Daegu is the principal city of the surrounding North Gyeongsang Province. The two areas combined are referred to as Daegu-Gyeongbuk, with a total population of over 5 million. Daegu is located in south-eastern Korea about 80 kilometres from the seacoast, near the Geumho River and its mainstream, the Daegu basin, where the city lies, is the central plain of the Yeongnam region. In ancient times, there was a proto-country named Jinhan, to which the current Daegu area belonged, Later Daegu was part of the Silla Kingdom which unified the Korean Peninsula. During the Joseon Dynasty period, the city was the capital of Gyeongsang-do which was one of the eight provinces of the country. Daegu was a motor of Korea during the 1960s–1980s period and was especially known for its electronics industry. The humid subtropical climate of Daegu is ideal for producing high quality apples, thus the nickname, Daegu is known as Textile City. Textiles used to be the industry of the city. With the establishment of the Daegu-Gyeongbuk Free Economic Zone, Daegu is currently focusing on fostering fashion, Daegu was the host city of the 22nd World Energy Congress of 2013, the 2011 World Championships in Athletics and the 2003 Summer Universiade.
It hosted four matches in the 2002 FIFA World Cup, Daegu hosts World Masters Indoor Championships on March 19–25,2017. More than 4600 athletes worldwide including 101 athletes from the USA will compete, archaeological investigations in the Greater Daegu area have revealed a large number of settlements and burials of the prehistoric Mumun Pottery Period. In fact, some of the earliest evidence of Mumun settlement in Gyeongsangdo have been excavated from Siji-dong and Seobyeon-dong, Dongcheon-dong is one of the substantial Mumun agricultural villages that have been excavated. The Dongcheon-dong site dates back to the Middle Mumun and contains the remains of many prehistoric pit-houses, megalithic burials have been found in large numbers in Daegu. It was absorbed into the kingdom of Silla no than the fifth century, the vestiges of the wall can be seen, and relics have been excavated in the current Dalseong Park. Silla succeeded in unifying the Korean peninsula by defeating the other kingdoms of Baekje and Koguryo in the late 7th century, shortly thereafter, in 689, Sillas King Sinmun considered moving the capital from Gyeongju to Daegu but was unable to do so.
The city was given its current name in 757, in the late 1990s archaeologists excavated a large scale fortified Silla site in Dongcheon-dong, Buk-gu. The site at Locality 2 consists of the remains of 39 raised-floor buildings enclosed by a formidable ditch-and-palisade system, the excavators hypothesize that the fortified site was a permanent military encampment or barracks. Archaeologists uncovered a large Silla village dating to the 6th to 7th centuries AD at Siji-dong, during the Later Three Kingdoms period, 892–936, Daegu was initially aligned with Hubaekje
South Chungcheong Province
South Chungcheong Province, officially Chungcheongnam-do, is a province in the west of South Korea. In 2012, the capital moved from Daejeon to Hongseong. Chungcheongnam-do is South Koreas richest province, with a 2012 GDP per capita of $56,133 and it is by far South Koreas fastest growing region, with an average GDP growth of 9. 7% in 2001-2007 that accelerated to 12. 4% in 2010. Such rapid growth transformed it from an agricultural to a highly industrialized economy in the 21st century. Along with Gangwon, Chungnam is the province outside the Seoul Capital Area to be served by the Seoul Metropolitan Subway. Its area is 8,204 km2 as of 2012, one third of the provinces area is under cultivation. Aside from agriculture, marine products are of importance, there are 220 square kilometres of exposed beach which is used to produce salt by solar evaporation. There is coal mining, but gold and silver mines are found in Chungcheongnam-do, as is Monazite. At 845 metres, Mount Gyeryong is the most notable elevation and it is located in a national park which is noted for its unique rock features.
Apart from the formations there are a number of old temples. These include Gwanchok-sa, a temple which is home to the largest stone Buddha in Korea, in 1978 the Taean Marine National Park was opened. It includes some of the countrys best bathing beaches, in early 2007, the Republic of Korea government decided to create a special administrative district out of part of the present Chungcheongnam-do Province, near what is now Daejeon. The new district was named Sejong Special Self-Governing City, and was to replace Seoul as the capital of the Republic of Korea. However, in 2009, it was determined that replacing Seoul as new capital would violate the South Korean Constitution by Constitution Court. Chungcheongnam-do is divided into 8 cities and 7 counties, the city and county names below are given in English and Hanja. According to the census of 2005, of the people of Chungcheongnam-do 20. 5% follow Buddhism and 28. 7% follow Christianity,50. 8% of the population is mostly not religious or follow Muism and other indigenous religions
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea, is a sovereign state in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. The earliest Korean pottery dates to 8000 BC, with three kingdoms flourishing in the 1st century BC and its rich and vibrant culture left 19 UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritages of Humanity, the third largest in the world, along with 12 World Heritage Sites. Annexed into Imperial Japan in 1910, Korea was divided after its surrender in 1945, peace has since mostly continued with the two agreeing to work peacefully for reunification and the South solidifying peace as a regional power with the worlds 10th largest defence budget. South Koreas tiger economy soared at an average of 10% for over 30 years in a period of rapid transformation called the Miracle on the Han River. A long legacy of openness and focus on innovation made it successful, today, it is the worlds fifth largest exporter with the G20s largest budget surplus and highest credit rating of any country in East Asia.
It has free trade agreements with 75% of the economy and is the only G20 nation trading freely with China, the US. Since 1988, its constitution guarantees a liberal democracy with high government transparency, high personal freedoms led to the rise of a globally influential pop culture such as K-pop and K-drama, a phenomenon called the Korean Wave, known for its distinctive fashionable and trendy style. Home of the UN Green Climate Fund and GGGI, South Korea is a leader in low carbon growth, committed to helping developing countries as a major DAC. It is the third least ignorant country in the Index of Ignorance, ranking eighth highest for peaceful tolerance. It is the worlds largest spender on R&D per GDP, leading the OECD in graduates in science, the name Korea derives from the name Goryeo. The name Goryeo itself was first used by the ancient kingdom of Goguryeo in the 5th century as a form of its name. The 10th-century kingdom of Goryeo succeeded Goguryeo, and thus inherited its name, the modern spelling of Korea first appeared in the late 17th century in the travel writings of the Dutch East India Companys Hendrick Hamel.
After Goryeo was replaced by Joseon in 1392, Joseon became the name for the entire territory. The new official name has its origin in the ancient country of Gojoseon, in 1897, the Joseon dynasty changed the official name of the country from Joseon to Daehan Jeguk. The name Daehan, which means great Han literally, derives from Samhan, the name Joseon was still widely used by Koreans to refer to their country, though it was no longer the official name. Under Japanese rule, the two names Han and Joseon coexisted, there were several groups who fought for independence, the most notable being the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea. Following the surrender of Japan, in 1945, the Republic of Korea was adopted as the name for the new country. Since the government only controlled the part of the Korean Peninsula
North Gyeongsang Province
North Gyeongsang Province, known as Gyeongbuk, is a province in eastern South Korea. The province was formed in 1896 from the half of the former Gyeongsang province, remained a province of Korea until the countrys division in 1945. Daegu was the capital of North Gyeongsang Province between 1896 and 1981, but has not been a part of the province since 1981, in 2016, the provincial capital moved from Daegu to Andong. The area of the province is 19,030 square kilometres,19. 1% of the area of South Korea. The province is part of the Yeongnam region, on the south by Gyeongsangnam-do, on the west by Jeollabuk-do and Chungcheongbuk-do Provinces, during the summer, Gyeongsangbuk-do is perhaps the hottest province in South Korea. This is helped by the fact that the province is surrounded by mountains, the Taebaek Mountains in the east. Gyeongsangbuk-do is the homeland of the kingdom of Silla and has retained much of its cultural tradition. A number of artists, political leaders and scholars have come from the province, according to the census of 2005, of the people of North Gyeongsang 33.
9% follow Buddhism and 18. 6% follow Christianity. 47. 5% of the population is not religious or follow Muism. Gyeongsangbuk-do is divided into 10 cities and 13 counties, the names below are given in English and hanja. List of Korea-related topics Liancourt Rocks Gyeongsangbuk-do provincial government in English Alsace/Gyeongsangbuk-do North Gyeongsang Province travel guide from Wikivoyage
Bucheon is a city in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea. Bucheon is a city of Seoul,25 kilometres away. This city is located between Incheon and Seoul, in 1914, outer areas of Incheon City and Bupyeong County were joined together under the name Bucheon. In 1931, Gyenam township was renamed Sosa township, in 1941, Sosa township promoted to eup status. January 1,1963, when the expansion of Seoul was implemented. In 1988, two districts were established, Bucheon was divided into Nam-gu and Jung-gu along the Seoul-Incheon trainline. Present day Sosa-gu was formerly called Nam-gu, in 1993, Bucheons Jung-gu was separated into two further districts, forming Wonmi and Ojeong Districts. The three districts were abolished in July 2016 as Bucheon decided to become a city without any administrative districts. Bucheon promotes itself as the centre of the Seoul Metropolitan Area. Bucheons institutions of education include, Bucheon College, Yuhan College, Catholic University of Korea Bucheon campus. Bucheon Station has a shopping center, a small Starbucks.
In the Jung Dong area there is a Lotte Department store with a HomePlus located just across the street, on the Jung Dong and Sang Dong cusp there are a number of shopping places including the Hyundai Department Store, E-mart, and UPLEX. UPLEX has a CGV movie cinema, the main Bucheon intercity bus terminal is attached to a shopping center called Newcore and it has a grocery store called Kims Club located on the ground floor. There is a cinema called Primus located in Newcore. There is a large HomePlus located beside Newcore with a Save Zone shopping center opposite it, songnae Station has a Toona Shopping Mall, which mostly sells clothing. There is a Homeplus in Northern Bucheon, nearer to Bucheon Stadium, the busiest areas for bars and restaurants are located by Bucheon Station, Lotte Department Store, and Hyundai Department Store. There are a few foreign food restaurants and bars in Bucheon such as Nicolia and 2 bars near Hyundai department store called The Park and Rhythm, both bars are popular with the local expat community and both have events to celebrate various foreign holidays.
They both have pool tables and dart boards, live music, DJs, and sports events on TV, there are three Indian and Nepalese restaurants and Tandoor are located in Jung Dong near Hyundai Department Store and Annapurna located near Bucheon Station
Gwacheon is a city in Gyeonggi-do Province, South Korea. It lies close to Seoul in the heart of the Seoul National Capital Area, Seoul Subway Line 4 passes through the city. Various attractions associated with Seoul, including Seoul Grand Park, National Museum of Contemporary Art, Seoul Land, Gwacheon National Science Museum and it is home to a major administrative center of the Korean government. In 475 CE, the land that would one day become Gwacheon was a part of Yulmok-gun, later, in 757, Unified Silla dubbed the area Yuljin-gun, a county of Hansan-ju, and the Goryeo dynasty renamed it Gwaju in 940. From 990 -994, Gwaju was known by such nicknames as Bulim, the year 1018 saw Goryeo christen the area Gwaju-hyeon, but the Joseon dynasty changed its name to Gwacheon-hyeon in 1413. Gwacheon-hyeon was a part of Gwangju-mok, Gyeonggi Province, much larger than todays Gwacheon-si, Gwacheon-hyeon included such territory as modern-day Gunpo. May 26,1895 saw Gwacheon-hyeon become Gwacheon-gun, and on March 1,1914, Gwacheon-, the area containing present-day Gwacheon was deemed Gwacheon-myeon, a division of Siheung-gun.
Gwacheon-myeon was a farming village just south of Seoul, as it had been for centuries. In the 1970s, the South Korean government was considering moving its south, to a location farther from the border with. Several government ministries were moved from Seoul to Gwacheon throughout the 1980s and 1990s, the nine million square meter Seoul Grand Park was opened in Gwacheon in 1984 as the new location of Seoul Zoo. Over the next four years, two amusement parks, a garden, and the National Museum of Contemporary Art were built on the property. When Seoul won the right to host the 1988 Summer Olympics,280 acres of land in Gwacheon were thus secured by the KRA, and construction began in 1984. Seoul Equestrian Park hosted several Olympic events in 1988, and after the conclusion of the games, Gwacheon accordingly replaced Seouls Ttukseom area as the citys horse racing hub, and the first race at the new location occurred on September 1,1989. Five stations on Seoul Metropolitan Subways Line 4 opened in Gwacheon on April 1,1994, the move had adverse effects on Gwacheons local economy, with business such as restaurants and cafes losing considerable portions of their customer base.
Fifty-four shops shut down at the end of 2012 and beginning of 2013, the national government hoped to counter the citys economic crisis by moving fourteen new government agencies to Gwacheon. Gwacheon intended to have an importance on governmental construction. So it keeps the position of planned city concerning politics in South Korea and it has been serving as a second center of governmental complex which consists of city hall, welfare management offices, health care department, and many other sub departments of politics. Seoul Grand Park and Gwanaksan occupy a portion of the city
Jeju Province, officially the Jeju Special Self-Governing Province, is one of the nine provinces of South Korea. The province is situated on and coterminous with the nations largest island of Jeju, formerly transliterated as Cheju, Cheju Do, the island lies in the Korea Strait, southwest of South Jeolla Province, of which it was a part before it became a separate province in 1946. According to legend, three demi-gods emerged from Samsung which is said to have been on the slopes of Mt. Halla. However, there is no evidence of when the Three Names appeared nor for the exact date of when Ko-hu. It may be supposed that the Three Names Founding Period occurred during the Three Kingdoms Period on the mainland of Korea, founder of Goryeo, attempted to establish the same relationship between Goryeo and Tamna as Tamna had had with Silla. Tamna refused to accept this position and the Goryeo court dispatched troops to force Tamna to submit, ko ja-gyeon, chief of Tamna, submitted to Goryeo in 938 and sent his son, Prince Mallo, to Goryeos court as a de facto hostage.
Tamna-country was changed to Tamna-county in 1153 during the reign of King Uijong, during the reign of Gojong of Goryeo, Tamna was renamed Jeju which means province across the sea. During the Joseon Dynasty, Jeju islanders were treated as foreigners and Jeju was considered as a place for horse breeding, in the 17th Century, Injo of Joseon issued an edict prohibiting islanders from travelling to the Korean mainland. Consequently, Jeju islanders staged several uprisings, including the Kang Je Geom Rebellion, Bang Seong Chil Rebellion. In 1910, Japan annexed Korea, including Jeju, inaugurating a period of hardship and deprivation for the islanders, residents of Jeju were active in the Korean independence movement during the period of Japanese rule. On Jeju, the peak of resistance came in 1931–32 when haenyeo from six eastern villages launched a protest against the Japanese-controlled Divers Association. Before it was crushed, the protests spread and eventually 17,000 people participated, with over 100 arrested in Koreas largest protest movement ever led by women.
While claims have made that the U. S. government oversaw and supported anti-communist activities administratively if not openly in the field. It is a fact the US was heavily involved in operations across Korea at this time leading up to the Korean War. This led to the deaths of hundreds of islanders, with other islanders being raped and tortured. The Uprising has become a symbol of Jejus Independence from Korean Peninsula, the provincial administrative building was burned to the ground in September 1948 and a new building was completed in 1-do, 2-dong in December,1952. Becoming The World Heritage Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes unanimously at the 31st World Heritage Committee June 27,2007, was inscribed on the World Natural Heritage. In 1273, the Mongolian Yuan Dynasty established a governor on the island
Ansan is a city in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea. It lies southwest of Seoul, and is part of the Seoul National Capital Area and it is connected to Seoul by rail via Seoul Subway Line 4. Ansan is situated on the Yellow Sea coast and some islands lie within its jurisdiction, the largest and best-known of these is Daebu Island. Several higher learning institutions are located in Ansan and they include Ansan University, Ansan College of Technology, Seoul Institute of the Arts, and the ERICA campus of Hanyang University. The Korea Transportation Safety Authority, a government agency, is headquartered in Ansan on June 3,2002. With its high number of workers, Wongokbon-dong has been designated a multicultural area. The first humans in Ansan were in the New Stone Age, in the Seonbu-dong and Wolpi-dong area, over 10 stone dolmen tombs can be found. Also in 1995, Old Stone Age relics were found while constructing the Seohaean Expressway, most dolmens in Ansan are north dolmen, but the dolmen in Seonbu-dong is table-shaped and another table-shaped tomb was found in Hakon-dong, Gwangmyeong.
There are many ancient relics found in the city, not much evidence or antiquities survive from the Proto-Three Kingdoms and Samhan periods are in Ansan and nearby areas. The Mahan confederacy in Chen Shou in Records of the Three Kingdoms preserves writings about the chiefdom state, Ansan was in communion with Baekje but very little has been saved. In the Later Three Kingdoms era, the Ansan area was owned by Taebong in Silla Hyogongs 4th year. After then, Gung Ye, who was ruler of Taebong, was overthrown by Wang Geon, first the Gung Ye Ganggu-gun was changed to Ansan-gun but the state of the military was preserved. Ansan belonged to Gyeonggijwa-do in the Joseon dynasty, taejos 5th year, Ansan-eoso that is now under direct control of a detached building of Saongwon was set up. After Gyeonggijwa-do and Gyeonggiwo-do were unified in Teajongs 2nd year, Ansan was still called Ansan, under Teajongs 13th, the whole country was detached into eight provinces. Until 1914, Ansan City and the part of todays Siheung city consisted of Ansan County.
In 1914, Ansan County was annexed to Siheung County and this region produced high quality salt from ancient times and valuable marine products. Ansan was a fishing village, in 1986, several towns of Hwaseong county became incorporated, representing the beginning of Ansan as a city. With currently over 700,000 residents, Ansan now has two distinct and separate districts, which has 12 dongs as of 2009, and Sangnok, with 13
Gwangju is the sixth largest city in South Korea. It is a metropolitan city under the direct control of the central governments Home Minister. The city was the capital of South Jeolla Province until the office moved to the southern village of Namak in Muan County in 2005. Gwang means light and Ju means province, areas of scenery along the outskirts of the city gave birth to gasa, a form of Korean classical poetry. Located in the center of the agricultural Jeolla region, the city is famous for its rich. The city was established in 57 BC and it was one of the administrative centres of Baekje during the Three Kingdoms Period. Modern industry was established in Gwangju with the construction of a railway to Seoul, some of the industries that took hold include cotton textiles, rice mills and breweries. Construction of an industrial zone in 1967 encouraged growth in industry. In May 1980, peaceful demonstrations took place in Gwangju against a head of Shingunbu, the demonstrations were suppressed by military forces, including elite units of the Special Operations Command.
The situation escalated after a violent crackdown, resulting in the Gwangju Uprising, by the time that the uprising was suppressed, many hundred civilians and several policemen / soldiers were dead. After civilian rule was reinstated, a cemetery was established honouring the victims of the incident. In 1986, Gwangju separated from Jeollanam-do to become a Directly Governed City, Gwangju is the main campaign capital of the liberal Democratic United Party, and its predecessors. Arts, Automobile and democracy are some of the keywords that can represent Gwangju, Gwangju is divided into 5 districts. According to the census of 2005, of the people of Gwangju 32. 7% follow Christianity and 14. 4% follow Buddhism,52. 9% of the population is mostly not religious or follow Muism and other indigenous religions. The population model of Gwangju is as follows, Chonnam National University, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Honam Univ, Gwangju University, Gwangshin University, Gwangju Womens University, Nambu University, Chosun University, and Honam Christian University are private universities.
The average number of students per household is 0.8, the city is served by the Gwangju Subway. An extension was completed in April 2008 with another due for completion in 2012, there are two KTX stations in the city, Gwangju Station and Gwangju Songjeong Station. Gwangju Songjeong station connects to the Gwangju Subway and local bus system, now the Songjeong station is mainly used
Ulsan, officially the Ulsan Metropolitan City, is South Koreas seventh largest metropolis with a population of over 1.1 million. It is located in the south-east of the country, neighboring Busan to the south, in 2012, Ulsan had a GDP per capita of $79,623, the highest of any region in South Korea. Up to 1962, Ulsan operated as a port and market centre. As part of South Koreas first five-year economic plan, Ulsan became an open port, major industrial plants and factories were developed, including in particular an oil refinery, fertiliser plants, automobile production and heavy industries. The shipbuilding port Bangeojin became part of the city in 1962, the city transport department plans to build a light-rail line and the public transportation system is as good as any other major Korean city. The bus system shows a particular ETA at most bus stops, Ulsan Airport, constructed in 1970 and expanded in 1997, has more than 20 flights per day to and from Seouls Gimpo International Airport and 4 flights per week to and from Jeju International Airport.
In November 2010, Koreas high-speed train network, the KTX, was extended to Ulsan and this provides a high-speed link to Seoul, with a running time of just over 2 hours. The new KTX station is in nearby Eonyang, with a series of buses as well as some city buses serving the new station. The original city station has been renamed Taehwa River Station, Ulsan was home to another football team, Ulsan Hyundai Mipo Dolphin FC, which played in the Korea National League until 2016, when it was dissolved. It is home to the University of Ulsan, Ulsan hosts Korean Basketball League team Ulsan Mobis Phoebus. Their home ground is Dongchun Gymnasium, which located in jung-gu ulsan, Ulsan is bounded on the east by the Sea of Japan. Busan is 70 km to the south, Ulsan has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate, with somewhat cold but dry winters, and hot, humid summers. Monthly means range from 2.0 °C in January to 25.9 °C in August and its location on the Korean peninsula results in a seasonal lag, with the warmest days being in August and averaging very near 30 °C.
Precipitation is relatively low in the months, but is made up by the high rainfall falling from April to September. Yeongnam Alps There are 7 tall mountains over 1, 000m above sea level, sinbulsan Ridge, which changes to a fantastic silver grass field in autumn, is one of the best sights to see in the Yeongnam Alps. Eoksae festival is held every early October in Ganwoljae which is best known for its colony of silver grass, oegosan Onggi village Koreas largest traditional folk Onggi village creates a unique scene as the whole village is made of earthware. You can see the first-hand traditional Onggi manufacturing process including Onggi workshops, try your hand at making Onggi. The Ulsan Onggi museum offers a variety of related to Onggi
South Gyeongsang Province
South Gyeongsang Province is a province in the southeast of South Korea. The provincial capital is at Changwon and it is adjacent to the major metropolitan center and port of Busan. There is UNESCO World Heritage Site Haeinsa, a Buddhist temple that houses the Tripitaka Koreana and petrochemical factories are largely concentrated along the southern part of the province, extending from Ulsan through Busan and Jinju. The name derives from Korean Gyeongsang, meaning joyous furthermore, from gyeong 경, 慶, meaning happy, the name derives from the names of the principal cities of Gyeongju and Sangju. Before 1895, the corresponding to modern-day Gyeongsangnam-do was part of Gyeongsang Province. In 1895, southern Gyeongsang was replaced by the districts of Jinju in the west, in 1896, they were merged to form Gyeongsangnam-do. The provincial capital was originally at Jinju, it moved in 1925 to Busan, in 1948, Gyeongsangnam-do became part of South Korea. In 1963, Busan separated from Gyeongsangnam-do to become a Directly Governed City, in 1983, the provincial capital moved from Busan to Changwon.
In 1995, Busan became a Metropolitan City, and Ulsan separated from Gyeongsangnam-do to become a Metropolitan City in 1997. The province is part of the Yeongnam region, on the north by Gyeongsangbuk-do province, on the west Jeollabuk-do and Jeollanam-do provinces, most of the province is drained by the Nakdong River and its tributaries. The total area of the province is 10,533 square kilometres, the Nakdong delta plain around Gimhae is one of the best granaries in South Korea. Agricultural products form Gyeongsangnam-do include rice, potatoes, the area is renowned for its cotton and fruits which are grown along the southern seaside. A number of products are caught. The province is one of the countrys leading fisheries, the largest cities in the region are Busan and Ulsan, which are separately administered as provincial-level Metropolitan Cities. Apart from the capital Changwon, other large or notable cities include Gimhae, Gyeongsangnam-do is the home of Haeinsa, a Buddhist temple that houses the Tripitaka Koreana and attracts many tourists.
It is in the park around Jirisan on the border with Jeollabuk-do. The temple was first built in 802, changnyeong county contains three major tourist attractions for the province, Upo wetland, Bugok natural hotsprings, and Hwawang mountain. Gyeongsangnam-do is divided into 8 cities and 10 counties, the names below are given in English and hanja