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L. Welch Pogue

Lloyd Welch Pogue was an American aviation attorney and chairman of the Civil Aeronautics Board. Pogue was born in Grant, Iowa on October 21, 1899, the son of Leander Welch Pogue and Myrtle Viola Casey, his mother home-schooled him after chores, he began traditional schooling in eighth grade. He graduated from Red Oak High School in Red Oak, Iowa in 1917, he attended Grinnell College and enlisted there in the Student Army Training Corps of the U. S. Army before transferring to the University of Nebraska, where he became president of the student body. After returning to work on the family farm for a while, Pogue received his B. A. from the University of Nebraska in 1924, his law degree from the University of Michigan Law School in 1926. Pogue received his Doctor of Juridical Science from Harvard Law School. At Harvard Law School, noted law Professor and United States Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter took Pogue in as a protégé; as a lawyer, Pogue was entranced by Charles Lindbergh's trans-Atlantic flight and decided to focus his law career on the "skies".

He married Mary Ellen Edgerton on September 8, 1926 at Nebraska. They were married for 75 years until her death in 2001, she was born October 27, 1904, in Fremont, the daughter of Mary Nettie Coe and Frank Eugene Edgerton, a direct descendant of Richard Edgerton, one of the founders of Norwich, Connecticut and a descendant of Governor William Bradford of the Plymouth Colony and a passenger on the Mayflower. Her father was a lawyer, journalist and orator and served as the assistant attorney general of Nebraska from 1911 to 1915, she died on September 19, 2001, just days after she and Pogue's 75th wedding anniversary, at Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center in Baltimore, Maryland. Mary Ellen grew up in Aurora and spent some of her childhood years in Washington, D. C. and Lincoln, Nebraska. Mrs. Pogue received her bachelor's degree in music from the University of Nebraska at Lincoln in 1926 and was a member of Alpha Phi, they had three sons, Richard Welch Pogue, William Lloyd Pogue, John Marshall Pogue who assisted his father on many research and writing projects.

Their grandson David Pogue, is an Emmy award-winning technology correspondent and journalist. His wife's brother was Harold Eugene "Doc" Edgerton, a professor of electrical engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, credited with transforming the stroboscope from an obscure laboratory instrument into a common device. Pogue joined the Civil Aeronautics Board in 1938. Four years he was appointed Chairman by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, he served as Chairman until 1946. During his tenure Pogue helped strike down a plan for a single world airline, he resumed his law practice before retiring in 1981, after a career of nearly 60 years. Pogue founded the Washington D. C. law firm of Pogue & Neal, which represented several major airlines and other industry clients. In 1967, Pogue & Neal merged with Jones, Cockley, Reavis to become Jones, Reavis & Pogue. Pogue served as Managing Partner of the Washington Office from 1967 to 1979. Mr. Pogue was described by author James Parry as "a name synonymous with the pioneering giants who played a pivotal role in transforming international civil aviation... into the cohesive global force that it is today...

Pogue is a living legend and a founding father of the international civil aviation system." Parry's book, 100 Years of Flight was commissioned by the International Civil Aviation Organization, based in Montreal, Canada. He died on May 2003 at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, he is buried at Quantico National Cemetery. In 1994 Aviation Week & Space Technology established the L. Welch Pogue Award for Lifetime Achievement in Aviation, naming Pogue its first recipient

Dorothy Molter

Dorothy Louise Molter, lived for 56 years on Knife Lake in the Boundary Waters area of northern Minnesota. She was known as "Knife Lake Dorothy" or as the "Root Beer Lady", as she made root beer and sold it to thousands of passing canoeists in the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness, near Ely, Minnesota. Various factors combined to give her national prominence, extensive coverage in media and documentaries, tens of thousands of visits by Boundary Waters Canoe Area canoeists, she first visited her future home on Knife Lake in 1930. It became her home starting in 1934. Molter's life, her place in the public eye was influenced by the evolution of the area where she lived into the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness. Changes related to this transition affecting her life occurred from 1948 through 1984. Molter lived with her parents Mattie and John "Cap" Molter in Pennsylvania until her mother died when she was in second grade, she lived with her five brothers and sisters in a Cincinnati orphanage until 1919 when her father remarried and was able to provide a home for them in Garrett, Indiana.

They moved to Chicago. She graduated from Calumet High School. In 1927, she enrolled for nurse's training at Auburn Park Hospital. In 1929 Molter's father Cap began fishing on Basswood lake. While fishing there he learned of The Isle of Pines Resort, a fishing resort on three islands further east on Knife Lake, booked his first trip there for the summer of 1930. Dorothy had just finished a semester of school, when one of her father's friends had a change of plans, she was able to go in his place. During this visit she helped out at the resort, she helped out more and more as time progressed. It became her home starting in 1934; the Isle of Pines resort consisted of rustic cabins located on the Isle of Pines island and an adjacent island on Knife Lake in Northern Minnesota, yards from the Canada–US border. It was operated by Bill Berglund. Molter became the owner of the lodge in 1948, she was a trained nurse and would treat people for minor injuries. Molter would only leave to visit family in Chicago or to take additional education in Chicago to maintain her nursing license.

After Berglund's death she lived there alone until her death in 1986. Molter's life, her place in the public eye, was influenced by the evolution of the area into the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness. Up until the mid/late 1940s, the story of the Isle of Pines resort was typical of many north woods resorts, it was reachable by seaplanes and by motorboats, the latter when the boat was small enough and the gumption of the traveler high enough to carry the boat and motor over land at the portages. It was reached by snowmobiles as they came into use, her location evolved into the BWCA. Ensuing changes between 1948 and 1984 had significant effects on her life; the BWCAW became the largest US wilderness east of the Mississippi and the most popular canoe area in the United States, with over 250,000 visits by canoeists per year. This change eliminated nearly all motorized transportation in this area, removed other residences, buildings and roads from the wilderness leaving her as the only full-time resident in a canoe wilderness area three times the size of Rhode Island.

At the same time that these transportation changes "moved" her farther from civilization, they brought tens of thousands of canoeist visitors to her home. These factors contributed to the interest in and endearment of her, including print media and television coverage during the last 34 years of her life. A few of the noteworthy changes to the BWCAW include: In 1948, the Thye-Blatnik Act provides $500,000 to buy out resorts and private lands in border lakes area; this is the beginning of the USFS attempting to purchase the Isle of Pines. In 1949, President Truman issued an executive order banning flights below 4,000' over what is now the BWCAW thus, landing of float planes was prohibited. In 1952, two pilots still landing their float plates are caught and their planes confiscated ending any flights in or out from Dorothy Molter's Isle of Pines. In 1958, the USFS changes name of Superior Roadless Area to Boundary Waters Canoe Area. S. Agriculture Secretary Orville Freeman appoints Selke Committee to recommend changes in BWCA management.

Following public outcry, it was decided that she could stay until 1975. In 1975 Molter and Ambrose were appointed as Forest Service "volunteers in service"; this marked the beginning of a period during which the Forest Service began assist

Lean project management

Lean project management is the application of lean concepts such as lean construction, lean manufacturing and lean thinking to project management. Lean project management has many ideas in common with other lean concepts. Lean Project Management applies all five of those principles to project management."Lean" is a systematic method for the elimination of waste within a manufacturing system. Lean takes into account waste created through overburden and waste created through unevenness in work loads. Working from the perspective of the client who consumes a product or service, "value" is any action or process that a customer would be willing to pay for. Lean approach makes obvious; this management philosophy is derived from the Toyota Production System and identified as "lean" only in the 1990s. TPS is renowned for its focus on reduction of the original Toyota seven wastes to improve overall customer value, but there are varying perspectives on how this is best achieved; the steady growth of Toyota, from a small company to the world's largest automaker, has focused attention on how it has achieved this success.

In general, a project can be said to be Lean if it applies the principles of lean thinking.. There are, different implementations of this idea that don't apply all of the principles with equal weight. Two well-known types are "Kanban" and "Last Planner System"; the term Kanban comes from manufacturing but was adapted for software development by David Anderson when he was working at Microsoft in 2005 and inherited an underperforming maintenance team. The success of the approach in that environment, led Anderson to experiment with Kanban in projects, with positive results; as Anderson publicised his findings through talks and his book, software developers began to experiment with Kanban and it is now one of the most used methods for managing agile software development projects. The Last Planner System is used principally in construction and focuses on pull and flow but more important than those is its emphasis on a collaborative approach in which all trades work together to create a visual representation of the work that needs to be done

Weird menace

Weird menace is the name given to a subgenre of horror fiction, popular in the pulp magazines of the 1930s and early 1940s. The weird menace pulps known as shudder pulps featured stories in which the hero was pitted against sadistic villains, with graphic scenes of torture and brutality. In the early 1930s, detective pulps like Detective-Dragnet, All Detective, Dime Detective, the short-lived Strange Detective Stories, began to favor detective stories with weird, eerie, or menacing elements; the two distinct genre variations branched into separate magazines. Some magazines, for instance Ten Detective Aces, continued to host both genre variations; the first weird menace title was Dime Mystery, which started out as a straight crime fiction magazine but began to develop the new genre in 1933 under the influence of Grand Guignol theater. Popular Publications dominated the genre with Dime Mystery, Terror Tales, Horror Stories. After Popular issued Thrilling Mysteries, Standard Magazines, publisher of the "Thrilling" line of pulps, claimed trademark infringement.

Popular withdrew Thrilling Mysteries after one issue, Standard issued their own weird menace pulp, Thrilling Mystery. In the 1930s, the Red Circle pulps, with Mystery Tales, expanded the genre to include graphic descriptions of torture; this provoked a public outcry against such publications. For example, The American Mercury published a hostile account of the terror magazines in 1938: This month, as every month, the 1,508,000 copies of terror magazines, known to the trade as the shudder group, will be sold throughout the nation... They will contain enough illustrated sex perversion to give Krafft-Ebing the unholy jitters. A censorship backlash brought about the demise of the genre in the early 1940s. Jones, Robert; the Shudder Pulps: A History of the Weird Menace Magazines of the 1930s. Plume. ISBN 0-452-25190-7. Robinson, Frank Malcolm; the Incredible Pulps: A Gallery of Fiction Magazine Art. Collectors Press. ISBN 9781933112169

St Leonard's College, St Andrews

St Leonard's College is a postgraduate institute at the University of St Andrews in St Andrews, Scotland. Founded in 1512 as an autonomous theological college of the University of St Andrews, it merged with St Salvator's College in 1747 to form the United College. In 1972 it was re-instituted as a postgraduate institute. St Leonard's College of the University of St Andrews was founded as'The College of Poor Clerks of the Church of St Andrews' in 1512 by Alexander Stewart, Archbishop of St Andrews and John Hepburn, Prior of St Andrews, on the site of St Leonard's Hospital and Church, its creation was a result of the poverty and declining status of St John's College/Pedagogy and Arts Faculty of St Andrews. The first Provost was John Annand and a determined reformer of the clergy. St Leonard's was extremely monastic in nature, with members of the college being subjected to a far more rigorous and formal code of conduct than was in practice at St Salvator's; because of financial considerations and the general decline of the university, St Salvator's and St Leonard's Colleges were amalgamated to form the United College of St Salvator and St Leonard in 1747.

The buildings of St Leonard's College on South Street were sold and teaching limited to the St Salvator's College site on North Street. The old college site was visited by Samuel Johnston and James Boswell in August 1773; the old college site has, since the late 19th century, been occupied by St Leonards School. The college chapel remains the property of the university. Famous alumni of St Leonard's College include Alexander Ales, John Knox, George Buchanan, Patrick Adamson and James Melville. St Leonard's College was re-established in 1972 as a non-statutory college for postgraduates, postdoctoral fellows and research staff. After matriculation such students are de facto members of St Leonard’s College. St Leonard's College does not own any property - its function is to act as a central point of administration for postgraduate and postdoctoral students; the head of the college retains the medieval title of the Provost. R. G. Cant The University of St Andrews, A Short History Official College website