Bernard Edward Bernie Masterson was an American football player and coach. He served as the football coach at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln from 1946 to 1947. Masterson played college football at Nebraska from 1931 to 1933 and he played professionally in the National Football League with the Chicago Bears from 1934 to 1940. Masterson was an athlete at Lincoln High. He was a back in football, a starter on the 1930 state championship basketball team. Moving on to the University of Nebraska–Lincoln, he starred from 1931 to 1933 as a back on three straight unbeaten Big Six championship teams and he was selected All-Big Six in 1933. Materson played quarterback for the Chicago Bears from 1934 to 1940 when the Bears were known as the Monsters of the Midway, during his pro career, the Bears were 59–19–3 and were in three NFL championship playoffs. Bernie has an NFL career total of 3,372 passing yards and 35 touchdowns, in 1940, Clark Shaughnessy hired Masterson to coach Stanford quarterback Frankie Albert.
He came back to Nebraska as head coach for 1946 and 1947. He went 5–13 in the two seasons as head coach, Masterson died of a heart attack in Chicago on May 16,1963. He was inducted into the Nebraska Football Hall of Fame in 1977, Bernie Masterson at the College Football Data Warehouse Bernie Masterson at Pro-Football-Reference. com
Sidney Luckman was an American football quarterback for the Chicago Bears of the National Football League from 1939 through 1950. During his twelve seasons with the Bears he led them to four NFL championships, Luckman was the first modern T-formation quarterback and is considered the greatest long range passer of his time. He was named the NFLs Most Valuable Player in 1943, following his retirement from playing, Luckman continued his association with football by tutoring college coaches, focusing on the passing aspect of the game. Luckman was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1965, Luckman was born in Brooklyn, New York, to Jewish immigrants from Germany. His father sparked his interest in football at age eight, by giving him a football to play with and he and his parents lived in a residence near Prospect Park and it was here as a youngster that Sid first started throwing the football around. He played both baseball and football for Erasmus Hall High School, with his football skills impressing recruiters from about 40 colleges, Luckman chose Columbia University after meeting Lions coach Lou Little during a Columbia/Navy game at the universitys Baker Field athletic facility.
Luckman was not admitted to Columbia College, instead, he attended the New College for the Education of Teachers, an undergraduate school and he competed on the football team from 1936 until the New College closed in 1939, when he transferred to Columbia College. In fact, the 1936 varsity football squad had five other New College students, Hubert Schulze, Edward Stanzyk, Oscar Bonom, Harry Ream, at Columbia Luckman was a member of the Zeta Beta Tau fraternity. Keen to remain in Columbia to stay close to his family, he took on such as dish-washing, baby-sitting. However, despite his successes at Columbia University, Luckman initially declined any further interest in pro football, Halas went to work on convincing him otherwise. After gaining an invitation to Luckmans tiny apartment for a dinner which Luckmans wife Estelle prepared, at that time both at the college and pro levels, offenses were a drab scrum of running the ball with only occasional passes. In what was the predominant single-wing formation, the quarterback was primarily a blocking back, Most passing was done by the tailback, and usually only on third down with long yardage to go.
Halas and his coaches, primarily Clark Shaughnessy, invented a complex scheme building on the traditional T-formation. Upon starting with Halas, Luckman mastered an offense that revolutionized football, Luckman tutored college coaches across the Big Ten, Notre Dame and West Point in the intricacies of the passing game. In 1940, during his season with the Bears, Luckman took over the offense and led the Bears to the title game against Sammy Baugh. The Redskins had beaten the Bears, 7–3, during the regular season, using the man-in-motion innovation to great advantage, the Bears destroyed the Redskins, 73–0, stated to be the most one-sided game in the history of the sport. Luckman passed only six times, with four completions and 102 yards in the rout, from 1940 to 1946, the Bears displayed their dominance in the game, playing in five NFL championship games, winning four, and posted a 54–17–3 regular season record. In 1942, the Bears posted a perfect 11–0 record and outscored their opponents, 376–84, although the T-formation had been used many years before Luckman joined the Chicago Bears, he was central to Chicagos successful use of this style of play because of his game-sense and versatility
George Stanley Halas Sr. nicknamed Papa Bear and Mr. Everything, was a player and owner involved with professional American football. He was the founder and owner of the National Football Leagues Chicago Bears and he was lesser known as an inventor, radio producer, philanthropist and Major League Baseball player. He was one of the co-founders of the National Football League in 1920, Halas was born in Chicago, into a family of Czech-Bohemian immigrants. His parents were migrants from Pilsen, Austria-Hungary, George had a varied career in sports. In 1915, Halas worked temporarily for Western Electric, and was planning on being on the SS Eastland and he was running late, however, as he was attempting to gain weight to play Big Ten football and missed the capsizing. He became a member of Tau Kappa Epsilon fraternity and he helped Illinois win the 1918 Big Ten Conference football title. Serving as an ensign in the Navy during World War I, he played for a team at the Great Lakes Naval Training Station, and was named the MVP of the 1919 Rose Bowl.
Afterward, Halas played minor league baseball, eventually earning a promotion to the New York Yankees, however, a hip injury effectively ended his baseball career. The popular myth was that Halas was succeeded as the Yankees right fielder by Babe Ruth, that year, Halas played for the Hammond Pros and received about $75 per game. After one year with the Pros, Halas moved to Decatur, Illinois to take a position with the A. E. Staley Company, a starch manufacturer. He served as a sales representative, an outfielder on the company-sponsored baseball team. Halas selected his alma maters colors—orange and navy blue—for the teams uniforms, in 1920, Halas represented the Staleys at the meeting which formed the American Professional Football Association in Canton, Ohio. After suffering financial losses despite a 10–1–2 record, company founder, Halas moved the team to Chicago and took on teammate Dutch Sternaman as a partner. Halas was given a $5,000 bonus for the move to Chicago provided that he keep the Staleys franchise name for the 1921 season, the newly minted Chicago Staleys maneuvered their schedule to win the NFL championship that year.
They took the name Bears in 1922 as a tribute to baseballs Chicago Cubs, Halas was not only the teams coach, but played end and handled ticket sales and the business of running the club. However, severe financial difficulties brought on by the Great Depression put the Bears in dire financial straits even though Jones led them to the NFL title in 1932, Halas returned as coach in 1933 to eliminate the additional cost of paying a head coachs salary. He coached the Bears for another ten seasons and his 1934 team was undefeated until a loss in the championship game to the New York Giants. Every other team in the league immediately began trying to imitate the format, the Bears repeated as NFL champions in 1941, and the 1940s would be remembered as the era of the Monsters of the Midway
George Anderson McAfee was a professional American football player. He played halfback for the Chicago Bears from 1940 to 1941 and 1945 to 1950 and he played college football at Duke University. McAfee is a member of the College Football Hall of Fame, George McAfee was born in Corbin, Kentucky. He was one of brothers, including future NFL halfback Wes McAfee. Soon after his birth, his family moved to Ironton, Ohio, McAfee played college football for the Duke Blue Devils football team of Duke University from 1937 to 1939. During his three years at Duke, the compiled a record of 24–4–1. He led the Blue Devils to Southern Conference championships in 1938 and 1939, in his senior season in 1939, he led the team in rushing, scoring, kickoff returns, punt returns and punting. He earned All-America honors from the Associated Press, United Press, Central Press, McAfee batted.353 as a center fielder for the Duke Blue Devils baseball team and captured a SoCon 100-meter championship as a senior. From 1942 to 1945 he served in the Navy during World War II, nicknamed One-Play McAfee, he was known for explosive speed, he ran a 100-yard dash in 9.7 seconds.
Red Grange, a star of earlier Bears teams, called McAfee the most dangerous man with the football in the game. 1941 was a year for McAfee, he led the league with a 7.3 rushing yards per carry while scoring a league-high 12 touchdowns in an eleven-game season. McAfee developed dementia in his years and moved into Cypress Court. Cypress Court is owned and operated by the Seattle-based Emeritus Senior Living, in February 2009, McAfee wandered out of his room at Cypress Court and accessed a toxic substance that was supposed to be kept in a locked cabinet. McAfee ingested the substance and died as a result of chemical burns to his lips, esophagus. The State of Georgia found Emeritus negligent in McAfees death, McAfees family sued Emeritus and ultimately settled out of court for an undisclosed sum. The circumstances surrounding McAfees death were featured in the 2013 PBS Frontline documentary Life, George McAfee at the Pro Football Hall of Fame George One Play McAfee at the College Football Hall of Fame George McAfee at Find a Grave Los Angeles Times obituary Washington Post obituary
Daniel John Fortmann was a professional American football offensive lineman in the National Football League for the Chicago Bears. He played college football at Colgate University and was drafted in the round of the 1936 NFL Draft. According to legend, Bears owner George Halas, reportedly drafted Fortmann because his name had a good, uncertain as to whether to go to medical school or play football, Halas convinced Fortmann that he could do both. Fortmann enrolled at the University of Chicago, where he obtained his degree in 1940 and he interned in Detroit and completed his surgical training in Pittsburgh. He set up as a surgeon in Burbank, Fortmann was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1965. He was selected as an All-Pro guard for six consecutive years, Pro Football Hall of Fame, Member - Dan Fortmann New York Times Obit Dan Fortmann at Find a Grave Grosshandler, Stanley. Archived from the original on 2012-10-06
Edgar John Eggs Manske was a professional American football player who played six seasons in the National Football League. Manske was the last college player to play without a football helmet, Manske played in two NFL championship games with the Chicago Bears, including the historic 1940 NFL Championship Game, a 73–0 victory over the Washington Redskins. Manske was born in 1912 in Nekoosa, Wisconsin and he graduated from Alexander High School. A member of the College Football Hall of Fame, Manske excelled in college at football and basketball. Manske was elected to the All-Big Ten Conference and United Press International All-America teams in 1933 and he was named to the All-Big Ten team in basketball in 1933. In his senior year, Manske played all sixty minutes against Ohio State, Notre Dame and Illinois, halas eventually obtained Manskes services by trade with Philadelphia in 1937. During his professional career, Manske played at the end position. Manske led the Philadelphia Eagles in scoring during the 1935 season, as a member of the Chicago Bears, Manske played his last professional game in the memorable 73–0 playoff win over Washington.
Manske was involved in a trade considered among the most lopsided in NFL history, in 1938, he was traded from Chicago to the Pittsburgh Steelers for the Steelers first-round selection in the upcoming 1939 NFL draft. The Bears drafted future Hall of Fame quarterback Sid Luckman, Manske re-signed with the Bears in 1939, leaving Pittsburgh with nothing to show for its top pick. One of 995 NFL players who served during World War II, during officer training at the St. Marys Preflight School in 1942, he played on the team and earned All-Service All-America honors. Manske began his career at the College of the Holy Cross in 1941. Manske eventually became an educator, and taught biology at Berkeley High School from 1955 until his retirement in 1975, Manske was married for 53 years to 1928 Olympian and 1932 Summer Olympics bronze medalist, Jane Fauntz. In 1988 Manske was inducted into the Northwestern Athletics Hall of Fame, edgar Eggs Manske at the College Football Hall of Fame Career statistics and player information from NFL.
com • Pro-Football-Reference
George Francis Musso was an American football lineman, playing both offensive guard and tackle as well as defensive middle guard. His twelve-year career in the National Football League was spent entirely with the Chicago Bears, Musso was the son of a coal miner who starred in high school sports in Collinsville and was therefore offered an athletic grant to attend James Millikin University. His father, who planned to pull him out of school after he completed his primary education. Musso attended Millikin University and was a standout in football, baseball, Millikin was in the Little 19 conference that included such teams as Eureka and Augustana. In 1929, Musso played against future President Ronald Reagan, who played guard for Eureka College, who weighed about 175 pounds, and Eureka lost to Musso and Millikin 45-6. Musso was already larger than most linemen of his era, playing ball at 62,255 pounds. In 1933, George played in the East-West All-Star game, held in Chicago, who had doubts the small school Musso could make it in the NFL, offered Musso a $90 a game contract.
Musso agreed and, although he struggled at first, became the centerpiece of the Bears line for 12 years and he played offensive tackle until 1937 when he moved to guard. He was the first to win All-NFL at two positions and guard and he played middle guard or nose tackle on defense his entire career. Musso captained the Chicago Bears for nine seasons, playing on the line with other NFL notables as Link Lyman, Joe Kopcha, Walt Kiesling, Bulldog Turner, Joe Stydahar and he played in seven NFL championship games, with the Bears winning four. He was inducted to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1982, of note, in 1935 as an NFL lineman, Musso played against Gerald Ford of Michigan in the 1935 College All-Star game. Without a doubt, Musso is the only NFL player, to have played against two U. S. Presidents, Musso retired to Edwardsville and began a restaurant business. He served as the Madison County, Illinois and treasurer from the 1950s through the 1970s and he died in his home in Edwardsville in 2000.
Pro Football Hall of Fame, Member profile
Kenneth William Kavanaugh was an American football player and scout. He played professionally in the National Football League for the Chicago Bears as an end from 1940 to 1950 and he led the league in receiving touchdowns twice, and is a member of the NFL 1940s All-Decade Team. As of 2016, he is the Bears all-time leader in receiving touchdowns and he was elected to the College Football Hall of Fame in 1963. Kavanaugh was born in Little Rock, Arkansas and he graduated from Little Rock Central High School in 1936. Kavanaugh arrived at Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge, Louisiana in 1936, as an end, he was quickly able to fill the void in the offense left by the departure of two-time All-American Gaynell Tinsley. At 6 feet 3 inches, Kavanaugh was a receiver for his time. Bernie Moore, Kavanaughs head coach at LSU, said Kavanaugh was a pass rather than a receiver. He was named to the Associated Press All-Southeastern Conference second alternate team after the 1937 season, in 1938, the AP named him a first-team All-SEC selection, and he was a second-team selection by the United Press.
In 1939, in a game against Holy Cross, Kavanaugh caught four passes in the 26–7 win. According to Kavanaugh and teammate Young Bussey, Kavanaugh found four rusty nails on the sideline during the game, the next week against Rice, he found another nail and scored another touchdown to give LSU a 7–0 win. The pattern continued against Loyola and Vanderbilt, as Kavanaugh found two nails before each game and in each scored two touchdowns. A sportswriter for the Baton Rouge Advocate claimed he saw coach Bernie Moore at a local store stocking up on nails before LSUs game against No.1 Tennessee, Kavanaugh failed to score in the game, however, as the Tigers lost 20–0. The Nashville Banner named Kavanaugh co-MVP of the Southeastern Conference for 1939 along with Bob Foxx of Tennessee, Kavanaugh was a consensus All-America selection for the 1939 All-America Team, being named to the team by five of the nine official selectors. He was awarded the Knute Rockne Memorial Trophy by the Washington D. C, touchdown Club as the nations lineman of the year, and finished seventh in Heisman Trophy balloting.
After college, Kavanaugh signed a minor league contract with the St. Louis Cardinals organization for $300 a month. He signed with the NFLs Chicago Bears after striking a deal with Bears owner George Halas for $300 a game and he played for the Bears during a period in which they were nicknamed the Monsters of the Midway. In the 1940 NFL Championship Game, the Bears defeated the Washington Redskins 73–0, Kavanaugh caught the games only touchdown pass, a 30-yard reception from quarterback Sid Luckman shortly before halftime. The next season, the Bears won the 1941 NFL Championship Game, as they defeated the New York Giants 39–7, the final score in the game was a fumble recovery by Kavanaugh on defense, returning the ball 42 yards for a touchdown
Joseph Lee Jumbo Joe Stydahar was an American football tackle for the Chicago Bears from 1936 to 1942 and 1945 to 1946 and is a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame. He was born and raised about 70 miles east of Pittsburgh in the mining community of Kaylor, Pennsylvania in Armstrong County. Stydahar attended West Virginia University, and was the coach of the Los Angeles Rams during the 1950 and 1951 seasons. Stydahar died on March 23,1977, Stydahar was the first player drafted by George Halass Chicago Bears, he was the sixth overall pick in the 1936 NFL draft, the first ever NFL draft. At West Virginia, Stydahar won various All-Eastern honors, and after his year, he was invited to participate in the College All-Star game. He was a star at West Virginia, playing both football and basketball. Stydahar was a letterman in basketball and once held the single game scoring record of 24 points against West Virginia Wesleyan in 1933. Stydahar was elected into the West Virginia University Sports Hall of Fame in 1991, Joe Stydahar at the Pro Football Hall of Fame Joe Stydahar at the College Football Hall of Fame Joe Stydahar at Find a Grave
Clyde Douglas Bulldog Turner was a professional American football player for the Chicago Bears. He played thirteen seasons for the Bears and was a member of four NFL championship teams and he was elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1966. Out of Hardin–Simmons University in Abilene, Turner was the Bears first round selection in the 1940 NFL draft, but, at first at least, Turner didnt want to be on the Bears. It turned out that the Detroit Lions owner paid him $200 to get his teeth fixed, the Lions were fined $5,000 for tampering, and the Bears got a great two-way player. Turner was big for his day, however, he was smart, a six-time all-pro center, and a steady linebacker, Turner intercepted four passes in five NFL title games. In 1942, he led the league in interceptions and he said that he studied all 11 assignments for all plays, which came in handy when some players were ejected for fighting one game in 1943. Teammate George Musso once said of Bulldog, Who knows what kind of player he would have if he ever got to rest during a game.
An eight-time All-Pro selection, Turner was a member of the NFL 1940s All-Decade Team, the Bears retired his number 66. Turner was the coach of the New York Titans of the American Football League for their third season in 1962. Under his leadership, the Titans finished last in the Eastern division with a 5–9 record, the team was sold in March 1963 and became the New York Jets, and Turner was fired, succeeded by Weeb Ewbank. Suffering from emphysema and lung cancer, Turner died at age 79 at home on his ranch in Gatesville, Texas