic activities in the area are tourism and pastoral runs of sheep and cattle. Due to the arid environment, the stocking rates are low, at about one sheep per three to four hectares. Hawker is 55 kilometres south of Wilpena Pound, a unique natural dish-shaped range of hills popular with tourists, as well as the spectacular scenery of the Flinders Ranges. Hawker Racing Club holds a once a year Thoroughbred horse racing meeting which includes the Hawker Cup in late May which attracts many people from around the area. Hawker has a semi-arid climate with cool winters. Rainfall is sparse throughout the year, but more reliable in the winter months.
Hawker Official Hawker website Flinders Ranges website - HawkerAussie Towns - Hawker
Headquartered in Brentwood, Delek US Holdings, Inc. is a diversified downstream energy company with assets in petroleum refining, asphalt, renewable fuels and convenience store retailing. In all, the combined Brentwood-based company has a broad platform consisting of: A refining system with 300,000 barrels per day of crude throughput capacity consisting of four locations and an integrated retail platform that includes 300 locations serving central and west Texas and New Mexico. Logistics operations including Delek Logistics, which can benefit from future drop downs and organic projects to support a larger refining system. A marketing operation that supplies more than 350 wholesale locations, has unbranded wholesale sales of 145,000 barrels per day of light products in 13 states, has utilization of 450,000 barrels per month of space on the Colonial Pipeline System. An integrated asphalt business consisting of operations in Texas, Oklahoma and Washington approaching 1 million tons of sales on an annual basis.
Alon U. S. A. announced it would buy Paramount Petroleum Corp. for $307 million cash and assume $100 million in debt. The deal closed in August 2006. Alon U. S. A. planned to buy the assets of Edgington Oil Co. for $52 million cash, a deal delayed in closing due to an FTC request for further information. Among Paramount's assets are a 54,000 barrels per day refinery in Paramount and seven asphalt terminals. Edgington is a topping refinery located in Long Beach, with a listed capacity of about 40,000 barrels per day. In July 2006, Alon USA closed on the transaction to purchase 40 convenience stores from Good Time Stores. In March 2007, Alon USA announced that it would purchase Abilene-based Skinny's convenience stores for 70 million dollars. In May 2008, Valero announced they had sold the 85,000 BPD Krotz Springs, refinery to Alon USA for $433 million. On June 2, 2010, Alon announced that it has completed the acquisition of the Bakersfield, refinery from Big West of California, LLC, a subsidiary of Flying J Inc.
The purchase price of the Bakersfield transaction, including all of the assets of Big West, consists of $40 million in cash. The company acquired the Bakersfield refinery's existing inventory as of the closing date of the transaction; the Bakersfield refinery is located in California's Central Valley and has the capacity to refine up to 70,000 barrels per day of crude oil. The refinery is supplied by crude oil produced in the San Joaquin Valley with its products marketed in California and is a major provider of motor fuels in central California. On July 1, 2017, Delek US Holdings Inc. Brentwood, completed its purchase of Alon Israel Oil Co. Ltd.’s US-based refining and marketing subsidiary Alon USA Energy Inc. As part of the all-stock transaction, Delek acquired the remaining 53% of Alon USA’s common stock not owned by Delek; the combined company will be led by Delek US’ existing management team. Official website Business data for Delek US Holdings, Inc