Piraeus Prefecture was one of the prefectures of Greece. It was part of the Athens-Piraeus super-prefecture; the capital of the prefecture was Piraeus. As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the prefecture was abolished, its territory was divided into two regional units: Islands and Piraeus; the prefecture covered the south-western part of the agglomeration of Athens, several islands in the Saronic Gulf and Troizina on the Peloponnese peninsula, the islands of Kythira and Antikythera south of the Peloponnese. An indication of the geographical diversity of the prefecture was the stark difference in population density between its seven mainland municipalities in the Athens urban area, which have 9,244.2 inhabitants/km2, its detached outlying areas, which average only 85.83 inhabitants/km2. Province of Salamis - Salamina Province of Aegina - Aegina Province of Troizinia - Methana Province of Hydra and Spetses - Hydra Province of Kythira - Kythira Agglomerate of PiraeusNote: Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece.
Nea Alikarnassos is a town and a former municipality in the Heraklion regional unit, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Heraklion, of which it is a municipal unit; the municipal unit has an area of 16.098 km2. Population 14,635, it is located on the north coast of the island and is served by the Nikos Kazantzakis International Airport. In the settlement of Prassas, the Minoan ruins of two houses were found. Nea Alikarnassos was founded in 1925 as a public housing development to accommodate the refugees, who were displaced following the Greco-Turkish War; the elections reveal a domination of the left wing. In the general elections of 2007 the distribution percentage of representatives were as follows: Panhellenic Socialist Movement 52.85%, the conservative New Democracy 31,22%, the Communist Party of Greece 8.97%, the left Coalition of the Radical Left 3.15%, the right Popular Orthodox Rally 1.61% and the Green Party 1.19%. Evangelos Sisamakis was first elected mayor in 2003 and was reelected in 2006 with 63% of the votes in the first round.
Major problems and conflicts have been caused with gypsies and there are over 500 Roma peoples living in poverty stricken conditions in Nea Alikarnassos. They are engaged in migrant trade such as furniture and vegetables, their camps lacks infrastructure and the sewage system and water supply is imperfect. The town of Nea Alikarnassos hosts the Greek football club P. A. S. A. Irodotos F. C. founded with presence in the Greek Football League. Official website
Paranesti is a municipality in the Rhodope Mountains of northeastern Drama regional unit, Greece. It consists of two municipal units: Nikoforos; the largest villages of the municipal unit Paranesti are Paranésti, Mesochório, Káto Thólos, Χágnanto, Prasináda. The Natural History Museum of Paranesti is located in Paranesti; the municipality Paranesti was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 2 former municipalities, that became municipal units: Nikiforos Paranesti The municipality has an area of 1029.392 km2, the municipal unit 788.394 km2. Paranesti at GEOnet Names Server Official website Georgios tou Stavrou Jacovides born in Paranesti Dramas 5th June 1932 once completed education in his life admitted to the police academy and made liquor license inspector and chief inspector by he was a martial arts instructor based in vardari and was in charge of controlling Thessalonikis night club and underworld thus making huge arrests. Paranesti was proud to have such an honest and ruthless commander protecting the civilians.
Upon dismantling a large Cartel he was dismissed with honours. Migrating to Australia early 60's forming a family and 2 sons Stavros and Nikolaos. Georgios became well known in the Melbourne community in the Greek newspaper circles as a writer and journalist. Upon visiting Greece in 2015 he attended Panagia Soumela in Trapezounda with Dr Peter Adamopoulos, such an amazing experience
Administrative regions of Greece
The administrative regions of Greece are the country's thirteen first-level administrative entities, each comprising several second-level units prefectures and, since 2011, regional units. The current regions were established in July 1986, by decision of then-Interior Minister Menios Koutsogiorgas as a second-level administrative entities, complementing the prefectures. Before 1986, there was a traditional division into broad historical–geographical regions, however, was arbitrary. Although the post-1986 regions were based on the earlier divisions, they are smaller and, in a few cases, do not overlap with the traditional definitions: for instance, the region of Western Greece, which had no previous analogue, comprises territory belonging to the Peloponnese peninsula and the traditional region of Central Greece; as part of a decentralization process inspired by then-Interior Minister Alekos Papadopoulos, they were accorded more powers in the 1997 Kapodistrias reform of local and regional government.
They were transformed into separate entities by the 2010 Kallikratis Plan, which entered into effect on 1 January 2011. In the 2011 changes, the government-appointed general secretary was replaced with a popularly elected regional governor and a regional council with 5-year terms. Many powers of the prefectures, which were abolished or reformed into regional units, were transferred to the region level; the regional organs of the central government were in turn replaced by seven Decentralized administrations, which group from one to three regions under a government-appointed general secretary. Bordering the region of Central Macedonia there is one autonomous region, Mount Athos, a monastic community under Greek sovereignty, it is located on the easternmost of the three large peninsulas jutting into the Aegean from the Chalcidice Peninsula. Administrative divisions of Greece ISO 3166-2:GR List of Greek regions by Human Development Index
Heraklion or Heraclion is the largest city and the administrative capital of the island of Crete and capital of Heraklion regional unit. It is the fourth largest city in Greece. According to the results of the 2011 census, the municipality's population was 173,993 and according to the results of 2011 census, the metropolitan area has a population of 225,574 and it extends over an area of 684.3 km2. The Bronze Age palace of Knossos known as the Palace of Minos, is located nearby. Heraklion announced as Europe’s fastest growing tourism destination for 2017, according to Euromonitor, showing an 11.2% growth in international arrivals. According to the ranking, Heraklion was ranked as the 20th most visited region in Europe, as the 66th area on the Planet and as the 2nd in Greece for the year 2017, with 3.2 million visitors and the 19th in Europe for 2018, with 3,4 million visitors. The Arab traders from al-Andalus who founded the Emirate of Crete moved the island's capital from Gortyna to a new castle they called rabḍ al-ḫandaq in the 820s.
This was hellenized as Χάνδαξ or Χάνδακας and Latinized as Candia, taken into other European languages: in Italian and Latin as Candia, in French as Candie, in English as Candy, all of which could refer to the island of Crete as a whole as well as to the city alone. After the Byzantine reconquest of Crete, the city was locally known as Megalo Kastro and its inhabitants were called Kastrinoi; the ancient name Ηράκλειον was revived in the 19th century and comes from the nearby Roman port of Heracleum, whose exact location is unknown. English usage preferred the classicizing transliterations "Heraklion" or "Heraclion", but the form "Iraklion" is becoming more common. Heraklion is close to the ruins of the palace of Knossos, which in Minoan times was the largest centre of population on Crete. Knossos had a port at the site of Heraklion from the beginning of Early Minoan period. Around 1500 BC, the port was destroyed by a volcanic tsunami from nearby Santorini, leveling the region and covering it with ash.
After the fall of the Minoans, Heraklion, as well as the rest of Crete in general, fared poorly, with little development in the area. Only with the arrival of the Romans did some construction in the area begin, yet early into Byzantine times the area was abound with pirates and bandits; the present city of Heraklion was founded in 824 by the Arabs under Abu Hafs Umar, expelled from Al-Andalus by Emir Al-Hakam I and had taken over the island from the Eastern Roman Empire. They built a moat around the city for protection, named the city ربض الخندق, rabḍ al-ḫandaq, it became the capital of the Emirate of Crete. The Saracens allowed the port to be used as a safe haven for pirates who operated against Imperial shipping and raided Imperial territory around the Aegean. In 960, Byzantine forces under the command of Nikephoros Phokas to become Emperor, landed in Crete and attacked the city. After a prolonged siege, the city fell in March 961; the Saracen inhabitants were slaughtered, the city burned to the ground.
Soon rebuilt, the town was renamed Χάνδαξ, remained under Byzantine control for the next 243 years. In 1204, the city was bought by the Republic of Venice as part of a complicated political deal which involved, among other things, the Crusaders of the Fourth Crusade restoring the deposed Eastern Roman Emperor Isaac II Angelus to his throne; the Venetians improved on the ditch of the city by building enormous fortifications, most of which are still in place, including a giant wall, in places up to 40 m thick, with 7 bastions, a fortress in the harbour. Chandax was renamed Candia and became the seat of the Duke of Candia, the Venetian administrative district of Crete became known as "Regno di Candia"; the city retained the name of Candia for centuries and the same name was used to refer to the whole island of Crete as well. To secure their rule, Venetians began in 1212 to settle families from Venice on Crete; the coexistence of two different cultures and the stimulus of Italian Renaissance led to a flourishing of letters and the arts in Candia and Crete in general, today known as the Cretan Renaissance.
During the Cretan War, the Ottomans besieged the city for 21 years, from 1648 to 1669 the longest siege in history. In its final phase, which lasted for 22 months, 70,000 Turks, 38,000 Cretans and slaves and 29,088 of the city's Christian defenders perished; the Ottoman army under an Albanian grand vizier, Köprülü Fazıl Ahmed Pasha conquered the city in 1669. Under the Ottomans, the city was known as Kandiye but informally in Greek as Megalo Castro. During the Ottoman period, the harbour silted up, so most shipping shifted to Chania in the west of the island. In 1898, the autonomous Cretan State was created, under Ottoman suzerainty, with Prince George of Greece as its High Commissioner and under international supervision. During the period of direct occupation of the island by the Great Powers, Candia was part of the British zone. At this time, the city was renamed "Heraklion", after the Roman port of Heracleum, whose exact location is unknown. In 1913, with the rest of Crete, Heraklion was incorporated into the Kingdom of Greece.
Heraklion became again capital of Crete in 1971. At the port of the city dominate
East Attica is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the region of Attica; the capital of the regional unit is the town of Pallini. The regional unit covers the eastern part of the urban agglomeration of Athens, the rural area to its east; the regional unit East Attica is subdivided into 13 municipalities. These are: Acharnes Dionysos Kropia Lavreotiki Marathon Markopoulo Mesogaias Oropos Paiania Pallini Rafina-Pikermi Saronikos Spata-Artemida Vari-Voula-Vouliagmeni With respect to parliamentary elections East Attica belongs to the electoral district of Attica; as a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit East Attica was created out of the former prefecture East Attica. The prefecture had the same territory as the present regional unit. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below; the prefecture of East Attica was subdivided into three geographical areas: Marathon and Lavreotiki. List of settlements in Attica Official website
Thebes Province was one of the provinces of the Boeotia Prefecture, Greece. Its territory corresponded with that of the current municipalities Tanagra and Thebes and the municipal units Thespies and Akraifnia, it was abolished in 2006