Television producer

A television producer is a person who oversees one or more aspects of video production on a television program. Some producers take more of an executive role, in that they conceive new programs and pitch them to the television networks, but upon acceptance they focus on business matters, such as budgets and contracts. Other producers are more involved with the day-to-day workings, participating in activities such as screenwriting, set design and directing. There are a variety of different producers on a television show. A traditional producer is one who manages a show's budget and maintains a schedule, but this is no longer the case in modern television. Different types of producers in the industry today include: The showrunner is the "chief executive" in charge of everything related to the production of the show, it is the highest ranking individual, responsible for the production and daily management of the show. In fictional television, they supervise the writing room as well. Established show creators with prior writing credits are given the title of executive producer after they depart the show.

Executive producers can be showrunners, head writers, the head of a production company, or a long-time writer for the show. Near seniority to the executive producers, these producers serve as "chief operating officers" by managing above and below-the-line staff. In fictional shows, they have contributed in the writing room through table reads, and/or revisions; the co-executive producer may pen scripts as well. In fictional shows, these producers assist in the creative process by engaging in table discussions, aiding in script rewrites, guiding new writers. In reality shows, they are series directors who supervise other directors. In fictional shows, a producer may not have written the episode, but contributed through table reads, and/or revisions, they may be a former executive producer who still writes for the show, but has since relinquished his/her duties as E. P. Producers responsible for production logistics are given the credit of "produced by." In fictional shows, a co-producer may not have written the episode, but contributed through table reads, and/or revisions.

The term is only used when the staff are working on multiple shows. In such scenario, this producer places them into teams, they consult certain aspects for the series. These producers are sometimes former executive producers or directors, who no longer work on the show, but are hired to consult for the production, nonetheless, they are called upon to assist the writers. Many television series that have a large in-house writing staff will have a few writers given the title of consulting producer, despite their day-to-day presence being no different from that of any other writer on staff. In these cases, the deal made with that writer does not meet the rules required to give them one of the titles from co-producer to executive producer. Examples include the writer not being required to be in-office five days a week, the writer's services being non-exclusive, or the writer's pay quote being too high for the responsibilities a more defined producer title might entail. Consulting producers like these are still assigned script drafts to write along with the rest of the series writing staff.

Serves any of the producer job functions at the request of the showrunner. Sources contributors and stories for the reality program. For news and talk show production and schedules guests for interviews. Writes one segment of a reality program. In charge of the unit production manager, these producers find staff to employ and manage their pay checks. Most line producers receive the "produced by" title, as they tend to be responsible for production logistics. In reality shows only. Selects coordinates stories for a production in the field, they form a trusting relationship with the cast/participants in order to get interviews while in the field. They may fill a number of different roles, including production manager/coordinator and production assistant. Helps co-ordinate the edit by relaying information from other producers. Involved in creating stories and writing the script if necessary. Responsible for the overall post-production process, including editing and grading, are managed by the post-production supervisor.

In live television or "as-live", an executive producer has any operational control of the show. His/her job is to stand back from the operational aspects and judge the show as an ordinary viewer might. In film or video productions, the executive producer is always given an opportunity to comment on a rough cut, but the amount of attention paid to his/her comments is dependent on the overall personnel structure of the production; because of the restrictions the Writers Guild of America screenwriting credit system places on writing credits, many script writers in television are credited as "producers" instead though they may not engage in the responsibilities associated with that title. On-screen, a "producer" credit for a TV series will be given to each member of the writing staff who made a demonstrable contribution to the final script; the actual producer of the show is listed under the credit "produced by". Bill Lawrence, a television screenwriter, producer and series creator explained during an interview on Off Camera that:... the end credits of a TV show, it will say Staff Writer, Story Editor, Executive Story Editor, Co-Producer, Prod

Cody Nickson

Cody Lee Nickson is an American reality television personality, best known for competing in Big Brother 19 and winning The Amazing Race 30 with his fiancée Jessica Graf. Nickson served in the United States Air Force and United States Marine Corps. Nickson was born in Lake Mills and resided in Plano, Texas, his mother is Darcy Nickson and he has a daughter named Paisley Nickson. Before Big Brother he joined the United States Air Force at the age of 17, he served as a 2M0X2 and 1N0X1 in the Air Force before enlisting in the Marines as an 0311 at the age of 23. He has served combat tours in the Iraq and Afghanistan wars. Nickson graduated from Collin College with an associate degree in business management. Nickson served in the United States Air Force, but would transfer into the Marine Corps. After the completion of bootcamp and infantry school, Nickson was assigned to 3rd Battalion, 9th Marines where he would serve as a 0311 Rifleman in combat deployments to Iraq and Afghanistan. Nickson received a commendation for his service.

In 2012, Nickson received an Honorable Discharge. Nickson appeared on 19th season of Big Brother, he began a showmance with fellow contestant Jessica Graf. On Day 1, he won the safety competition after Paul did not choose him as one of the 8 HouseGuests to be awarded immunity, he won Head of Household that week, becoming the first HOH of the season. He nominated Jillian for eviction. On Day 9, he had to name a replacement nominee and picked Alex after Megan self-evicted herself from the game. After Alex won POV and took herself off the block he tried to nominate Paul. However, Paul revealed his Pendant of Protection. During week 2 Paul won HOH as well as Power of Veto and chose Nickson as a replacement nominee after saving Josh his previous nominee from the block, he endured the Ve-toad curse temptation after Christmas accepted the Temptation offer voted by America. He was evicted from the house on Day 23. Nickson returned to the house after winning three rounds of the Battle Back Showdown during week 4.

During week 5 Paul nominated Cody for eviction alongside Jessica but she used the Halting Hex saving them both from eviction. He became safe, he was named as a replacement nominee by Alex during week 7. He became the first member of the Jury, he voted for Josh to win Big Brother and won America's Favorite HouseGuest with a prize of $25,000. Nickson, alongside Graf appeared on Big Brother 20 to host the second POV competition. Nickson and Graf participated in the 30th season of the U. S. television series The Amazing Race. They became the winners of the season and took home the $1,000,000 prize along with a $5,000 prize they won earlier during the season, becoming the first former Big Brother contestants to win the Amazing Race, he became engaged to Jessica Graf on February 13, 2018. He has a daughter from a previous relationship. In September 2018, Nickson and Graf announced. Nickson and Graf got married in 2018, their daughter was born in March 2019, four weeks premature


Townhead is an area of the city of Glasgow, Scotland. It is situated north-east of Glasgow city centre and contains a residential sector, a commercial/industrial sector and the campus of the University of Strathclyde. In ancient times, Townhead was an undeveloped area situated north of the cathedral and town with no definitive boundaries. Today, it is bordered to the west by Cowcaddens, to the north by Sighthill, to the east by Royston and Ladywell and to the south by Merchant City; the boundaries of Townhead are thus North Hanover Street and Dobbie's Loan to the west, the M8 motorway to the north, Castle Street and High Street to the east and George Street to the south. Housing is ex-council stock, although there are a number of student residences for International Christian College, Glasgow Caledonian University and Strathclyde University. Most of the housing units are modern 8 in a block flats, although its most visually obvious features are the four 24-storey high-rise flats named "2 Taylor Place", "15 Grafton Place", "7 St Mungo's Place" and "12 Dobbies Loan Place".

It is accepted that near the eastern edge of modern day Townhead, is where St Kentigern known as St Mungo, built his church by the banks of the Molendinar Burn and thus established Glasgow. Glasgow Cathedral, dedicated to St Mungo, is situated where Mungo's original church once stood; the present building dates back to the 12th century. Today, the Cathedral sits outside of Townhead's boundaries and falls into the Ladywell area. Provand's Lordship, Glasgow's oldest remaining house, was constructed from the late 15th century by Bishop Andrew given the surname Muirhead as part of St Nicholas Hospital, a lodging for the poor; the hospital, or more a hospitium, provided accommodation for twelve poor men as well their care who contributed through work in the hospital, Bible study and a products from the gardens. The gardens were restored in 1997 and like the original St Nicolas garden, the herb grown are those known for healing properties and medicinal use; the martyrdom of the Covenanters took. The northern part of Castle Street was the town limits beyond, called the "Howgait".

Howgait used until 1781, when they moved to Glasgow Green. The area is now taken up by Junction 15 of the M8; the former Martyrs' Church building contained until September 2013 the Martyrs stone, which details the executions in 1684 of James Nisbet, James Lawson and Alex Wood. The stone, which stood in front of Townhead library, along with a large part of the once densely packed Townhead, was demolished to make way for the M8 motorway; the stone can now be found in the church wall of "The Evangelical Church", at the South East side of Cathedral square. Martyrs church contained the "Martyrs church bell", preserved from the old Martyrs West church building until 2013 at which point, finding no new home, the bell was melted; the church of Scotland is seeking a buyer for the land which has planning permission for an extensive housing development and community building. The Church of Scotland still supporting Townhead through the parish ministry of Glasgow Cathedral and by giving temporary accommodation to SIMY Community Development charity, formally an active part of the previous church's parish care.

Since closure, SIMY has become an independent, local volunteer lead charity providing youth work support, arts provision, sports coaching, life skills, outdoor education, drop in diversionary clubs and is a DofE centre. SiMY owes its survival to the support it receives from the Church, Iona Community, Townhead community council, AplusM training, Glasgow Housing Association, Glasgow Community Safety Services, Glasgow Life and a dedicated group of volunteers many of whom have grown up in the local area or work nearby. St Mungo's Church, Parson Street is Italiante-Gothic in style. 70 Parson Street is the birthplace of architect Charles Rennie MacIntosh, who aided in the design of Martyr's School, at 17 Parson Street. In line with post-war gentrification going on in Glasgow at the time, in line with recommendations from the Bruce Report, the 1960s saw great change in Townhead. Like Anderston and the Gorbals, Townhead was designated a Comprehensive Development Area, which meant that much of the existing buildings would be cleared and its population rehomed.

New multi-storey housing in tower blocks replaced the slum tenements, whilst others were moved to new estates on the outer fringes of the city. As a result few of the original tenements in Townhead have survived; the Glasgow Inner Ring Road would cut a tranche through the area, although the controversial eastern flank was abandoned in the late 1970s. The plans entailed the complete demolition and rebuilding of Glasgow Royal Infirmary, however the scheme was scaled back and the original Victorian hospital was given an indefinite stay of execution; the artist Joan Eardley captured much of this redevelopment from her studio in Townhead. The southern reaches of the area were cleared to make way for the burgeoning campus of the newly established University of Strathclyde, where can be found the famous and oldest of Townhead's streets – Rottenrow, it was from this high vantage point that St. M