National Football League
The National Football League is a professional American football league consisting of 32 teams, divided equally between the National Football Conference and the American Football Conference. The NFL is one of the four professional sports leagues in North America. The NFLs 17-week regular season runs from the week after Labor Day to the week after Christmas, with each team playing 16 games, the NFL was formed in 1920 as the American Professional Football Association before renaming itself the National Football League for the 1922 season. The NFL agreed to merge with the American Football League in 1966, and the first Super Bowl was held at the end of that season, the merger was completed in 1970. Today, the NFL has the highest average attendance of any sports league in the world and is the most popular sports league in the United States. S. The NFLs executive officer is the commissioner, who has authority in governing the league. The team with the most NFL championships is the Green Bay Packers with thirteen, the current NFL champions are the New England Patriots, who defeated the Atlanta Falcons 34–28 in Super Bowl LI.
Another meeting held on September 17,1920 resulted in the renaming of the league to the American Professional Football Association, the league hired Jim Thorpe as its first president, and consisted of 14 teams. Only two of these teams, the Decatur Staleys and the Chicago Cardinals, the first event occurred on September 26,1920 when the Rock Island Independents defeated the non-league St. Paul Ideals 48–0 at Douglas Park. On October 3,1920, the first full week of league play occurred, the following season resulted in the Chicago Staleys controversially winning the title over the Buffalo All-Americans. In 1922, the APFA changed its name to the National Football League, in 1932, the season ended with the Chicago Bears and the Portsmouth Spartans tied for first in the league standings. This method had used since the leagues creation in 1920. The league quickly determined that a game between Chicago and Portsmouth was needed to decide the leagues champion. Playing with altered rules to accommodate the playing field, the Bears won the game 9–0.
Fan interest in the de facto championship game led the NFL, beginning in 1933, the 1934 season marked the first of 12 seasons in which African Americans were absent from the league. The de facto ban was rescinded in 1946, following public pressure, the NFL was always the foremost professional football league in the United States, it nevertheless faced a large number of rival professional leagues through the 1930s and 1940s. Rival leagues included at least three separate American Football Leagues and the All-America Football Conference, on top of regional leagues of varying caliber. Three NFL teams trace their histories to these leagues, including the Los Angeles Rams
Indianola Park was an amusement park that operated in Columbus, Ohios University District from 1905 to 1937. The park was the field for the Columbus Panhandles for half of a decade. In the 1920s, new owners bought and remodeled the park, the entrance to Indianola Park was at N 4th Street and E 19th Avenue. The park itself covered approximately 30 acres and extended north from E 18th Avenue north to E Norwich Avenue, and east from N 4th Street to Big Four Street and the railroad tracks. He was inspired to go into the amusement park business, because he saw how well Coney Islands new Luna Park was doing, and he had experience using recreations to draw buyers. The park was designed by amusement park impresario Frederick Ingersoll, who designed the Luna Parks in Pittsburgh and Cleveland. In 1908, a theater was added, and Indianola began presented vaudeville for its patrons, the park entertained visitors with everything from Shakespeares plays and Greek dances, to circus animals and diving horses.
A year later, the park underwent major renovations, the band shell area was expanded, and a Shoot the Chute ride, The Blue Streak roller coaster, and a Human Laundry funhouse were added. For the next five years, the park was home field for the Columbus Panhandles, Indianola enjoyed sustained popularity through the 1910s. Crowds as large as 10 thousand flocked to the park on weekends, in 1923, the park underwent a change in management. The new owners invested thousands of dollars in renovations, for weeks before opening day, advertisements trumpeted A Greater Indianola and The Biggest Year of All. The dance pavilion was remodeled for The Jazz Age, repairs were made to the pool. New attractions were added, such as a roller coaster called Thriller, a Seaplane Swing ride, a caterpillar ride, The Joyplane, and Custer Cars. Indianola became more aggressive in advertising and promotions, aiming to create a clean and orderly park for clean. The park gradually dropped vaudeville and band concerts, the park continued to do well into the mid-1920s.
However, in 1927, the park sold its land north of E 19th Avenue to the Columbus Board of Education for the construction of a new school, Indianola Junior High School, which opened in 1929. Reduced to just its core, the pavilion and the pool. The Great Depression made a challenging situation even more difficult, because few people had money to spare for a day at the amusement park
The Columbus Panhandles were a professional American football team based in Columbus, Ohio. The club was founded in 1901 by workers at the Panhandle shops of the Pennsylvania Railroads and they were a part of the Ohio League from 1904 before folding after one season. The Panhandles are credited with playing in the first NFL game against another NFL opponent and they have zero NFL championships, but Joseph Carr, the teams owner from 1907 to 1922, is enshrined in the Pro Football Hall of Fame for his work as NFL president. The earliest existence of the Panhandles was in 1900, the Columbus Press-Post reported Jack Walsh creating the Panhandle railroad team consisting of big hardy railroad men, no other articles in 1900 were written about the Panhandles. A game was scheduled for October 19 of next year, however, in 1901, managed by William Butler of the Ohio Medical University, the Panhandles played two games against the Columbus Barracks, a team consisting of local soldiers. The results were split, the first was a 2–6 loss while the second was a 12–6 win, Butler left the Panhandles for unknown reasons, and the new manager for the 1902 season was Harry Greenwood.
Greenwood placed advertisements in every newspaper he could in order to schedule games against local opponents and his ad read The Panhandle Athletic Club has organized a football team and would like to play any college, high school or manufacturing team on Saturday or Sunday. As a result, the Panhandles scheduled four games in 1902, the Panhandles got a new manager for the 1903 season, E. E. Griest. Griest needed help with the team, so he hired Ben Chamberlain to coach the team, after an exhibition game against the Ohio State Buckeyes, the Panhandles won their first game of the season, a 38–0 victory over Neil Avenue Athletic Club. This victory gave the team some unexpected press, the Columbus Citizen wrote the first article praising the team, the Panhandles 1903 season ended with a 5–3 record. In 1904, Joseph Carr, who was a writer for the Ohio State Journal and manager of the railroads baseball team the Famous Panhandle White Sox. However the Panhandles didn’t take off and the team played just two games, Carr tried again three years in 1907.
One of the first things Carr did when he became the owner of the Panhandles was to one the railroads policies. Since most of the players were employed by the railroad. Because of this perk, Carr was able to schedule mostly road games, eliminating the expenses of stadium rental, game promotion, and security for the field. However, while the team did play the majority of their games on the road as a traveling team, the Panhandles adopted an amateur sandlot mentality for their playing style. Since the team was composed mainly of workers, the scenario gave the players limited time to practice. The Panhandles did the majority of their preparation during their lunch breaks, workers had a one-hour break during a normal workday, and the players on the team usually took the first 15 minutes to eat lunch and used the remaining 45 minutes to practice football
Columbus is the capital and largest city of the U. S. state of Ohio. It is the 15th-largest city in the United States, with a population of 850,106 as of 2015 estimates and this makes Columbus the fourth-most populous state capital in the United States, and the third-largest city in the Midwestern United States. It is the city of the Columbus, Metropolitan Statistical Area. With a population of 2,021,632, it is Ohios third-largest metropolitan area, Columbus is the county seat of Franklin County. The city proper has expanded and annexed portions of adjoining Delaware County, named for explorer Christopher Columbus, the city was founded in 1812 at the confluence of the Scioto and Olentangy rivers, and assumed the functions of state capital in 1816. As of 2013, the city has the headquarters of five corporations in the U. S, fortune 500, Nationwide Mutual Insurance Company, American Electric Power, L Brands, Big Lots, and Cardinal Health. In 2012, Columbus was ranked in BusinessWeeks 50 best cities in America.
In 2013, Forbes gave Columbus an A rating as one of the top cities for business in the U. S. and that included the city on its list of Best Places for Business. Columbus was ranked as the No.1 up-and-coming tech city in the nation by Forbes in 2008, and the city was ranked a top-ten city by Relocate America in 2010. In 2007, fDi Magazine ranked the city no.3 in the U. S. for cities of the future, and the Columbus Zoo and Aquarium was rated no.1 in 2009 by USA Travel Guide. The area including modern-day Columbus once comprised the Ohio Country, under the control of the French colonial empire through the Viceroyalty of New France from 1663 until 1763. In the 18th century, European traders flocked to the area, the area found itself frequently caught between warring factions, including American Indian and European interests. In the 1740s, Pennsylvania traders overran the territory until the French forcibly evicted them, in the early 1750s, the Ohio Company sent George Washington to the Ohio Country to survey.
Fighting for control of the territory in the French and Indian War became part of the international Seven Years War, during this period, the region routinely suffered turmoil and battles. The 1763 Treaty of Paris ceded the Ohio Country to the British Empire, after the American Revolution, the Ohio Country became part of the Virginia Military District, under the control of the United States. Colonists from the East Coast moved in, but rather finding a empty frontier, they encountered people of the Miami, Wyandot, Shawnee. The tribes resisted expansion by the fledgling United States, leading to years of bitter conflict, the decisive Battle of Fallen Timbers resulted in the Treaty of Greenville, which finally opened the way for new settlements. By 1797, a surveyor from Virginia named Lucas Sullivant had founded a permanent settlement on the west bank of the forks of the Scioto River
The Nesser Brothers were a group of football playing brothers who helped make up the most famous football family in the United States from 1907 until the mid-1920s. The brothers father, was born on January 20,1850, in a town in Germany called Kirsch, near Trier, Alsace-Lorraine. He eventually got a job with the German railroad as an apprentice boilermaker, soon afterwards the German government, which operated and controlled all the railroads, sent him to Metz, where he worked for twelve years as a boilermaker. In 1870, at the age of twenty, he fought with the German army in the Franco-Prussian War although he did not care for the fighting. After the war, around 1873, Theodore met Katerina Steinbach, the couple eventually had twelve children,1. John Nesser, Born April 25,1875 in Triere and died August 1,1931, in Columubus, April 17,1876 in Triere and died January 11,1949, in Columbus, Ohio. October 22,1877 in Triere and died May 29,1954, in Columbus, may 5,1879 in Triere and died June 24,1910, in Columbus, Ohio.
December 10,1880 in Triere and died May 9,1959, in Columbus, April 8,1883 in Dennison and died June 7,1941, in Columbus, Ohio. May 27,1885 in Delaware and died May 10,1900, in Columbus, September 10,1887 in Columbus and died July 2,1967, in Columbus, Ohio. June 3,1889 in Columbus and died January 1,1953, in Columbus, may 7,1891 in Columbus and died December 17,1959, in Columbus, Ohio. June 6,1893 in Columbus and died March 11,1967, in Columbus, March 22,1898 in Columbus and died September 2,1969, in Columbus, Ohio. The railroad sent Theodore to Dennison, Ohio, to start working, by 1882 he had finally saved enough money for Katerina and the five children to make their way to America. He eventually designed the engine that would be used by the railroad the years to come. However, when the railroad tweaked his design to get around his patent in 1887, Nesser quit, seven of the eight Nesser boys eventually followed their father to work as boilermakers at the Pennsylvania Railroad. The brothers did backbreaking, muscle-straining work for 10 hours a day at the shops of the Panhandle Division of the Pennsylvania Railroad, however they always rushed through their 1-hour lunch break so they could practice football for 50 minutes before they returned to work.
In the event of the rain, they played euchre, none of the brothers attended college, however they were offered various scholarships. On brother, was offered a chance to go to Notre Dame, Phil was a math genius who never had any formal education beyond the fourth grade. Ted was a genius and is credited with originating several plays, the triple pass, the criss-cross and the short kickoff
James Redwick Red Weaver was an American football player and coach. Weaver was a prominent center for the Centre Praying Colonels football teams of Centre College in Danville, after graduating from North Side High School in Fort Worth, coached by former Centre player Robert L. Myers and several teammates were to go to Centre. However, along with Bo McMillin, did not have sufficient credits to enter college, Red Roberts was already a member of the Somerset squad. The three formed a nucleus which went undefeated. He kicked 37 consecutive field goals from 1917 to 1918, Weaver was the center on Centres all-time football team chosen in 1935, picked over Ed Kubale. He was recognized as a consensus first-team All-American in 1919, while playing center for the Centre Colonels football team of Centre College, Weaver was the smallest lineman ever to make All-American. He was 5 feet 10 inches and 185 pounds and he held the NCAA record for 99 consecutive points after touchdowns in the 1919 and 1920 seasons.
Weaver was put at the position on an Associated Press Southeast Area All-Time football team 1869-1919 era. Weaver was the football coach for the West Virginia Tech Golden Bears located in Montgomery. He held that position for the 1921 season and his coaching record at West Virginia Tech was 4 wins,3 losses and 1 tie. As of the conclusion of the 2009 season, this ranks him 15th at West Virginia Tech in total wins and he was a coach at West Virginia Tech and Morris Harvey. He coached the Columbus Tigers in 1924 and 1925, Weaver played center professionally for the Columbus Tigers of the National Football League in 1923
Gustave Kenneth Tebell was an American football and baseball player and college athletics administrator. From 1925 to 1929, he coached football at North Carolina State University, from 1934 to 1936, he coached at the University of Virginia, where he compiled a 6–18–4 record. From 1930 to 1951, he served as the mens basketball coach at Virginia. During that tenure, he compiled a 240–190 record and his 240 wins rank third in school history. Tebell coached baseball at Virginia from 1941 to 1943 and from 1945 to 1955, Tebell played football and basketball at the University of Wisconsin. As an end on the team, he was selected a second-team All-American by the New York Times. After graduating, he played for the Columbus Tigers of the National Football League in 1923 and 1924, career statistics and player information from Pro-Football-Reference • Databasefootball. com Gus Tebell at the College Football Data Warehouse